1,603 results match your criteria city schoolchildren

Bee- and Wasp-Venom Sensitization in Schoolchildren of High- and Low-Socioeconomic Status Living in an Urban Area of Indonesia.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2021 May 5:1-10. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: There is not much known about venom allergy in tropical regions. Here, we studied the prevalence of specific IgE (sIgE) and skin prick test (SPT) reactivity and reported sting-related symptoms, in high- and low-socioeconomic status (SES) schoolchildren living in urban city of Makassar in Indonesia.

Methods: Children from high- (n = 160) and low- (n = 165) SES schools were recruited. Read More

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Prevalence of COVID-19 in children, adolescents, and adults in remote education situation in the city of Fortaleza - Brazil.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Laboratory, State University of Ceará, Campus do Itaperi, 60714-903 Fortaleza, CE, Brazil.

Objectives: A retrospective study was conducted on a database of the COVID-19 Tracking Program in schoolchildren to identify the prevalence of COVID-19 through serology and RT-PCR in children, adolescents, and adults.

Methods: The data was composed of sociodemographic and clinical variables, results of serological tests (IgM and IgG), and RT-PCR results of IgM-positive individuals. The statistical analysis was performed with a 5% significance level. Read More

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Influence of physical activity and postural habits in schoolchildren with scoliosis.

Arch Public Health 2021 Apr 29;79(1):63. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Postgraduate program in public health at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Background: Scoliosis is considered one of the main musculoskeletal changes in childhood, and is characterized by three-dimensional changes in the spine. Schoolchildren is a group who are directly exposed to this condition because they go through a rapid growth phase in adolescence, added to other external factors such as school environment and daily living habits such as little physical activity. This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with scoliosis in schoolchildren. Read More

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Sedentary behavior, unhealthy food consumption and dental caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren: a population-based study.

Braz Oral Res 2021 26;35:e041. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Universidade de São Paulo - USP, School of Dentistry, Department of Community Health, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

This study analyzed the association between sedentary behavior (SB), unhealthy food consumption, and dental caries amongst 12-year-old schoolchildren. An epidemiological survey was carried out in the five largest cities (> 80,000 inhabitants) of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected on decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT), sociodemographic characteristics, SB, unhealthy food consumption, and water fluoridation status. Read More

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Socioeconomic factors associated with infection by Toxoplasma gondii and Toxocara canis in children.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine - State, University of Londrina - UEL, Londrina, PR, Brazil.

The intense contact of children with domestic animals or environments contaminated with feces of these animals, together with habits related to lack of hygiene, can facilitate infection by zoonoses. The study evaluated the seroprevalence and risk factors associated with toxoplasmosis and toxocariasis in schoolchildren in the city of Jataizinho, Paraná. Of the 412 children aged 4 to 15 years, 56. Read More

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Exposure to mass disaster and probable panic disorder among children in New York City.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Apr 4;138:349-353. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States; New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, United States; Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States.

While both direct and indirect exposure to mass trauma are increasing in the United States, relatively little is known about the potential link between mass trauma and risk of panic disorder early in life. It is also unclear whether history of prior individual trauma increases risk of panic disorder even further among those with exposure to mass trauma. The current study investigated the association between exposure to a mass trauma event (the World Trade Center (WTC) attack) and risk of panic disorder among children, how panic disorder varies by exposure severity and sociodemographic characteristics, and whether there is an interaction between individual and mass trauma exposure in the risk of panic disorder. Read More

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Palmitoleic and Dihomo-γ-Linolenic Acids Are Positively Associated With Abdominal Obesity and Increased Metabolic Risk in Children.

Front Pediatr 2021 9;9:628496. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

The impact of abdominal obesity (AO) on plasma fatty acid changes and cardiometabolic risk in children who are obese and overweight has rarely been investigated. This study determined whether plasma fatty acid composition differed between children with AO and those without AO and its relationship with metabolic risk, particularly in the obese and overweight groups. A total of 181 schoolchildren (aged 7-18 years) were included. Read More

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Cytogenetic status of blood lymphocytes in schoolchildren living middle and high latitudes.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Apr;66(4):213-216

Federal Research Centre «Kola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences».

