17,994 results match your criteria clinicopathological factors

Evaluation of Racial/Ethnic Differences in Treatment and Mortality Among Women With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

JAMA Oncol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri.

Importance: To our knowledge, there is no consensus regarding differences in treatment and mortality between non-Hispanic African American and non-Hispanic White women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Little is known about whether racial disparities vary by sociodemographic, clinical, and neighborhood factors.

Objective: To examine the differences in clinical treatment and outcomes between African American and White women in a nationally representative cohort of patients with TNBC and further examine the contributions of sociodemographic, clinical, and neighborhood factors to TNBC outcome disparities. Read More

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Utility of Routine Esophageal Biopsies in Patients With Refractory Reflux Symptoms.

Am J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr;116(4):816-820

1Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Amsterdam Gastroenterology and Metabolism, University Medical Centers Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 2Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, Eindhoven, the Netherlands.

Introduction: This study aimed to assess the diagnostic yield of routine esophageal biopsies in patients with refractory reflux symptoms.

Methods: We prospectively enrolled consecutive patients referred for upper endoscopy and collected histological, clinical, and endoscopic data.

Results: Of the 301 included patients, 14 (4. Read More

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Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder: A clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, and prognostic study of 24 cases in China.

J Dermatol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HV-LPD) is a rare cutaneous disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical presentation, histopathological characteristics, and prognostic study of HV-LPD in 24 Chinese patients. All patients presented with recurrent papulovesicular and necrotic eruptions on the face, neck, and extremities, with 11 showing systemic symptoms. Read More

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Endometrial endometrioid carcinoma, G1, is more aggressive in the elderly than in the young.

Histopathology 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Aims: The aim of this study was to characterize endometrioid carcinoma, G1, in the elderly, using clinicopathological features and immunohistochemical features of surrogate markers of molecular subtypes.

Methods And Results: We retrospectively analyzed tumour samples from 268 patients with endometrioid carcinoma, G1 (<40 years: n=24, 40-59 years: n=169, ≥60 years: n=75), for whom long-term clinical follow-up data were available. Endometrioid carcinoma, G1, in the elderly (≥60 years) was characterized by frequent deep myometrial invasion, less frequent endometrioid intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN), lack of benign hyperplasia (BH), less frequent squamous differentiation and occasional aberrant p53 expression. Read More

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Clinicopathological Analysis of 34 Cases of Primary Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis in Chinese Children.

Front Pediatr 2021 26;9:656307. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology and Rheumatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

This study aimed to summarize the clinicopathological features and prognostic risk factors of primary antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) in children. Clinical and prognostic data for children admitted to our center with AAV between September 2003 and September 2020 were studied retrospectively. The incidence and risk factors of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were calculated and analyzed. Read More

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Porphyromonas gingivalis infection exacerbates oesophageal cancer and promotes resistance to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Br J Cancer 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

VCU Philips Institute for Oral Health Research, Department of Oral and Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry, Richmond, VA, USA.

Background: The effect of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) infection on oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) prognosis, chemotherapeutic efficacy, and oesophageal cancer cell apoptosis resistance and proliferation remain poorly understood.

Methods: Clinicopathological data from 312 ESCC oesophagectomy patients, along with the computed tomography imaging results and longitudinal cancerous tissue samples from a patient subset (n = 85) who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), were analysed. Comparison of overall survival and response rate to NACT between Pg-infected and Pg-uninfected patients was made by multivariate Cox analysis and Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours v. Read More

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Plasma fibrinogen acts as a predictive factor for pathological complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer: a retrospective study of 1004 Chinese breast cancer patients.

BMC Cancer 2021 May 12;21(1):542. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Endocrine and Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No.1 Youyi Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen (Fib) level and pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer patients and to assess the role of plasma Fib as a predictive factor.

Methods: Data from 1004 consecutive patients with invasive breast cancer who received NAC and subsequent surgery were retrospectively analysed. Both univariate and multivariate analyses based on logistic regression model were performed to identify clinicopathological factors associated with pCR to NAC. Read More

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[Comparative study of clinicopathological features, and risk factors of advanced fibrosis between genders with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2021 Apr;29(4):356-361

Liver Research Center, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University; National Center for Clinical Medicine in Digestive Diseases, Beijing 100050, China.

