101 results match your criteria cinnamic 200


Crystal chemistry and photomechanical behavior of 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid: correlation between maximum yield in the solid-state topochemical reaction and cooperative molecular motion.

IUCrJ 2015 Nov 16;2(Pt 6):653-60. Epub 2015 Oct 16.

Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science , Bangalore 560 012, India.

A new monoclinic polymorph, form II (P21/c, Z = 4), has been isolated for 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid (DMCA). Its solid-state 2 + 2 photoreaction to the corresponding α-truxillic acid is different from that of the first polymorph, the triclinic form I ([Formula: see text], Z = 4) that was reported in 1984. The crystal structures of the two forms are rather different. Read More

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November 2015

Content of metals and metabolites in honey originated from the vicinity of industrial town Košice (eastern Slovakia).

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2016 Mar 30;23(5):4531-40. Epub 2015 Oct 30.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00, Brno, Czech Republic.

Composition of three types of honey (mixed forest honey and monofloral-black locust and rapeseed honeys) originated from the vicinity of an industrial town (Košice, Slovak Republic) was compared. Higher content of minerals including toxic metals in forest honey (1358.6 ng Ni/g, 85. Read More

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Photochemistry within a water-soluble organic capsule.

Acc Chem Res 2015 Nov 21;48(11):2904-17. Epub 2015 Oct 21.

Department of Chemistry, University of Miami , Coral Gables, Florida 33146, United States.

Photochemistry along with life as we know it originated on earth billions of years ago. Supramolecular Photochemistry had its beginning when plants that sustain life began transforming water into oxygen by carrying out light initiated reactions within highly organized assemblies. Prompted by the efforts of J. Read More

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November 2015

Upper critical solution temperature behavior of cinnamic acid and polyethyleneimine mixture and its effect on temperature-dependent release of liposome.

Int J Pharm 2015 Oct 14;494(1):172-9. Epub 2015 Aug 14.

College of Biomedical Science and Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, 192-1, Hyoja 2 dong, Chuncheon, Kangwon-do 200-701, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The mixture of polyethyleneimine (PEI) and cinnamic acid (CA) in HEPES buffer (pH 7.0) exhibited an upper critical solution temperature in the temperature range of 20-50 °C. CA would be electrostatically conjugated with PEI and the PEI-CA conjugate is thought to act as a thermo-sensitive polymer. Read More

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October 2015

Synergistic antidepressant-like effect of ferulic acid in combination with piperine: involvement of monoaminergic system.

Metab Brain Dis 2015 Dec 30;30(6):1505-14. Epub 2015 Jul 30.

Department of Neurosurgery and Neurology, Changzhou Second People's Hospital, Changzhou, Jiangsu Province, 213003, China.

The lifetime prevalence rate for major depressive disorder (MDD) is approximately 17 % for most developed countries around the world. Dietary polyphenols are currently used as an adjuvant therapy to accelerate the therapeutic efficacy on depression. Ferulic acid (FA) or 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-cinnamic acid (Fig. Read More

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December 2015

Cinnamic acid derived compounds loaded into liposomes: antileishmanial activity, production standardisation and characterisation.

J Microencapsul 2015 8;32(5):467-77. Epub 2015 Jun 8.

Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP), Universidade de São Paulo , Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo , Brazil .

Synthetic compounds derived from cinnamic acid were tested in cultures containing the promastigote form of Leishmania amazonensis and the dimethylsulphoxide solution of B2 compound (2.0 mg/mL) led to a 92% decrease of leishmania in 96 h of treatment. Then, different liposomal systems (diameters ∼200 nm) were prepared by the extrusion method in the presence and absence of compounds studied. Read More

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Antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds added to a functional emulsion containing omega-3 fatty acids and plant sterol esters.

Food Chem 2015 Sep 4;182:95-104. Epub 2015 Mar 4.

LADAF, Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, Av. Lineu Prestes, 580, B14, 05508-900 São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

The effect of eleven compounds extracted from red propolis on the oxidative stability of a functional emulsion was evaluated. Emulsions prepared with Echium oil as omega 3 (ω-3 FA) source, containing 1.63 g/100mL of α-linolenic acid (ALA), 0. Read More

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September 2015

Effects of Enhanced UV-B Radiation on Biochemical Traits in Postharvest Flowers of Medicinal Chrysanthemum.

Photochem Photobiol 2015 Jul-Aug;91(4):845-50. Epub 2015 Apr 6.

The College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding, China.

