34,337 results match your criteria cognitive-behavioral treatment

Engagement and Effectiveness of a Healthy Coping Intervention via Chatbot for university students: proof-of-concept study during the COVID-19 pandemic.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Digital Health Lab, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Via Sommarive 18, Trento, IT.

Background: University students are increasingly reporting common mental health problems, such as stress, anxiety and depression, and they frequently face barriers to seeking psychological support, because of stigma, cost and availability of mental health services. This issue is even more critical in the challenging time of COVID-19 pandemic. Digital mental health interventions, such as those delivered via chatbots on mobile devices, offer the potential to achieve scalability of healthy coping interventions by lowering cost and supporting prevention. Read More

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and the Implementation of Antiracism.

JAMA Psychiatry 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri.

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Effectiveness of motivational interviewing in smoking groups in primary healthcare: a community-based randomized cluster trial.

Cad Saude Publica 2021 30;37(3):e00038820. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Grupo Hospitalar Conceição, Porto Alegre, Brasil.

Smoking is the main cause of avoidable death and a major public health problem worldwide, with primary healthcare being a strategic setting for treating this problem. Aims: to evaluate the effectiveness of motivational interviewing associated with the cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in smoking groups in primary healthcare. A community-based cluster randomized clinical trial was conducted in Brazil, starting in July 2016. Read More

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Initial Outcomes of Transdiagnostic Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Tailored to Public Safety Personnel: Longitudinal Observational Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 May 5;23(5):e27610. Epub 2021 May 5.

eCentreClinic, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Canadian public safety personnel (PSP) experience high rates of mental health disorders and face many barriers to treatment. Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) overcomes many such barriers, and is effective for treating depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.

Objective: This study was designed to fill a gap in the literature regarding the use of ICBT tailored specifically for PSP. Read More

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Hippotherapy in neurodevelopmental disorders: a narrative review focusing on cognitive and behavioral outcomes.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2020 Dec 1:1-8. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo", Messina, Italy.

Hippotherapy (HT) is a rehabilitative tool inducing psychological and motor improvements using human-horse interaction. HT provides sensory stimulation to the rider through the rhythmic and repetitive movements of the horse, facilitating communication between patients and healthcare professionals, favoring the establishment of a therapeutic alliance. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the effects of HT treatment on cognitive-behavioral processes in neurodevelopmental disorders. Read More

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December 2020

A Telephone-Based Tobacco Cessation Program in the State of Qatar: Protocol of a Feasibility Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 29;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA.

In Qatar, tobacco is the leading preventable cause of death and disease. Telephone-based interventions for smoking are cost-effective and scalable interventions that are effective in promoting smoking behavior change. While many countries have implemented these services within their tobacco control programs, there is a distinct dearth of a telephone-based smoking cessation intervention that is adapted and tailored to meet the needs of people who smoke in Qatar. Read More

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COVID-19, Isolation, Quarantine: On the Efficacy of Internet-Based Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Ongoing Trauma.

Brain Sci 2021 Apr 30;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

De Sanctis Clinical Center, 00166 Rome, Italy.

Literature points to cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) as evidence-based therapies for trauma-related disorders. Treatments are typically administered in a vis-à-vis setting with patients reporting symptoms of a previously experienced trauma. Conversely, online-therapies and ongoing trauma have not received adequate attention. Read More

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Effectiveness of a Guided Web-Based Intervention to Reduce Depressive Symptoms before Outpatient Psychotherapy: A Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial.

Psychother Psychosom 2021 May 4:1-10. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

Introduction: Psychotherapy is a first-line treatment for depression. However, capacities are limited, leading to long waiting times for outpatient psychotherapy in health care systems. Web-based interventions (WBI) could help to bridge this treatment gap. Read More

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Prodromal Stage of Psychosis-Outcomes for Transition, Functioning, Distress, and Quality of Life: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Schizophr Bull 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Psychotic Disorders, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Objective: This study aimed to provide insight into the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychosis (CBTp) in patients with "clinical high risk of psychosis (CHR-P)".

