592 results match your criteria ckd abdominal


Low muscle mass and early hospital readmission post-kidney transplantation.

Int Urol Nephrol 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Renal Medicine, Eastern Health, Box Hill, VIC, 3128, Australia.

Purpose: Patients exhibiting features of frailty and sarcopenia increasingly are presenting for kidney transplantation (KT) assessment. Sarcopenia, when ascertained by radiological measures, is associated with a higher transplant waiting list mortality; but studies on post-operative outcomes are lacking. We aimed to determine the clinical significance of low muscle mass in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients subsequently receiving KT. Read More

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January 2022

[ Ga]Ga-FAPI uptake correlates with the state of chronic kidney disease.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2022 Jan 6. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Germany.

Purpose: Kidney fibrosis leads to a progressive reduction in kidney function ultimately resulting in kidney failure. Diagnostic tools to detect kidney fibrosis are all invasive in nature requiring kidney biopsies with subsequent histological validation. In this retrospective study, the diagnostic value of three different radiotracers for the noninvasive prediction of kidney fibrosis was analyzed, taking into account the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the intra-renal parenchymal radiotracer uptake. Read More

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January 2022

Patient-centred approaches for the management of unpleasant symptoms in kidney disease.

Nat Rev Nephrol 2022 Jan 3. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Carol & Richard Yu PD Research Centre, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) frequently experience unpleasant symptoms. These can be gastrointestinal (constipation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea), psychological (anxiety and sadness), neurological (lightheadedness, headache and numbness), cardiopulmonary (shortness of breath and oedema), dermatological (pruritus and dry skin), painful (muscle cramps, chest pain and abdominal pain) or involve sexual dysfunction, sleep disorders and fatigue. These symptoms often occur in clusters, with one of them as the lead symptom and others as secondary symptoms. Read More

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January 2022

The Novel Bone Alkaline Phosphatase Isoform B1x Is Associated with Improved 5-Year Survival in Chronic Kidney Disease.

Nutrients 2021 Dec 9;13(12). Epub 2021 Dec 9.

Department of Clinical Chemistry, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, SE-581 85 Linköping, Sweden.

Circulating alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is an independent cardiovascular risk marker. Serum bone ALP (BALP) isoforms indicate bone turnover and comprise approximately 50% of total circulating ALP. In chronic kidney disease (CKD), mortality is highest in patients with increased ALP and BALP and low bone turnover. Read More

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December 2021

The A Body Shape Index Might Be a Stronger Predictor of Chronic Kidney Disease Than BMI in a Senior Population.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 12 7;18(24). Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.

The A Body Shape Index (ABSI) was recently introduced to quantify abdominal adiposity relative to the body mass index (BMI) and height. This cross-sectional study was performed to explore whether the ABSI is linked to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in older adults and compare the predictive capacity of the ABSI versus BMI for CKD. In total, 7053 people aged ≥ 60 years were divided into normal, mild, and moderate-to-severe CKD groups based on their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Read More

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December 2021

Assessment of renal function using magnetic resonance quantitative histogram analysis based on spatial labeling with multiple inversion pulses.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Nov;9(21):1614

Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high, and is easy to develop into end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which requires kidney dialysis or kidney transplantation. Therefore, we want to explore the clinical value of magnetic resonance quantitative histogram analysis based on spatial labeling with multiple inversion pulses (SLEEK) in assessing renal function in the early stage.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-nine patients underwent abdominal MRI examination, including a coronal SLEEK sequence. Read More

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November 2021

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery induced oxalosis and acute kidney injury: A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Dec 20;72:103088. Epub 2021 Nov 20.

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Introduction And Importance: Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are two conditions that can coexist in obese individuals. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, are used to control obesity. Complications such as steatorrhea, hyperoxaluria, and decreased bone mineral density, may occur after RYGB. Read More

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December 2021

Urine Uric Acid Excretion Levels are Positively Associated with Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes Patients without Chronic Kidney Disease.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 1;14:4691-4703. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Clinical Center for Diabetes, Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Key Clinical Center for Metabolic Disease, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether urine uric acid excretion (UUAE) levels are associated with obesity and abdominal obesity in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Methods: There were 2785 type 2 diabetic patients in this cross-sectional study. Obesity was defined as BMI ≥ 25 kg/m, and abdominal obesity was defined as waist circumference (WC) ≥90 cm for men and WC ≥ 80 cm for women based on World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for Asians. Read More

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December 2021

Mycotic/Infective Native Aortic Aneurysms: Results After Preferential Use of Open Surgery and Arterial Allografts.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 Dec 3. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

AP-HP, Henri Mondor University Hospital, Vascular surgery department, Creteil, France.

