168,133 results match your criteria chronic pulmonary


Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Sunitinib Delays Platelet-Induced Coagulation: Additive Effects of Aspirin.

Thromb Haemost 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Biochemistry, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

Background:  Sunitinib is a multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) used for cancer treatment. In platelets, sunitinib affects collagen-induced activation under noncoagulating conditions. We investigated (1) the effects of sunitinib on thrombus formation induced by other TK-dependent receptors, and (2) the effects under coagulating conditions. Read More

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Impact of Confinement in Patients under Long-Term Noninvasive Ventilation during the First Wave of the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: A Remarkable Resilience.

Respiration 2021 Jun 15:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: During the first wave of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Switzerland, confinement was imposed to limit transmission and protect vulnerable persons. These measures may have had a negative impact on perceived quality of care and symptoms in patients with chronic disorders.

Objectives: To determine whether patients under long-term home noninvasive ventilation (LTHNIV) for chronic respiratory failure (CRF) were negatively affected by the 56-day confinement (March-April 2020). Read More

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An analysis of the relative and absolute incidence of somatic morbidity in patients with affective disorders-A nationwide cohort study.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 7;292:204-211. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Center for Clinical Research and Prevention, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospitals, Nordre Fasanvej 57, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark; Section for Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, Copenhagen K 1014, Denmark.

Background: Patients with affective disorder seem to experience higher risks of several somatic diseases, but no studies have provided estimates of both absolute and relative risks for these diseases in the same population.

Methods: A prospective cohort of all patients age ≥18 years old with a hospital contact with affective disorder between 1997-2014 (n=246,282) and a random sample from the background population (n=167,562) was followed for hospitalizations with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, inflammatory bowel disease, hip fracture, psoriasis, migraine, or dementia. Adjusted absolute and relative risk estimates were calculated using multivariable adjusted Aalen's additive and Cox proportional hazard regression models. Read More

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Inhaled bronchodilators use and clinical course of adult inpatients with Covid-19 pneumonia in Spain: A retrospective cohort study.

Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2021 Jun 12:102007. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Pneumology Department, La Paz University Hospital, IdiPAZ, Madrid.

Background: In the current coronavirus health crisis, inhaled bronchodilators(IB) have been suggested as a possible treatment for patients hospitalized. Patients with evidence of Covid-19 pneumonia worldwide have been prescribed these medications as part of therapy for the disease, an indication for which this medications could be ineffective taken on account the pathophysiology and mechanisms of disease progression.

Objective: The main objective was to evaluate whether there is an association between IB use and length of stay. Read More

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Global Reach 2018: nitric oxide-mediated cutaneous vasodilation is reduced in chronic, but not acute, hypoxia independently of enzymatic superoxide formation.

Free Radic Biol Med 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA. Electronic address:

We tested the hypotheses that 1) cutaneous microvascular function is impaired by acute normobaric and chronic hypobaric hypoxia and 2) that the superoxide free radical (via NADPH oxidase or xanthine oxidase) contributes to this impairment via nitric oxide (NO) scavenging. Local heating-induced cutaneous hyperemia (39°C) was measured in the forearm of 11 male lowlanders at sea level (SL) and following 14-18 days at high altitude (HA; 4340 m in Cerro de Pasco, Peru), and compared to 11 highlanders residing permanently at this elevation. Cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC; laser-Doppler flux/mean arterial pressure) was not different during 39°C [control site: 73 (19) vs. Read More

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Flow Structure and Particle Deposition Analyses for Optimization of a Pressurized Metered Dose Inhaler (pMDI) in a Model of Tracheobronchial Airway.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2021 Jun 12:105911. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Institute of Lung Biology and Disease, Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, Neuherberg 85764, Germany; Comprehensive Pneumology Center, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, Max-Lebsche-Platz 31, Munich 81377, Germany. Electronic address:

Inhalation therapy plays an important role in management or treatment of respiratory diseases such asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPDs). For decades, pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs) have been the most popular and prescribed drug delivery devices for inhalation therapy. The main objectives of the present computational work are to study flow structure inside a pMDI, as well as transport and deposition of micron-sized particles in a model of human tracheobronchial airways and their dependence on inhalation air flow rate and characteristic pMDI parameters. Read More

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Targeting Alveolar Repair in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

AstraZeneca PLC, 4625, Cambridge, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a fatal interstitial lung disease with limited therapeutic options. Current evidence suggests that IPF may be initiated by repeated epithelial injury in the distal lung followed by abnormal wound healing responses which occur due to intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Mechanisms contributing to chronic damage of the alveolar epithelium in IPF include dysregulated cellular processes such as apoptosis, senescence, abnormal activation of developmental pathways, aging, as well as genetic mutations. Read More

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Differential Clinical Diagnosis and Prevalence Rate of Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma, and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease among COVID-19 Patients.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 15:e14532. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-suef University, Beni-suef, Egypt.