Methods: Major scientific databases were searched up to April 17, 2020. Randomized controlled trials in CHR-P individuals, comparing CBTp with needs-based interventions (NBI, including treatment as usual or nonspecific control treatment) were included, following PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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Change in Dysfunctional Sleep-Related Beliefs is Associated with Changes in Sleep and Other Health Outcomes Among Older Veterans With Insomnia: Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ann Behav Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, CAUSA.

Background: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) targets changing dysfunctional sleep-related beliefs. The impact of these changes on daytime functioning in older adults is unknown.

Purpose: We examined whether changes in sleep-related beliefs from pre- to post-CBTI predicted changes in sleep and other outcomes in older adults. Read More

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Effects of α self-monitoring intervention in breast cancer patients suffering from taste alterations induced by chemotherapy: A randomized, parallel-group controlled trial.

Eur J Oncol Nurs 2021 Apr 14;52:101956. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Nursing, Takasaki University of Health and Welfare, 501 Nakaorui-machi, Takasaki-shi, Gunma, 370-0033, Japan. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study evaluates the effect of a self-monitoring intervention on taste alterations in breast cancer patients undergoing outpatient chemotherapy.

Methods: The study was a randomized controlled trial. Thirty-four participants were divided into two groups: a self-monitoring (SMG) group (n = 17) and a control group (CG) (n = 17). Read More

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Reasons for Participation and Nonparticipation in Psychological Relapse Prevention for Anxiety and Depression: A Qualitative Study.

J Psychiatr Pract 2021 May 5;27(3):184-193. Epub 2021 May 5.

Background: Anxiety and depressive disorders frequently recur, but participation in effective psychological interventions to prevent relapse is limited. The reasons for nonparticipation are largely unknown, hampering successful implementation. The aims of this study were: (1) to investigate reasons why patients with remitted anxiety or depressive disorders refuse cognitive-behavioral therapy relapse prevention interventions (RPIs), (2) to compare these reasons with reasons to participate, and (3) to gain insight into patients' preferences regarding relapse prevention. Read More

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Which Hormones and Contraception for Women with APS? Exogenous Hormone Use in Women with APS.

Curr Rheumatol Rep 2021 Apr 30;23(6):44. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, 10021, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Use of exogenous estrogen carries significant risk for patients with prothrombotic disorders including those with antiphospholipid antibody (aPL) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). This review summarizes current knowledge of contraceptive and other hormone therapies for aPL-positive and APS women and highlights knowledge gaps to guide future research.

Recent Findings: Studies support very low risk for most progestin-only contraceptives in patients with increased thrombotic risk, but suggest increased VTE risk with depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate. Read More

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Perception of Mental Health Care Professionals in Saudi Arabia on Computerized Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Observational Cross-sectional Study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 May 3;5(5):e26294. Epub 2021 May 3.

SABIC Psychological Health Research & Applications Chair, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Mental health disorders are common in Saudi Arabia with a 34% lifetime prevalence. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a type of psychotherapy, is an evidence-based intervention for the majority of mental disorders. Although the demand for CBT is increasing, unfortunately, there are few therapists available to meet this demand and the therapy is expensive. Read More

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Self-Efficacy for Coping with Breast Cancer Treatment Among Spanish-Speaking Latinas.

Health Equity 2021 26;5(1):245-252. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Division of Intramural Research, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Cancer-related self-efficacy, a multidimensional construct, is the confidence that one can overcome challenges associated with cancer and its treatment; higher levels have been associated with better psychosocial outcomes of breast cancer survivors. Little is known about factors that influence it among Latina breast cancer survivors. Assess associations of several aspects of health care processes and of spirituality with self-efficacy for coping with breast cancer treatment among primarily Spanish-speaking Latina breast cancer survivors. Read More

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Mentes Positivas en Acción: A Randomized Feasibility Study of a Promotor-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management Program for Low-Income Spanish-Speaking Latinos.

