11,345 results match your criteria cohesion

Neuroanatomical Correlates of Macrolinguistic Aspects in Narrative Discourse in Unilateral Left and Right Hemisphere Stroke: A Voxel-Based Morphometry Study.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Apr 12:1-16. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Linguistics Department, School of Humanities, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background A growing body of literature has demonstrated the importance of discourse assessment in patients who suffered from brain injury, both in the left and right hemispheres, as discourse represents a key component of functional communication. However, little is known about the relationship between gray matter density and macrolinguistic processing. Purpose This study aimed to investigate this relationship in a group of participants with middle-low to low socioeconomic status. Read More

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Autonomic Nervous System Maturation and Emotional Coordination in Interactions of Preterm and Full-Term Infants With Their Parents: Protocol for a Multimethod Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 12;10(4):e28089. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neonatology, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.

Background: There is limited knowledge on the physiological and behavioral pathways that may affect the developmental outcomes of preterm infants and particularly on the link between autonomic nervous system maturation and early social human behavior. Thus, this study attempts to investigate the way heart rate variability (HRV) parameters are related to emotional coordination in interactions of preterm and full-term infants with their parents in the first year of life and the possible correlation with the developmental outcomes of infants at 18 months.

Objective: The first objective is to investigate the relationship between emotional coordination and HRV in dyadic full-term infant-parent (group 1) and preterm infant-parent (group 2) interactions during the first postpartum year. Read More

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Can you see what I see? A comparison of client and observer perspectives of the alliance and group cohesion in CBT.

Cogn Behav Ther 2021 Apr 12:1-14. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

School of Psychology, Counselling, and Psychotherapy, The Cairnmillar Institute, Hawthorn East, Victoria, 3123, Australia.

Both therapeutic alliance and group cohesion have been identified as "demonstrably effective" relationship elements in therapy. However, the overwhelming majority of process-outcome research has relied on clients as raters of the therapeutic relationship. A lack of convergence between client, therapist, and observer perspectives has raised questions regarding how best to measure relationships in therapy. Read More

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Temporal patterns in the social network of core units in Rwenzori Angolan colobus monkeys: Effects of food availability and interunit dispersal.

Ecol Evol 2021 Apr 5;11(7):3251-3263. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Anthropology University of Toronto Scarborough Toronto ON Canada.

Multi-level societies are complex, nested social systems where basic social groups (i.e., core units) associate in a hierarchical manner, allowing animals to adjust their group sizes in response to variables such as food availability, predation, or conspecific threat. Read More

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Social Sharing of Emotions and Communal Appraisal as Mediators Between the Intensity of Trauma and Social Well-Being in People Affected by the 27F, 2010 Earthquake in the Biobío Region, Chile.

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:641793. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Departamento de Psicología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.

The psychosocial impacts of natural disasters are associated with the triggering of negative and positive responses in the affected population; also, such effects are expressed in an individual and collective sphere. This can be seen in several reactions and behaviors that can vary from the development of individual disorders to impacts on interpersonal relationships, cohesion, communication, and participation of the affected communities, among others. The present work addressed the psychosocial impacts of the consequences of natural disasters considering individual effects via the impact of trauma and community effects, through the perception of social well-being, the valuation of the community and the social exchange of emotions. Read More

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Team Emotional Intelligence: Emotional Processes as a Link Between Managers and Workers.

Front Psychol 2021 24;12:619999. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology and Research Methodology, Faculty of Psychology, University of the Basque Country, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain.

Research has shown that transformational leaders are able, through emotional contagion mechanisms, to transmit their emotions and boost positive feelings among their followers. Although research on leadership and team processes have shown a positive relation between transformational leadership and workers' well-being, there is a lack of studies examining the "black box" of this association. The present study aimed to assess the mediation effect of team emotional intelligence (TEI) of the management team on the relationship between management's transformational behaviors and employees' responses. Read More

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The European Green Deal - More Than Climate Neutrality.

Inter Econ 2021 6;56(2):99-107. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Global Institute of Sustainability and Innovation, Arizona State University, Orchid House at the Brickyard, 21 E 6th St, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA.

The European Green Deal aims at climate neutrality for Europe by 2050, implying a significant acceleration of emission reductions. To gain the necessary support, it needs to reduce regional and social inequalities in Europe. We present objectives in terms of jobs, growth and price stability to complement the emission reduction targets and sketch a proof-of-concept investment profile for reaching these goals. Read More

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Factors related to dyadic adjustment in couples with children of pediatric age.