Intensive industrial development of the northern regions of the Russian Federation is primarily associated with the extraction and processing of natural resources, which leads to environmental pollution and makes the tasks of sanitary and hygienic monitoring urgent. Rapid methods are convenient for the rapid diagnosis of the genetic well-being of the environment, one of which is the micronucleus test in combination with the cytokinetic block cytochalasin B. mitosis. Read More

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Has the double burden of malnutrition reached pupils in rural Western Kenya?

Pediatr Int 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Global Health, Graduate School of Health Sciences, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara, Nishihara-cho, Nakagami-gun, Okinawa, 903-0215, Japan.

Background: Undernutrition and overnutrition have been considered separate challenges with different factors in different settings. The double burden of malnutrition is defined as the coexistence of both undernutrition and overnutrition, which has now spread globally, especially in low- and middle-income countries. In Kenya, the double burden of malnutrition is present in the capital city, but the situation in rural areas currently remains unknown. Read More

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Impact of a Nutrition-Related Community Intervention on the Quantity and Quality of Children's School .

Life (Basel) 2021 Mar 19;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Epidemiological Research Unit in Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gomez, Ministry of Health (SSA), 06720 Mexico City, Mexico.

Foods and beverages that schoolchildren carry in their lunchboxes have high energy values but lack plain water, fresh fruits and vegetables. A nutrition-related community intervention on the quantity and quality of school was performed, in which four primary schools participated, as part of two groups: 225 children in the intervention group (IG) and 177 children in the control group (CG). The parents from the IG had access to a website where they could consult information on eating habits and physical activity or school menus. Read More

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Association of siblings' presence and oral health-related quality of life among children: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 03 24;21(1):153. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University, No.38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, China.

Background: The quantity-quality trade-off theory indicates that an increase in siblings might decrease a child's well-being, but little is known about the impacts of sibling number on children's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aims to investigate the effects of presence of siblings on children's OHRQoL, and to further test whether there is an interaction effect between siblings' presence and locations on children's OHRQoL.

Methods: Data were obtained from an oral-health survey of 12-year-old children in Beijing, China, which was a part of the 4th National Oral Health Survey in the Mainland of China (2015-2016). Read More

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[Behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in adolescents from the rural area of a municipality in Southern Brazil].

Cad Saude Publica 2021 12;37(2):e00241119. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Programa de Pós-graduação em Nutrição e Alimentos, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil.

The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and factors associated with their accumulation in adolescents from the rural area of a municipality in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional school-based census-type study with a sample of 515 sixth to nineth-grade schoolchildren in 21 rural public schools in Pelotas. The target behavioral risk factors were: physical inactivity; irregular consumption of fruits, vegetables, and greens; initiation to alcohol consumption and smoking; and addition of salt to foods. Read More

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Impact of Sugar Tax on Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption among Saudi Schoolchildren.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2021 Jan;19(1):189-194

Purpose: In 2017, Saudi Arabia introduced a 120% tax on energy drinks and a 50% tax on soft drinks. The impact of this policy on the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) among schoolchildren is not known in this country. The present study evaluated the impact of the excise tax on SSB consumption in the tri-city metropolitan area of Dammam-Khobar-Dhahran, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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January 2021

Prevalence and risk factors associated with substance use in children: A questionnaire-based survey in two cities of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Indian J Psychiatry 2020 Sep-Oct;62(5):517-523. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Division of Cytopathology, ICMR-National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: There is a sharp increase of substance use, particularly tobacco and alcohol, among schoolchildren.

Aims: A study was undertaken to assess the prevalence, age of initiation, and determinants for the uptake of tobacco and alcohol habits among ever-user students.

Settings And Design: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among school students. Read More

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September 2020

Prevalence of Insulin Resistance in Urban Indian School Children Who Are Overweight/Obese: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 12;8:613594. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, India.

Limited data are available for insulin resistance (IR) in over-weight/obese children from the Indian subcontinent. Identifying predictors of IR in this population is important, as they may be used as a screening tool for future metabolic complications. This school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in an Eastern Indian city. Read More

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February 2021

Periodontal Status Among Schoolchildren in the Republic of Moldova: A Cross-Sectional Study Using the Pathfinder Study Design.

