50,242 results match your criteria cholesterol high-density

Photobiomodulation therapy promotes the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1-dependent cholesterol efflux in macrophage to ameliorate atherosclerosis.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

MOE Key Laboratory of Laser Life Science & Institute of Laser Life Science, College of Biophotonics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China.

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease related to a massive accumulation of cholesterol in the artery wall. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has been reported to possess cardioprotective effects but has no consensus on the underlying mechanisms. Here, we aimed to investigate whether PBMT could ameliorate atherosclerosis and explore the potential molecular mechanisms. Read More

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Correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and arterial elasticity in middle-aged and elderly cadres in Guiyang, China: A retrospective observational study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25826

Department of General Medicine, Guiyang First People's Hospital.

Abstract: There is evidence that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25-(OH) D] levels may be associated with cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between 25-(OH) D levels and blood pressure (BP), blood lipids, and arterial elasticity in middle-aged and elderly cadres in China.In this retrospective study, we included 401 civil servants and cadres aged >42 years who underwent medical examinations at Guiyang Municipal First People's Hospital, China in 2018. Read More

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Association of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and wound healing in patients with diabetic foot ulcers.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Diabetic Foot Care Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China.

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(r)HDL in theranostics: how do we apply HDL's biology for precision medicine in atherosclerosis management?

Biomater Sci 2021 May;9(9):3185-3208

CIBER de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas (CIBERDEM), Barcelona, Spain and Institut de Recerca de l'Hospital Santa Creu i Sant Pau-Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques (IIB) Sant Pau, 08025 Barcelona, Spain.

High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are key players in cholesterol metabolism homeostasis since they are responsible for transporting excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues to the liver. Imbalance in this process, due to either excessive accumulation or impaired clearance, results in net cholesterol accumulation and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Therefore, significant effort has been focused on the development of therapeutic tools capable of either directly or indirectly enhancing HDL-guided reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Read More

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The Atherogenic Index of Plasma: A Powerful and Reliable Predictor for Coronary Artery Disease in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes.

Angiology 2021 May 5:33197211012129. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University and Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

We evaluated the predictive power of the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) for coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A total of 3278 patients who underwent coronary angiography were consecutively enrolled, including 2052 patients with CAD and 1226 patients with T2DM but without CAD. Patients in the CAD group had higher levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, AIP and a lower level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Read More

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Arterial structure and function in Africans with HIV for > 5 years: longitudinal relationship with endothelial activation and cardiovascular risk markers.

HIV Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Hypertension in Africa Research Team (HART), North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa.

Objectives: We aimed to determine whether people with human immunodeficiency virus (PWHIV) have increased measures of arterial injury [carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT)] and large artery stiffness [carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV)] when compared with their counterparts without HIV, and whether baseline markers of endothelial activation and cardiovascular risk are associated with cIMT and cfPWV after 5 years.

Methods: We matched 126 PWHIV from North West Province, South Africa, to 126 without HIV according to age, sex and locality. Cardiovascular risk and endothelial function markers [soluble intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1)] were measured at baseline and cIMT and cfPWV at follow-up. Read More

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Distribution of waist-to-height ratio and cardiometabolic risk in children and adolescents: a population-based study.

Sci Rep 2021 May 4;11(1):9524. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

This study was performed to evaluate the waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) distribution and assess its relationship with cardiometabolic risk in children and adolescents. A total of 8091 subjects aged 10-18 years were included from a nationally representative survey. Participants were classified into three groups: (1) < 85th, (2) ≥ 85th and < 95th, and (3) ≥ 95th percentile of WHtR. Read More

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Genetically-determined variations of are associated with antioxidant, muscular, and lipid biomarkers in response to Brazil nut consumption by patients using statins.

Br J Nutr 2021 May 5:1-21. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Health Sciences, Division of Nutrition and Metabolism, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo - FMRP/USP, Brazil.

Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) could indirectly, as well directly, influence metabolic parameters related to health effects in response to selenium (Se) supplementation. This study aimed to investigate whether the selenoprotein SNPs were associated with the response of Se status biomarkers to the Brazil nut consumption in patients using statins, and if the variation in Se homeostasis could affect antioxidant protection, lipid profile, muscle homeostasis, and selenoproteins mRNA. The study was performed in the Ribeirão Preto Medical School University Hospital. Read More

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Glycemic and lipid variability for predicting complications and mortality in diabetes mellitus using machine learning.