Objective: Mycotic/infective native aortic aneurysms (INAA) are managed heterogeneously. In the context of disparate literature, this study aimed to assess the outcomes of INAA surgical management and provide comprehensive data in alignment with recent suggestions for reporting standards.

Methods: A retrospective review of patients presenting with INAA from September 2002 to March 2020 at two institutions was conducted. Read More

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December 2021

Urinary Beta-2-Microglobulin and Late Nephrotoxicity in Childhood Cancer Survivors.

J Clin Med 2021 Nov 13;10(22). Epub 2021 Nov 13.

Department of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, Medical University of Bialystok, 15-274 Białystok, Poland.

The objectives of this study were to evaluate urinary beta-2-microglobulin (β2M) levels in long-term childhood cancer survivors and to establish its association with anticancer drug-induced nephrotoxicity. The study consisted of 165 childhood cancer survivors (CCS) who were in continuous complete remission. We reported that CCS had a significantly higher level of β2M ( < 0. Read More

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November 2021

Progression of Aortic Calcification in Stage 4-5 Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Transitioning to Dialysis and Transplantation.

Kidney Blood Press Res 2022 26;47(1):23-30. Epub 2021 Oct 26.

Kidney Centre, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Background And Aims: Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and associated with increased mortality. Comparative data on the AAC score progression in CKD patients transitioning from conservative treatment to different modalities of renal replacement therapy (RRT) are lacking and were examined.

Methods: 150 study patients underwent lateral lumbar radiograph to study AAC in the beginning of the study before commencing RRT (AAC1) and at 3 years of follow-up (AAC2). Read More

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October 2021

The CKD bowel health study: understanding the bowel health and gastrointestinal symptom management in patients with chronic kidney disease: a mixed-methods observational longitudinal study (protocol).

BMC Nephrol 2021 Nov 21;22(1):388. Epub 2021 Nov 21.

Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Edward Ford Building (A27), Fisher Road, Camperdown, NSW, 2006, Australia.

Background: Gastro-intestinal (GI) intolerance is a frequently reported outcome in patients with kidney failure receiving maintenance dialysis and those who have received kidney transplants. Symptoms of GI intolerance (diarrhoea, constipation, bloating, abdominal pain, heart burn, and reflux) are associated with significant reduction in quality of life, morbidity, and increased used of healthcare resources. Having chronic kidney disease (CKD), together with related changes in diet and medication, may alter the gut microbiota and the microbial-derived uraemic metabolites that accumulate in kidney failure, and contribute to various complications including chronic diarrhoea, opportunistic infections, and drug-related colitis. Read More

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November 2021

Serum fatty acid binding protein 4 levels are associated with abdominal aortic calcification in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Ren Fail 2021 Dec;43(1):1539-1548

Department of Nephrology, Xuanwu Hospital Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is an adipokine that was mainly derived from adipocytes and macrophages. Vascular calcification (VC) is highly prevalent in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and could predict their cardiovascular mortality. The pathogenesis of VC is complex, and adipokines may play an important role in it. Read More

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December 2021

The association between NAFLD and risk of chronic kidney disease: a cross-sectional study.

Ther Adv Chronic Dis 2021 9;12:20406223211048649. Epub 2021 Nov 9.

Center of Liver Diseases, Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 8, Jingshun East Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100015, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and NAFLD with different comorbidities and risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and abnormal albuminuria.

Materials And Methods: A total of 3872 Chinese individuals excluding those with hepatitis B or C infection and absence of alcohol abuse were included in the study. NAFLD was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography. Read More

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November 2021

Detection of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease by Medical Checkup at an Early Stage.

Cureus 2021 Oct 8;13(10):e18595. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Internal Medicine IV, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, JPN.

Introduction: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited renal disease. Although abdominal echography during medical checkup may be effective for the early detection of ADPKD, there are no reports of the early detection of ADPKD during medical checkup. We investigated whether there was a difference in renal function and total kidney volume (TKV) at the time of diagnosis due to differences in diagnostic triggers for ADPKD. Read More

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October 2021

Visceral adiposity indicators and cardiovascular risk in hemodialytic patients.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2021 Nov 11;65(6):811-820. Epub 2021 Nov 11.

