241 results match your criteria coffee cacao

Moderate Mocha Coffee Consumption Is Associated with Higher Cognitive and Mood Status in a Non-Demented Elderly Population with Subcortical Ischemic Vascular Disease.

Nutrients 2021 Feb 6;13(2). Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia 87, 95123 Catania, Italy.

To date, interest in the role of coffee intake in the occurrence and course of age-related neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders has provided an inconclusive effect. Moreover, no study has evaluated mocha coffee consumption in subjects with mild vascular cognitive impairment and late-onset depression. We assessed the association between different quantities of mocha coffee intake over the last year and cognitive and mood performance in a homogeneous sample of 300 non-demented elderly Italian subjects with subcortical ischemic vascular disease. Read More

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February 2021

Challenges and Prospects for the Conservation of Crop Genetic Resources in Field Genebanks, in In Vitro Collections and/or in Liquid Nitrogen.

Plants (Basel) 2020 Nov 24;9(12). Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, c/o KU Leuven, Willem de Croylaan 42, P.O. Box 2455, 3001 Leuven, Belgium.

The conservation of crop genetic resources, including their wild relatives, is of utmost importance for the future of mankind. Most crops produce orthodox seeds and can, therefore, be stored in seed genebanks. However, this is not an option for crops and species that produce recalcitrant (non-storable) seeds such as cacao, coffee and avocado, for crops that do not produce seeds at all; therefore, they are inevitably vegetatively propagated such as bananas, or crops that are predominantly clonally propagated as their seeds are not true to type, such as potato, cassava and many fruit trees. Read More

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November 2020

Impact of 'free-from' and 'healthy choice' labeled versions of chocolate and coffee on temporal profile (multiple-intake TDS) and liking.

Food Res Int 2020 11 19;137:109342. Epub 2020 May 19.

IPROCAR Research Institute, TECAL Research Group, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain.

Product reformulation for obtaining "free-from" or "healthy choice" versions may confer significant changes in sensory characteristics which could not meet consumer expectations in terms of sensory perception. Therefore, this paper aims to evaluate the influence of formulations of different product categories on their dynamic sensory profile and consumer acceptability. A sensory panel of 23 semi-trained assessors evaluated two product categories, chocolate and milk coffee, using Temporal Dominance of Sensations (TDS) over three consecutive intakes/sips (multiple-intake TDS) on two replications. Read More

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November 2020

Fair trade and staple foods: A systematic review.

J Clean Prod 2021 Jan 15;279:123586. Epub 2020 Aug 15.

Senior Lecturer, Politics and International Relations Program, School of Social Sciences, University of Tasmania, Sandy Bay Campus, Hobart, TAS7001, Australia.

Sustainability certification schemes such as FAIRTRADE, FLO, WFTO and FT-USA have gained increasing markets. The significant growth of the fair trade (FT) movement in the last decades draws attention to ethical consumption. FT's aim at improving the livelihoods of producers in developing countries and promotion of social change is considered a model that shows the benefits of trade to development. Read More

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January 2021

Acrolein-Trapping Mechanism of Theophylline in Green Tea, Coffee, and Cocoa: Speedy and Successful.

J Agric Food Chem 2020 Sep 25;68(36):9718-9724. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Department of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing Normal University, 2# Xuelin Road, Nanjing 210023, P. R. China.

Increasing evidence has identified the unsaturated aldehyde acrolein (ACR) as the potential factor that causes deoxyribonucleic acid cross-linking and the development of chronic diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism by which theophylline (TP) scavenges ACR for the first time. TP efficiently scavenged ACR through forming adducts, which was demonstrated in a system in which TP was incubated with ACR at different ratios for different times for liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Read More

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September 2020

Stability and Change within Indigenous Land Use in the Ecuadorian Amazon.

Glob Environ Change 2020 Jul 16;63. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

In the Amazon basin and other tropical forest regions, many forested landscapes are inhabited by indigenous peoples who are increasingly exposed to infrastructure expansion, large-scale natural resource extraction, and development programs. How indigenous land use evolves in this context will be a critical determinant of the future of these forests. To date, few studies have had access to longitudinal, large-sample and field-based data that enables the measurement of indigenous land use change and its correlates in these contexts. Read More

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Caffeine and Doping-What Have We Learned since 2004.

