22,741 results match your criteria collection literature

Confounding and regression adjustment in difference-in-differences studies.

Health Serv Res 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objective: To define confounding bias in difference-in-difference studies and compare regression- and matching-based estimators designed to correct bias due to observed confounders.

Data Sources: We simulated data from linear models that incorporated different confounding relationships: time-invariant covariates with a time-varying effect on the outcome, time-varying covariates with a constant effect on the outcome, and time-varying covariates with a time-varying effect on the outcome. We considered a simple setting that is common in the applied literature: treatment is introduced at a single time point and there is no unobserved treatment effect heterogeneity. Read More

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Integrating Multimodal and Longitudinal Neuroimaging Data with Multi-Source Network Representation Learning.

Neuroinformatics 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

School of Computing, Informatics, and Decision Systems Engineering, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 878809, Tempe, AZ, 85287, USA.

Uncovering the complex network of the brain is of great interest to the field of neuroimaging. Mining from these rich datasets, scientists try to unveil the fundamental biological mechanisms in the human brain. However, neuroimaging data collected for constructing brain networks is generally costly, and thus extracting useful information from a limited sample size of brain networks is demanding. Read More

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Nursing home social services: A systematic review of the literature from 2010 to 2020.

Soc Work Health Care 2021 May 12:1-23. Epub 2021 May 12.

Long Term Administrative Care Specialization, Department of Human Services, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, USA.

Nursing home (NH) social workers carry out person-centered care, guided by the 1987 Nursing Home Reform Act. As the projected population of individuals requiring NH care is expected to grow and become more racially and ethnically diverse, the social worker in this setting becomes increasingly important. The aims of this study are to: (1) identify existing research that discusses the role of social work and nursing facilities, (2) synthesize findings to determine what is most often reported in the literature, and (3) present recommendations for practice, research, and policy. Read More

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Implementation of a Sample Pooling Strategy for the Direct Detection of SARS-CoV-2 by Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am J Clin Pathol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Pathology, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objectives: To report our institutional experience in devising and implementing a pooling protocol and process for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing over a 3-month period in the fall of 2020.

Methods: The widespread testing implemented in the United States for detecting SARS-CoV-2 infection in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has led to a significant shortage of testing supplies and therefore has become a major impediment to the public health response. To date, several institutions have implemented sample pooling, but publications documenting these experiences are sparse. Read More

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Well-being, Interventions and Support during Epidemics (WISE): Protocol for a qualitative longitudinal study of older adults' experiences during COVID-19.

HRB Open Res 2021 19;4:22. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Health Psychology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, D02DH60, Ireland.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has the potential to trigger multiple stress domains and lead to long-term repercussions in an individual's quality of life, health and well-being. Stressors from the pandemic are likely to be experienced in many ways by older adults with heterogeneous life experiences and supports available. In this context, it is necessary to tease out the underlying mechanisms leading to positive and negative well-being and mental health across interdependent individual, social and environmental factors. Read More

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February 2021

Evolutions in the Management of Hepatocellular Carcinoma over Last 4 Decades: An Analysis from the 100 Most Influential Articles in the Field.

Liver Cancer 2021 Apr 2;10(2):137-150. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) Hospital, PUMC and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Introduction: Over the past 4 decades, the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has changed dramatically. The publications that have had the most significant impact on HCC management have not been quantitatively analyzed. In this article, we analyzed the 100 most influential articles over the past 4 decades using bibliometric citation analysis to characterize the evolution in HCC treatment. Read More

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Management of individuals with germline variants in PALB2: a clinical practice resource of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).

Genet Med 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center/Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Purpose: PALB2 germline pathogenic variants are associated with increased breast cancer risk and smaller increased risk of pancreatic and likely ovarian cancer. Resources for health-care professionals managing PALB2 heterozygotes are currently limited.

Methods: A workgroup of experts sought to outline management of PALB2 heterozygotes based on current evidence. Read More

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Work and life in the sport industry - A comparison of work-life interface experiences among athletic employees. A Review.