BMC Endocr Disord 2021 May 4;21(1):94. Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Life Sciences, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Introduction: Recent studies have reported that HbA1c and lipid variability is useful for risk stratification in diabetes mellitus. The present study evaluated the predictive value of the baseline, subsequent mean of at least three measurements and variability of HbA1c and lipids for adverse outcomes.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study consists of type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients who were prescribed insulin at outpatient clinics of Hong Kong public hospitals, from 1st January to 31st December 2009. Read More

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HDL in Immune-Inflammatory Responses: Implications beyond Cardiovascular Diseases.

Cells 2021 Apr 29;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Pharmacological and Biomolecular Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy.

High density lipoproteins (HDL) are heterogeneous particles composed by a vast array of proteins and lipids, mostly recognized for their cardiovascular (CV) protective effects. However, evidences from basic to clinical research have contributed to depict a role of HDL in the modulation of immune-inflammatory response thus paving the road to investigate their involvement in other diseases beyond those related to the CV system. HDL-C levels and HDL composition are indeed altered in patients with autoimmune diseases and usually associated to disease severity. Read More

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Impact of the Level of Adherence to Mediterranean Diet on the Parameters of Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 30;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Laboratory of Hygiene, Social & Preventive Medicine and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

High adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with a lower prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). The present study aimed to investigate the impact of MD adherence on parameters of MetS. A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Central Registry of Clinical Trials (CENTRAL), Scopus, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Read More

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Fructose Intake Impairs the Synergistic Vasomotor Manifestation of Nitric Oxide and Hydrogen Sulfide in Rat Aorta.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 30;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Institute of Normal and Pathological Physiology, Centre of Experimental Medicine Slovak Academy of Sciences, 841 04 Bratislava, Slovakia.

In this study, we evaluated the effect of eight weeks of administration of 10% fructose solution to adult Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats on systolic blood pressure (SBP), plasma and biometric parameters, vasoactive properties of the thoracic aorta (TA), NO synthase (NOS) activity, and the expression of enzymes producing NO and HS. Eight weeks of fructose administration did not affect SBP, glycaemia, or the plasma levels of total cholesterol or low-density and high-density lipoprotein; however, it significantly increased the plasma levels of γ-glutamyl transferase and alanine transaminase. Chronic fructose intake deteriorated endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation (EDVR) and increased the sensitivity of adrenergic receptors to noradrenaline. Read More

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Effect of Si-Miao-Yong-An decoction on the differentiation of monocytes, macrophages, and regulatory T cells in ApoE mice.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 May 1:114178. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Cardiology, First Teaching Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Si-Miao-Yong-An decoction (SMYAD) is a renowned traditional Chinese medicinal formula. SMYAD was originally recorded in the "Shi Shi Mi Lu", which was edited by medical scientist Chen Shi'duo during the Qing Dynasty. SMYAD has been traditionally used to treat thromboangiitis obliterans. Read More

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Subjective Social Status and Cardiometabolic Risk Markers by Intersectionality of Race/Ethnicity and Sex Among U.S. Young Adults.

Ann Behav Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Nutrition, T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Subjective social status (SSS) has shown inverse relationships with cardiometabolic risk, but intersectionalities of race/ethnicity and sex may indicate more nuanced relationships.

Purpose: To investigate associations of SSS with cardiometabolic risk markers by race/ethnicity and sex.

Methods: Data were from Wave IV (2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 4,847; 24-32 years), which collected biological cardiometabolic risk markers. Read More

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Assessment of causal association between thyroid function and lipid metabolism: a Mendelian randomization study.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2021 Apr 13;134(9):1064-1069. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Cardiology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

Background: Thyroid dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of thyroid function in lipid metabolism remains partly unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the causal association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism via a genetic analysis termed Mendelian randomization (MR). Read More

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Antihyperlipidemic effect of tyrosol, a phenolic compound in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Toxicol Mech Methods 2021 May 4:1-34. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar - 608002, Tamilnadu, India.