Departamento de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brasil.

Objective: Cardiovascular diseases represent the main cause of death in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and association of the hypertriglyceridemia-waist phenotype (HWP) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) with cardiometabolic risk factors (CR) in patients with CKD on hemodialysis (HD).

Methods: The study is based on a cross-sectional design with 265 HD patients in two cities in northeastern Brazil. Read More

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November 2021

The Comprehensive Complication Index. Proposed modification to improve estimates of perioperative morbidity after radical cystectomy. A pilot study.

Cent European J Urol 2021 8;74(3):288-294. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Holy Cross Cancer Center in Kielce, Kielce, Poland.

Introduction: The aim of this article was to compare the 30-day morbidity after radical cystectomy comparing the prevalent Clavien-Dindo Classification (CDC) and the novel Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI). Additionally, we evaluated the correlation between particular clinical features and the severity of perioperative morbidity.

Material And Methods: A total of 42 patients were included into the study (33 men and 9 women) who underwent open radical cystectomy (RC) with bilateral lymphadenectomy for bladder cancer. Read More

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Editor's Choice - Pre-Operative Moderate to Severe Chronic Kidney Disease is Associated with Worse Short-Term and Mid-Term Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Fenestrated-Branched Endovascular Aortic Repair.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 12 27;62(6):859-868. Epub 2021 Oct 27.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Objective: To review experience of fenestrated-branched endovascular aortic repair (F-BEVAR) for pararenal/thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms (PRAA/TAAA) and to assess the association between pre-operative moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) and post-operative outcomes.

Methods: All consecutive patients undergoing (elective and non-elective) F-BEVAR at a single centre (1 January 2011 - 1 July 2019) were identified. Renal function was calculated as the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula. Read More

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December 2021

Transcarotid Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in an Octogenarian With Complex Type B Aortic Dissection and Aneurysm: A Case Report.

CJC Open 2021 Sep 1;3(9):1182-1185. Epub 2021 May 1.

Cardiovascular Center, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

We report the case of an octogenarian with severe aortic valve stenosis, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and heart failure. Due to advanced CKD, we used a 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiogram for sizing the device before transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Noncontrast computed tomography found complex aortic dissection involving the arch, descending thoracic aorta, and abdominal aorta. Read More

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September 2021

Can Aortic and Renal Arteries Calcium Scores Be New Factors to Predict Post-Operative Renal Function After Nephron Sparing Surgery?

Clin Genitourin Cancer 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Sitki Kocman University, Muğla, Turkey.

Introduction: This study aims to investigate whether the calcification of renal arteries and aorta may be risk factors for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD) after Nephron sparing surgery (NSS).

Materials And Methods: The patients that underwent either open or laparoscopic NSS from 2000 to 2019 in 4 different centers were retrospectively assessed. Of these patients, 328 had a non-contrast-enhanced computer tomography. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical Prediction of High-Turnover Bone Disease After Kidney Transplantation.

Calcif Tissue Int 2021 Oct 19. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Abdominal Center, Department of Nephrology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, (Haartmaninkatu 4), P.O. Box 372, 00029, HUS, Finland.

Bone histomorphometric analysis is the most accurate method for the evaluation of bone turnover, but non-invasive tools are also required. We studied whether bone biomarkers can predict high bone turnover determined by bone histomorphometry after kidney transplantation. We retrospectively evaluated the results of bone biopsy specimens obtained from kidney transplant recipients due to the clinical suspicion of high bone turnover between 2000 and 2015. Read More

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October 2021

Peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis caused by Gordonia bronchialis: first pediatric report.

Pediatr Nephrol 2022 01 11;37(1):217-220. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Division of Nephrology, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada.

Introduction: Gordonia species, aerobic, weakly acid-fast, Gram-positive bacilli, are a rare cause of peritonitis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). We report the first pediatric case of PD-related peritonitis caused by Gordonia bronchialis.

Case Presentation: A 13-year-old girl with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5D, on continuous cycling PD (CCPD) for 8 years, presented with cloudy PD effluent, with no abdominal discomfort or fever. Read More

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January 2022

Circulating CD5L is associated with cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in individuals with chronic kidney disease.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 10 10;13(19):22690-22709. Epub 2021 Oct 10.

Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau and Sant Pau Biomedical Research Institute (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona 08041, Spain.

