356,146 results match your criteria children conduct

Treatment components in behavioral versus nondirective telephone-assisted self-help interventions for parents of children with externalizing behavior problems.

J Clin Psychol 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze treatment differentiation in a behavioral and a nondirective telephone-assisted self-help intervention for parents of children with externalizing behavior problems, including the development and evaluation of a rating scale.

Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 149 parents of children aged 4-11 years with externalizing behavior problems were allocated to a behavioral or a nondirective guided self-help intervention. Parents in both conditions received eight self-help booklets and ten telephone consultations. Read More

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September 2021

[Addicted During Pandemic? - COVID-19 and Addictive Disorders].

Gesundheitswesen 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Bay. Zentrum für Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung, LGL, Bad Kissingen, Deutschland.

Aim: To describe changes in consumer behavior, particularly in Germany, and the population groups affected due to in-creased substance use or are at greater risk of being infected by SARS-CoV-2 and are also in danger of suffering from a more severe course of disease.

Methods: The literature search used databases from PubMed and PubPsych, along with expert opinions.

Results: A slight increase in daily use of alcohol and tobacco was seen, whereas the consumption of illegal drugs decreased in European countries. Read More

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September 2021

Seizure frequency, quality of life, behavior, cognition, and sleep in pediatric patients enrolled in a prospective, open-label clinical study with cannabidiol.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 Sep 21;124:108325. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Child Health, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65201, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA; Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of oral pharmacological cannabidiol (CBD) on seizures, side effects, quality of life, behavior, mood, and sleep in children with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) during a phase II, prospective, open-label clinical study.

Methods: During a phase II expanded access program (EAP) study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of using cannabidiol (CBD) for the long-term treatment of children with drug-resistant epilepsy, secondary outcome measures were also performed, including quality of life (QOLCE), behavior (aberrant behavior checklist ABC), and sleep (children's sleep habit questionnaire, CSHQ). Participants between the ages of 2 and 16 years of age with drug-resistant epilepsy (n = 35) were included in this EAP. Read More

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September 2021

An Epidepic in the Pandemic: The Most Difficult Challenge for Young Adolescents.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):142-147

Departmentt of Psychology, University Magna Graecia, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy,

The pandemic due to COVID-19 has had a huge psychological impact on individuals all over the world, in particular the international literature is noting an increase in pathologies among children and adolescents adolescenti (Pappa et al. 2020, Keles et al. 2020, Pigaiani et al. Read More

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September 2021

Inpatient with an Anxious School Refusal: A Retrospective Study.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):69-74

Department of Child Psychiatry, Queen Fabiola University Children Hospital, 15 Avenue Jean Joseph Crocq, 1020, Brussels, Belgium,

Background: School refusal has an impact on the mental health and on future of young people. This phenomenon cannot only be linked to school dysfunction but must be considered in a larger set of processes. Recent studies propose an understanding of school refusal in terms of psychopathology and individual functioning as well as in terms of associated environmental and family factors. Read More

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September 2021

Longitudinal associations between positive attributes and psychopathology and their interactive effects on educational outcomes.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos, 2350 - room 2202, Porto Alegre, 90035-003, Brazil.

Psychopathology is associated with impaired learning and early termination of schooling, whereas positive attributes are associated with better educational outcomes. However, it is important to understand if and how psychopathology and positive attributes longitudinally impact each other so we could shed light on where to intervene to promote educational outcomes through these constructs. A large prospective school-based community cohort of youths (5-15 years of age, 45% female) were assessed and followed up for 3 years (n = 2010; 80% retention). Read More

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September 2021

Parenting Stress, Child Weight-Related Behaviors, and Child Weight Status.

Child Obes 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Health Behavior and Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, USA.

There has been limited examination of the association between parenting stress and child weight-related behaviors. We aimed to determine whether parenting stress is associated with child weight-related behaviors, including physical activity, screen time, diet, sedentary time, and eating in the absence of hunger (EAH). Secondarily, we assessed association between parenting stress and child weight status. Read More

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September 2021

Prognostic factors for patients with relapsed central nervous system nongerminomatous germ cell tumors.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 Sep 24:e29365. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

The Division of Hematology, Oncology and BMT, The Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

We aimed toidentify prognostic factors that may help better understand the behavior of relapsed central nervous system nongerminomatous germ cell tumors. We identified nine studies, including 101 patients; 33 patients (33%) were alive 12 months post-initial relapse. Sixty percent of patients with serum/cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level ≤25 ng/mL at initial diagnosis were survivors compared with 28% among patients with serum/CSF AFP level >25 ng/mL (P = 0. Read More

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September 2021

Current Findings and Perspectives on Aberrant Neural Oscillations in Schizophrenia.

Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Charité - Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.

There is now consistent evidence that neural oscillation at low- and high-frequencies constitute an important aspect of the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Specifically, impaired rhythmic activity may underlie the deficit to generate coherent cognition and behavior, leading to the characteristic symptoms of psychosis and cognitive deficits. Importantly, the generating mechanisms of neural oscillations are relatively well-understood and thus enable the targeted search for the underlying circuit impairments and novel treatment targets. Read More

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September 2021

Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use and Associated Factors among HIV Infected Children and Adolescents Seeking Mental Health Services in Uganda.

EC Psychol Psychiatr 2020 Oct 28;9(10):1-8. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Given the limited integration of mental health services into pediatric HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa, there is limited information on the nature of mental health service use sought by caregivers of children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS.

Methods: We analyzed data from a sample of 135 children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS and attending a pediatric HIV care service whose parents or caregivers had sought for mental health care for their emotional or behavior problems in the past year. We assessed complementary alternative medicine use, socio-demographic characteristics and types of behavioral problems using a SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC questionnaire and the child behavioral checklist (6 - 18) respectively. Read More

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October 2020

A NICE combination for predicting hospitalisation at the Emergency Department: a European multicentre observational study of febrile children.

Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021 Sep 12;8:100173. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Erasmus MC Sophia Children's Hospital, Department of General Paediatrics, P.O. Box 2060, 3000 CB, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Prolonged Emergency Department (ED) stay causes crowding and negatively impacts quality of care. We developed and validated a prediction model for early identification of febrile children with a high risk of hospitalisation in order to improve ED flow.

Methods: The MOFICHE study prospectively collected data on febrile children (0-18 years) presenting to 12 European EDs. Read More

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September 2021

Detection of Victoria lineage influenza B viruses with K162 and N163 deletions in the hemagglutinin gene, South Africa, 2018.

Health Sci Rep 2021 Sep 17;4(3):e367. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Centre for Respiratory Diseases and Meningitis National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service Johannesburg South Africa.

Background: A group of Victoria lineage influenza B viruses with a two amino acid deletion in the hemagglutinin (HA) at residues K162 and N163, was detected during the 2016 to 2017 Northern Hemisphere influenza season and continues to spread geographically. We describe the first identification of viruses with these deletions from South Africa in 2018.

Methods: Nasopharyngeal samples were obtained from the syndromic surveillance programs. Read More

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September 2021

Continuous Blood Glucose Monitoring Increases Vigorous Physical Activity Levels and Is Associated With Reduced Hypoglycemia Avoidance Behavior In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 7;12:722123. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Laboratory for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (LIAM), Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada.

The primary goal of this study was to explore physical activity (PA) levels, hypoglycemia fear scores and hypoglycemia episodes according to insulin administration and blood glucose monitoring methods in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D). A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 28 children and 33 adolescents with T1D, and their PA was assessed. Hypoglycemia episodes, fear of hypoglycemia scores, insulin therapy (pump vs. Read More

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September 2021

Comparative Effectiveness of Parent-Based Interventions to Support Injured Children.

Pediatrics 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia.

Objectives: A comparative effectiveness trial tested 2 parent-based interventions in improving the psychosocial recovery of hospitalized injured children: (1) Link for Injured Kids (Link), a program of psychological first aid in which parents are taught motivational interviewing and stress-screening skills, and (2) Trauma Education, based on an informational booklet about trauma and its impacts and resources.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 4 children's hospitals in the Midwestern United States. Children aged 10 to 17 years admitted for an unintentional injury and a parent were recruited and randomly assigned to Link or Trauma Education. Read More

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September 2021

Understanding the burden of interstitial lung disease post-COVID-19: the UK Interstitial Lung Disease-Long COVID Study (UKILD-Long COVID).

BMJ Open Respir Res 2021 Sep;8(1)

Centre for Inflammation and Tissue Repair, UCL Respiratory, University College London, London, UK.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to over 100 million cases worldwide. The UK has had over 4 million cases, 400 000 hospital admissions and 100 000 deaths. Many patients with COVID-19 suffer long-term symptoms, predominantly breathlessness and fatigue whether hospitalised or not. Read More

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September 2021

Intergenerational effects of violence on women's perinatal wellbeing and infant health outcomes: evidence from a birth cohort study in Central Vietnam.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Sep 23;21(1):648. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Institute for Community Health Research, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue, Vietnam.

Background: Girls exposed to violence have a high risk of being victimized as adults and are more likely than non-abused women to have children who are treated violently. This intergenerational transmission may be especially serious when women suffer violence during pregnancy and early motherhood, as it impairs maternal wellbeing and infant health and development. This study examined the intergenerational effects of being exposed to childhood maltreatment (CM) and prenatal intimate partner violence (p-IPV) on perinatal mental distress and birth outcomes in central Vietnam. Read More

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September 2021

Nonvoluntary or Forced Sex Among Women, by Sexual Identity, Attraction, and Behavior - National Survey of Family Growth, United States, 2011-2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 Sep 24;70(38):1326-1331. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Nonheterosexual (sexual minority) women report experiencing more sexual violence than heterosexual (sexual majority) women (1,2). Sexual minority women are often categorized as a collective whole, which fails to capture the nuances in sexual violence among subgroups of sexual minority women, such as bisexual and lesbian women (3). To estimate the prevalence of lifetime forced vaginal intercourse (forced sex) and of nonvoluntary first vaginal intercourse among women aged 18-44 years in the United States, CDC analyzed data from female respondents who were interviewed during 2011-2017 for the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG); respondents were stratified by self-reported sexual identity, attraction, and behavior. Read More

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September 2021

Short Sleep Duration Among Infants, Children, and Adolescents Aged 4 Months-17 Years - United States, 2016-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 Sep 24;70(38):1315-1321. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Infants, children, and adolescents who do not get sufficient sleep are at increased risk for injuries, obesity, type 2 diabetes, poor mental health, attention and behavior problems, and poor cognitive development (1). The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) provides age-specific sleep duration recommendations to promote optimal health (1). CDC analyzed data from the 2016-2018 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to assess the prevalence of short sleep duration among persons in the United States aged 4 months-17 years. Read More

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September 2021

A Systematic Review of Interventions for Multilingual Preschoolers With Speech and Language Difficulties.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Sep 23:1-26. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Cincinnati, OH.

Purpose There is a shortage of information on evidence-based interventions for supporting young multilingual children. The purpose of this review was to identify interventions that have been evaluated with preschool-age multilingual children with a speech and/or language disorder or who are at risk of poor speech, language, literacy, and/or educational outcomes. Method This review considered speech, language, and early literacy interventions evaluated with preschool-age multilingual children with a speech and/or language disorder or who have been identified as being at risk of language difficulties (PROSPERO ID: 165892). Read More

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September 2021

A window into racial and socioeconomic status disparities in preschool disciplinary action using developmental methodology.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Institute for Policy Research and Institute for Innovations in Developmental Sciences, Evanston, Illinois.

There are large differences in expulsions and suspensions on the basis of race starting in preschool and divergent explanations for their cause. The current study explores how developmental methodology can shed light on this vexing issue. We leverage two measures: (1) childcare provider complaints about children's behavior and their recommended disciplinary action (measured by parent report); and (2) observed disruptive behavior measured by a laboratory-based standardized observation tool, the Disruptive Behavior Diagnostic Observation Schedule (DB-DOS), among a large, sociodemographically diverse sample of children (n   430; mean age   4. Read More

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September 2021

A Review of Interventional Trials in Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes: Challenges and Opportunities.

Diabetes Ther 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Introduction: In recent decades, the dramatic rise of obesity among youth in the US has been accompanied by a rise in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in this population. This alarming trend underscores the importance of conducting trials to evaluate new therapies in children with T2D.

Methods: A targeted review of peer-reviewed literature and trials registered on www. Read More

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September 2021

Sources of variability in the prospective relation of language to social, emotional, and behavior problem symptoms: Implications for developmental language disorder.

J Abnorm Psychol 2021 Aug;130(6):676-689

Psychology and Language Sciences.

Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) are at risk for social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) maladjustment throughout development, though it is unclear if poor language proficiency per se can account for this risk as associations between language and SEB appear more variable among typical-language children. This study investigated whether the relationship between language and SEB problems is stronger at very low levels of language and considered confounders including socioeconomic status, sex, and nonverbal intelligence. These were examined using a population-based survey design, including children with a wide range of language and cognitive profiles, and assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and six standardized language measures (n = 363, weighted n = 6,451). Read More

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Repetitive behavior with objects in infants developing autism predicts diagnosis and later social behavior as early as 9 months.

J Abnorm Psychol 2021 Aug;130(6):665-675

MIND Institute.

We evaluated repetitive behavior with objects in infants at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) from 9 to 36 months of age, and associations between early repetitive behavior and social engagement. Infant siblings of children with ASD (high-risk) or typical development (low-risk) were administered a task eliciting repetitive object use at 9, 12, 15, 18, 24, and 36 months of age. Infants (n = 147) were classified into 1 of 3 outcome groups at 36 months: Low-Risk Non-ASD (n = 58), High-Risk Non-ASD (n = 72), and ASD (n = 17). Read More

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Validation of digital analysis of occlusion in primary and mixed dentition using GEDAS.

Int J Comput Dent 2021 Sep;24(3):275-282

Aim: The present prospective clinical study aimed to validate the Greifswald Digital Analyzing System (GEDAS) as a method for digital assessment of the occlusion in primary and mixed dentition.

Materials And Methods: The reproducibility of GEDAS in primary and mixed dentition was assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). In addition, the acceptability of the method to the dentist, the child, and the parent/caregiver was assessed using a modified visual analog scale of faces, the Frankl behavior scale, and the 10-point Likert scale. Read More

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September 2021

Exploratory Study of Fecal Cortisol, Weight, and Behavior as Measures of Stress and Welfare in Shelter Cats During Assimilation Into Families of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Front Vet Sci 2021 6;8:643803. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

University of Missouri School of Health Professions, Columbia, MO, United States.

Cats are a common companion animal (CA) in US households, and many live in families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The prevalence of ASD is one in 54, and many children have behavior challenges as well as their diagnostic communication disorders. Benefits of CAs for children with ASD have been identified, but little is known about the welfare of CAs in these homes. Read More

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September 2021

Injury-related treatments and outcomes in preschool children with autism spectrum disorder: Study to Explore Early Development (SEED).

Res Autism Spectr Disord 2019 Oct;66

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Atlanta, GA 30341 United States.

Background: Evidence about injury management and outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited.

Method: Cross-sectional analyses included children aged 30-68 months with at least one medically attended injury. Standardized diagnostic instruments determined ASD cases. Read More

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October 2019

Are Family Physical Activity Habits Passed on to Their Children?

Front Psychol 2021 6;12:741735. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Institute of Kinesiology, Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Studies of the familial association of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) have increased in recent years. However, there is a lack of studies that have objectively examined the correlates between parents, grandparents, and childrens' PA. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure PA using accelerometers to determine the extent to which PA and SB correlate among parents, grandparents, and children. Read More

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September 2021

Newborn Neurobehavior Is Related to Later Neurodevelopment and Social Cognition Skills in Extremely Preterm-Born Children: A Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Front Psychol 2021 6;12:710430. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Paediatrics, Children's Hospital, Pediatric Research Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the neonatal neurobehavioral characteristics to act as an indicator for later neurodevelopment and neurocognitive performance. Sixty-six infants born extremely preterm (<28 gestational weeks) were followed until 6.5 years. Read More

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September 2021

Long-term outcomes of therapist-guided Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder.

NPJ Digit Med 2020 Sep 23;3(1):124. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm Health Care Services, 171 77, Region Stockholm, Sweden.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the recommended first-line intervention for children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but is not broadly accessible. Internet-delivered CBT (ICBT) with minimal therapist support is efficacious and cost-effective, at least in the short term. Whether the therapeutic gains of ICBT for OCD are sustained in the long run is unknown. Read More

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September 2020

A high-risk retinoblastoma subtype with stemness features, dedifferentiated cone states and neuronal/ganglion cell gene expression.

Nat Commun 2021 Sep 22;12(1):5578. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

GeCo Genomics Consulting, Integragen, 91000, Evry, France.

Retinoblastoma is the most frequent intraocular malignancy in children, originating from a maturing cone precursor in the developing retina. Little is known on the molecular basis underlying the biological and clinical behavior of this cancer. Here, using multi-omics data, we demonstrate the existence of two retinoblastoma subtypes. Read More

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September 2021