Background: There is a great need to make a rapid differential clinical diagnosis of COVID-19 among respiratory disease patients and determining the prevalence rate of these diseases among the COVID-19 population.

Method: Approximately 522 patients with allergic rhinitis, asthma, COPD, and COVID-19 were analyzed for demographic and clinical features. Radiological features were analyzed only for COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Unraveling the Interplay of Image Formation, Data Representation and Learning in CT-based COPD Phenotyping Automation: The Need for a Meta-Strategy.

Med Phys 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Siemens Healthineers, CT R&D Image Analytics, Forchheim, Germany.

Purpose: In the literature on automated phenotyping of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), there is a multitude of isolated classical machine learning and deep learning techniques, mostly investigating individual phenotypes, with small study cohorts and heterogeneous meta-parameters, e.g. different scan protocols or segmented regions. Read More

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Clarithromycin As an Alternative and Prophylactic Agent in a Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patient.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 15;22:e931731. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Medical Mycology Research Center, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

BACKGROUND Nocardia infections have rarely been reported in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients, who usually receive the prophylactic use of sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim (ST) against Pneumocystis jiroveci. However, the ST prophylaxis, sensitive to Nocardia species, sometimes induces renal toxicities. Therefore, alternative prophylactic or therapeutic drugs are required for nocardiosis in HSCT patients. Read More

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Platycodin D attenuates airway inflammation via suppression Th2 transcription factor in a murine model of acute asthma.

J Asthma 2021 Jun 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Bronchial asthma is a common chronic inflammatory condition of the airway tissue. Platycodin D (PLD) has anti-inflammatory effects in a mouse model of allergic asthma. In this work, the anti-asthma potential of PLD was studied by investigation of its effect to suppress airway inflammation and mucin production, a murine model of asthma and the possible mechanisms. Read More

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Social Determinants of Health and Comorbidities Among Individuals with Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey.

Popul Health Manag 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Section of Cardiology and Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Individuals with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) often have a high burden of comorbidities. Social determinants of health (SDOH) may complicate adherence to treatment in these patients. This study assessed the association of comorbidities and SDOH among individuals with ASCVD. Read More

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The Use of Aerosolized Medications in Adult Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Prospective, Multicenter, Observational, Cohort Study.

J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Medical Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Only limited data are available on the real-life clinical utilization of aerosolized medications in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Exploring the utilization of aerosolized medications in the ICU may contribute to develop appropriate education and improve the quality of aerosol therapy. A 2-week, prospective, multicenter, observational, cohort study was conducted to record how the aerosolized medications were utilized in the Chinese ICUs, including indications, medications used in solo or combination, dosage, and side-effects in adult patients. Read More

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Occupational exposure to crystalline silica and peripheral biomarkers: An update.

J Appl Toxicol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Laboratory of Toxicology (LATOX), Department of Analysis, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Peripheral biomarkers are important tools for detecting occupational exposures to prevent the onset and/or progression of diseases. Studies that reveal early peripheral biomarkers are highly important to preserve the health of workers and can potentially contribute to diagnosing and/or prognosing occupational pathologies. Exposure to crystalline silica is a problem in several workplaces because it increases the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), tuberculosis, cancer, and pulmonary fibrosis, clinically defined as silicosis. Read More

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Report of two cases of endobronchial tumour mass resection in children.

Can J Anaesth 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pediatric Anesthesia, Montreal Children's Hospital, 1001 Blvd Decarie, Montreal, QC, H4A 3J1, Canada.

Purpose: Anesthesia for endotracheal tumour mass resection in pediatric patients is a rare, complex, and high-risk procedure. The purpose of this case report is to emphasize the importance of multidisciplinary team collaboration and close communication during the perioperative management of shared airway surgery.