Patrick Diel

Nutrients 2020 Jul 22;12(8). Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Department Molecular and Cellular Sports Medicine; Center of Preventive Dopoing Research, German Sports University Cologne, 50933 Cologne, Germany.

Caffeine is a naturally occurring plant alkaloid and is found in plant constituents such as coffee and cocoa beans, tea leaves, guarana berries and the kola nut [... Read More

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Changes in the Composition of Methylxanthines, Polyphenols, and Volatiles and Sensory Profiles of Cocoa Beans from the Sul 1 Genotype Affected by Fermentation.

J Agric Food Chem 2020 Aug 29;68(32):8658-8675. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

School of Chemical Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.

The Sul 1 cacao () genotype has become more popular among cocoa producers due to its resistance toward vascular streak dieback, a devastating dieback disease in cacao plants. Sul 1 cocoa beans were subjected to prolonged fermentation of 10 days (240 h). Changes in the composition of methylxanthines, polyphenols, and volatiles and sensory profiles of the cocoa beans as affected by fermentation were analyzed. Read More

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Stakeholder Collaboration in Climate-Smart Agricultural Production Innovations: Insights from the Cocoa Industry in Ghana.

Environ Manage 2020 10 7;66(4):600-613. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Kent Business School, University of Kent, Kent, UK.

Although collaboration is vital in addressing global environmental sustainability challenges, research understanding on stakeholder engagement in climate-smart production innovation adoption and implementation, remains limited. In this paper, we advance knowledge about stakeholder collaboration by examining the roles played by stakeholders in scaling-up ecological sustainability innovations. Using the illustrative context and case of green cocoa industry in Ghana, the analysis identified three distinctive phases of stakeholder engagement in ecological sustainability innovations implemented from 1960 to 2017. Read More

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October 2020

Phenolics Profile and Antioxidant Activity of Special Beers.

Molecules 2020 May 26;25(11). Epub 2020 May 26.

CREA, Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, via Ardeatina 546, 00178 Rome, Italy.

The antioxidant activity and polyphenols content of beer associated with its low alcohol content are relevant factors for an evaluation of the nutritional quality of beer. To investigate the effect of adding foods on the nutritional quality of beer, seven special beers that were commercially available and produced adding natural foods (walnut, chestnut, cocoa, honey, green tea, coffee, and licorice) during the fermentation process were analyzed for their polyphenols and flavonoids contents, phenolics profile, and antioxidant activity. The results obtained showed that most of the special beers under study possessed antioxidant activity, as well as total polyphenols and flavonoids contents notably higher as compared with the five conventional beers analyzed. Read More

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LC-MS/MS based molecular networking approach for the identification of cocoa phenolic metabolites in human urine.

Food Res Int 2020 06 20;132:109119. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Campus Ring 1, Jacobs University Bremen, 28759 Bremen, Germany. Electronic address:

Dietary phenolic compounds are often transformed by gut microbiota prior to absorption. This transformation may modify their structures, producing novel gut flora metabolites associated with numerous health benefits. Traditional mass spectrometry (MS) based approaches for assessing dietary exposure of cocotea (cocoa, coffee and tea) products provided very little information about the modification and fate of dietary phenolics after ingestion, mainly due to limitation of complex sample nature and their data analyses. Read More

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Mass spectrometry imaging of thin-layer chromatography plates using laser desorption/low-temperature plasma ionisation.

Analyst 2020 Jun 16;145(11):3885-3891. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

CINVESTAV Unidad Irapuato, Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Mexico.

Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) is a classic method for the separation and analysis of complex mixtures. Biological assays, chemical derivatisation and spectroscopy techniques are compatible with TLC and provide extra information about isolated compounds. However, coupling TLC to mass spectrometry is hampered by the difficulty to desorb the analytes from the silica surfaces. Read More

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Microencapsulation as a tool to counteract the typical low bioavailability of polyphenols in the management of diabetes.

Food Chem Toxicol 2020 May 7;139:111248. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Department of Biology, Laboratory of Neurophysiology, University of Balearic Islands, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Illes Balears (IdISBa), CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition), Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain. Electronic address:

Polyphenols are secondary metabolites widely distributed in many plant foods, such a tea, coffee, chocolate and fruits. The consumption of these compounds is related to the improvement or amelioration of many diseases, including diabetes. Nevertheless, the great barrier to the therapeutic use of polyphenols is the low bioavailability of these compounds once ingested. Read More

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Café et chocolat : mythes et vérité.

