6,487 results match your criteria circumference difference

What is the effect of supervised rehabilitation regime vs. self-management instruction following unicompartmental knee arthroplasty? - a pilot study in two cohorts.

J Exp Orthop 2021 Jun 9;8(1):38. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark.

Purpose: The optimal rehabilitation strategy after a unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is unclear. This study aims to compare the effect of transitioning from a supervised to a self-management rehabilitation regime by pilot study of patient outcomes subsequent to UKA surgery.

Methods: Fifty consecutive patients scheduled to undergo unilateral UKA surgery at our institution between 22 February 2016 and 18of January 2017 were prospectively identified via local medical database and included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardiovascular risk assessment in primary care employees

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 04 13;58(2):84-91. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Unidad de Medicina Familiar No. 31, Servicio de Atención Familiar, San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León. México.

Background: Despite the importance and availability of cardiovascular risk stratification (CVR) systems, few Latin American studies use them in health care workers.

Objective: To evaluate the CVR stratification based on type, number of risk factors and current blood pressure category in primary care employees.

Material And Methods: Cross-sectional design study (n = 308). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A cross-sectional evaluation of the relationship between social jetlag and diet quality.

Chronobiol Int 2021 Jun 8:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Ankara University , Ankara, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to compare anthropometric measures of obesity and sleep qualities in individuals with/without social jetlag (SJL). In addition, it was aimed to compare the energy, macronutrient intake and diet qualities of individuals with/without SJL during school and non-school days. This study comprised 710 university students with mean age 21. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Different feeding regimens were not associated with variation in body composition in preterm infants.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Jun 7:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Paediatrics, Faculty of Health Science, Linkoping University, Lund, Sweden.

Aim: The aim was to determine body composition and growth in preterm infants based on two different feeding regimens and to assess how standard and individual fortification (IF) affect energy and protein intake. Body composition was assessed at full term and at four months corrected age.

Methods: Sixty preterm infants born before gestational week 32 were randomized either to IF of mother's breast milk after it had been analyzed or to standard fortification (SF) of mother's breast milk based on the average protein and energy content of breast milk. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Supplemental nutrition assistance program 2009 expansion and cardiometabolic markers among low-income adults.

Prev Med 2021 Jun 5;150:106678. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, USA. Electronic address:

A 2009 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) policy change that expanded eligibility and increased benefit amounts has been associated with reduced food insecurity. This study tests the hypothesis that the SNAP policy change corresponds with improved stress- and nutrition-sensitive cardiometabolic markers. This study included non-pregnant participants aged 18-59 with annual family incomes ≤185% of the federal poverty guideline from the repeated cross-sectional NHANES study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Effects of a 7000-Step Goal and Weekly Group Walking Program for Overweight and Obese Elderly People in Sarawak, Malaysia: A Quasi-experimental Study.

J Prev Med Public Health 2021 May 29;54(3):199-207. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia.

Objectives: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading global risk factor for mortality, followed by obesity. The combination of these risk factors is associated with non-communicable diseases, impaired physical function, and declining mental function. The World Health Organization recommends physical activity to reduce the mortality rate. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prediabetes in adolescents - an emerging epidemic - a cross-sectional survey of medical students at a public university, Quetta, Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 May;71(5):1438-1441

Department of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and determinants of prediabetes among adolescents.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at a public-sector medical university in Quetta, Pakistan, from December 2019 to February 2020, and comprised students aged 16-19 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather socio-demographic data. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vascularized Lymph Node Transfer for Surgical Treatments of Upper Versus Lower Extremity Lymphedema.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical outcomes following vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) for the treatment of lymphedema performed on the upper and lower extremities.