This study assessed the association of CD5L and soluble CD36 (sCD36) with the risk of a cardiovascular event (CVE), including CV death and all-cause mortality in CKD. We evaluated the association of CD5L and sCD36 with a predefined composite CV endpoint (unstable angina, myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular accident, congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, peripheral arterial disease [PAD] or amputation by PAD, aortic aneurysm, or death from CV causes) and all-cause mortality using Cox proportional hazards regression, adjusted for CV risk factors. The analysis included 1,516 participants free from pre-existing CV disease followed up for 4 years. Read More

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October 2021

Direct Evidence of Endothelial Dysfunction and Glycocalyx Loss in Dermal Biopsies of Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease and Their Association With Markers of Volume Overload.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 21;9:733015. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Division of Nephrology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

Cardiovascular morbidity is a major problem in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and endothelial dysfunction (ED) is involved in its development. The luminal side of the vascular endothelium is covered by a protective endothelial glycocalyx (eGC) and indirect evidence indicates eGC loss in CKD patients. We aimed to investigate potential eGC loss and ED in skin biopsies of CKD patients and their association with inflammation and volume overload. Read More

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September 2021

Safety and effectiveness of lanthanum carbonate for hyperphosphatemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients: a meta-analysis.

Ren Fail 2021 Dec;43(1):1378-1393

Department of Nephrology, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University of People's Liberation Army, Xi'an, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of lanthanum carbonate (LC) versus calcium salts, non-LC phosphate binders (PBs), sevelamer, or placebo in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Materials And Methods: A literature search on PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases was conducted up to 18 June 2021. Data acquisition and quality assessment were performed by two reviewers. Read More

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December 2021

Perirenal Fat Thickness Is Significantly Associated With the Risk for Development of Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients With Diabetes.

Diabetes 2021 10 22;70(10):2322-2332. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China

Perirenal fat is adjacent to kidneys and active in metabolism and adipokine secretion. We aimed to investigate whether perirenal fat is an independent predictor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and compared it with total, subcutaneous, or visceral fat in patients with diabetes. Perirenal fat thickness (PRFT) was measured by computed tomography, and total body fat (TBF), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were assessed by DEXA. Read More

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October 2021

Comparison between open repair with suprarenal clamping and fenestrated endovascular repair for unruptured juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms.

J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2021 Sep 28. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK.

Background: Management of juxta-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms (JRAAA) remains challenging. Both open surgical and endovascular options are feasible, however, there is lack of level 1 evidence to support one modality over the other. Operative interventions frequently necessitate either open repair with a suprarenal clamp positioning (ORSRC) or complex endovascular repair (EVAR) with fenestrated (fEVAR) or parallel stent grafts (chEVAR). Read More

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September 2021

Epidemiology of Sepsis-Associated Acute Kidney Injury in Beijing, China: A Descriptive Analysis.

Int J Gen Med 2021 14;14:5631-5649. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Intensive Care Unit, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, People's Republic of China.

Background: Sepsis is the most common contributing factor towards development of acute kidney injury (AKI), which is strongly associated to poor prognostic outcomes. There are numerous epidemiological studies about sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (S-AKI), however current literature is limited with the majority of studies being conducted only in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiology of S-AKI in all hospitalized in-patients. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship Between Dietary Phosphate Intake and Biomarkers of Bone and Mineral Metabolism in Australian Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease.

J Ren Nutr 2022 Jan 9;32(1):58-67. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Nephrology, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia; Department of Medicine (RMH), The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: Higher serum phosphate is associated with increased adverse outcomes including cardiovascular disease. Abnormalities of bone and mineral metabolism in chronic kidney disease (CKD), including higher serum phosphate, are important risk factors for increased cardiovascular disease. Associations between dietary phosphate intake and biochemical and cardiovascular parameters in non-dialysis CKD patients, however, have not been adequately studied. Read More

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January 2022

Diseases of the Aorta and Kidney Disease: Conclusions from a Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Controversies Conference.

Cardiovasc Res 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Division of Nephrology, Hennepin County Medical Center and University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), as well as for cardiovascular and renal events and all-cause mortality following surgery for AAA or thoracic aortic dissection. In addition, the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after any aortic surgery is particularly high, and this AKI per se is independently associated with future cardiovascular events and mortality. On the other hand, both development of AKI after surgery and the long-term evolution of kidney function differ significantly depending on the type of AAA intervention (open surgery versus the various subtypes of endovascular repair). Read More

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September 2021