To comparatively study the similarities and differences between the clinical, pathological, and risk factors of advanced fibrosis in men and women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). 267 patients with NAFLD diagnosed by liver biopsy were retrospectively included, and were divided into male and female groups. The difference of clinical and pathological indexes were compared between the two groups. Read More

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Noninvasive evaluation of tumor immune microenvironment in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma using metabolic parameter from preoperative 2-[F]FDG PET/CT.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, 100034, China.

Purpose: Nowadays, it is necessary to explore effective biomarkers associated with tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) noninvasively. Here, we investigated whether the metabolic parameter from preoperative 2-[F]FDG PET/CT could provide information related to TIME in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).

Methods: Ninety patients with newly diagnosed ccRCC who underwent 2-[F]FDG PET/CT prior to surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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FDG-PET for preoperative evaluation of tumor invasion in ampullary cancer: A retrospective analysis.

J Surg Oncol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma, Japan.

Background: Tumor invasion is the most significant prognostic factor in ampullary cancer and is thus a crucial factor in decision making for treatment. Endoscopic ultrasound can be performed to evaluate tumor invasion, but its diagnostic accuracy varies depending on the endoscopist. This study aimed to assess the usefulness of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for preoperatively predicting tumor invasion in ampullary cancer. Read More

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Expression Pattern and Prognostic Value of EPHA/EFNA in Breast Cancer by Bioinformatics Analysis: Revealing Its Importance in Chemotherapy.

Biomed Res Int 2021 22;2021:5575704. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China.

The activities of the ephrin family in breast cancer (BrCa) are complex. Family A receptors (EPHA) and ligands (EFNA) can act as oncogenes or tumor suppressors and are implicated in chemoresistance. Here, we examined the expression pattern and prognostic value of the EPHA/EFNA family in patients with breast cancer, including patients with different subtypes or different chemotherapy cohorts. Read More

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Intra-tumoral CD39CD8 T cells predict response to PD-1/PD-L1 blockade in patients with NSCLC.

J Thorac Oncol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Division of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Centre Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/ programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) blockade is currently widely used in the treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Despite available biomarker stratification, clinical responses vary. Thus, the search for novel biomarkers with improved response prediction is ongoing. Read More

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Computed tomography-based delta-radiomics analysis for discriminating radiation pneumonitis in patients with esophageal cancer after radiation therapy.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Shandong First Medical University and Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To construct a computed tomography (CT)-based delta-radiomics nomogram and corresponding risk classification system for individualized and accurate estimation of severe acute radiation pneumonitis (SARP) in patients with esophageal cancer (EC) after radiation therapy (RT).

Methods And Materials: 400 EC patients were enrolled from two independent institutions, and were divided into the training (n = 200) and validation cohorts (n = 200). 850 radiomics features of lung were extracted from treatment planning images, including the positioning CT before RT (CT) and the resetting CT after receiving 40-45Gy (CT). Read More

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The diagnostic predictive value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in thyroid cancer adjusted for tumor size.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(5):e0251446. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Inje University College of Medicine, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang-Si, Korea.

The role of systemic inflammation has not been clearly defined in thyroid cancers. There have been conflicting reports on whether systemic inflammatory markers have predictive value for thyroid cancers. We aimed to evaluate the association between systemic inflammatory markers and clinicopathological factors in thyroid cancers and to assess their predictive value for thyroid cancers in detail. Read More

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Disheveled-associated activator of morphogenesis 2 promotes invasion of colorectal cancer by activating PAK1 and promoting MMP7 expression.

Genes Genomics 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of General Surgery, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, #107 Wenhua Road, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, China.

Background: Disheveled-associated activator of morphogenesis (DAAM) family, including DAAM1 and DAAM2, is key regulators in Wnt signaling pathway. Although the oncogenic role of Wnt signaling pathway in colorectal cancer (CRC) was investigated in several lines, the expression and function of DAAM in CRC are still obscure.

Objective: To investigate the expression and function of DAAM in CRC. Read More

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Identification of as the Key Gene Associated with Antivascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy in Glioblastoma Multiforme.

Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are important for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) growth and development. However, the effects of VEGF-targeting drugs in primary GBM remain poorly understood. We aimed to explore the key genes correlated with VEGF expression and prognosis and elucidate their potential implications in GBM anti-VEGF therapy. Read More

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Clinical impact of PTEN methylation status as a prognostic marker for breast cancer.

J Genet Eng Biotechnol 2021 May 10;19(1):66. Epub 2021 May 10.

Biochemistry Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Division, National Research Centre, El-Bohouth Street, Dokki, Giza, 12622, Egypt.

Background: Aberrant DNA methylation of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene has been found in many cancers. The object of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of PTEN methylation as a prognostic marker in breast cancer. The study includes 153 newly diagnosed females, and they were divided according to their clinical diagnosis into breast cancer patients (n = 112) and females with benign breast lesion (n = 41). Read More

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A Combined Prediction Model for Lymph Node Metastasis Based on a Molecular Panel and Clinicopathological Factors in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 22;11:660615. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial-Head and Neck Oncology, Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: Lymph node metastasis is the most important factor influencing the prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients. However, there is no proper method for predicting lymph node metastasis. This study aimed to construct and validate a preoperative prediction model for lymph node metastasis and guide personalized neck management based on the gene expression profile and clinicopathological parameters of OSCC. Read More

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Construction and Validation of Novel Nomograms for Predicting Prognosis of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma After Surgery According to Different Primary Cancer Locations.

Front Oncol 2021 23;11:646082. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fuzhou, China.

Background/aims: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) can occur in different parts of the pancreas. This study aimed to identify clinicopathological characteristics independently correlated with the prognosis of PDAC of the pancreatic head/uncinate (PHC) or body-tail (PBTC), and to develop novel nomograms for predicting cancer-specific survival (CSS) according to different primary cancer locations.

Methods: 1160 PDAC patients were retrospectively enrolled and assigned to training and test sets with each set divided into PHC and PBTC groups. Read More

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Clinicopathological Characteristics and Prognostic Prediction in Pseudomyxoma Peritonei Originating From Mucinous Ovarian Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 21;11:641053. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Myxoma, Aerospace Center Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: To describe the clinicopathological characteristics of mucinous ovarian cancer (MOC)-derived pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) and identify prognostic factors for survival.

Methods: Medical records from patients with MOC-derived PMP who attended the Aerospace Center Hospital, Beijing, China between January 2009, and December 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method, the log-rank test, and a Cox proportional hazards model. Read More

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Remnant gastric cancer: An ordinary primary adenocarcinoma or a tumor with its own pattern?

World J Gastrointest Surg 2021 Apr;13(4):366-378

Department of Gastroenterology, Instituto do Cancer, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo 01249000, Brazil.

Background: Remnant gastric cancer (RGC) is defined as a tumor that develops in the stomach after a previous gastrectomy and is generally associated with a worse prognosis. However, there little information available regarding RGCs and their prognostic factors and survival.

Aim: To evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of RGC after previous gastrectomy for benign disease. Read More

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From the Immune Profile to the Immunoscore: Signatures for Improving Postsurgical Prognostic Prediction of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors.

Front Immunol 2021 23;12:654660. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Pancreatic Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China.

Objective: Immune infiltration plays an important role in tumor development and progression and shows promising prognostic value in numerous tumors. In this study, we aimed to identify the role of immune infiltration in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (Pan-NETs) and to establish an Immunoscore system to improve the prediction of postsurgical recurrence-free survival.

Methods: To derive transcriptional signatures and deconvolute specific immune populations, two GEO datasets containing 158 Pan-NET patients were reanalyzed to summarize the immune infiltration landscape and identify immune-related signatures. Read More

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Correlative study of tumor budding, mode of invasion and lymphocytic host response with known clinicopathological prognostic factors in oral squamous cell carcinoma.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2020 Sep-Dec;24(3):484-491. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Pathology, NRI Medical College, Chinakakani, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a significant public health problem in India, accounting to 30% of all cancers with a worrying rise in incidence and related mortality. Invasive tumor front (ITF) of OSCC has been an area of histopathologic research interest, where parameters like tumor budding (TB), mode of invasion (MOI) and lymphocytic host response (LHR) are being evaluated extensively.