Methods: Between April 2015 and January 2020, 71 patients with advanced-stage lymphedema, categorized as International Society of Lymphology late stage 2 or 3, who underwent VLNT in upper and lower extremities were included in this study. Thirty-seven and 34 patients underwent VLNT in upper and lower extremities, respectively. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Efficacy of testosterone replacement therapy for treating metabolic disturbances in late-onset hypogonadism: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Urology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Soonchunhyang University Medical College, 59 Daesagwan-ro, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, 04401, Korea.

Purpose: Late onset hypogonadism (LOH) is an age-dependent reduction of testosterone associated with alterations of metabolic profile, including glucose control, insulin sensitivity, and lipid profile. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) for treating metabolic disturbances through a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs).

Methods: A systematic review of literature published from 1964 to November, 2019 was performed using the PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effect of postnatal corticosteroids on growth parameters in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

J Perinat Med 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College, London, UK.

Objectives: Corticosteroids are administered to ventilator dependent infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) to improve respiratory function and facilitating extubation. Acutely, however, growth impairment can occur as a side effect of such therapy. We aimed to determine the effect of corticosteroids on postnatal growth during the entire neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gender difference in metabolic syndrome and incident colorectal adenoma: A prospective observational study (KCIS No.42).

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(22):e26121

Department of Family Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan.

Abstract: This community-based study aimed to elucidate whether there is a gender difference in the effect of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components on an elevated risk for incident colorectal adenoma.A prospective cohort study was conducted by enrolling 59,767 subjects aged 40 years or older between 2001 and 2009 in Keelung, Taiwan, to test this hypothesis, excluding those with a prior history of colorectal cancer and those with colorectal cancer diagnosed at the first screening. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess the effect of MetS in terms of a dichotomous classification, each individual component and the number of components for males and females. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Street view greenness is associated with lower risk of obesity in adults: Findings from the 33 Chinese community health study.

Environ Res 2021 Jun 2;200:111434. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Environmental and Health Risk Assessment, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, China. Electronic address:

Background: Urban greenness may protect against obesity, but very few studies have assessed 'street view' (SV) greenness metrics, which may better capture people's actual exposure to greenness compared to commonly-used satellite-derived metrics. We aimed to investigate these associations further in a Chinese adult study.

Methods: Our analysis included 24,845 adults in the 33 Chinese Community Health Study in 2009. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Patterns of recent natural selection on genetic loci associated with sexually differentiated human body size and shape phenotypes.

PLoS Genet 2021 Jun 3;17(6):e1009562. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Departments of Anthropology and Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Levels of sex differences for human body size and shape phenotypes are hypothesized to have adaptively reduced following the agricultural transition as part of an evolutionary response to relatively more equal divisions of labor and new technology adoption. In this study, we tested this hypothesis by studying genetic variants associated with five sexually differentiated human phenotypes: height, body mass, hip circumference, body fat percentage, and waist circumference. We first analyzed genome-wide association (GWAS) results for UK Biobank individuals (~194,000 females and ~167,000 males) to identify a total of 114,199 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) significantly associated with at least one of the studied phenotypes in females, males, or both sexes (P<5x10-8). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lifestyle Habits and Health Indicators in Migrants and Native Schoolchildren in Chile.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 29;18(11). Epub 2021 May 29.

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Santiago 9170020, Chile.

In Chile, the migrant population has increased in the last years. Migrants adopt behaviors of this new culture, which can have an effect on their health. Contradictory results regarding differences between migrant and native children have been reported. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Can a Difference in Gestational Age According to Biparietal Diameter and Abdominal Circumference Predict Intrapartum Placental Abruption?

J Clin Med 2021 May 29;10(11). Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul 06351, Korea.

This study aimed to investigate whether a difference in gestational age according to biparietal diameter (BPD) and abdominal circumference (AC) could be a clinically useful predictor of placental abruption during the intrapartum period. This retrospective cohort study was based on singletons who were delivered after 32 + 0 weeks between July 2015 and July 2020. We only included cases with at least two antepartum sonographies available within 4 weeks of delivery ( = 2790). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Discrimination and Leukocyte Telomere Length by Depressive Symptomatology: The Jackson Heart Study.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 May 28;9(6). Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA.