J Athl Train 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

†University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.

Objective: To review the work-life interface literature from the sport industry, especially focusing on coaches, athletic trainers, athletes, and other sport personnel.

Data Sources: Studies were identified utilizing SPORTDiscus, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar. Sample search terms included "Work-Family Balance," "Work-Life Balance," "Work-Family Conflict," "Work-Life Conflict," "Work-Family Enrichment," and "Work-Life Enrichment. Read More

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Timing of stress fracture in soldiers during the first 6 career months: a retrospective cohort study.

J Athl Train 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

2U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Military Performance Division, Natick, MA 01760.

Context: Stress fractures (SF) are injuries that can result from beginning new or higher volume physical training regimens. The pattern of clinical presentation of SF over time after individuals start a new or more demanding physical training regimen is not well defined in medical literature.

Objective: Report trends in the clinical presentation of stress fractures over the first six month of soldiers' time in the service. Read More

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Psychocutaneous Medicine Clinic; Wisconsin experience.

Ladan Mostaghimi

J Acad Consult Liaison Psychiatry 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Director of Wisconsin Psychocutaneous Clinic, Honorary Associate/fellow of Letter &Science/Integrative Biology UW Madison, Professor Emerita of the University of Wisconsin Madison. Electronic address:

Background: Psychocutaneous medicine, also known as psychodermatology, is a subspecialty of dermatology and psychiatry that explores the interactions between the skin and the brain. For many patients, skin disease affects their quality of life and mental wellbeing. For others, psychiatric problems exhibit skin signs. Read More

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COVID-19 and the multidisciplinary care of patients with lung cancer: an evidence-based review and commentary.

Br J Cancer 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Lungs For Living Research Centre, University College London and Department of Thoracic Medicine, University College London Hospital, London, UK.

Delivering lung cancer care during the COVID-19 pandemic has posed significant and ongoing challenges. There is a lack of published COVID-19 and lung cancer evidence-based reviews, including for the whole patient pathway. We searched for COVID-19 and lung cancer publications and brought together a multidisciplinary group of stakeholders to review and comment on the evidence and challenges. Read More

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Assessment of losses to the local population due to restrictions on their ownership rights to land and property assets: The case of the Tunkinsky National Park, Russia.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0251383. Epub 2021 May 10.

Baikal Institute of Nature Management Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude, Republic Buryatia, Russia.

The impact of protected areas on local communities is the subject of intense discussions as part of the implementation of the global ecosystem protection agenda. Conflicts between the interests of environmental protection and the needs of socio-economic development become particularly acute when large areas of land are taken out of economic circulation as a result of organizing protected areas. In this case, there is an urgent need for detailed and reliable information about the social impacts of such land withdrawal on the well-being of the local population. Read More

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Integration of Patient-reported Outcomes in a Total Joint Arthroplasty Program at a High-volume Academic Medical Center.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2020 May;4(5):e2000034

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Ms. Bhatt, Dr. Manning, Dr. Peabody), Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; the Northwestern Memorial HealthCare (Ms. Davis, Dr. Barnard), Northwestern University Center for Healthcare Studies; the Department of Medical Social Sciences (Dr. Rothrock), Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine; and the Department of Surgery (Dr. Barnard), Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.

Introduction: Despite widely appreciated barriers to successful clinical implementation, the literature regarding how to operationalize electronic health record-integrated patient-reported outcomes (PROs) remains sparse. We offer a detailed summary of the implementation of PROs into the standard of care at a major tertiary academic medical center.

Methods: Collection of four Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System computer adaptive tests was piloted in a large academic orthopaedic surgery ambulatory clinic starting in October 2016. Read More

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Surfactant therapy via thin catheter in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndrome.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 May 10;5:CD011672. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Paediatrics, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Australia.