Health Equity 2021 21;5(1):218-226. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Division of Intramural Research, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Although psychological distress is common among Latinos in the United States, they underutilize mental health services. We describe a community-based program to manage stress and reduce depressive symptoms among low-income Spanish-speaking Latinos. (MPA) () is an 8-week group program, delivered by trained promotores in community settings and evaluated through a randomized feasibility study. Read More

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Modular Psychotherapy Outcomes for Youth With Different Latent Profiles of Irritability and Emotion Dysregulation.

Front Psychiatry 2021 16;12:618455. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States.

Severe irritability is a common, impairing problem among youth referred for mental health services, but evidence to guide care is limited. Treatment research can be advanced by adopting a transdiagnostic perspective, leveraging existing evidence-based treatment (EBT) techniques, and situating irritability within the context of emotion dysregulation. Accordingly, this study examined treatment outcomes for youth with different levels of irritability and dysregulation who received cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or behavioral parent training (BPT) in a modular EBT framework. Read More

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The Relationship Between Working Alliance and Symptom Improvement in Cognitive Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2021 16;12:602648. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Working alliance has been shown to predict outcome of psychological treatments in multiple studies. Conversely, changes in outcome scores have also been found to predict working alliance ratings. To assess the temporal relationships between working alliance and outcome in 230 patients receiving trauma-focused cognitive behavioral treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Read More

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Feasibility of Present-Centered Therapy for Prolonged Grief Disorder: Results of a Pilot Study.

Front Psychiatry 2021 15;12:534664. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology, Catholic University Eichstaett-Ingolstadt, Eichstaett, Germany.

Present-centered therapy (PCT) was originally developed as a strong comparator for the non-specific effects of psychotherapy in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. PCT qualifies as a not strictly supportive treatment as it is structured and homework is assigned between sessions. It does not focus on cognitive restructuring or exposure. Read More

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[An updated synthesis of the international recommendations about the use of non-pharmacological interventions in the treatment of fatigue].

Bull Cancer 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Centre de Recherche Inserm-Université de Bordeaux U1219 Bordeaux Population Health, 146, rue Léo-Saignat 11, 33076 Bordeaux, France.

Introduction: Fatigue is a frequent and disturbing symptom in oncology but remains undertreated. Given the absence of effective drug treatment, non-pharmacological interventions have a prominent place in the treatment of fatigue. However, they are relatively unknown by professionals who lack of clear points of reference to refer patients with confidence. Read More

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Brain markers predicting response to cognitive-behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder: an independent replication of Whitfield-Gabrieli et al. 2015.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 May 1;11(1):260. Epub 2021 May 1.

Psychological and Brain Sciences Department, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA.

Predictive brain markers promise a number of important scientific, clinical, and societal applications. Over 600 predictive brain markers have been described in published reports, but very few have been tested in independent replication attempts. Here, we conducted an independent replication of a previously published marker predicting treatment response to cognitive-behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder from patterns of resting-state fMRI amygdala connectivity. Read More

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Evaluation of an integrated treatment to address smoking cessation and anxiety/depressive symptoms among people living with HIV: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Apr 29:106420. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America; The Fenway Institute, Fenway Health, Boston, MA, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Interventions that target anxiety/depressive symptoms in the context of smoking treatment have shown promise irrespective of psychiatric diagnosis. Yet, these tailored treatments are largely absent for persons who smoke and are living with HIV (SLWH).

Objective: To evaluate a novel, smoking cessation intervention that addresses anxiety/depression and HIV-related health (QUIT) against a time-matched control (TMC) and a standard of care (SOC) condition. Read More

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Mood and Insomnia in Persons With Dementia: A Systematic Review.

Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) Houston Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Service Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center Baylor College of Medicine Houston Methodist Library University of Houston, Collaborative on Aging Research and Multicultural Assessment (CARMA), Houston, TX Veterans Affairs South Central Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, Little Rock, AR.

