53,741 results match your criteria child abuse


"Maybe what happened is actually OK?" Child sexual abuse by authority figures in the ultra-orthodox community in Israel: Survivors' perceptions of their relationships with the perpetrator.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 14;122:105325. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Paul Baerwald School of Social Work and Social Welfare, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91905, Israel. Electronic address:

Background: Child sexual abuse (CSA) by authority figures in a religious community (AFRCs) has been studied extensively among the Catholic clergy, and to a limited extent among Orthodox Jewish communities in the United States and Australia. However, less attention has been devoted to the phenomenon within the Israeli context.

Objective: This article examines the perceptions of survivors within the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community in Israel of their relationships with authority figures in the community who sexually abused them. Read More

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September 2021

Examining the potential link between child maltreatment and callous-unemotional traits in children and adolescents: A multilevel analysis.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 14;122:105327. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Florida State University, 112 S Copeland St, Tallahassee, FL 32304, USA; Prince Mishaal bin Majed bin Abdul Aziz Center for Social and Humanities Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: There is a great deal of research indicating that callous-unemotional traits in childhood are among the strongest predictors of adult psychopathy and psychopathic traits. As a result, there has been a recent surge of studies examining potential risk factors that may be related to the development of callous-unemotional traits.

Objective: The current study sought to extend prior research examining potential risk factors for the development of callous-unemotional traits by estimating the extent to which child maltreatment related to callous-unemotional traits in children and adolescents. Read More

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September 2021

Positive Functioning Moderates the Association between Classes of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Adolescent Depressive Symptoms.

Advers Resil Sci 2021 Sep 15;2(3):157-168. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with short- and long-term psychological health, but most research, to date, relies on retrospective self-reports during adulthood to test this association. Moreover, there is limited evidence on how ACEs group together and differentially influence mental health, as well as factors that promote positive outcomes in the context of ACEs. The present study used secondary data of children and their biological parents from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study ( = 3,487; = 9. Read More

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September 2021

Gender, Maltreatment and Psychiatric Symptoms among Adolescents in Outpatient Substance Abuse Treatment.

Child Adolesc Social Work J 2020 Aug 14;37(4):385-396. Epub 2019 Sep 14.

American University.

Childhood maltreatment experiences are risk factors for externalizing and internalizing symptoms, as well as substance abuse problems during adolescence. In the present study, we administered structured interviews to 394 adolescents receiving outpatient substance abuse treatment services (280 males; =16.33; =1. Read More

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Gonococcus infection probably acquired from bathing in a natural thermal pool: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Sep 17;15(1):458. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Biosciences, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Background: Authorities need to recognize that, while rare, gonorrhea can be transmitted nonsexually, and should not be presumed definitive evidence of abuse. We report the unusual case of a girl diagnosed with Neisseria gonorrhoeae after bathing in a heavily frequented hot pool at the edge of the crater lake Specchio di Venere ("Mirror of Venus") on Pantelleria Island, Italy.

Case Presentation: Two days after bathing in the pool, this 11-year-old Austrian girl developed vulvovaginitis that partially settled with antifungal cream. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence and associated factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a cohort of Srilankan post-partum mothers: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Sep 17;21(1):626. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) usually follows a catastrophic event. However, the experience of child birth can be severe enough to cause PTSD in some women. The aim of this study is to highlight the prevalence of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among a cohort of postpartum mothers. Read More

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September 2021

Associations Between Maternal Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Traumatic Events With Child Psychopathology: Results From a Prospective Longitudinal Study.

Front Psychiatry 2021 30;12:718108. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Exposure to interpersonal violence (IPV) can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in mothers, and in turn adversely affect the mother-child relationship during early development, as well as the mental health of their children. Our objectives are to assess: (1) the association of maternal IPV-PTSD to child psychopathology, (2) the association of maternal IPV independently of PTSD to child psychopathology, and (3) the relationship between child exposure to violence to the psychopathology of these children. We used data from the longitudinal Geneva Early Childhood Stress Project. Read More

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Fetal e-cigarette exposure programs a neonatal brain hypoxic-ischemic sensitive phenotype via altering DNA methylation patterns and autophagy signaling pathway.

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Lawrence D. Longo, MD Center for Perinatal Biology, Division of Pharmacology, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, California, United States.

Maternal e-cigarette (e-cig) exposure is a pressing perinatal health concern. Emerging evidence reveals its potential adverse impacts on brain development in offspring, yet the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. The present study tested the hypothesis that fetal e-cig exposure induces an aberrant DNA methylation profiles in the developing brain, leading to alteration of autophagic flux signaling and programming of a sensitive phenotype to neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Read More

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September 2021

My Sister's Keeper: Survivors Disclosing Sexual Violence to a Sibling.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 14:8862605211043581. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ, USA.