Background: Non-invasive respiratory support is increasingly used for the management of respiratory dysfunction in preterm infants. This approach runs the risk of under-treating those with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), for whom surfactant administration is of paramount importance. Several techniques of minimally invasive surfactant therapy have been described. Read More

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Atraumatic femoral head necrosis: a biomechanical, histological and radiological examination compared to primary hip osteoarthritis.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Orthopaedic, Trauma and Plastic Surgery, Leipzig University, Liebigstr. 20, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Introduction: Atraumatic necrosis of the femoral head (AFHN) is a common disease with an incidence of 5000-7000 middle-aged adults in Germany. There is no uniform consensus in the literature regarding the configuration of the bone in AFHN. The clinical picture of our patients varies from very hard bone, especially in idiopathic findings, and rather soft bone in cortisone-induced necrosis. Read More

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Validation of 4D Components for Measuring Quality of the Public Health Data Collection Process: Elicitation Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 May 10;23(5):e17240. Epub 2021 May 10.

School of Computing and Information Systems, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Identification of the essential components of the quality of the data collection process is the starting point for designing effective data quality management strategies for public health information systems. An inductive analysis of the global literature on the quality of the public health data collection process has led to the formation of a preliminary 4D component framework, that is, data collection management, data collection personnel, data collection system, and data collection environment. It is necessary to empirically validate the framework for its use in future research and practice. Read More

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Perceptions, barriers, and attitudes toward research among in-training physicians in Saudi Arabia: A multicenter survey.

Sci Prog 2021 Apr-Jun;104(2):368504211010604

Department of Emergency, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, King Fahad Hospital of the University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

The outcomes of patient care are improved by adequate knowledge, practical skills, and positive attitude. Currently, there is a lack of data on medical research activities among resident doctors in Saudi Arabia. This study aimed to evaluate the perception, barriers, and research attitudes among various residency programs running in different cities of Saudi Arabia. Read More

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Tourniquets as a haemorrhage control measure in military and civilian care settings: An integrative review.

J Clin Nurs 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Pre-Department of Nursing, Jaume I University, Castellon de la Plana, Spain.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of review was to describe and synthesise the evidence on the use of tourniquets to control haemorrhages, summarising both civilian and military use.

Background: Trauma-related haemorrhage constitutes one of the most preventable deaths among injured patients, particularly in multi-casualty incidents and disasters. In this context, safe instruments such as tourniquets are essential to help healthcare professionals to minimise loss of life and maximise patient recovery. Read More

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Systematic review and meta-analysis on the impact of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system in reducing risk of ovarian cancer.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Academic Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy.

Background: Ovarian carcinoma (OC) is one of the most widespread tumors in the world and is characterized by low survival rates.

Objective: To determine whether the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) can prevent OC.

Search Strategy: The literature until December 2020 were systematically reviewed according to the PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO: CRD42019137957). Read More

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Curated collection for clinician educators: Six key papers on residency recruitment.

AEM Educ Train 2021 Apr 1;5(2):e10597. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

SUNY Downstate Health Sciences University College of Medicine New York New York USA.

Introduction: All emergency medicine (EM) residency programs must recruit new medical school graduates each year. The process is often overwhelming, with each program receiving far more applicants than available positions. We searched for evidence-based best practices to guide residency programs in screening, interviewing, and ranking applicants to ensure a high-performing and diverse residency class. Read More

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aDolescents gEnder surVey, rEsponsible coupLes evaluatiOn, and capacity building Project in India (DEVELOP): a study protocol.

F1000Res 2019 24;8:958. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 9DU, UK.

Domestic violence and assault (DVA) against women is a serious concern in India. This affects the health and wellbeing of victims and their dependents. Published evidence has documented a variety of reasons for such violence in Indian societies, paving a pathway to design, implement, and evaluate intervention models to address this issue. Read More

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Discrepancies in the clinical and radiological profiles of COVID-19: A case-based discussion and review of literature.

World J Radiol 2021 Apr;13(4):75-93

Department of Medicine & Endocrinology, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Preston PR2 9HT, United Kingdom.

The current gold standard for the diagnosis of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) is a positive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test, on the background of clinical suspicion. However, RT-PCR has its limitations; this includes issues of low sensitivity, sampling errors and appropriate timing of specimen collection. As pulmonary involvement is the most common manifestation of severe COVID-19, early and appropriate lung imaging is important to aid diagnosis. Read More

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Bibliometric Analysis of Global Research Trends on Ultrasound Microbubble: A Quickly Developing Field.