Background: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a goal-oriented intervention that aims to improve detrimental emotional or behavioral distress by modifying individuals' thought processes. This review evaluates the efficacy and specific adaptations of CBT in persons with mild cognitive impairment and dementia.

Methods: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO was conducted up to March 2020. Read More

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CANreduce 2.0 Adherence-Focused Guidance for Internet Self-Help Among Cannabis Users: Three-Arm Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 30;23(4):e27463. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Swiss Research Institute for Public Health and Addiciton, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Background: Despite increasing demand for treatment among cannabis users in many countries, most users are not in treatment. Internet-based self-help offers an alternative for those hesitant to seek face-to-face therapy, though low effectiveness and adherence issues often arise.

Objective: Through adherence-focused guidance enhancement, we aimed to increase adherence to and the effectiveness of internet-based self-help among cannabis users. Read More

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Molecular biomarkers to track clinical improvement following an integrative treatment model in autistic toddlers.

Acta Neuropsychiatr 2021 Apr 30:1-18. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Service for Neurodevelopmental Disorders, University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome, Italy.

Objective: Identifying an objective, laboratory-based diagnostic tool (e.g., changes in gene expression), when used in conjunction with disease-specific clinical assessment, could increase the accuracy of the effectiveness of a therapeutic intervention. Read More

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"Less stress": a pilot study on a cognitive behavioral treatment program for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders.

Scand J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Psychol 2021 25;9:30-40. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Stavanger University Hospital, Division of Psychiatry, Stavanger, Norway.

Background: Comorbid anxiety disorders are prevalent in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but only a minority receives adequate treatment for anxiety. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in treating anxiety disorders. The objectives of the present pilot study were to test the feasibility of the CBT program "Less stress" for comorbid anxiety disorders in children with ASD and explore whether an improvement in diagnostic outcomes for anxiety disorders and symptoms of anxiety was found after treatment. Read More

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Psychological Treatments for Depression in Adolescents: More Than Three Decades Later.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 26;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Health Psychology, Miguel Hernández University, 03202 Elche, Spain.

Depression is a common and impairing disorder which is a serious public health problem. For some individuals, depression has a chronic course and is recurrent, particularly when its onset is during adolescence. The purpose of the current paper was to review the clinical trials conducted between 1980 and 2020 in adolescents with a primary diagnosis of a depressive disorder, excluding indicated prevention trials for depressive symptomatology. Read More

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Effects of Two Randomized and Controlled Multi-Component Interventions Focusing On 24-Hour Movement Behavior among Office Workers: A Compositional Data Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 15;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Physical Activity and Health, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), 114 86 Stockholm, Sweden.

Intervention studies aiming at changing movement behavior have usually not accounted for the compositional nature of time-use data. Compositional data analysis (CoDA) has been suggested as a useful strategy for analyzing such data. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of two multi-component interventions on 24-h movement behavior (using CoDA) and on cardiorespiratory fitness among office workers; one focusing on reducing sedentariness and the other on increasing physical activity. Read More

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Migraine and Mood in Children.

Parisa Gazerani

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Apr 14;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Life Sciences and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, 0130 Oslo, Norway.

Migraine is one of the most prevalent headache disorders in children and negatively influences their quality of life. Physical, social, and school functioning are negatively affected. Mood changes are common in migraineurs and may happen before, during, or after a migraine headache. Read More

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A meta-analysis of relapse rates in cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders.

J Anxiety Disord 2021 Apr 22;81:102407. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Anxiety Disorders Center, Institute of Living, 200 Retreat Avenue, Hartford, CT, 06106, USA; Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT, 06510, USA.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a first-line treatment for anxiety and related disorders, with large pre- to post-treatment effect sizes. Rates of relapse, or the likelihood that a state of remission will be maintained once treatment is withdrawn, have been relatively neglected in CBT outcome studies. The present meta-analysis aimed to determine the overall rate of relapse in CBT for anxiety and related disorders. Read More

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