43,512 results match your criteria chronic myelopathy


Decreased Mortality in 1-Year Survivors of Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant vs. Matched Related or Matched Unrelated Donor Transplant in Patients with Hematologic Malignancies.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Division of Hematologic Malignancies and Cellular Therapy, Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) has the potential to cure hematologic malignancies, but is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. While deaths during the first year after transplant are often attributable to treatment toxicities and complications, death after the first year may be due to sequelae of accelerated aging caused by cellular senescence. Cytotoxic therapies and radiation used in cancer treatments and conditioning regimens for HCT can induce aging at the molecular level; HCT patients experience time-dependent effects, such as frailty and aging-associated diseases, more rapidly than people who have not been exposed to these treatments. Read More

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Flavonoids modulate AMPK/PGC-1α and interconnected pathways toward potential neuroprotective activities.

Metab Brain Dis 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, 23200, Pakistan.

As progressive, chronic, incurable and common reasons for disability and death, neurodegenerative diseases (NDDs) are significant threats to human health. Besides, the increasing prevalence of neuronal gradual degeneration and death during NDDs has made them a global concern. Since yet, no effective treatment has been developed to combat multiple dysregulated pathways/mediators and related complications in NDDs. Read More

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Introduction for special issue on neuroimmune interactions in chronic pain.

Authors:
Marzia Malcangio

Pain Rep 2021 9;6(1):e894. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, King's College London, Guy's Campus, London, United Kingdom.

The growing awareness of the critical role played by the innate and adaptive immune systems in the mechanisms underlying chronic pain has prompted further research examining the modalities by which immune cells communicate with neurones, the aim being to identify new players involved in inflammatory and neuropathic pain signalling. This collection of research includes 9 articles on neuroimmune interactions as the underlying mechanisms for neuropathic pain including peripheral neuropathies, pain in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, and bone cancer pain. The immune cells under scrutiny include macrophages, microglia, osteoclasts, and B cells, and their interactions with neurones in locations such as the dorsal root ganglia, blood-spinal cord barrier, spinal cord, and brain. Read More

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Changes in blood-spinal cord barrier permeability and neuroimmune interactions in the underlying mechanisms of chronic pain.

Pain Rep 2021 9;6(1):e879. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Advancing our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of chronic pain is instrumental to the identification of new potential therapeutic targets. Neuroimmune communication throughout the pain pathway is of crucial mechanistic importance and has been a major focus of preclinical chronic pain research over the last 2 decades. In the spinal cord, not only do dorsal horn neurons partake in mechanistically important bidirectional communication with resident immune cells such as microglia, but in some cases, they can also partake in bidirectional crosstalk with immune cells, such as monocytes/macrophages, which have infiltrated into the spinal cord from the circulation. Read More

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Blocking FcγRIIB in Smooth Muscle Cells Reduces Hypertension.

Circ Res 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Pathophysiology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, CHINA.

Hypertension is a common chronic disease and its prevalence is increasing. Immunoglobulins (Igs) play crucial roles in adaptive immune response and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension. However, which Igs and receptors as well as underlying mechanisms participating in hypertension remains unknown. Read More

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Declining neutrophil production despite increasing G-CSF levels is associated with chronic inflammation in elderly rhesus macaques.

J Leukoc Biol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Division of Immunology, Tulane National Primate Research Center, Tulane University, Covington, Louisiana, USA.

Aging is characterized by a loss of bone marrow hematopoietic tissue, systemic chronic inflammation, and higher susceptibility to infectious and noninfectious diseases. We previously reported the tightly regulated kinetics and massive daily production of neutrophils during homeostasis in adult rhesus macaques aged 3 to 19 yr (equivalent to approximately 10 to 70 yr of age in humans). In the current study, we observed an earlier release of recently dividing neutrophils from bone marrow and greater in-group variability of neutrophil kinetics based on in vivo BrdU labeling in a group of older rhesus macaques of 20-26 yr of age. Read More

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Axial Spondyloarthritis: Mimics and Pitfalls of Imaging Assessment.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 22;8:658538. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Centre for Rheumatology & Department of Neuromuscular Diseases, University College London, London, United Kingdom.

Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that predominantly involves the axial skeleton. Imaging findings of axSpA can be divided into active changes, which include bone marrow edema, synovitis, enthesitis, capsulitis, and intra-articular effusion, and structural changes, which include erosions, sclerosis, bone fatty infiltration, fat deposition in an erosion cavity, and bone bridging or ankylosis. The ability to distinguish between imaging lesions suggestive of axSpA and artifacts or lesions suggestive of other disorders is critical for the accurate diagnosis of axSpA. Read More

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Potential Networks Regulated by MSCs in Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure: Exosomal miRNAs and Intracellular Target Genes.