Objectives: The aim is to study and evaluate the possible association of ITF histological parameters such as TB, LHR and MOI with known clinicopathological prognostic factors in cases of OSCC. Read More

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January 2021

Clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes in embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes: A decade long experience from a tertiary care centre in North India.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 Apr 19;53:151745. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Departments of Histopathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes (ETMR) are a heterogenous group clinically, pathologically and topographically. Due to limited cases, data regarding its molecular genetics, pathology and prognostic factors is evolving. We retrospectively analysed our cohort of ETMR over last decade in order to study their clinicopathological characteristics and outcome. Read More

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Expression of CD44 variant 9 induces chemoresistance of gastric cancer by controlling intracellular reactive oxygen spices accumulation.

Gastric Cancer 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Background: CD44 variant 9 (CD44v9) has been reported to suppress reactive oxygen spices (ROS) in association with antioxidant factors such as glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase 2 (GPx2), resulting in promoted tumor growth.

Methods: CD44v9 and GPx2 expression were investigated by immunohistochemistry in resected specimens from 193 gastric cancer (GC) patients without preoperative chemotherapy and in pretreatment biopsy specimens from 29 GC patients with preoperative chemotherapy. We analyzed the relationship between CD44v9 expression and clinicopathological factors, prognosis, and pathological response to chemotherapy. Read More

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A prognostic model based on seven immune-related genes predicts the overall survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

BioData Min 2021 May 7;14(1):29. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a disease with a high incidence and a poor prognosis. Growing amounts of evidence have shown that the immune system plays a critical role in the biological processes of HCC such as progression, recurrence, and metastasis, and some have discussed using it as a weapon against a variety of cancers. However, the impact of immune-related genes (IRGs) on the prognosis of HCC remains unclear. Read More

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A new pathological classification of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma according to protein expression of SSTR2 and Bcl2.

World J Surg Oncol 2021 May 7;19(1):142. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Surgery, Tokushima University, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan.

Background: No universal classification method for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) has been reported based on the embryological origin of biliary epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to classify IHCC according to protein expression levels of somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) and b-cell leukemia/lymphoma 2 (Bcl2) and to elucidate the clinicopathological features of each group.

Methods: Fifty-two IHCC patients who underwent hepatic resection were enrolled in this study. Read More

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Prognostic impact of dimensional factors in pT1 gastric cancer.

Surg Oncol 2021 Apr 22;38:101584. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University, School of Medicine. Japan.

Background: The significance of the dimensional factors (tumor diameter, area and volume) as the prognostic factor has not been precisely evaluated in pT1 gastric cancer.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the clinical impact and to confirm the clinical feasibility of the dimensional factors as prognostic factors in pT1 gastric cancer.

Methods: We analyzed prognostic factors for disease-specific survival (DSS), overall survival (OS) using clinicopathological factors by univariate and multivariate analyses and the pattern of recurrence in 2011 pT1 gastric cancer (mucosal and submucosal cancers) undergoing R0 gastrectomy. Read More

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Clinicopathological factors associated with tumour-specific mutation detection in plasma of patients with RAS- or BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer.

Int J Cancer 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Cancer Genetics, Institute for Cancer Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Detection of tumour-specific circulating cell-free DNA in plasma (ctDNA) fails in a significant number of cases depending on the clinical context. The primary aim was to investigate clinicopathological factors associated with detection of ctDNA in patients with RAS-/BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) prior to first-line therapy. A secondary aim was to evaluate the prognostic impact of ctDNA compared to other biomarkers. Read More

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The debatable presence of PIWI-interacting RNAs in invasive breast cancer.

Cancer Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Pathology and Forensic Medicine, and Translational Cancer Research Area, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Numerous factors influence breast cancer (BC) prognosis, thus complicating the prediction of outcome. By identifying biomarkers that would distinguish the cases with poorer response to therapy already at the time of diagnosis, the rate of survival could be improved. Lately, Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) have been introduced as potential cancer biomarkers, however, due to the recently raised challenges in piRNA annotations, further evaluation of piRNAs' involvement in cancer is required. Read More

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