This article reported UV-B radiation effects on biochemical traits in postharvest flowers of chrysanthemum. The experiment included six levels of UV-B radiation (UV0, 0 μW cm(-2); UV50, 50 μW cm(-2); UV200, 200 μW cm(-2); UV400, 400 μW cm(-2); UV600, 600 μW cm(-2) and UV800, 800 μW cm(-2). Enhanced UV-B radiation significantly increased hydrogen peroxide content (except for UV50), but did not evidently affect malondialdehyde content in flowers. Read More

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December 2015

The cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PUPCCC 62: a potential candidate for biotransformation of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) in the presence of sulphate.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2015 Jul 11;22(14):10661-8. Epub 2015 Mar 11.

Department of Botany, Punjabi University, Patiala, 147 002, Punjab, India.

The cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp., an isolate from polluted water of Satluj river, India, was found resistant to chromium(VI) up to 200 nmol mL(-1). In this study, it has been demonstrated that this organism takes up Cr(VI) through a phosphate transporter. Read More

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Protective effect of the combinations of glycyrrhizic, ferulic and cinnamic acid pretreatment on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

Exp Ther Med 2015 Feb 16;9(2):435-445. Epub 2014 Dec 16.

College of Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632, P.R. China.

The aim of this study was to find an effective drug cocktail pretreatment to protect myocardial tissue of the heart from ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The mechanisms underlying the effects of the drug cocktail were subsequently explored in order to expand the application of Dang-gui-si-ni-tang (DGSN), a Traditional Chinese Medicine. The active components of DGSN in the serum following oral administration were investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography. Read More

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February 2015

Inhibitory effect of essential oils on Aspergillus ochraceus growth and ochratoxin A production.

PLoS One 2014 25;9(9):e108285. Epub 2014 Sep 25.

Institute of Agro-Products Processing Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Agro-Products Processing, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, P. R. China.

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin which is a common contaminant in grains during storage. Aspergillus ochraceus is the most common producer of OTA. Essential oils play a crucial role as a biocontrol in the reduction of fungal contamination. Read More

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December 2015

Isolation of benzoic and cinnamic acid derivatives from the grains of Sorghum bicolor and their inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 cells.

Food Chem 2015 Feb 15;168:512-9. Epub 2014 Jul 15.

College of Pharmacy, Catholic University of Daegu, Hayang, Gyeongsan 712-702, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Two new caffeoylglycerols, (hwanggeumchal A-B, 9-10), together with eight known derivatives (1-8) were isolated from the grains of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench var. hwanggeumchal. Read More

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February 2015

Effects of a selection of additives on in vitro ruminal methanogenesis and in situ and in vivo NDF digestibility.

Anim Sci J 2015 Jan 8;86(1):59-68. Epub 2014 Jul 8.

Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

The effects of 18 essential oils, yeast, Quebracho tannin and Quillaja saponin on ruminal methane and gas production (GP) were studied in vitro. A lactating cow diet was incubated with rumen inoculum. Doses of the additives (mg/L) were: essential oils = 500; tannin = 67; yeast = 8. Read More

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January 2015

Synergistic effects of polyphenols and methylxanthines with Leucine on AMPK/Sirtuin-mediated metabolism in muscle cells and adipocytes.

PLoS One 2014 14;9(2):e89166. Epub 2014 Feb 14.

Research and Development, NuSirt Sciences Incorporated, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America.

The AMPK-Sirt1 pathway is an important regulator of energy metabolism and therefore a potential target for prevention and therapy of metabolic diseases. We recently demonstrated leucine and its metabolite β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) to synergize with low-dose resveratrol (200 nM) to activate sirtuin signaling and stimulate energy metabolism. Here we show that leucine exerts a direct effect on Sirt1 kinetics, reducing its Km for NAD(+) by >50% and enabling low doses of resveratrol to further activate the enzyme (p = 0. Read More

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October 2014

Quality and characteristics of ginseng seed oil treated using different extraction methods.

J Ginseng Res 2013 Oct;37(4):468-74

Processing Technology Research Group, Korea Food Research Institute, Seongnam 463-746, Korea.

Ginseng seed oil was prepared using compressed, solvent, and supercritical fluid extraction methods of ginseng seeds, and the extraction yield, color, phenolic compounds, fatty acid contents, and phytosterol contents of the ginseng seed oil were analyzed. Yields were different depending on the roasting pretreatment and extraction method. Among the extraction methods, the yield of ginseng seed oil from supercritical fluid extraction under the conditions of 500 bar and 65℃ was the highest, at 17. Read More

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October 2013

Phenolic acids from wheat show different absorption profiles in plasma: a model experiment with catheterized pigs.

J Agric Food Chem 2013 Sep 9;61(37):8842-50. Epub 2013 Sep 9.

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University , Blichers Allé 20, PO Box 50, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark.

