Exp Gerontol 2021 Sep 16:111554. Epub 2021 Sep 16.
Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness and Sports, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan.
The present study compared metabolic risk factors, physical performances, and musculoskeletal impairment among categories determined by visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and trunk skeletal muscle (SM) mass in middle-aged Japanese men. In total, 1026 healthy Japanese males aged between 35 and 59 years were categorized into 4 groups according to the amount of VAT and SM in the trunk measured using low-dose computed tomography (LowVAT-HighSM, LowVAT-LowSM, HighVAT-HighSM, and HighVAT-LowSM). Height, body mass waist circumference, body fat, intramuscular adipose tissue (IntraMAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue, biochemical blood profiles (triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase and γ-glutamyl trans peptidase), physical performances (trunk flexibility, the chair-stand test, two-step length and hand-grip strength), the prevalence of low back pain, and lifestyle habits for exercise, alcohol intake and smoking, were compared among the groups. Read More