Background: Psychosocial stressors, such as perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms, may shorten telomeres and exacerbate aging-related illnesses.

Methods: Participants from the Jackson Heart Study at visit 1 (2000-2004) with LTL data and Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scores ( = 580 men, = 910 women) were utilized. The dimensions of discrimination scores (everyday, lifetime, burden of lifetime, and stress from lifetime discrimination) were standardized and categorized as low, moderate, and high. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Percentile Reference Values for the Neck Circumference of Mexican Children.

Children (Basel) 2021 May 18;8(5). Epub 2021 May 18.

División de Ciencias de la Salud, Centro Universitario de Tonalá, Universidad de Guadalajara, Av. Nuevo Periférico 555 Ejido San José Tatepozco, Tonalá, Jalisco 45425, Mexico.

Neck circumference was studied for the first time in a pediatric population in 2010. Since then, various countries have proposed cutoff values to identify overweight, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. However, no reference values have been established for the Mexican child population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is Associated with a Reduced Cardiovascular Risk in Occupational Groups with Different Working Conditions: A Cross-Sectional Study among Police Officers and Office Workers.

J Clin Med 2021 May 9;10(9). Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Health, School of Medicine, University Witten/Herdecke, 58095 Hagen, Germany.

Several studies reported a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among police officers and office workers, and adequate cardiorespiratory fitness was reported to have protective effects in reducing cardiovascular risk. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the effects of cardiorespiratory fitness on reducing cardiovascular risk factors in these occupational groups. This cross-sectional study enrolled 101 male participants (55 police officers and 46 office workers). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Safety and Efficacy of Early High Parenteral Lipid Supplementation in Preterm Infants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Nutrients 2021 May 2;13(5). Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea.

The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the effects of early initiation and achievement of a high dose of parenteral lipids (≥1.5 g/kg/day reached within the first 24 h of birth) on growth and adverse outcomes in preterm infants. PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were utilized to search for publications for this meta-analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of Tai Chi or Conventional Exercise on Central Obesity in Middle-Aged and Older Adults : A Three-Group Randomized Controlled Trial.

Ann Intern Med 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (M.R.I.).

Background: Central obesity is a major manifestation of metabolic syndrome, which is a common health problem in middle-aged and older adults.

Objective: To examine the therapeutic efficacy of tai chi for management of central obesity.

Design: Randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded trial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Performance of remote health education via WeChat to improve the pre-operative nutritional status of infants with non-restrictive ventricular septal defects: A prospective randomised controlled study.

J Paediatr Child Health 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.

Aim: This study aimed to explore the effect of performing remote health education via WeChat to improve the pre-operative nutritional status of non-restrictive ventricular septal defects (VSD).

Methods: A prospective randomised controlled study was conducted in a provincial maternity and child hospital in China. Participants were randomised regarding education to the intervention group (WeChat) and the control group (leaflets). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of potential reproductive seasonality in brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) bucks.

Theriogenology 2021 Sep 20;171:104-112. Epub 2021 May 20.

Deer Research and Conservation Center (NUPECCE), School of Agricultural and Veterinary Studies (FCAV), São Paulo State University (UNESP), Jaboticabal, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Photoperiod is the main cue that controls seasonal reproduction in deer from temperate regions, like secretion of testosterone by the testis, neck enlargement, and testis development. However, little is known about its effect on the reproduction of tropical deer species. This research aimed to assess the potential seasonality of the brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira) by melatonin treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Clinical effects of pigtail catheter crushing thrombus combined with AngioJet mechanical aspiration in treatment of acute left iliofemoral vein thrombosis.

Asian J Surg 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University. Electronic address:

Background/objective: We investigated the efficacy of combined pigtail catheter crushing and AngioJet mechanical aspiration of thrombi in the treatment of acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT).