Front Genet 2021 23;12:650536. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a severe syndrome associated with high mortality. Alterations in the liver microenvironment are one of the vital causes of immune damage and liver dysfunction. Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) have been reported to alleviate liver injury via exosome-mediated signaling; of note, miRNAs are one of the most important cargoes in exosomes. Read More

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Salvage HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with post-transplant cyclophosphamide for graft failure in non-malignant disorders.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Medical Center Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Graft failure requires urgent salvage HSCT, but there is no universally accepted approach for this situation. We investigated T-cell replete haploidentical HSCT with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide following serotherapy-based, radiation-free, reduced intensity conditioning in children with non-malignant disorders who had rejected their primary graft. Twelve patients with primary or secondary graft failure received T-cell replete bone marrow grafts from haploidentical donors and post-transplantation cyclophosphamide. Read More

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Outcomes of Unmanipulated Haploidentical Transplantation Using Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) in Pediatric Patients With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 21;27(5):424.e1-424.e9. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Department, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

HLA-haploidentical transplantation (haplo-HCT) using post-transplantation-cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) is a feasible procedure in children with malignancies. However, large studies on Haplo-HCT with PT-Cy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are lacking. We analyzed haplo-HCT outcomes in 180 children with ALL. Read More

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Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation and Outcomes Related to Human Papillomavirus Disease in GATA2 Deficiency.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 3;27(5):435.e1-435.e11. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Immune Deficiency-Cellular Therapy Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.

GATA2 deficiency is a bone marrow failure syndrome effectively treated with hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), which also addresses the predisposition to many infections (prominently mycobacterial). However, many GATA2-deficient persons who come to HCT also have prevalent and refractory human papilloma virus disease (HPVD), which can be a precursor to cancer. We analyzed 75 HCT recipients for the presence of HPVD to identify patient characteristics and transplantation results that influence HPVD outcomes. Read More

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CD34+ Stem Cell Selection and CD3+ T Cell Add-Back from Matched Unrelated Adult Donors in Children with Primary Immunodeficiencies and Hematological Diseases.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 24;27(5):426.e1-426.e9. Epub 2021 Jan 24.

Stem Cell Laboratory, Section of Hematology and Blood Coagulation, Clinical Chemistry Laboratory, Diagnostics Department, ASST Spedali Civili of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Less than 25% of children who require hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) or genetic hematological diseases have an HLA-identical sibling. For them, a matched unrelated donor (MUD), although baring a greater risk of graft failure, delayed engraftment and immune reconstitution, and severe graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), represents a valid alternative. The stem cell source is also important, as unprocessed peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) contain 5 to 10 times more T cells than bone marrow (BM)-derived grafts, a major risk especially for small children with PID. Read More

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Allelic HLA Matching and Pair Origin Are Favorable Prognostic Factors for Unrelated Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Neoplastic Hematologic Diseases: An Italian Analysis by the Gruppo Italiano Trapianto di Cellule Staminali e Terapie Cellulari, Italian Bone Marrow Donor Registry, and Associazione Italiana di Immunogenetica e Biologia dei Trapianti.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 16;27(5):406.e1-406.e11. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Stem Cell Transplant and Cellular Therapies Unit, Department of Hemato-Oncology and Radiotherapy, Grande Ospedale Metropolitano "Bianchi-Melacrino-Morelli", Reggio Calabria, Italy.

HLA molecules are important for immunoreactivity in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The Gruppo Italiano Trapianto di Cellule Staminali e Terapie Cellulari, Italian Bone Marrow Donor Registry, and Associazione Italiana di Immunogenetica e Biologia dei Trapianti promoted a retrospective observational study to evaluate HLA matching and the impact of allelic HLA mismatching and non-HLA factors on unrelated Italian HSCT outcomes. From 2012 to 2015, 1788 patients were enrolled in the study. Read More

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Effect of mesenchymal stromal cell infusions on lung function in COPD patients with high CRP levels.

Respir Res 2021 May 8;22(1):142. Epub 2021 May 8.

UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: We previously reported a Phase 1/2 randomized placebo-controlled trial of systemic administration of bone marrow-derived allogeneic MSCs (remestemcel-L) in COPD. While safety profile was good, no functional efficacy was observed. However, in view of growing recognition of effects of inflammatory environments on MSC actions we conducted a post-hoc analysis with stratification by baseline levels of a circulating inflammatory marker, C-reactive protein (CRP) to determine the effects of MSC administration in COPD patients with varying circulating CRP levels. Read More

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Low-dose antithymocyte globulin inhibits chronic graft-versus-host disease in peripheral blood stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Hematology, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) has been shown to reduce chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) particularly in allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) from unrelated donors; however, anti-GVHD effects of lower doses of ATG remains to be elucidated. We conducted a nationwide retrospective study to compare the outcomes of unrelated PBSCT with or without rabbit ATG (thymoglobulin) in 287 patients. A median ATG dose was 2. Read More

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Fabrication of Chinese Traditional Medicines incorporated collagen biomaterials for human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 May 5;139:111659. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Marine Bio-Pharmacology, College of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China. Electronic address:

Chinese Traditional Medicines (CTMs) are very popular for therapeutic applications to cure several chronic diseases. Many researchers are trying to discover the potential application and actual mechanism of CTMs in order to scientifically prove their effects for commercial use. One of the main functions of CTMs is to aid stem cell regeneration. Read More

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Bioactive Lipid Mediators in the Initiation and Resolution of Inflammation after Spinal Cord Injury.

Neuroscience 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Departament de Biologia Cellular, Fisiologia i Inmunologia, Institut de Neurociències, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain.

Neuroinflammation is a prominent feature of the response to CNS trauma. It is also an important hallmark of various neurodegenerative diseases in which inflammation contributes to the progression of pathology. Inflammation in the CNS can contribute to secondary damage and is therefore an excellent therapeutic target for a range of neurological conditions. Read More

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Additional cytogenetic abnormalities in chronic myeloid leukaemia; an experience from Pakistan.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Feb;71(2(B)):633-635

Department of Haematology, National Institute of Blood Diseases & BMT, Karachi.

Objective: To evaluate the presence and characteristics of additional karyotype abnormalities in chronic myeloid leukaemia cases.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Cytogenetics and Molecular Pathology, National Institute of Blood Diseases and Bone Marrow Transplant, Karachi, from May 2010 to September 2016 and comprised diagnosed chronic myeloid leukaemia patients regardless of age and gender. Baseline cytogenetic evaluation was done on overnight, 24-hrs un-stimulated and 72-hrs stimulated bone marrow cultures, and karyotypes were defined according to the International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature2013. Read More

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February 2021

The pleiotropic of GLP-1/GLP-1R axis in central nervous system diseases.

Int J Neurosci 2021 May 3:1-38. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Anesthesiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1) is a multifunctional polypeptide throughout the lifespan via activating Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R).GLP-1 can affect food ingestion, enhance the secretion of insulin from pancreatic islets induced by glucose and be utilized to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM).But, accumulating evidences from the decades suggest that activation GLP-1R can not only regulate the blood glucose, but also sustain the homeostasis of intracellular environment and protect neuron from various damaged responses such as oxidative stress, inflammation, excitotoxicity, ischemia and so on. Read More

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A Pedigree Analysis and Clonal Correlations of the Coexistence of B-Cell Lymphoma and Histiocytic/Dendritic Cell Tumor.

Int J Surg Pathol 2021 May 3:10668969211013402. Epub 2021 May 3.

71069The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Histiocytic/dendritic cell tumors are rare in clinical practice. It is postulated that they originate from bone marrow stem cells. Accumulating evidence has established the existence of immunoglobulin gene and T-cell receptor gene rearrangements in these tumors. Read More

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C-bouton components on rat extensor digitorum longus motoneurons are resistant to chronic functional overload.

J Anat 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Neuromuscular Diseases, UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK.

Mammalian motor systems adapt to the demands of their environment. For example, muscle fibre types change in response to increased load or endurance demands. However, for adaptations to be effective, motoneurons must adapt such that their properties match those of the innervated muscle fibres. Read More

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Neuroskeletal Effects of Chronic Bioelectric Nerve Stimulation in Health and Diabetes.

Front Neurosci 2021 7;15:632768. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, United States.

Background/aims: Bioelectric nerve stimulation (eStim) is an emerging clinical paradigm that can promote nerve regeneration after trauma, including within the context of diabetes. However, its ability to prevent the onset of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) has not yet been evaluated. Beyond the nerve itself, DPN has emerged as a potential contributor to sarcopenia and bone disease; thus, we hypothesized that eStim could serve as a strategy to simultaneously promote neural and musculoskeletal health in diabetes. Read More

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Spinal astrocyte aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 mediates ethanol metabolism and analgesia in mice.

Br J Anaesth 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Little is known about the targets in the CNS that mediate ethanol analgesia. This study explores the role of spinal astrocyte aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2), a key ethanol-metabolising enzyme, in the analgesic effects of ethanol in mice.

