35,983 results match your criteria children hearing

The effect of harmonic training on speech perception in noise in hearing-impaired children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jul 17;149:110845. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, University of Toronto, Canada, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Canada.

Objective: Speech perception in noise is a highly challenging situation experienced by hearing-impaired children (HIC). Despite advances in hearing aid technologies, speech perception in noise still poses challenges. Pitch-based training improves pitch discrimination and speech perception and may facilitate concurrent sound segregation. Read More

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Investigation of the hearing levels of siblings affected by a single GJB2 variant: Possibility of genetic modifiers.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jul 12;149:110840. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Division of Hearing and Balance Research, National Institute of Sensory Organs, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, 2-5-1 Higashigaoka, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8902, Japan; Medical Genetics Center, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, 2-5-1 Higashigaoka, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8902, Japan. Electronic address:

Objective: Variants in GJB2 can cause autosomal recessive deafness (DFNB1). There is evidence for genotype-phenotype correlations of GJB2 variants; however, several genotypes can cause varying levels of hearing loss likely attributable to differences in genetic or environmental background. As siblings share approximately 50% of their genetic background and usually have a common environmental background, analysis of phenotypes of siblings with a specific GJB2 variant may reveal factors relevant to phenotypic variation. Read More

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Amount of Hearing Aid Use Impacts Neural Oscillatory Dynamics Underlying Verbal Working Memory Processing for Children With Hearing Loss.

Ear Hear 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Institute for Human Neuroscience, Boys Town National Research Hospital (BTNRH), Omaha, Nebraska, USA Center for Magnetoencephalography (MEG), University of Nebraska Medical Center (UNMC), Omaha, Nebraska, USA Wendell Johnson Speech and Hearing Center, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA Audibility, Perception, and Cognition Laboratory, BTNRH, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

Objectives: Children with hearing loss (CHL) may exhibit spoken language delays and may also experience deficits in other cognitive domains including working memory. Consistent hearing aid use (i.e. Read More

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Rehabilitation of children with cochlear implant in Iran: A scoping review.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 7;35:73. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Nursing, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Recovery of children does not appear on its own after cochlear implantation. Coherent, thoughtful, and comprehensive rehabilitation is needed to achieve complete success. The purpose of this study was to identify the types of rehabilitation interventions for children with cochlear implants that have been performed in Iran. Read More

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Dartanan: Prototype evaluations of a serious game to engage children in the calibration of their hearing aid functionalities.

J Rehabil Assist Technol Eng 2021 Jan-Dec;8:20556683211021527. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Human Factors Research Group, Faculty of Engineering University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Introduction: It is notoriously difficult to obtain a perfect fitting of hearing aids (HAs) for children as they often struggle to understand their hearing loss well enough to discuss the fitting adequately with their audiologist. Dartanan is an 'edutainment' game developed to help children understand the functions of their HA in different sound contexts. Dartanan also has elements of a leisure game for all children, in order to create an inclusive activity. Read More

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Effects of Prosody Rehabilitation on Acoustic Analysis of Prosodic Features in Hearing-Impaired Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2021 Jul 21:1-17. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Phoniatrics Unit, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Background: The role of prosody in language acquisition and effective communication is documented in research. Nevertheless, rehabilitation of prosodic skills in children with hearing impairment using hearing aids or cochlear implants is relatively neglected compared to other speech and language areas.

Objective: To detect the effect of prosodic rehabilitation using the adapted translated version of the "Prosody Treatment Program" on expression of prosodic features in Egyptian Arabic-speaking hearing-impaired school-age children fitted with hearing aids or cochlear implant devices in comparison to conventional auditory and language rehabilitation. Read More

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The Lidcombe Program for Early Stuttering in Non-English-Speaking Countries: A Systematic Review.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2021 Jul 21:1-14. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Speech Therapy and Audiology, Thomas More College of Applied Sciences, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: The Lidcombe Program is a stuttering treatment approach for children between the ages of 3 and 6 years. Most papers about the Lidcombe Program, however, are based on studies conducted in native English-speaking countries. The aim of this paper is to systematically review the delivery and implementation of the Lidcombe Program in non-native English-speaking countries. Read More

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A Qualitative Evidence Synthesis of Parental Experiences and Perceptions of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Preschool Children With Communication Difficulties.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Jul 21:1-27. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland Galway.

Purpose Parent-child interaction therapy refers to a number of interventions mediated by trained parents to treat developmental difficulties, including speech, language, and communication. Understanding the experiences of parents who take part in parent-child interaction therapy is a key aspect of determining how this intervention can be implemented successfully. However, to date, there has been limited work on synthesizing parental views of this intervention. Read More

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Voice Emotion Recognition by Mandarin-Speaking Children with Cochlear Implants.

Ear Hear 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objectives: Emotional expressions are very important in social interactions. Children with cochlear implants can have voice emotion recognition deficits due to device limitations. Mandarin-speaking children with cochlear implants may face greater challenges than those speaking nontonal languages; the pitch information is not well preserved in cochlear implants, and such children could benefit from child-directed speech, which carries more exaggerated distinctive acoustic cues for different emotions. Read More

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Variation in Auditory Experience Affects Language and Executive Function Skills in Children Who Are Hard of Hearing.

Ear Hear 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

Objective: Children who are hard of hearing (CHH) experience delays in spoken language and executive function, but the mechanisms for these deficits remain unresolved. Differences in auditory experience and language skills have been examined as contributing factors to deficits in executive function, primarily with children who are deaf and children with cochlear implants. The theoretical model of cumulative auditory experience quantifies auditory dosage as how much speech is audible and how often children wear their hearing aids. Read More

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Sex differences in sensory processing in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Service des Troubles du Spectre de l'Autisme et apparentés, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Despite the high prevalence of sensory processing difficulties in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), little research has focused on the sex differences in sensory processing. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge on the female-specific symptoms of ASD, contributing to later referral, diagnosis and intervention. In this study, we examined the sex differences in sensory processing symptoms in large cohorts of ASD children (N = 168; 26 females, 142 males) and typically developing (TD) children (N = 439; 209 females, 230 males). Read More

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Best ear hearing level, time factors and language outcome in Swedish children with mild and moderate hearing loss with hearing aids.

Logoped Phoniatr Vocol 2021 Jul 21:1-10. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund, Logopedics, Phoniatrics and Audiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Aim: The risk for language disorder is high in children with all levels of hearing loss (HL). Early identification and intervention should be as important for children with mild HL as for those with more severe HL. Despite new-born hearing screening, a recent survey of speech language therapist services in southern Sweden indicates that children with mild and moderate HL are severely neglected when it comes to language assessment and language intervention. Read More

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Clinical and genetic risk factors for radiation-associated ototoxicity: A report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study and the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort.

Cancer 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: Cranial radiation therapy (CRT) is associated with ototoxicity, which manifests as hearing loss and tinnitus. The authors sought to identify clinical determinants and genetic risk factors for ototoxicity among adult survivors of pediatric cancer treated with CRT.

Methods: Logistic regression evaluated associations of tinnitus (n = 1991) and hearing loss (n = 2198) with nongenetic risk factors and comorbidities among CRT-treated survivors in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. Read More

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Children with hearing impairment and early cochlear implant: A pragmatic assessment.

Heliyon 2021 Jul 30;7(7):e07428. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

University of Turin, Department of Psychology, Group on Inferential Processes in Social Interaction (GIPSI), Turin, Italy.

Extensive research has demonstrated the benefits of cochlear implants (CI) in contributing to improve the linguistic skills of children with hearing impairment; however, few studies have focused on the development of pragmatic ability and its relationship with age of implantation. Pragmatics is the ability to use language in different contexts and its development has crucial implications, e.g. Read More

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Irony Comprehension in Children With Cochlear Implants: The Role of Language Competence, Theory of Mind, and Prosody Recognition.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Jul 20:1-18. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Audiology Unit, Department of Specialist Surgical Sciences, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Purpose Aims of this research were (a) to investigate higher order linguistic and cognitive skills of Italian children with cochlear implants (CIs); (b) to correlate them with the comprehension of irony, which has never been systematically studied in this population; and (c) to identify the factors that facilitate the development of this competence. Method We tested 28 Italian children with CI (mean chronological age = 101 [ = 25.60] months, age range: 60-144 months), and two control groups of normal-hearing (NH) peers matched for chronological age and for hearing age, on a series of tests assessing their cognitive abilities (nonverbal intelligence and theory of mind), linguistic skills (morphosyntax and prosody recognition), and irony comprehension. Read More

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Is There a Role for Intraoperative Navigation During Cochlear Implantation in Patients With Aural Atresia?

Otol Neurotol 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Otolaryngology, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Objective: Concurrent bilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA) and profound sensorineural hearing loss are rare. While not a contraindication, temporal bone and cochleovestibular abnormalities are an important consideration for cochlear implantation (CI) candidacy. Intraoperative image-guided surgical navigation may play a role during CI surgery in patients with complex anatomy, such as CAA. Read More

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Dysfunction of the Auditory System in Children With Hypothyroidism: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Ear Hear 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A.

Objective: To examine the prevalence of hearing impairment in children with hypothyroidism, and to characterize clinical and subclinical hearing loss by examining cochlear function, auditory brainstem pathways, and integration of the auditory system as a whole.

Design: An electronic search was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases. This systematic review was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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Pediatric Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Minimum Test Battery and Referral Criteria for Cochlear Implant Candidacy Evaluation.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Jul 20:1945998211027352. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Among the various cochlear implant systems approved by the Food and Drug Administration, current labeling for pediatric usage encompasses (1) bilateral profound bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in children aged 9 to 24 months and bilateral severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss in children older than 2 years; (2) use of appropriately fitted hearing aids for 3 months (this can be waived if there is evidence of ossification); and (3) demonstration of limited progress with auditory, speech, and language development. Pediatric guidelines require children to have significantly worse speech understanding before qualifying for cochlear implantation. The early years of life have been shown to be critical for speech and language development, and auditory deprivation is especially detrimental during this crucial time. Read More

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Cochlear Implantation in Infants: Why and How.

Trends Hear 2021 Jan-Dec;25:23312165211031751

Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, The 7979Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

In children with congenital deafness, cochlear implantation (CI) prior to 12 months of age offers the opportunity to foster more typical auditory development during late infancy and early childhood. Recent studies have found a positive association between early implantation and expressive and receptive language outcomes, with some children able to achieve normal language skills by the time of school entry. Universal newborn hearing screening improved early detection and diagnosis of congenital hearing loss, allowing for earlier intervention, including decision-making regarding cochlear implant (CI) candidacy. Read More

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Evidence of Altered Cortical Processing of Dynamic Lexical Tone Pitch Contour in Chinese Children with Autism.

Neurosci Bull 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 55455, USA.

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Speech production and speech perception in children with speech sound disorder.

Clin Linguist Phon 2021 Jul 19:1-20. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, São Paulo State University, Marília, SP, Brazil.

The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between speech production (SP) and speech perception in children with Speech Sound Disorder (SSD) from both typical speech production (TSP) and child's own atypical speech production (ASP). Ten children with SSD were evaluated by a speech production task (naming test) and two speech perception tasks (phonological contrast identification) using the PERCEFAL instrument. In the identification task, the acoustic stimulus, from typical and child's own atypical speech productions, was presented to each child, and they needed to choose the corresponding stimulus between two pictures displayed on the computer screen. Read More

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Clinical Characteristics and Genetic Etiology of Children With Developmental Language Disorder.

Front Pediatr 2021 1;9:651995. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Developmental language delay (DLD) is one of the most common disabilities in childhood and can negatively affect a child's communication skills and academic and/or psychosocial development. To date, an increasing number of causative genes have been identified by diagnostic techniques like next generation sequencing. An early genetic diagnosis is important to properly prepare and counsel children and parents for possible future difficulties. Read More

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Case Report: Pansynostosis, Chiari I Malformation and Syringomyelia in a Child With Frontometaphyseal Dysplasia 1.

Front Pediatr 2021 1;9:574402. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.

Frontometaphyseal dysplasia 1 (FMD1) is a rare otopalatodigital spectrum disorder (OPDSD) that is inherited as an X-linked trait and it is caused by gain-of-function mutations in the . It is characterized by generalized skeletal dysplasia, and craniofacial abnormalities including facial dysmorphism (supraorbital hyperostosis, hypertelorism, and down-slanting palpebral fissures). The involvement of the central nervous system in patients with OPDSD is rare. Read More

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Internal auditory canal hypoplasia associated with bilateral vestibulocochlear nerve aplasia and deviant facial nerve course: A case report and MRI findings.

J Radiol Case Rep 2021 May 31;15(5):17-23. Epub 2021 May 31.

Radiology Department, Fortaleza General Hospital (HGF), Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

The evaluation of internal auditory canals and cochlea has gained significant importance due to the increasing number of cochlear implantations worldwide. This region's anatomical study is essential for cochlear implant surgery using magnetic resonance imaging as the method of choice. We report a case of a 6-year-old male patient diagnosed with a rare bilateral malformation of the internal auditory canals associated with an aberrant course of the facial nerve and vestibulocochlear nerve aplasia. Read More

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Multi-Center in-Depth Screening of Neonatal Deafness Genes: Zhejiang, China.

Front Genet 2021 2;12:637096. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Beijing Genomics Institute, Shenzhen, China.

Purpose: The conventional genetic screening for deafness involves 9-20 variants from four genes. This study expands screening to analyze the mutation types and frequency of hereditary deafness genes in Zhejiang, China, and explore the significance of in-depth deafness genetic screening in newborns.

Methods: This was a multi-centre study conducted in 5,120 newborns from 12 major hospitals in the East-West (including mountains and islands) of Zhejiang Province. Read More

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Depression, anxiety and stress among caregivers of adolescents with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Jul 6;43(15):2123-2130. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Purpose: Prior studies indicate high risk of mental health problems among caregivers of adolescents with cerebral palsy although limited consideration is given to caregivers in low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to compare the burden of depression, anxiety and stress among caregivers of adolescents with cerebral palsy to caregivers of adolescents without disability in rural Bangladesh; and to identify factors unique to low- and middle-income countries that predict caregiver's mental health.

Methods: Observational study comparing caregivers of adolescents with cerebral palsy identified through the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register and caregivers of adolescents without disability from neighboring dwellings. Read More

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Evidence for cognitive and brain reserve supporting executive control of memory in lifelong bilinguals.

Neuropsychologia 2021 Jul 14;160:107958. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Psychology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA, 92521, USA.

Recent bilingualism research attempts to understand whether continually controlling multiple languages provides domain-general benefits to other aspects of cognition. Yet little attention has been given to whether this extends to resistance to proactive interference (PI), which involves the filtering of irrelevant memory traces in order to focus attention on relevant to-be-remembered information. The present study sought to determine whether bilingualism provides benefits to resistance to PI performance and brain structure in regions supporting executive control of memory. Read More

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Repercussions of the Degrees of Hearing Loss and Vestibular Dysfunction on the Static Balance of Children with Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Phys Ther 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Physical Therapy, Laboratory of Pediatric Studies (LEPed), Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the static balance of children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) according to the degrees of SNHL and the function of the vestibular system.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in public schools located in Caruaru, Pernambuco state, Brazil, with 130 children (65 with normal hearing and 65 with SNHL as documented by air and bone conduction audiometry) of both sexes and between 7 and 11 years old. Static balance was assessed by a stabilometric analysis using a force platform consisting of the circular area of center-of-pressure (COP) displacement of the children, evaluated in 3 positions: bipedal support with feet together and parallel (PF), tandem feet (TF), and 1 foot (OF), carried out under 2 sensory conditions each, with eyes open and eyes closed. Read More

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The Chinese version of the Parents' Evaluation of Aural/Oral Performance of Children (PEACH) rating scale for infants and children with normal hearing.

Int J Audiol 2021 Jul 16:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (Capital Medical University), Ministry of Education, Beijing, China.

Objective: This study aimed to establish Chinese norms for the Chinese version of the Parent's Evaluation of Aural/Oral of Children (PEACH) rating scale.

Design And Study Sample: The PEACH scores were collected from 198 parents whose children have normal hearing. The test-retest reliability of the PEACH scale was evaluated in a subgroup of 34 parents. Read More

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