Int Dent J 2021 Feb 12;71(1):63-66. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

School of Graduate Dentistry, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Objectives: To screen a sample of Moldavian schoolchildren to establish their periodontal condition using the Pathfinder study design of the World Health Organization (WHO).

Methods: Two cohorts - 12- and 15-year schoolchildren - were screened in 12 schools around the country: four schools in the capital city; four more schools in two other larger cities (two schools in each city); and four village schools (one school in each village). In addition to demographic data, the periodontal parameters dental plaque, calculus and bleeding on probing (BOP) were collected. Read More

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February 2021

The relationship of irisin with metabolic syndrome components and insulin secretion and resistance in schoolchildren.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(5):e24061

Department of Education and Research, Kaohsiung Veteran General Hospital, Kaohsiung City.

Abstract: Irisin, a novel myokine, is believed to be the crucial factor in converting white adipose tissue to beige adipose tissue. For this paper, we studied the relationship among irisin and components of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and insulin secretion and resistance in schoolchildren of Taiwan.Subjects receiving routine annual health examination at elementary school were enrolled. Read More

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February 2021

Barriers and Facilitators Associated with Physical Activity in the Middle East and North Africa Region: A Systematic Overview.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 9;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Institute for Population Health, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Education City, Doha 24144, Qatar.

Increasing physical inactivity levels in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is a public health concern. We aimed to synthesize barriers and facilitators to physical activity and make appropriate recommendations to address physical inactivity. We conducted an overview of systematic reviews on physical activity barriers and facilitators in 20 MENA countries by systematically searching MEDLINE/PubMed and Google Scholar for systematic reviews published between 2008 and 2020. Read More

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February 2021

Prevalence of Obesity and Overweight among School-Aged Children in Saudi Arabia and Its Association with Vitamin D Status.

Acta Biomed 2020 11 3;91(4):e2020133. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

King Abdulaziz Medical City - Riyadh.

Background: Childhood obesity is a significant global public health problem. Worldwide data showed an increasing trend over the years. We aimed to explore the prevalence of obesity, and its association with vitamin D status. Read More

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November 2020

Personal exposure to equivalent black carbon in children in Milan, Italy: Time-activity patterns and predictors by season.

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 20;274:116530. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

EPIGET - Epidemiology, Epigenetics, and Toxicology Lab, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Italy; Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Environmental and Industrial Toxicology Unit, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Air pollution is a global threat to public health, especially when considering susceptible populations, such as children. A better understanding of determinants of exposure could help epidemiologists in refining exposure assessment methods, and policy makers in identifying effective mitigation interventions. Through a participatory approach, 73 and 89 schoolchildren were involved in a two-season personal exposure monitoring campaign of equivalent black carbon (EBC) in Milan, Italy. Read More

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Lessons from low seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in schoolchildren: A cross-sectional study.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2021 05 15;32(4):762-770. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Klinik Ottakring, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Children are discussed as hidden SARS-CoV-2 virus reservoir because of predominantly mild or even asymptomatic course of disease. The objective of this cross-sectional study in May-July 2020 was to assess the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and virus RNA in schoolchildren, consistent with previous infection by contact tracing.

Methods: School authorities approached parents for voluntary participation. Read More

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Maternal, neonatal and socio-economic factors associated with intellectual development among children from a coal mining region in Brazil.

Environ Geochem Health 2021 Jan 26. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Programa de Pós Graduação eôôm Ciências da Saúde, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Rua Visconde de Paranaguá 102 Centro, Rio Grande-RS, 96203-900, Brazil.

Coal is the most aggressive energy sources in the environment. Several adverse outcomes on children's health exposure to coal pollutants have been reported. Pollutants from coal power plants adversely affect the intellectual development and capacity. Read More

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January 2021

Interruption of lymphatic filariasis transmission in Manaus, a former focus of in the Western Brazilian Amazon.

Rev Panam Salud Publica 2021 15;45:e1. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei Divinópolis Brazil Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei, Divinópolis, Brazil.

Objective: To confirm the absence of autochthonous cases in Manaus, a former focus of lymphatic filariasis in the Western Brazilian Amazon.