Rev Med Suisse 2020 Jan;16(679):176-178

Unité des dépendances, Service de médecine de premier recours, HUG, 1211 Genève 14.

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January 2020

Effect of Antioxidant Addition on Milk Beverage Supplemented with Coffee and Shelf-life Prediction.

Food Sci Anim Resour 2019 Dec 31;39(6):903-917. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Animal Industry Convergence, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea.

This study aimed to extend the shelf-life of coffee-containing milk beverage by adding (cacao nibs) extract. To prepare the beverage sample containing cacao nibs extract, 0.8% cacao nibs hydrothermal extract was aseptically injected. Read More

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December 2019

Occurrence, fate, persistence and remediation of caffeine: a review.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Oct;27(28):34715-34733

Department of Botany, Indira Mahavidyalaya Kalamb, Dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra, 445401, India.

Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) have gained attention in recent years due to their continuous discharge in natural waters. Their persistence in the environment has impacted flora, fauna and human being worldwide. One of the most common PPCPs is caffeine (1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine) which acts as a stimulant to the central nervous system in humans and is found in nature in about 60 plant species, especially in coffee, tea and cacao plants. Read More

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October 2020

Identification and quantification of phytoprostanes and phytofurans of coffee and cocoa by- and co-products.

Food Funct 2019 Oct;10(10):6882-6891

IATE, Univ Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier, France.

Phytoprostanes (PhytoPs) and phytofurans (PhytoFs) are isoprostanoids that result from the peroxidation of α-linolenic acid and are biomarkers of oxidative stress in plants and humans. These compounds exhibit several interesting biological activities (e.g. Read More

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October 2019

Draft genome sequence of fastidious pathogen , which causes vascular-streak dieback in .

Fungal Biol Biotechnol 2019 30;6:14. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

1Sustainable Perennial Crops Laboratory, USDA/ARS, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center-West, Beltsville, MD 20705 USA.

Background: , a member of the family, is the causal agent of vascular-streak dieback (VSD) of cacao, a major threat to the chocolate industry in the South-East Asia. The fastidious pathogen is very hard to isolate and maintain in pure culture, which is a major bottleneck in the study of its genetic diversity and genome.

Result: This study describes for the first time, a 33. Read More

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September 2019

Mediterranean diet: The role of long-chain ω-3 fatty acids in fish; polyphenols in fruits, vegetables, cereals, coffee, tea, cacao and wine; probiotics and vitamins in prevention of stroke, age-related cognitive decline, and Alzheimer disease.

Rev Neurol (Paris) 2019 Dec 11;175(10):724-741. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

University of Strasbourg, 22, rue Rene Descartes, Strasbourg, France.

The mechanisms of action of the dietary components of the Mediterranean diet are reviewed in prevention of cardiovascular disease, stroke, age-associated cognitive decline and Alzheimer disease. A companion article provides a comprehensive review of extra-virgin olive oil. The benefits of consumption of long-chain ω-3 fatty acids are described. Read More

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December 2019

Melanoidins from Coffee, Cocoa, and Bread Are Able to Scavenge α-Dicarbonyl Compounds under Simulated Physiological Conditions.

J Agric Food Chem 2019 Oct 23;67(39):10921-10929. Epub 2019 Sep 23.

Food Quality & Design Group , Wageningen University & Research , Wageningen NL-6708 WG , Netherlands.

Free amino residues react with α-dicarbonyl compounds (DCs) contributing to the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Phenolic compounds can scavenge DCs, thus controlling the dietary carbonyl load. This study showed that high-molecular weight cocoa melanoidins (HMW-COM), HMW bread melanoidins (HMW-BM), and especially HMW coffee melanoidins (HMW-CM) are effective DC scavengers. Read More

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October 2019

Biomolecules extraction from coffee and cocoa by- and co-products using deep eutectic solvents.

J Sci Food Agric 2020 Jan 6;100(1):81-91. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

CIRAD, UMR IATE, Montpellier, France.

Background: Coffee pulp (CP), cocoa husk (CH), and pod husk (CPH) are the main agro-residues from coffee and cocoa industries. They are sources of useful biomolecules, such as phenolic compounds, fibers, and alkaloids, among others. In this study, different compositions of deep eutectic solvents (DES) were investigated as a green and sustainable extraction media, with respect to their extraction capacity. Read More

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January 2020

Diversity in Composition of Bioactive Compounds Among 26 Cocoa Genotypes.