The concentration and absorption of the nine phenolic acids of wheat were measured in a model experiment with catheterized pigs fed whole grain wheat and wheat aleurone diets. Six pigs in a repeated crossover design were fitted with catheters in the portal vein and mesenteric artery to study the absorption of phenolic acids. The difference between the artery and the vein for all phenolic acids was small, indicating that the release of phenolic acids in the large intestine was not sufficient to create a porto-arterial concentration difference. Read More

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September 2013

Liposomes composed of dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine and 2-(hexadecyloxy)cinnamic acid: effects of UV irradiation and pH value on release.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2013 Mar;13(3):1727-32

College of Biomedical Science, Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Kangwon National University, 192-1, Hyoja 2 dong, Chuncheon, Kangwon-do 200-701, Republic of Korea.

Novel liposomes composed of dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) and 2-(hexadecyloxy) cinnamic acid (HOCA) were prepared by a detergent removal method. When the molar ratio of DOPE to HOCA was 4:1, 3:2, and 2:3, the florescence quenching degree of 5(6)-carboxylic fluorescein (CF, a fluorescence marker) loaded in the assemblies was 62.4%, 68. Read More

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Photorheological response of aqueous wormlike micelles with photocleavable surfactant.

Langmuir 2013 May 30;29(19):5668-76. Epub 2013 Apr 30.

Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan.

Recently, we have reported a new cinnamic acid-type photocleavable surfactant, C4-C-N-PEG9 that experiences a photocleavage through UV-induced cyclization in aqueous solution, yielding a coumarin derivative (7-butoxy-2H-chromen-2-one) and an aminated polyoxyethylene compound. Here, we have studied the effects of C4-C-N-PEG9 on the photorheological behavior of viscoelastic wormlike micelles formed by aqueous mixture of nonionic surfactants, polyoxyethylene phytosterol ether (PhyEO20) and tetraoxyethylene dodecyl ether (C12EO4). The 4. Read More

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Determination of phenolic acids in plant extracts using CZE with on-line transient isotachophoretic preconcentration.

J Sep Sci 2013 Feb;36(4):729-35

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.

A novel transient ITP-CZE for preconcentration and determination of seven phenolic acids (caffeic acid, cinnamic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, protocatechuic acid, syringic acid, and vanilic acid) was developed and validated. Effects of several factors such as control of EOF, pH and buffer concentration, addition of organic solvents and CDs, and conditions for sample injection were investigated. Sample self-stacking was applied by means of induction of transient ITP, which was realized by adding sodium chloride into the sample. Read More

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February 2013

Examination of the genome-wide transcriptional response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to cinnamaldehyde exposure.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2013 Feb 26;79(3):942-50. Epub 2012 Nov 26.

Department of Food Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Cinnamaldehyde is a natural antimicrobial that has been found to be effective against many food-borne pathogens, including Escherichia coli O157:H7. Although its antimicrobial effects have been well investigated, limited information is available on its effects at the molecular level. Sublethal treatment at 200 mg/liter cinnamaldehyde inhibited growth of E. Read More

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February 2013

Involvement of plasma membrane peroxidases and oxylipin pathway in the recovery from phytoplasma disease in apple (Malus domestica).

Physiol Plant 2013 Jun 1;148(2):200-13. Epub 2012 Nov 1.

Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science, University of Udine, Udine 33100, Italy.

Apple trees (Malus domestica Borkh.) may be affected by apple proliferation (AP), caused by 'Candidatus Phytoplasma mali'. Some plants can spontaneously recover from the disease, which implies the disappearance of symptoms through a phenomenon known as recovery. Read More

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HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS as a powerful analytical tool for characterising phenolic compounds in olive-leaf extracts.

Phytochem Anal 2013 May-Jun;24(3):213-23. Epub 2012 Sep 15.

Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Granada, c/ Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain.

Introduction: Olea europaea L. leaves may be considered a cheap, easily available natural source of phenolic compounds. In a previous study we evaluated the possibility of obtaining bioactive phenolic compounds from olive leaves by pressurised liquid extraction (PLE) for their use as natural anti-oxidants. Read More

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January 2014

In-vial liquid-liquid microextraction-capillary electrophoresis method for the determination of phenolic acids in vegetable oils.

Anal Chim Acta 2012 Sep 5;742:59-66. Epub 2012 Mar 5.

School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia.

An in-vial liquid-liquid microextraction method was developed for the selective extraction of the phenolic acids (caffeic, gallic, cinnamic, ferulic, chlorogenic, syringic, vanillic, benzoic, p-hydroxybenzoic, 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic, o-coumaric, m-coumaric and p-coumaric) in vegetable oil samples. The optimised extraction conditions for 20 g sample were: volume of diluent (n-hexane), 2 mL; extractant, methanol: 5 mM sodium hydroxide (60:40; v/v); volume of extractant, 300 μL (twice); vortex, 1 min; centrifugation, 5 min. Recoveries for the studied phenolic acids were 80. Read More

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September 2012

Antimicrobial phenylpropanoids from the Argentinean highland plant Parastrephia lucida (Meyen) Cabrera.