Methods: Eighty-two patients with acute iliofemoral DVT were retrospectively divided into a pigtail catheter + AngioJet group (group A, 42 cases) and an AngioJet-only group (group B, 40 cases). The difference in the circumference of the healthy limbs before and after treatment, immediate thrombus clearance rate in the lower limbs, recannalization percentage of venous lumen, and duration of postoperative hematuria were compared to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the combination method. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The employment of cynomolgus monkey as proprioceptive deficit model of the anterior cruciate ligament.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2021 May-Aug;29(2):23094990211015519

Department of Orthopedics, Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Clinically, a consensus of the treatment strategies of ACL grade 2 injury is not reached. Therefore, the present study established a proprioceptive deficit model of the ACL via an arthroscope to aid with further studying ACL grade 2 injury and treatment strategies.

Materials And Methods: 12 cynomolgus monkeys were randomly divided into the model group and the blank control group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparison of Mid-Upper-Arm Circumference and Weight-For-Height -Score in Identifying Severe Acute Malnutrition among Children Aged 6-59 Months in South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia.

J Nutr Metab 2021 5;2021:8830494. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are identified for admission to outpatient therapeutic programs using mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) or weight for height (WHZ). However, MUAC and WHZ do not identify the same children, and such observed differences might have programmatic implications of missed nutrition therapy if only MUAC is used to identify children with SAM. The objective of the study was to assess any difference in prevalence and degree of agreement between MUAC and WHZ in identifying SAM affected children. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Associations of diarised sleep onset time, period and duration with total and central adiposity in a biethnic sample of young children: the Born in Bradford observational cohort study.

BMJ Open 2021 05 25;11(5):e044769. Epub 2021 May 25.

Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford, UK.

Objectives: To investigate associations of parent-reported sleep characteristics with adiposity levels in a biethnic sample of young children.

Design: A cross-sectional observational study.

Setting: The Born in Bradford 1000 study, UK. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in exclusively breastfed infants at a tertiary healthcare facility in Nairobi, Kenya.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2021 May;64(6):726-734

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in exclusively breastfed infants at the Aga Khan University Hospital Nairobi, Kenya (AKUHN). The relationships between 25-hydroxyvitamin D; 25OHD, parathyroid hormone (PTH), maternal vitamin D supplementation, and sunlight exposure were also determined.

Methods: Blood from 98 infants was assayed for 25OHD, calcium, phosphate, and PTH. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effect of Reduction Mammoplasty on Insulin and Lipid Metabolism in the Postoperative Third month: Compensatory Hip Enlargement.

Aesthetic Plast Surg 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Backgrounds: The positive effects of reduction mammoplasty on metabolic profile have been shown in a limited number of studies. This study objective to reveal the effects of reduction mammoplasty on metabolic profile and anthropometric measurements.

Subjects And Method: The study was prospectively conducted on 42 patients who were operated between April 2019 and March 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Epicardial fat inflammation response to COVID-19 therapies.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Radiology Unit, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, San Donato Milanese, Milan, Italy.

Objective: Adipose tissue plays a role in the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), a unique visceral fat, presents with high degree of inflammation in severe COVID-19 disease. Whether and how adipose tissue may respond to the COVID-19 therapies is unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Iliopsoas Muscle/Tendon Proportions at Three Levels of Described Arthroscopic Tenotomy: An Anatomic Study in Fresh Cadaveric Specimens.

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2021 Apr 24;3(2):e297-e303. Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Hip Preservation Center, Baylor Scott and White Research Institute, Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.

Purpose: To calculate the iliopsoas muscle/tendon ratio at 3 levels of arthroscopic iliopsoas tenotomy sites in fresh cadaveric specimens.

Methods: An anatomic study design was performed using 16 iliopsoas musculotendinous units from the level of the hip joint to their insertion on the lesser trochanter. All specimens came from 16 fresh cadaveric specimens (10 male, 6 female), with a median age of 41 years (range 31-55. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF