244,141 results match your criteria chinese adults

Seroepidemiology of TORCH Infections among 1.7 Million Women of Childbearing Age in Rural China: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Capital Medical University Affiliated Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

We conducted a national seroepidemiological study of the TORCH (Toxoplasma gondii [TOX], Rubella [RV], Cytomegalovirus [CMV], and Herpes Simplex Virus) in rural women to provided updated baseline data on TORCH prevalence. A total of 1,541,329 women of childbearing age were gathered from 2010 to 2012 in China. Of these, 858,072 women were tested positive for anti-RV IgG antibodies, 602,251 women were tested positive for anti-CMV antibodies, and 40,055 women were tested positive for anti-TOX antibodies. Read More

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September 2021

Neural dynamics underlying the acquisition of distinct auditory category structures.

Neuroimage 2021 Sep 17:118565. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Communication Science and Disorders, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA; Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Pittsburgh, PA, 15232, USA. Electronic address:

Despite the multidimensional and temporally fleeting nature of auditory signals we quickly learn to assign novel sounds to behaviorally relevant categories. The neural systems underlying the learning and representation of novel auditory categories are far from understood. Current models argue for a rigid specialization of hierarchically organized core regions that are fine-tuned to extracting and mapping relevant auditory dimensions to meaningful categories. Read More

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September 2021

Migration and Diabetes Incidence Among Chinese Adults in Canada, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan: An International Population-Based Comparative Study from 2000 to 2017.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Sep 17:109062. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; ICES, Toronto, Canada; Department of Medicine, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada.

Aims: We conducted an international population-based study comparing the incidence of young- (age 20-39 years) and usual- (age≥40 years) onset diabetes among Chinese-Canadian immigrants; their source populations (mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan); and other Canadians.

Methods: Using population-based data (2000-17; n=3.4 million cases), we calculated incidence rates and incidence rate ratios comparing the average incidence for each cohort. Read More

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September 2021

Label-free quantitative proteomic and phosphoproteomic analyses of renal biopsy tissues in membranous nephropathy.

Proteomics Clin Appl 2021 Sep 20:e2000069. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen People's Hospital, Shenzhen, 518020, China.

Purpose: Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. However, the underlying mechanisms of its occurrence and development are not completely clear. Thus, it is essential to explore the mechanisms. Read More

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September 2021

Arsenic contribution of poultry manure towards soils and food plants contamination and associated cancer risk in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

Environ Geochem Health 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Forestry, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Sheringal, Dir Upper, Pakistan.

Exposure to high level of arsenic (As) through the ingestion of contaminated soil, dust and food plants can pose health risk to humans. This study investigates the total arsenic (As), arsenobetaine (AsB), monomethylarsenate (MMA), dimethylarsenate (DMA), arsenite (As) and arsenate (As) concentrations in poultry feed, manure, agricultural soils and food plants collected from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan. The total mean As concentrations in the edible parts of food plants ranged from 0. Read More

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September 2021

Adequate Iodine Intake among Young Adults in Jiangsu Province, China Despite a Medium Iodine Knowledge Score.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Mar 9;10(1):554-563. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, 9016 Dunedin, New Zealand.

Lack of iodine knowledge might be a risk factor for inadequate iodine intake in populations. Therefore, we aimed to determine the relationship between iodine knowledge and intake in young Chinese adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Suzhou, China. Read More

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Blood Triglyceride and High-Density Lipoprotein Levels Are Associated with Plasma Amyloid-β Transport: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China.

Background: Studies have found that blood lipids are associated with plasma amyloid-β (Aβ) levels, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Two Aβ transporters, soluble form of low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein-1 (sLRP1) and soluble receptor of advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), are crucial in peripheral Aβ transport.

Objective: The aim was to investigate the effects of lipids on the relationships between plasma Aβ and transporter levels. Read More

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September 2021

Intraocular Pressure, Age, and Central Corneal Thickness in a Healthy Chinese Children Population: The Handan Offspring Myopia Study.

Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2021 Sep 19:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department ofGlaucoma, The Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Purpose: To assess the distribution and factors related to intraocular pressure (IOP) in a Chinese children population in Northern China.

Methods: 1,238 offspring aged 6 to 18 years, residing in six villages, were recruited for this current study, the Handan Offspring Myopia Study. Participants underwent an interviewer-administered questionnaire and a complete ocular examination, including standardized measurement of IOP with Perkins applanation tonometry. Read More

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September 2021

Contrasting the experiences for high- and low-income Asian Americans during COVID-19.

Prev Med Rep 2021 Dec 12;24:101519. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Department of Population Health, Section on Health Choice, Policy and Evaluation, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY, United States.

There is a lack of quantitative research examining how the pandemic has affected individuals at different income levels. The Asian American population has the highest level of income inequality and serves as an excellent case study for examining differences in experience between income groups. A non-probability sample of 3084 Asian American adults living in the US was surveyed in June 2020, examining health-related behaviors and outcomes. Read More

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December 2021

Epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations of pediatric patients with COVID-19 in China: A multicenter retrospective study.

Pediatr Investig 2021 Aug 12:e12282. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Chinese University of Hong Kong Shatin Hong Kong China.

Importance: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic poses a considerable challenge for pediatricians.

Objective: This study aimed to identify the epidemiological characteristics and clinical features of pediatric patients with COVID-19 in China.

Methods: This multicenter retrospective study included pediatric patients from 46 hospitals in China, covering 12 provinces and two municipalities. Read More

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The Relieving Effects of a Polyherb-Based Dietary Supplement ColonVita on Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI) in Older Adults with Chronic Gastrointestinal Symptoms Are Influenced by Age and Cardiovascular Disease: A 12-Week Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 10;2021:6653550. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Research, DRM Resources, 1683 Sunflower Avenue, Costa Mesa, CA 92626, USA.

Chronic gastrointestinal symptoms (CGS) negatively affect the quality of life in about 15-30% of the population without effective drugs. Recent studies suggest that dietary supplement may improve CGS, but inconsistent results exist. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of a polyherbal-based supplement ColonVita on the gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI) in 100 old adults with CGS (63. Read More

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September 2021

Genome-Wide DNA Methylation Profile in Whole Blood of Patients With Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria.

Front Immunol 2021 3;12:681714. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Dermatology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, National Health Commission Key Laboratory of Immunodermatology, Key Laboratory of Immunodermatology of Ministry of Education, Shenyang, China.

Background: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common autoimmune skin disease. Little is known about the role of epigenetics in the pathogenesis of CSU. This study aimed to investigate genome-wide DNA methylation profile in whole blood of patients with CSU. Read More

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September 2021

Benefits and Risks Associated With Aspirin Use in Patients With Diabetes for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events and Mortality: A Meta-Analysis.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 1;12:741374. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of General Surgery, The Second People's Hospital, Kunshan, Suzhou, China.

Purpose: A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the benefits and risks of aspirin for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality events in adults with diabetes.

Methods: An extensive and systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE (via PubMed), Cinahl (via Ebsco), Scopus, and Web of Sciences from 1988 to December 2020. A detailed literature search was conducted using aspirin, cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, and efficacy to identify trials of patients with diabetes who received aspirin for primary prevention of CVD. Read More

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September 2021

Examining the Relationships Among Concealment Tendencies, Illness Attitudes, Belief in a Just World, and Cognitive Flexibility.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:627739. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Art Therapy, Hanyang Cyber University, Seoul, South Korea.

The purpose of this study was to verify the relationships among concealment tendencies, illness attitudes, belief in a just world, and cognitive flexibility. The participants were 418 Korean and 400 Chinese adults. We conducted correlational analysis, structural equation modeling, and verification of mediating effects. Read More

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September 2021

Guhong Injection Alleviates Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury via the PKC/HIF-1α Pathway in Rats.

Front Pharmacol 2021 2;12:716121. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China.

Guhong injection (GHI) is a drug for ischemic stroke created by combining safflower, a traditional Chinese medicine, and aceglutamide, a Western medicine. In this study, we investigated the curative effect of GHI on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury via the PKC/HIF-1α pathway in rats. Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into seven groups: sham-operated, middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), GHI, nimodipine injection (NMDP), MCAO + LY317615 (PKC inhibitor), GHI + LY317615, and NMDP + LY317615. Read More

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September 2021

Photogrammetric Analysis of Nasal Dimensions in Indian Malaysian Adults.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health sciencesKing Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract: In cosmetic rhinoplasty, knowledge of average nasal dimensions is important to create an aesthetic nose compatible with gender, ethnicity, and other facial feature. This study aimed to establish gender-specific nasal anthropometric data for Indian Malaysians (IMs) and to determine the interracial difference by comparing it with published data of three studies. Evaluation of nasal morphology was done on the standardized frontal, lateral, and basal photographs of 200 male and 200 female IM noses, aged 18-27 years. Read More

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September 2021

Pain Experiences and Coping Strategies in Rural Older Adults With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Mountainous Areas of Taiwan.

Pain Manag Nurs 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Chinese Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Integrated Medicine, College of Chinese Medicine, Research Center for Chinese Medicine & Acupuncture, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Chinese Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Although rural communities are home to a higher proportion of older residents, they provide fewer healthcare services than do urban core communities. Chronic musculoskeletal (MSK) pain is often associated with reduced daily activity and quality of life in older adults, particularly those in rural areas.

Aims: This study investigated the pain experiences and coping strategies in rural older adults with MSK pain in Taiwan. Read More

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September 2021

Risk Factors and Prognosis of New-Onset Chronic Kidney Disease Following Orthotopic Liver Transplantation: A Retrospective Case-Control Study.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Sep 19;27:e931834. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital, School of Clinical Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND We have undertaken this investigation to explore the perioperative risk factors of new-onset chronic kidney disease (NOCKD) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), and to provide an early prediction model for the screening of NOCKD high-risk populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective case-control study was performed in adult recipients who received OLT in our center between January 2018 and January 2020. Perioperative data were collected using the center's electronic medical record system. Read More

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September 2021

Concentration, distribution, and assessment of dissolved heavy metals in rivers of Lake Chaohu Basin, China.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 15;300:113744. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008, China; Sino-Danish College, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China; College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Chongqing Three Gorges University, Wanzhou, 404000, China. Electronic address:

This study aimed at establishing the spatial and seasonal distribution patterns of dissolved metals, and assessing the water quality and potential human health risk, in rivers of Lake Chaohu Basin (LCB, China). Four seasonal samplings were conducted at 83 sites from April to December in 2018. The water quality was assessed using heavy metal evaluation index (HEI), while hazard index (HI) and carcinogenic risks indicated potential human risk, according to 12 metals (Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Cd, Sb, Ba, and Pb). Read More

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September 2021

Reexamining the Neural Network Involved in Perception of Facial Expression: A Meta-analysis.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China; Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. Electronic address:

Perception of facial expression is essential for social interactions. Although a few competing models have enjoyed some success to map brain regions, they are also facing difficult challenges. The current study used an updated activation likelihood estimation (ALE) method of meta-analysis to explore the involvement of brain regions in facial expression processing. Read More

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September 2021

Incidence and risk factors of female urinary incontinence: a 4-years longitudinal study among 24985 adult women in China.

BJOG 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China.

Objective: To estimate the incidence of urinary incontinence (UI), including its subtype: stress UI (SUI), urgency UI (UUI), and mixed UI (MUI), and to examine risk factors for de novo SUI and UUI in Chinese women.

Design: Nationwide longitudinal study.

Setting: Six geographic regions of China PARTICIPANTS: Women aged ≥20 years old were included using a multistage, stratified, cluster sampling method. Read More

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September 2021

Visual art therapy and cognition: Effects on people with mild cognitive impairment and low education level.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Dodoma, Tanzania.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of visual art therapy (VAT) on cognition, psychological and functional ability of people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and low education.

Method: A single-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted among 127 older adults with MCI, mean age 73.6 years and level of education in years, (median (range)) = 0 (0 - 9). Read More

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September 2021

Filamin C in cardiomyopathy: from physiological roles to DNA variants.

Heart Fail Rev 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100037, China.