We investigated the antihyperlipidemic effects of tyrosol in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Rats were injected intraperitoneally with STZ (40 mg/kg), and these established experimental rats were treated with tyrosol (20 mg/kg) and glibenclamide (600µg/kg) for 45 days. The observed results revealed that tyrosol treatment significantly reduced plasma glucose, plasma, and liver total cholesterol, triglycerides, free fatty acids, phospholipids, plasma low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, atherogenic index, and significantly increased plasma insulin and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Read More

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Lipid-modifying effects of lean fish and fish-derived protein consumption in humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Nutr Rev 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

J.C. Tou is with the Human Nutrition and Foods, Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA. E. Gucciardi is with the School of Nutrition, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. I. Young is with the School of Occupational Health and Public Health, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Context: Consumption of lean fish and fish-derived proteins were effective for improving lipid profiles in published studies; however, evidence remains inconclusive.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of lean fish or fish-derived protein on serum/plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels by conducting a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Data Sources: Medline (Ovid), Scopus, CINAHL, and Food and Nutritional Sciences databases were searched from the start date of each database to September 2019 to identify RCTs determining the effect of lean fish on lipid profile. Read More

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Study on the independent effect of thyroid hormone based on uric acid level on NAFLD.

J Health Popul Nutr 2021 May 3;40(1):21. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of General Practice, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310016, China.

Objective: This study aims to explain the correlation among non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hyperuricemia, and thyroid function and to find independent risk factors for each other.

Methods: Data were obtained from subjects who underwent health examination in the Health Promotion Centre of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital of Zhejiang University from January 2017 to February 2019. The diagnosis of NAFLD was according to the clinical diagnosis of the guidelines. Read More

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Biomarkers of lipid metabolism in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: relationship with disease subtype and inflammatory activity.

Pediatr Rheumatol Online J 2021 May 3;19(1):66. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Borges Lagoa, 802 - Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, CEP: 04038-001, Brazil.

Background: To describe the biomarkers of lipid metabolism in children and adolescents with polyarticular and systemic JIA and to relate them to diseases subtypes, diseases activity markers, and nutritional status.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including 62 JIA patients was performed. The following variables were evaluated: disease activity and medications used, body mass index, height for age (z-score), skin folds (bicipital, tricipital, subscapular and suprailiac), food intake based on three 24-h food recalls, lipid profile (total cholesterol (CT), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides (TG) and non-HDL (N-HDLc), glycemia and insulin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ultrasensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP) and apolipoproteins A-I and B (Apo A-I and Apo B). Read More

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Effects of evolocumab in individuals with type 2 diabetes with and without atherogenic dyslipidemia: An analysis from BANTING and BERSON.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2021 Apr 30;20(1):94. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Icahn School of Medicine At Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Atherogenic dyslipidemia (AD), characterized by increased concentrations of apolipoprotein B (ApoB)-containing particles, is often present in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), cholesterol transported by apolipoprotein B (ApoB)-containing particles), and total apoB are considered secondary goals of lipid-lowering therapy to guide treatment of residual cardiovascular risk. The BANTING and BERSON studies demonstrated that evolocumab added to statin therapy reduced atherogenic lipid and lipoproteins concentrations in patients with T2DM. Read More

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Health behaviors and metabolic risk factors are associated with dyslipidemia in ethnic Miao Chinese adults: the China multi-ethnic cohort study.

BMC Public Health 2021 May 3;21(1):851. Epub 2021 May 3.

School of Public Health, The Key Laboratory Of Environmental Pollution Monitoring and Disease Control, Ministry of Education, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, 550025, China.

Background: Cardiovascular risk factors in Chinese ethnic minority groups are rarely reported.

Objective: To quantify the cardiovascular risk factors in Miao Chinese adults and to examine the association of health behaviors and metabolic risk factors with dyslipidemia.

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using baseline data from the China Multi-Ethnic Cohort (CMEC) study. Read More

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A Variant of Is Associated with the Risk and Blood Lipid Levels of Myocardial Infarction in Eastern Chinese Individuals.

Immunol Invest 2021 May 3:1-8. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Cardiology Surgery, The Affiliated Huaian No.1 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Huaian, China.

In this study, we determined to interpret the effects of the polymorphism on myocardial infarction (MI) risk. This study, conducted in a Chinese Han population, recruited 369 MI patients and 465 controls. The variant of gene ( polymorphism) was genotyped by PCR-RFLP method. Read More

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Associations of perfluorooctane sulfonate alternatives and serum lipids in Chinese adults.

Environ Int 2021 Apr 30;155:106596. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center of Environmental Pollution and Health Risk Assessment, Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China. Electronic address:

Background: Chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonic acids (Cl-PFESAs), a group of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) alternatives, can be widely observed in humans and environmental matrices. However, associations between exposure to Cl-PFESAs and serum lipid levels in adults are unknown.

Objective: To explore the relationships between Cl-PFESA levels and serum lipid levels in adults. Read More

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Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol 4: The Notable Risk Factor of Coronary Artery Disease Development.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 16;8:619386. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The First People's Hospital of Pingdingshan, Pingdingshan, China.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, which has a long asymptomatic period of atherosclerosis. Thus, it is crucial to develop efficient strategies or biomarkers to assess the risk of CAD in asymptomatic individuals. A total of 356 consecutive CAD patients and 164 non-CAD controls diagnosed using coronary angiography were recruited. Read More

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Laboratory indicators in COVID-19 and other pneumonias: Analysis for differential diagnosis and comparison of dynamic changes during 400-day follow-up.

Comput Struct Biotechnol J 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province Affiliated to Wenzhou Medical University, 150 Ximen Road, Linhai, Taizhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: COVID-19 is spreading rapidly all over the world, the patients' symptoms can be easily confused with other pneumonia types. Therefore, it is valuable to seek a laboratory differential diagnostic protocol of COVID-19 and other pneumonia types on admission, and to compare the dynamic changes in laboratory indicators during follow-up.

Methods: A total of 143 COVID-19, 143 bacterial pneumonia and 145 conventional viral pneumonia patients were included. Read More

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Factorial Analysis of the Cardiometabolic Risk Influence on Redox Status Components in Adult Population.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 27;2021:6661940. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department for Medical Biochemistry, University of Belgrade-Faculty of Pharmacy, Belgrade, Serbia.

Different byproducts of oxidative stress do not always lead to the same conclusion regarding its relationship with cardiometabolic risk, since controversial results are reported so far. The aim of the current study was to examine prooxidant determinant ((prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB)) and the marker of antioxidant defence capacity (total sulphydryl groups (tSHG)), as well as their ratio (PAB/tSHG) in relation to different cardiometabolic risk factors in the cohort of adult population. Additionally, we aimed to examine the joint effect of various cardiometabolic parameters on these markers, since to our knowledge, there are no studies that investigated that issue. Read More

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January 2021

Celastrol Attenuates Lipid Accumulation and Stemness of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma via CAV-1/LOX-1 Pathway.

Front Pharmacol 2021 16;12:658092. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Division of Stem Cell Regulation and Application, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China.

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is characterized by abnormal lipid accumulation. Celastrol is a pentacyclic triterpene extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F with anti-cancer activity. In the present study, the anticancer effects of celastrol on ccRCC and the underlying mechanisms were studied. Read More

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High density lipoprotein cholesterol / C reactive protein ratio in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.

Aims: The impacts of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) as an anti-inflammatory and C reactive protein (CRP) as inflammatory properties on the pathogenesis of heart failure were reported. At present, the clinical significance of the HDL-C/CRP ratio in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) patients remains unknown.

Methods And Results: We examined the data on 796 consecutive HFpEF (left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50%) patients hospitalized due to acute decompensated heart failure from the PURSUIT-HFpEF registry, a prospective, multicentre observational study. Read More

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Low testosterone concentrations and prediction of future heart failure in men and in women: evidence from the large FINRISK97 study.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department for Cardiology, University Heart & Vascular Center Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Aims: The increased incidence of heart failure in men suggests that endogenous sex hormones might play a role in the development of heart failure, but epidemiological data remain sparse. Here, we evaluated the predictive value of low testosterone levels on future heart failure in the large population-based FINRISK97 study.

Methods And Results: Baseline serum testosterone concentrations were measured in 7855 subjects (3865 men and 3990 women) of the FINRISK97 study. Read More

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The role of high-density lipoprotein in the regulation of the immune response: implications for atherosclerosis and autoimmunity.

Immunology 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Center of the Study of Chronic Diseases, New University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Inflammation and immune dysfunction have been increasingly recognized as crucial mechanisms in atherogenesis. Modifications in cell lipid metabolism, plasma dyslipidaemia and particularly low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels occur both in atherosclerosis and autoimmune rheumatic diseases (which are strongly associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis), suggesting the presence of a crucial link. HDL, the plasma lipoprotein responsible for reverse cholesterol transport, is known for its several protective effects in the context of atherosclerosis. Read More

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