J Ethnopharmacol 2012 Jul 14;142(2):407-14. Epub 2012 May 14.

INQUINOA (CONICET), San Lorenzo 1469, 4000, San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: The Argentinean highland plant Parastrephia lucida (Meyen) Cabrera is used in traditional medicine as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory crude drug.

Aim Of The Study: To relate the antimicrobial effect of the crude drug with the constituents of the active fractions and traditional use.

Materials And Methods: Assay-guided isolation of the methanol (MeOH) plant extract was carried out using bacteria and yeasts as target organisms. Read More

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Subcritical water extraction of flavoring and phenolic compounds from cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum zeylanicum).

J Oleo Sci 2012 ;61(6):349-55

Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Amphoe Mueang, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.

Cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) powder was treated with subcritical water at 150 and 200°C in a semi-continuous system at a constant flow rate (3 mL/min) and pressure (6 MPa). Major flavoring compounds, i.e. Read More

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October 2012

A new diterpene from the leaves of Andrographis paniculata Nees.

Nat Prod Commun 2012 Apr;7(4):485-6

Department of Biochemistry, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam 530 003, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Phytochemical investigation of the methanolic extract of the leaves of Andrographis paniculata Nees yielded a minor, new diterpene, 21-nor-3,19-isopropylidine-14-deoxy-ent-labda-8(17),13-dien-16,15-olide (1), together with five known labdane type diterpenes, andrographolide 3, 14-deoxyandrographolide 4, 14-deoxy-12-hydroxyandrographolide 5, 14-deoxy-11,12-dihydroandrographolide 6, neoandrographolide 7, and two acids, cinnamic acid 8, and ferulic acid 9. The chemical structures were established by spectroscopic analyses, including 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic experiments, and on the basis of HR-ESI MS analyses. The methanolic extract of the leaves exhibited moderate antibacterial and antifungal activities at a dose of 200 microg/mL in comparison with the reference standards. Read More

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Analysis and enhancement of nutritional and antioxidant properties of Vigna aconitifolia sprouts.

Plant Foods Hum Nutr 2012 Jun;67(2):136-41

Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Roosevelt Road, Sec. 4, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Vigna aconitifolia sprouts (Moth bean sprouts, MBS) were analyzed for their nutritional and antioxidant properties during sprouting. Sprouting for six days led to a 7.0 fold increase in fresh weight, 2. Read More

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Lipase-catalyzed synthesis of structured phenolic lipids in solvent-free system using flaxseed oil and selected phenolic acids as substrates.

J Biotechnol 2012 Apr 7;158(3):128-36. Epub 2012 Feb 7.

Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, McGill University, 21,111 Lakeshore, Ste-Anne de Bellevue, Qc, Canada H9X 3V9.

Structured phenolic lipids (PLs) were obtained by lipase-catalyzed transesterification of flaxseed oil, in a solvent-free system (SFS), with selected phenolic acids, including hydroxylated and/or methoxylated derivatives of cinnamic, phenyl acetic and benzoic acids. A bioconversion yield of 65% was obtained for the transesterification of flaxseed oil with 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid (DHPA). However, the effect of the chemical structure of phenolic acids on the transesterification of flaxseed oil in SFS was of less magnitude as compared to that in organic solvent system (OSS). Read More

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[Accumulation characteristics of applied cinnamic acid in cucumber seedling-soil system under NaCl stress].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2011 Nov;22(11):2901-6

College of Horticulture, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China.

Taking cucumber cultivars' Jinlv No. 5' (salt-tolerant) and 'Jinyou No. 1' (salt-sensitive) as test materials, a pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of applying cinnamic acid on the accumulation of applied cinnamic acid in cucumber seedling-soil system under NaCl (585 mg x kg(-1) soil) stress. Read More

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November 2011

Influences of cinnamic aldehydes on H⁺ extrusion activity and ultrastructure of Candida.

J Med Microbiol 2013 Feb 27;62(Pt 2):232-240. Epub 2011 Oct 27.

Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025, India.

The antifungal effects of cinnamaldehyde, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamaldehyde (coniferyl aldehyde) and 3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxycinnamaldehyde (sinapaldehyde) were investigated against 65 strains of Candida (six standard, 39 fluconazole-sensitive and 20 fluconazole-resistant). MICs of cinnamaldehyde, coniferyl aldehyde and sinapaldehyde ranged from 100 to 500 µg ml(-1), 100 to 300 µg ml(-1) and 100 to 200 µg ml(-1), respectively. All tested isolates showed a marked sensitivity towards these aldehydes in spot and time-kill assays. Read More

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February 2013