Enferm Clin 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Centro Universitario de Enfermería de Cruz Roja, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, España; Unidad de Gestión Clínica Alamillo-San Jerónimo, Distrito Sanitario AP Sevilla, Sevilla, España; Centro de Enfermería San Juan de Dios, Universidad de Sevilla, Bormujos, Sevilla, España.

Aim: To identify a relationship between social support, family life cycle, family transition and stressful events; and the dyadic adjustment among couples from Seville with children of pediatric age.

Method: Descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study. Ninety-five Sevillian couples were recruited following a consecutive stratified sampling by quotas. Read More

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Psychosocial issues in isolated and confined extreme environments.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

PALINKAS, L.A., and P. Read More

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A Comparison for Dimensionality Reduction Methods of Single-Cell RNA-seq Data.

Front Genet 2021 23;12:646936. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

College of Bioinformatics Science and Technology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is a high-throughput sequencing technology performed at the level of an individual cell, which can have a potential to understand cellular heterogeneity. However, scRNA-seq data are high-dimensional, noisy, and sparse data. Dimension reduction is an important step in downstream analysis of scRNA-seq. Read More

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From income inequality to social inequity: impact on health levels in an international efficiency comparison panel.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 8;21(1):688. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Policies, Management and Health, Faculdade de Saúde Pública - FSP (School of Public Health), Universidade de São Paulo - USP (Sao Paulo University), Av. Dr. Arnaldo 715, Cerqueira César, São Paulo, SP, 01246-904, Brazil.

Background: Health equity, although addressed in several publications dealing with health efficiency analysis, is not easily translated into the operationalization of variables, mainly due to technical difficulties. Some studies provide evidence that it does not influence health outcomes; others demonstrate that its effect is an indirect one, with the hegemony of material living conditions over its social connotation. The aim of this article is to evaluate the role of health equity in determining health outcomes, in an international comparative analysis of the effectiveness and efficiency of health systems. Read More

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Reading development at the text level: an investigation of surprisal and embeddingbased text similarity effects on eyemovements in Chinese early readers.

Xi Fan Ronan Reilly

J Eye Mov Res 2020 Sep 9;13(6). Epub 2020 Sep 9.

This paper describes the use of semantic similarity measures based on distributed representations of words, sentences, and paragraphs (so-called "embeddings") to assess the impact of supra-lexical factors on eye-movement data from early readers of Chinese. In addition, we used a corpus-based measure of surprisal to assess the impact of local word predictability. Eye movement data from 56 Chinese students were collected (a) in the students' 4th grade and (b) one year later while they were in 5th grade. Read More

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September 2020

Association between distress and displacement settings: a cross-sectional survey among displaced Yazidis in northern Iraq.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 8;21(1):679. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, Harvard University, 14 Story Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.

Background: Globally 70.8 million people have been forcibly displaced from their homes and are at disproportionally high risk for trauma. At the time of this study, there was an estimated 1. Read More

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Social Cohesion and Community Resilience During COVID-19 and Pandemics: A Rapid Scoping Review to Inform the United Nations Research Roadmap for COVID-19 Recovery.

Int J Health Serv 2021 Apr 8:20731421997092. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS), 84498Jacobs University Bremen, Germany.

Shock events uncover deficits in social cohesion and exacerbate existing social inequalities at the household, community, local, regional, and national levels. National and regional government recovery planning requires careful stakeholder engagement that centers on marginalized people, particularly women and marginalized community leaders. The aim of this rapid scoping review was to inform the United Nations Research Roadmap for the COVID-19 Recovery, based on Pillar 5 of the United Nations Framework for the Immediate Socioeconomic Response to COVID-19: Social Cohesion and Community Resilience. Read More

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The Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor Spint2 is required for cellular cohesion, coordinated cell migration and cell survival during zebrafish hatching gland development.

Dev Biol 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Institute of Zoology - Developmental Biology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; Cologne Excellence Cluster on Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-Associated Diseases, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany. Electronic address:

We have previously shown that the Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor Spint1a, also named Hai1a, is required in the zebrafish embryonic epidermis to restrict the activity of the type II transmembrane serine protease (TTSP) Matriptase1a/St14a, thereby ensuring epidermal homeostasis. A closely related Kunitz-type inhibitor is Spint2/Hai2, which in mammals plays multiple developmental roles that are either redundant or non-redundant with those of Spint1. However, the molecular bases for these non-redundancies are not fully understood. Read More

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How 'place' matters for addressing the HIV epidemic: evidence from the HPTN 071 (PopART) cluster-randomised controlled trial in Zambia and South Africa.