Clinical Features: A six-year-old boy with no previous history of comorbidity and a 13-yr-old boy with a six-month history of upper respiratory tract infection, refractory asthma, chronic wheeze, and exercise-related dyspnea presented for acute endobronchial tumour mass resection. Read More

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[Cardiac arrest under special circumstances].

Notf Rett Med 2021 Jun 10:1-77. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Southmead Hospital, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, Großbritannien.

These guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) Cardiac Arrest under Special Circumstances are based on the 2020 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Science with Treatment Recommendations. This section provides guidelines on the modifications required for basic and advanced life support for the prevention and treatment of cardiac arrest under special circumstances; in particular, specific causes (hypoxia, trauma, anaphylaxis, sepsis, hypo-/hyperkalaemia and other electrolyte disorders, hypothermia, avalanche, hyperthermia and malignant hyperthermia, pulmonary embolism, coronary thrombosis, cardiac tamponade, tension pneumothorax, toxic agents), specific settings (operating room, cardiac surgery, cardiac catheterization laboratory, dialysis unit, dental clinics, transportation [in-flight, cruise ships], sport, drowning, mass casualty incidents), and specific patient groups (asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, neurological disease, morbid obesity, pregnancy). Read More

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The Improvement Effect of Sodium Ferulate on the Formation of Pulmonary Fibrosis in Silicosis Mice Through the Neutrophil Alkaline Phosphatase 3 (NALP3)/Transforming Growth Factor-β1 (TGF-β1)/α-Smooth Muscle Actin (α-SMA) Pathway.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Jun 15;27:e927978. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Occupational Disease, Hangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Pneumoconiosis is a chronic progressive fibrotic interstitial pneumonia for which the pathogenesis and treatment remain unclear. Previous studies showed that sodium ferulate (SF) may have a therapeutic effect, and this study explored the mechanism underlying SF-related improvement. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, a silicosis mouse model and primary cultured mouse lung fibroblasts were established. Read More

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At a crossroads: coronavirus disease 2019 recovery and the risk of pulmonary vascular disease.

Curr Opin Pulm Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Frankel Cardiovascular Center, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan Department of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana Laboratory of Vascular Thrombosis and Inflammation, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to almost 3,000,000 deaths across 139 million people infected worldwide. Involvement of the pulmonary vasculature is considered a major driving force for morbidity and mortality. We set out to summarize current knowledge on the acute manifestations of pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) resulting from COVID-19 and prioritize long-term complications that may result in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Read More

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Metabolics of PH - an update.

Curr Opin Pulm Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

The Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Saint Thomas-UT Internal Medicine Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Purpose Of The Review: While there has been a longstanding interest in metabolic disease in pulmonary hypertension, publications in the last several years have translated basic science findings to human disease and even led to recently published studies of metabolic therapy in pulmonary arterial hypertension that are discussed here.

Recent Findings: Progress has been made in four key areas including mechanisms of insulin resistance in pulmonary arterial hypertension, the role of obesity in pulmonary vascular disease, novel clinical trials targeting metabolism in pulmonary hypertension, and the role of metabolism in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

Summary: : Insulin resistance in pulmonary arterial hypertension is primarily in the lipid axis. Read More

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Postpulmonary embolism syndrome.

Curr Opin Pulm Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pulmonary/Sleep and Critical Care Medicine, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center (WRNMMC), Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Purpose Of Review: It is now recognized that more than half of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) will have persistent symptoms beyond 3 months after their initial event. Persistent symptoms are referred to as post-PE syndrome, an umbrella term that covers a spectrum of patient complaints and underlying pathologies. Data published over the last 5 years have added significantly to our understanding of this syndrome and its management. Read More

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Diffuse cystic lung disease in sickle cell anaemia: a series of 22 cases and a case-control study.

Thorax 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Service de Pneumologie, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Tenon, Paris, France

Chronic interstitial lung abnormalities have been described in sickle cell disease (SCD) and attributed to repetitive episode of acute chest syndrome. We report a series of 22 cases of diffuse cystic lung disease in SCD with a case-control study to hunt for mechanism. On pathological analysis of a surgical lung biopsy of the index case, the bronchioles had the appearance of constrictive bronchiolitis. Read More

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IL-13 deficiency exacerbates lung damage and impairs epithelial-derived type 2 molecules during nematode infection.