Methods: A field survey was carried out in 2016 using immunochromatographic rapid tests (ICT card) for the detection of circulating filarial antigens in blood. The sample included a group of 3 000 schoolchildren aged 6 to 10 years enrolled in schools from different urban areas of Manaus (including the former lymphatic filariasis focus in the city) and a group of 709 adolescents and adults, between the ages of 11 and 85 years, born and raised in different areas of Manaus. Read More

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January 2021

Excess weight and thinness over two decades (1996-2015) and spatial distribution in children from Jujuy, Argentina.

BMC Public Health 2021 01 22;21(1):196. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Centro de Investigaciones en Nutrición Humana, Escuela de Nutrición, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Boulevard de la Reforma s/n, CP 5000, Córdoba, Argentina.

Background: The increase of excess weight around the world is progressive and sustained in children. This is the most prevalent form of malnutrition in this population and they represent the major public health problem in developed and developing countries. The aim of this study was to analyze the magnitude of change in thinness and excess weight prevalence in 4-7 years-old schoolchildren from Jujuy (Argentina), between 1996 and 2015 and to examine the association according to sex and school location. Read More

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January 2021

An educational intervention for improving knowledge of Syrian school children about avulsion using the "save your tooth" poster.

BMC Oral Health 2021 01 7;21(1):24. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Paediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.

Background: The prognosis of replantation of an avulsed tooth is affected by the first aid management in the first 15 min after traumatic incident. Knowledge of the optimal management is crucial to successful replantation. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of educational intervention using the Arabic version of the "save your tooth" poster designed by the International Association of Dental Traumatology IADT, in improving the knowledge of schoolchildren about first aid management of avulsion of permanent teeth. Read More

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January 2021

Negative Association in Reported Dietary Energy Intake and Physique in Japanese Schoolchildren.

J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 2020 ;66(6):545-552

Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University.

Appropriate dietary assessment and health education are necessary for children to achieve a healthy physique. To explore the relationship between habitual reported dietary energy intake (EI) and physique in elementary schoolchildren by sex and age, we conducted a longitudinal study, in the fiscal year 2011, that included all elementary schools in Omihachiman City, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. The study lasted for four consecutive years, ending in fiscal year 2014, and included 545 7-y-old schoolchildren in the target city. Read More

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January 2020

Prevalence, distribution, characteristics and associated factors of molar-incisor hypo-mineralisation among Libyan schoolchildren: a cross-sectional survey.

Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2021 Jan 3. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Background And Aim: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and clinical status of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) and other enamel defects and associated factors in Libyan children.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of a randomly selected sample of 8- to 10-year-old Libyan school children was conducted in the city of Benghazi, Libya in 2019. The children were assessed for the presence of MIH and enamel defects according to EAPD evaluation criteria. Read More

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January 2021

Associations among Bullying Victimization, Family Dysfunction, Negative Affect, and Bullying Perpetration in Macanese Adolescents.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2020 Dec 24:306624X20983741. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Bullying has become one of the most significant problem behaviors that school-aged adolescents face. The current study examines the strain-delinquency relationship by employing General Strain Theory as a guiding framework. "Strain" was operationalized as bullying victimization and family dysfunction, "delinquency" was operationalized as bullying perpetration, and "negative affect" was operationalized as anxiety and depression. Read More

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December 2020

Intestinal parasitic infection: prevalence, knowledge, attitude, and practices among schoolchildren in an urban area of Taiz city, Yemen.

AIMS Public Health 2020 27;7(4):769-777. Epub 2020 Sep 27.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Background: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are regarded as one of the main public health problems and socio-economic issues adversely affecting the health of millions of people worldwide. Our study aimed to describe the knowledge, attitude, and practices of local urban schoolchildren in Taiz City towards intestinal parasitic infections.

Methods And Material: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Taiz, Yemen from March to May 2019. Read More

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September 2020

Validation of age-specific survival prediction in pediatric patients with blunt trauma using trauma and injury severity score methodology: a ten-year Nationwide observational study.

BMC Emerg Med 2020 11 18;20(1):91. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

Department of Disaster Medical Management, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Background: In-hospital mortality in trauma patients has decreased recently owing to improved trauma injury prevention systems. However, no study has evaluated the validity of the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) in pediatric patients by a detailed classification of patients' age and injury severity in Japan. This retrospective nationwide study evaluated the validity of TRISS in predicting survival in Japanese pediatric patients with blunt trauma by age and injury severity. Read More

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November 2020