Trials 2021 Apr 6;22(1):251. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Global Health and Development, Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: In a cluster-randomised trial (CRT) of combination HIV prevention (HPTN 071 (PopART)) in 12 Zambian communities and nine South African communities, carried out from 2012 to 2018, the intervention arm A that offered HIV treatment irrespective of CD4 count did not have a significant impact on population level HIV incidence. Intervention arm B, where HIV incidence was reduced by 30%, followed national guidelines that mid trial (2016) changed from starting HIV treatment according to a CD4 threshold of 500 to universal treatment. Using social science data on the 21 communities, we consider how place (community context) might have influenced the primary outcome result. Read More

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J Wildl Dis 2021 Apr;57(2):303-312

Bat Ecology and Genetics Laboratory, School of Forestry, Northern Arizona University, PO Box 15018, Flagstaff, Arizona 86011, USA.

Big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) are the bat species in North America most frequently found to be rabid because of their high rate of human contact and thus submissions for rabies testing, of which, 4-5% are positive. The social behavior of big brown bats during the summer months may drive space use and potential viral exposure to conspecifics and mesocarnivores. We collected 88 unique genetic samples via buccal swabs from big brown bats captured at four maternity roosts surrounding a golf course during the summer of 2013. Read More

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Tensions within and between vegans and vegetarians: Meat-free motivations matter.

Appetite 2021 Apr 2:105246. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Brock University, Canada.

Under the superordinate umbrella of "veg*n", vegans and vegetarians share a disavowal of meat consumption but differ regarding the use of animal products and by-products. Furthermore, within each subgroup there exist multiple motivations (or reasons) for diet choice, some with more moral overtones than others. Despite being on the same "team" relative to the meat-eating majority, there is tremendous potential for expressions of subgroup distinctiveness and tension. Read More

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Family Economic Empowerment, Family Social Support, and Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors Among Adolescents Living With HIV in Uganda: The Suubi+Adherence Study.

J Adolesc Health 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

International Center for Child Health and Development (ICHAD), Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study examined the effect of a family economic empowerment (EE) intervention and family support on sexual risk-taking behaviors among adolescents living with HIV in rural Uganda.

Methods: We used data from the Suubi + Adherence study, a longitudinal cluster randomized clinical trial of 702 adolescents living with HIV aged 10-16 years. Participants were randomly assigned to either the control arm (n = 358) receiving bolstered standard of care or a treatment arm (n = 344) receiving bolstered standard of care plus the family EE intervention. Read More

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Effects of family participatory dignity therapy on the psychological well-being and family function of patients with haematologic malignancies and their family caregivers: A randomised controlled trial.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Mar 4;118:103922. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

School of Nursing, Fujian Medical University, No.1 of Xueyuan Road, Shangjie Town, Minhou County, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province, China. Electronic address:

Background: Strong family ties appear to buffer patient's and family members' difficult experiences during life and health crises. The family participatory dignity therapy programme, a patient-family-centred psychological intervention, was developed based on dignity therapy and performed by one therapist in the form of interview according to a specific question prompt.

Objectives: This study aimed to confirm the efficacy of the family participatory dignity therapy programme in improving the psychological well-being and family cohesion and adaptability of patients with haematologic malignancies and their family caregivers. Read More

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Cleavage of the Perlecan-Semaphorin 3A-Plexin A1-Neuropilin-1 (PSPN) Complex by Matrix Metalloproteinase 7/Matrilysin Triggers Prostate Cancer Cell Dyscohesion and Migration.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 22;22(6). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Diagnostic and Biomedical Sciences, School of Dentistry, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 7500 Cambridge Street Room 4401, Houston, TX 77054, USA.

The Perlecan-Semaphorin 3A-Plexin A1-Neuropilin-1 (PSPN) Complex at the cell surface of prostate cancer (PCa) cells influences cell-cell cohesion and dyscohesion. We investigated matrix metalloproteinase-7/matrilysin (MMP-7)'s ability to digest components of the PSPN Complex in bone metastatic PCa cells using analyses and in vitro experiments. Results demonstrated that in addition to the heparan sulfate proteoglycan, perlecan, all components of the PSPN Complex were degraded by MMP-7. Read More

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Palestinian Refugee Youth in Jordan: Parental Practices, Neighborhood Cohesion and Assistance, and Adolescent Wellbeing.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 31;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Psychology, Meliora Hall, RC 270266, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA.

In this study, a total of 335 Palestinian refugees ( = 15.5 years, = 1.05, 49% males), recruited from four United Nations Relief and Work Agency (UNRWA) schools at the Al-Baqa'a and Jabal Al-Hussein refugee camps in Jordan, rated their neighborhood physical environment and neighborhood support and cohesion, separately rated their mothers' and fathers' parenting on several dimensions, and reported on their adjustment to these circumstances (internalizing symptoms, self-concept clarity, and norm breaking). Read More

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Paving the Way for Outdoor Play: Examining Socio-Environmental Barriers to Community-Based Outdoor Play.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 31;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Centre for Addiction and Mental, Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, London, ON N6G 4X8, Canada.