Life Sci Alliance 2021 08 14;4(8). Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Wellcome Centre for Cell-Matrix Research, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

IL-13 is implicated in effective repair after acute lung injury and the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as allergic asthma. Both these processes involve matrix remodelling, but understanding the specific contribution of IL-13 has been challenging because IL-13 shares receptors and signalling pathways with IL-4. Here, we used infection as a model of acute lung damage comparing responses between WT and IL-13-deficient mice, in which IL-4 signalling is intact. Read More

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Diagnosis values of IL-6 and IL-8 levels in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

J Investig Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou, Hebei, China.

Among immunologically normal hosts, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are considered to be at high risk of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA), and early diagnosis and treatment are the key to improving the prognosis of patients. Here we aimed to evaluate whether interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 might be used in the detection and diagnosis of IPA in patients with COPD. We prospectively collected 106 patients with COPD and divided them into non-IPA (n=74), probable/possible IPA (n=26) and proven IPA (n=6). Read More

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Artificial neural network and logistic regression modelling to characterize COVID-19 infected patients in local areas of Iran.

Biomed J 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Graduate Student, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada.

Background: COVID-19 is an infectious disease that started spreading globally at the end of 2019. Due to differences in patient characteristics and symptoms in different regions, in this research, a comparative study was performed on COVID-19 patients in 6 provinces of Iran. Also, multilayer perceptron (MLP) neural network and Logistic Regression (LR) models were applied for the diagnosis of COVID-19. Read More

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February 2021

Clinical and experimental phenotype of azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus with a HapE splice site mutation: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 14;21(1):573. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, 1-7-1, Sakamoto, Nagasaki, 852-8501, Japan.

Background: The recent increase in cases of azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus (ARAf) infections is a major clinical concern owing to its treatment limitations. Patient-derived ARAf occurs after prolonged azole treatment in patients with aspergillosis and involves various cyp51A point mutations or non-cyp51A mutations. The prognosis of patients with chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) with patient-derived ARAf infection remains unclear. Read More

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[Effect of obstructive sleep apnea on cardiopulmonary function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;101(22):1665-1670

Department of Respiratory and Critical Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215004, China.

To study the characteristics of cardiopulmonary function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) overlapping syndrome (OS). A total of 149 COPD patients, who were on stable treatment, were enrolled from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from December 2017 to December 2019. The patients were divided into the OS group (=56) and the COPD only group (=93) according to their apnea hypopnea index (AHI) measured by the Apnealink device. Read More

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Relevance of plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9 for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation: Plasma MMP-9 in BOS.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Background: Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a highly morbid form of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Several plasma proteins have been identified as biomarkers for BOS after lung transplantation. Relevance of these biomarkers in BOS patients after allogeneic HCT has not been examined. Read More

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Photodynamic Therapy for Recurrent Early Central Lung Cancer of Great Longitudinal Extent Following Two Surgical Lung Resections: A Case Report.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 Jun 11:102400. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, Beijing 100034, China. Electronic address:

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an endobronchial treatment requiring a photosensitizer activated by a specific wavelength light to kill tumor cells, which is effective in treating early central lung cancer (ECLC) especially for lesions <1.0 cm in length. We present a patient with history of two lung resections for squamous cell carcinoma, who had unresectable ECLC lesions (4. Read More

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A high docosahexaenoic acid diet alters lung inflammation and recovery following repetitive exposure to aqueous organic dust extracts: Role of DHA in repetitive organic dust exposure.

J Nutr Biochem 2021 Jun 11:108797. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521; Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy Division, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA. Electronic address:

Agricultural workers, especially those who work in swine confinement facilities, are at increased risk for developing pulmonary diseases including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and chronic bronchitis due to exposures to fumes, vapors, and organic dust. Repetitive exposure to agricultural dust leads to unresolved inflammation, a common underlying mechanism that worsens lung disease. Besides occupational exposure to dusts, diet also significantly contributes to inflammation and disease progression. Read More

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Expression of long non-coding RNA LUCAT1 in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its potential functions in regulating cigarette smoke extract-induced 16HBE cell proliferation and apoptosis.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 Jun 14:e23823. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Blood Transfusion, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), characterized by persistent airflow limitation, was a disease mediated by a combination of inflammatory factors, immune cells, and immune mediators. COPD was an inflammatory and autoimmune disease involving T-lymphocytes triggered by cigarette smoke and other factors that progressively affected the bronchi, lung parenchyma, and pulmonary blood vessels. LncRNAs were reported to be implicated in COPD pathogenesis and development. Read More

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