Methods: Astrocyte and hepatocyte ALHD2-deficient mice were generated and tested in acute and chronic pain models. Read More

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Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha and an Epidural Abscess During a Spinal Cord Stimulator Trial: A Case Report.

Pain Pract 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA.

Introduction: Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) is commonly utilized for treatment and management of chronic intractable low back and lower extremity pain. While SCS is an overall low-risk procedure, there are potential life-threatening complications, including surgical site infections such as an epidural abscess. Immunosuppression, a risk factor for epidural abscess, is becoming more common as an increasing number of patients are being treated with biologics for a multitude of autoimmune disorders. Read More

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Cut-like homeobox 1 (CUX1) tumor suppressor gene haploinsufficiency induces apoptosis evasion to sustain myeloid leukemia.

Nat Commun 2021 04 30;12(1):2482. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Experimental Cancer Genetics, Wellcome Sanger Institute, Hinxton, UK.

While oncogenes promote tumorigenesis, they also induce deleterious cellular stresses, such as apoptosis, that cancer cells must combat by coopting adaptive responses. Whether tumor suppressor gene haploinsufficiency leads to such phenomena and their mechanistic basis is unclear. Here, we demonstrate that elevated levels of the anti-apoptotic factor, CASP8 and FADD-like apoptosis regulator (CFLAR), promotes apoptosis evasion in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells haploinsufficient for the cut-like homeobox 1 (CUX1) transcription factor, whose loss is associated with dismal clinical prognosis. Read More

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Combination of intramuscular transplantation of autologous mononuclear bone marrow cells with sympathectomy (L2, 3) in patients with peripheral arterial disease(PAD).

Surgeon 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Institute of Medical Genetics, Pyongyang University of Medical Sciences, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea.

Background: In most patients with severe, chronic extremity ischemic diseases, intervention or surgical treatment is often not suitable. Combination of intramuscular transplantation of autologous monocular bone marrow cells (AMBMCs) and sympathectomy (L2, 3) has been proved therapeutically beneficial.

Methods: We studied 170 patients (combined group 80, control group 90) with extremity ischemia (TAO, ASO FontaineⅡ,Ⅲ, Ⅳ) between January 2013 and September 2019. Read More

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Genomic Spectrum and Phenotypic Heterogeneity of Human IL-21 Receptor Deficiency.

J Clin Immunol 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Garvan Institute of Medical Research, 384 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, NSW, 2010, Australia.

Biallelic inactivating mutations in IL21R causes a combined immunodeficiency that is often complicated by cryptosporidium infections. While eight IL-21R-deficient patients have been reported previously, the natural course, immune characteristics of disease, and response to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remain to be comprehensively examined. In our study, we have collected clinical histories of 13 patients with IL-21R deficiency from eight families across seven centers worldwide, including five novel patients identified by exome or NGS panel sequencing. Read More

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Chronic myeloid leukemia with a significant increase of monocytes and rare karyotype: A case report and literature review.

Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Mar;46(3):322-327

Department of Gastroenterology, Changsha Central Hospital, Changsha 410004, China.

Chronic myeloid leukemia with a significant increase of monocytes is rare and difficult to identify from chronic myelo-monocytic leukemia in clinic. A 31-year-old male patient with systemic pain was initially diagnosed as chronic myelo-monocytic leukemia, who was finally diagnosed as chronic myeloid leukemia by fusion gene and chromosome examination. In addition to the typical Ph chromosome, a rare chromosome translocation t(2; 7)(p13; p22) was observed. Read More

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Aberrant Complement System Activation in Neurological Disorders.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 28;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, NeuroRepair Department, Polish Academy of Sciences, 5 Pawinskiego Street, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.

The complement system is an assembly of proteins that collectively participate in the functions of the healthy and diseased brain. The complement system plays an important role in the maintenance of uninjured (healthy) brain homeostasis, contributing to the clearance of invading pathogens and apoptotic cells, and limiting the inflammatory immune response. However, overactivation or underregulation of the entire complement cascade within the brain may lead to neuronal damage and disturbances in brain function. Read More

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PEA-OXA Mitigates Oxaliplatin-Induced Painful Neuropathy through NF-κB/Nrf-2 Axis.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 10;22(8). Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, Viale Ferdinando Stagno D'Alcontres, 98166 Messina, Italy.

Chemotherapy-induced neuropathy is a common, dose-dependent adverse effect of several antineoplastics, such as oxaliplatin (L-OHP). The aim of the present work was to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of 2-pentadecyl-2-oxazoline (PEA-OXA) in a murine model of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OIPN). OIPN was induced by an intraperitoneally injection of L-OHP in rats on five consecutive days (D0-4) for a final cumulative dose of 10 mg/kg. Read More

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