Cardiomyopathy affects approximately 1 in 500 adults and is the leading cause of death. Familial cases are common, and mutations in many genes are involved in cardiomyopathy, especially those in genes encoding cytoskeletal, sarcomere, and nuclear envelope proteins. Filamin C is an actin-binding protein encoded by filamin C (FLNC) gene and participates in sarcomere stability maintenance. Read More

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September 2021

Shugosin 2 is a biomarker for pathological grading and survival prediction in patients with gliomas.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 17;11(1):18541. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Glioblastomas are the most common type of adult primary brain neoplasms. Clinically, it is helpful to identify biomarkers to predict the survival of patients with gliomas due to its poor outcome. Shugoshin 2 (SGO2) is critical in cell division and cell cycle progression in eukaryotes. Read More

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September 2021

Association Between Service Agreements and Frequency of Primary Care Visits in a Chinese Community Health Service Center.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Sep-Oct;34(5):1045-1054

From the Yuetan Community Health Service Center of Fu Xing Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (JD); Department of Family and Community Health, Penn State College of Medicine (WT); Yuetan Community Health Service Center of Fu Xing Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (XD); Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI (KK).

Background: To increase the utilization of Community Health Service (CHS) centers for primary care, the Central Government of China has promoted the use of contracts-known as "service agreements" (SAs)-between patients and primary care physicians. This study sought to identify factors that predict who signed SAs and the association between SAs and frequency of primary care visits in a CHS center in Beijing.

Methods: Four years of electronic health record (EHR) data (2015 to 2018) were analyzed. Read More

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December 2020

Moderate to severe OSA screening based on support vector machine of the Chinese population faciocervical measurements dataset: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 17;11(9):e048482. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

Objectives: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) has received much attention as a risk factor for perioperative complications and 68.5% of OSA patients remain undiagnosed before surgery. Faciocervical characteristics may screen OSA for Asians due to smaller upper airways compared with Caucasians. Read More

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September 2021

The Impact of Mental Health and Stress Concerns on Relationship and Sexuality Amidst the COVID-19 Lockdown.

J Sex Med 2021 Jun 28. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Health and Environmental Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Background: Since January 23, 2020, the Chinese government has imposed restrictive measures including self-isolation, travel restrictions and lockdown of Wuhan city in order to prevent the incoming waves of COVID-19 outbreak in the country. However, the impact of mental health and stress concerns on relationship and sexuality amidst the COVID-19 lockdown was currently unclear.

Aim: The cross-sectional study was designed to determine the changes in health, relationship and sexuality among the Chinese couples who lived together amid the early stages of COVID-19 pandemic in China. Read More

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Low COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in Brazil.

Vaccine 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

National Institute of Women, Children and Adolescents' Health Fernandes Figueira, FIOCRUZ, Avenue Rui Barbosa, 716, Flamengo, Rio de Janeio, RJ 22250-020, Brazil.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the entire world, and the vaccine has emerged as a source of hope for return to normal life. Still, various countries have reported high vaccine hesitancy rates. It is important to know the vaccine hesitancy profile in Brazil to help design adequate communication strategies. Read More

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September 2021

Quality of life and related demographic factors in long-term survivors of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Sept 15;23(9):882-888

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China (Zhu J, Email: cn).

Objectives: To evaluate the quality of life and related demographic factors in long-term survivors of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical and demographic data of the NHL patients who received treatment in the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center and achieved long-term survival at follow-up, with an age of <18 years at initial diagnosis and a present age of ≥18 years. A questionnaire survey was performed using 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the symptom subscale of the Chinese version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30). Read More

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September 2021

Change in circadian preference predicts sustained treatment outcomes in patients with unipolar depression and evening preference.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Li Chiu Kong Family Sleep Assessment Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong SAR.

Study Objectives: Eveningness is associated with worse outcomes in depression. It remained unclear if eveningness could be altered with chronobiological therapy and whether such a change would predict long-term outcomes of depression.

Methods: Data from a randomized controlled trial of 5-week adjunctive bright light therapy with a gradual advance protocol conducted in 91 adult patients with non-seasonal unipolar depression and eveningness (Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire, MEQ, score ≤ 41) was examined. Read More

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September 2021