Outdoor play and independent, neighborhood activity, both linked with healthy childhood development, have declined dramatically among Western children in recent decades. This study examines how social, cultural and environmental factors may be hindering children's outdoor and community-based play. A comprehensive survey was completed by 826 children (aged 10-13 years) and their parents from 12 schools (four each urban, suburban and rural) from a large county in Ontario, Canada. Read More

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Structure-Gas Barrier Property Relationship in a Novel Polyimide Containing Naphthalene and Amide Groups: Evaluation by Experiments and Simulations.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Mar 13;14(6). Epub 2021 Mar 13.

State Key Laboratory for Powder Metallurgy, Centre South University, Changsha 410083, China.

In order to meet the increasingly stringent requirements for heat resistance and barrier properties in the packaging and electronic device encapsulation field. A high-barrier polyimide (NAPPI) contains naphthalene ring and amide group was prepared by polymerization of a novel diamine (NAPDA) and pyromellitic dianhydride. The structure and properties of diamine monomers and polymers were characterized. Read More

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Family Functioning in Families of Adolescents with Mental Health Disorders: The Role of Parenting Alliance.

Children (Basel) 2021 Mar 13;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Seville, 41018 Seville, Spain.

This study primarily examined the predictive role of emotional and behavioral disorders in family cohesion and the moderating role of parenting alliance. Adolescents' mental health issues are a major concern, with important implications for individuals and their families. However, the impact of mental disorders on family processes has been less widely studied. Read More

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Factors Influencing Patients Using Long-Term Care Service of Discharge Planning by Andersen Behavioral Model: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study in Eastern Taiwan.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 13;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Health Business Administration, Meiho University, Pingtung 912009, Taiwan.

Taiwan has been an aged society since March 2018, and the elderly population suffer from multiple comorbidities and long duration of disability. Therefore, the service of discharge planning of long-term care 2.0 is an important stage before patients go back to the community. Read More

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"Well, You Feel More Responsible When You're Unsupervised": Exploring Family Perspectives on Children's Independent Mobility.

Children (Basel) 2021 Mar 15;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 15.

School of Kinesiology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

While children's independent mobility (CIM) is associated with various benefits, there is evidence of a generational decline in CIM in westernized countries; therefore, it is helpful to understand how CIM is currently negotiated between children and their parents. The purpose of this study was to examine children's and parents' perspectives and negotiations of CIM within the family unit. Face-to-face interviews and walk-along interviews were conducted with parents ( = 44) and children ( = 22), respectively. Read More

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Functional Coupling between DNA Replication and Sister Chromatid Cohesion Establishment.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 10;22(6). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Istituto di Biochimica e Biologia Cellulare, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via P. Castellino 111, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Several lines of evidence suggest the existence in the eukaryotic cells of a tight, yet largely unexplored, connection between DNA replication and sister chromatid cohesion. Tethering of newly duplicated chromatids is mediated by cohesin, an evolutionarily conserved hetero-tetrameric protein complex that has a ring-like structure and is believed to encircle DNA. Cohesin is loaded onto chromatin in telophase/G1 and converted into a cohesive state during the subsequent S phase, a process known as cohesion establishment. Read More

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The Genome Stability Maintenance DNA Helicase DDX11 and Its Role in Cancer.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Mar 10;12(3). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Istituto di Biochimica e Biologia Cellulare-CNR, Via P. Castellino, 111, 80131 Naples, Italy.

DDX11/ChlR1 is a super-family two iron-sulfur cluster containing DNA helicase with roles in DNA replication and sister chromatid cohesion establishment, and general chromosome architecture. Bi-allelic mutations of the DDX11 gene cause a rare hereditary disease, named Warsaw breakage syndrome, characterized by a complex spectrum of clinical manifestations (pre- and post-natal growth defects, microcephaly, intellectual disability, heart anomalies and sister chromatid cohesion loss at cellular level) in accordance with the multifaceted, not yet fully understood, physiological functions of this DNA helicase. In the last few years, a possible role of DDX11 in the onset and progression of many cancers is emerging. Read More

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The Brief COPE: Measurement Invariance and Psychometric Properties among Community and At-Risk Portuguese Parents.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 10;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Campus de Gambelas, Universidade do Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal.

Parenting generally brings about high internal and external demands, which can be perceived as stressful when they exceed families' resources. When faced with such stressors, parents need to deploy several adaptive strategies to successfully overcome these challenges. One of such strategies is coping, an important cognitive and behavioural skill. Read More

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