Front Pharmacol 2021 22;12:646626. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Clinical College of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Neurorehabilitation, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Microbubbles are widely used as highly effective contrast agents to improve the diagnostic capability of ultrasound imaging. Mounting evidence suggests that ultrasound coupled with microbubbles has promising therapeutic applications in cancer, cardiovascular, and neurological disorders by acting as gene or drug carriers. The aim of this study was to identify the scientific output and activity related to ultrasound microbubble through bibliometric approaches. Read More

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Adults' Online and Offline Psychological Intimate Partner Violence Experiences.

J Interpers Violence 2021 May 8:8862605211015217. Epub 2021 May 8.

imec-mict, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Digital media offer ample possibilities for individuals to control and monitor their dating or romantic partner and to make hurtful comments. Although online psychological intimate partner violence has received increased research attention over the past few years, much remains unknown about its nature and its association with offline psychological intimate partner violence, especially among the adult population. Previous research remains inconclusive regarding the gendered nature of online intimate partner violence, and differences among various age groups have yet to be examined. Read More

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COVID-19 and violence against children: A review of early studies.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Apr 14:105053. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

UNICEF, Data and Analytics Section, 3 UN Plaza, New York, NY 10017, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Throughout the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers across the globe have attempted to understand how the health and socioeconomic crisis brought about by the coronavirus is affecting children's exposure to violence. Since containment measures have disrupted many data collection and research efforts, studies have had to rely on existing data or design new approaches to gathering relevant information.

Objective: This article reviews the literature that has been produced on children's exposure to violence during the pandemic to understand emerging patterns and critically appraise methodologies to help inform the design of future studies. Read More

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Photophysics of nanographenes: from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to graphene nanoribbons.

Photosynth Res 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, 845 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL, 60607, USA.

Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and nanoribbons (GNRs) are classes of nanographene molecules that exhibit highly tunable photophysical properties. There have been great strides in recent years to advance our understanding of nanographene photophysics and develop their use in light-harvesting systems, such as artificial photosynthesis. Here, we review the latest studies of GQDs and GNRs which have shed new light onto their photophysical underpinnings through computational and advanced spectroscopic techniques. Read More

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Implementing 'universal' access to antiretroviral treatment in South Africa: a scoping review on research priorities.

Health Policy Plan 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Francie van Zijl Drive, Tygerberg, Cape Town, 7505, South Africa.

'Universal' access to antiretroviral treatment (ART) has become the global standard for treating people living with HIV and achieving epidemic control; yet, findings from numerous 'test and treat' trials and implementation studies in sub-Saharan Africa suggest that bringing 'universal' access to ART to scale is more complex than anticipated. Using South Africa as a case example, we describe the research priorities and foci in the literature on expanded ART access. To do so, we adapted Arksey and O'Malley's six-stage scoping review framework to describe the peer-reviewed literature and opinion pieces on expanding access to ART in South Africa between 2000 and 2017. Read More

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Exploring the actionability of healthcare performance indicators for quality of care: a qualitative analysis of the literature, expert opinion and user experience.

BMJ Qual Saf 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Public and Occupational Health, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam University Medical Centres, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: This study explores the meaning of actionable healthcare performance indicators for quality of care-related decisions. To do so, we analyse the constructs of and across healthcare systems and in practice based on the literature, expert opinion and user experience.

Methods: A multiphase qualitative study was undertaken. Read More

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Ensuring that biomedical AI benefits diverse populations.

EBioMedicine 2021 Apr 28:103358. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

History of Science, Stanford University, United States. Electronic address:

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can potentially impact many aspects of human health, from basic research discovery to individual health assessment. It is critical that these advances in technology broadly benefit diverse populations from around the world. This can be challenging because AI algorithms are often developed on non-representative samples and evaluated based on narrow metrics. Read More

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