J Agric Food Chem 2019 Aug 16;67(34):9501-9509. Epub 2019 Aug 16.

School of Chemical Sciences , University of Auckland , Private Bag 92019 , Auckland 1142 , New Zealand.

Composition of bioactive compounds in cocoa beans is critical to the sensory and nutritional quality of cocoa based products. Twenty-six cocoa bean genotypes were freshly collected from the same plantation location in Indonesia. The bioactive compounds in these raw cocoa genotypes were identified and quantified. Read More

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Understanding Mycotoxin Contamination Across the Food Chain in Brazil: Challenges and Opportunities.

Toxins (Basel) 2019 07 15;11(7). Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Food Technology Institute, ITAL, C.P. 139, Campinas - SP, CEP 13078-170, Brazil.

Brazil is one of the largest food producers and exporters in the world. In the late 20th century, the European Union program for the harmonization of regulations for contaminants in food, including mycotoxins, led to the examination of mycotoxin contamination in foods at a global level. The problem of the rejection of food by the European Union and other countries became a Brazilian national priority because of economic and food safety aspects. Read More

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Review of the Role of Fluid Dairy in Delivery of Polyphenolic Compounds in the Diet: Chocolate Milk, Coffee Beverages, Matcha Green Tea, and Beyond.

J AOAC Int 2019 Sep 26;102(5):1365-1372. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

Food Safety Consultants, 90121 Palermo, Italy.

Dairy-based functional beverages have been a growing segment as consumer demands for health foods have shifted focus from simply enhancing lifespan to protecting health. Green tea is often limited in use because of poor bioavailability and disagreeable taste. However, milk is considered an ideal platform for the delivery of active polyphenolic compounds in green tea. Read More

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September 2019

The future of coffee and cocoa agroforestry in a warmer Mesoamerica.

Sci Rep 2019 06 20;9(1):8828. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Latin America Regional Office, World Agroforestry Centre, 1558, Lima, Peru.

Climate change threatens coffee production and the livelihoods of thousands of families in Mesoamerica that depend on it. Replacing coffee with cocoa and integrating trees in combined agroforestry systems to ameliorate abiotic stress are among the proposed alternatives to overcome this challenge. These two alternatives do not consider the vulnerability of cocoa and tree species commonly used in agroforestry plantations to future climate conditions. Read More

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Uptake of adenine by purine permeases of .

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 2019 Jul 18;83(7):1300-1305. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

a Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University , Uji , Japan.

Purine permeases (PUPs) mediate the proton-coupled uptake of nucleotide bases and their derivatives into cytosol. PUPs facilitate uptake of adenine, cytokinins and nicotine. Caffeine, a purine alkaloid derived from xanthosine, occurs in only a few eudicot species, including coffee, cacao, and tea. Read More

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Caffeine and blood pressure: a critical review perspective.

Nutr Res Rev 2019 12 5;32(2):169-175. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Laboratory, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

The WHO reported that high blood pressure (BP) is one of the primary causes of death worldwide. Hypertension (HPT) is a major risk factor for CVD and related diseases as well as for diseases, leading to a considerable increase in cardiovascular risk. Since BP response could also be influenced by caffeine, which is widely consumed with coffee and other items, it is important to define the possible effects associated with caffeine intake. Read More

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December 2019

Intravariety Diversity of Bioactive Compounds in Trinitario Cocoa Beans with Different Degrees of Fermentation.

J Agric Food Chem 2019 Mar 7;67(11):3150-3158. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

School of Chemical Sciences , University of Auckland , Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142 , New Zealand.

There has been increasing interest in the bioactive components of cocoa beans as they are related to the nutritional and sensory quality of cocoa products. Sulawesi 1 (Sul 1) cocoa beans (Trinitario variety) with different degrees of fermentation were collected from Indonesia. Quantification of bioactive compounds in these beans was done to better understand its intravariety diversity in the composition of bioactive components. Read More

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4 Conference on Cocoa Coffee and Tea (CoCoTea 2017) - The world in a cup.

Food Res Int 2019 01 4;115:302. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Guest Editors of Food Research International, for the Special Edition of CoCoTea 2017, Department of Drug, Science and Technology, University of Torino, 10125 Torino, Italy.

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January 2019