Siblings are often cited as a source of support throughout life, but they have not been included in studies of sexual violence disclosure. Survivors of sexual violence often delay or do not disclose their sexual violence. The current study investigated if and why survivors of sexual violence decided to disclose to their sibling. Read More

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September 2021

Using administrative data to uncover how often and why supervisory neglect happens: Implications for child maltreatment prevention.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 11;122:105321. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

School of Social Work, University of Michigan, 1080 S University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Background: Despite supervisory neglect being the most prevalent and fatal neglect sub-type, the most common reasons why caregivers are substantiated for this type of maltreatment remains unknown.

Objective: Our study describes cases substantiated for supervisory neglect in a Midwestern state in an effort to inform prevention strategies against supervisory neglect.

Participants And Setting: This study utilized state administrative data from substantiated child maltreatment investigations conducted between May 1st and October 31st, 2019 (N = 11,208). Read More

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September 2021

Pediatric emergency department visits due to child abuse and neglect following COVID-19 public health emergency declaration in the Southeastern United States.

BMC Pediatr 2021 09 13;21(1):401. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA.

Background: The ongoing worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has heightened several risk factors  for child abuse and neglect (CAN). We study whether COVID-19 and the public health response to it affected CAN-related pediatric emergency department (ED) visits in the southeastern United States (US).

Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review on medical records of ED visits from a level I pediatric hospital system serving one of the largest metropolitan areas in the southeastern US from January through June 2018-2020. Read More

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September 2021

Depression in childhood: The role of children's exposure to intimate partner violence and maternal mental disorders.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 10;122:105305. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. da Engenharia, s/n, Bloco "D" - 1° Andar - Cidade Universitária, 50.740-600, Recife, PE, Brazil.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global problem with high prevalence rates, and is linked to maternal mental disorders (MMD). Children's exposure to IPV (CEIPV) can have impacts on their physical and mental health, including depression.

Objective: To analyze the associations between exposure to both CEIPV and MMD and depression in schoolchildren. Read More

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September 2021

Spirituality of the Traumatized Child: A Call for Increased Faith Community Participation in the Trauma-Healing Process for Children.

J Relig Health 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Yale University Medical School, Yale Station, 333 Cedar Street - 1074LMP, PO BOX 8030, New Haven, CT, 06520-8030, USA.

One-third of all children worldwide experience trauma. This includes domestic violence, serious illness, physical or mental abuse, and death of a parent, among other traumatic experiences. Children who experience trauma are more likely to experience other mental health disorders and often reject the religious and spiritual institutions of their upbringing. Read More

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September 2021

Gendered Attributions of Blame and Failure to Protect in Child Welfare Responses to Sexual Abuse: A Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis.

Authors:
Corry Azzopardi

Violence Against Women 2021 Sep 13:10778012211024263. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect Program, Division of Paediatric Medicine, 7979The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Gender-based relations of power and attributions of blame for child sexual abuse have been longstanding in child welfare policy and practice. Nonoffending mothers continue to be ascribed responsibility through the ideologically and institutionally entrenched doctrine of failure to protect. Feminist critical discourse analysis was used to (a) expose and disrupt dominant discourses of gender, motherhood, and risk that operate to construct and reinforce notions of blame and failure to protect, as enacted by way of child welfare text in context; and (b) build a credible case for social and organizational change grounded in an alternative discourse with greater explanatory power. Read More

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September 2021

Therapeutic stays of Belarusian children in Italy: evaluation of their mental status, psychological consequences and physical health status.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Institute of Philosophy of Scientific and Technological Practice, Campus Bio-Medico University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: Therapeutic stays are a phenomenon of temporary reception of unaccompanied foreign children from contaminated areas in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia. Aim of the study was to analyze the physical and mental health status of children in therapeutic stays in Italy and the possible presence of a state of child abuse and neglect.

Methods: The survey was conducted on a total of 55 children, 25 of which belonging to the treatment group composed of 25 Belarusian children in temporary stays in Italy, and the remaining 30 to the control group composed of 30 italian children. Read More

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September 2021

A retrospective study examining the adverse effect of childhood abuse among adult psychiatric service users in Britain.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2021 Oct 15;30(5):1093-1105. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

St George's University London, Population Health Research Institute, London, UK.

The long-term effects of childhood abuse have been well studied though the effects of abuse of specific types in adult psychiatric service users are less known. This study aimed to assess the association between childhood abuse and the development of harmful social and behavioural outcomes among adult psychiatric service users. Adult psychiatric service users were accessed from secondary mental health services in South London. Read More

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October 2021

Impact of Screening for Sexual Trauma in a Gynecologic Oncology Setting.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2021 Sep 2:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Bioinformatics & Biostatistics, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Objectives: Sexual trauma poses a significant concern and is associated with heightened stress, negative health repercussions, and adverse economic effects. A history of abuse may increase a woman's risk of developing cancer, in particular cervical cancer. We analyzed the impact of screening for sexual abuse in a gynecologic oncology population. Read More

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September 2021

Maternal Substance Abuse and the Mother-Child Relationship in Late Childhood.

Subst Use Misuse 2021 Sep 12:1-9. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Colorado School of Public Health, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.

Objective: This study examines the relationship between maternal substance abuse and various aspects of the mother-child relationship in late childhood while accounting for mental health and comorbid substance abuse and mental health among a predominantly racial minority sample.

Methods: Using 369 mother-child dyads from the Rochester Intergenerational Study (64% Black, 17% Hispanic, and 8% mixed race/ethnicity), multilevel generalized linear models examined the effects of a maternal substance abuse history, a history of clinical depression, and comorbid substance abuse and depression histories on both maternal and child reports of five aspects of the mother-child relationship (i.e. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence, Pattern and Predictors of Child Sexual Abuse Among Senior Secondary School Students in Enugu Metropolis.

Malays J Med Sci 2021 Aug 26;28(4):123-137. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Community Medicine, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Objective: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a growing public health concern with health, academic and psychosocial implications. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, pattern and predictors of CSA among secondary school students.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out among adolescents in four secondary schools in Enugu Metropolis, Nigeria. Read More

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Stronger together: Workplace social support among residential child welfare professionals.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 9:105302. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Centre for Research on Children and Families, Canada; Canadian Consortium on Child & Youth Trauma, Nicolas Steinmetz and Gilles Julien Chair in Social Pediatrics in Community, Canada; School of Social Work & Associate Member, Department of Pediatrics, McGill University, 3506 University street, Room 321B, Montreal, Québec H3A2A7, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Residential childcare workers (RCWs) in child welfare and youth-justice settings are at risk of secondary traumatic stress, burnout, and moral distress. Workplace support has been shown to be protective against work-related harms for some helping professionals and a lack of workplace support has been cited as a contributing factor toward workforce instability; however, little is known about what types or sources of support are effective for RCWs.

Participants And Setting: 81 RCWs from 11 residential units in 11 of the 16 territorial service centers across the province of Québec, Canada. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Childhood Maltreatment on Self-Compassion: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Sep 13:15248380211043825. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

National Academy of Development and Strategy, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China.

Background: This systematic review aims to estimate the extent to which childhood maltreatment influences self-compassion in later life.

Method: Four English databases (Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, and PsycARTICLES) and three Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and Weipu) were systematically searched. We extracted data related to the associations between child maltreatment and self-compassion and pooled them using random effect models. Read More

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September 2021

Domestic Homicide: A Synthesis of Systematic Review Evidence.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Sep 13:15248380211043812. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA.

Domestic homicide (DH) is the most extreme form of domestic violence (DV). There has been a growing worldwide interest in DH offenses and the characteristics of perpetrators and victims, and it is evidenced in part by the increase in the number of primary research studies in this area. The findings of a large number of the available primary literature have already been summarized into several systematic reviews. Read More

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September 2021

Exposure to parent assault on a sibling as a childhood adversity.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 9;122:105310. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Crimes Against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, United States of America.

Background: Children's exposure to parental violence against another parent has been widely studied as an adverse childhood experience and source of childhood trauma. Exposure to parental violence against a sibling could be equally as traumatizing, but the literature on this exposure is sparse, by comparison. We examined the frequency of exposure to parental assault on a sibling (EPAS) and its demographic distributions. Read More

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September 2021

Hypersexuality and Impulsivity in Self-Referred Men With Sexual Interest in Minors: Are They Related? Do They Change During Treatment? An Exploratory Pilot Study.

Sex Med 2021 Sep 9;9(5):100429. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Institute for Sex Research, Sexual Medicine and Forensic Psychiatry, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Introduction: Studies on characteristics of self-referred men with sexual interest in minors (SIM) and treatment approaches in this group of patients are still relatively rare.

Aim: The aim of this exploratory pilot study was to investigate hypersexuality and impulsivity as 2 dynamic risk factors that could possibly change during treatment in self-referred men with SIM.

Methods: Data were collected at the "Kein Täter Werden (means: not become an offender)" network site in Hamburg. Read More

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September 2021

Childhood trauma, dissociation, alexithymia, and anger in people with autoimmune diseases: A mediation model.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 9;122:105322. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Psychology, University of Bucharest, Romania.

Background: Despite research linking dissociation, alexithymia, and anger with childhood trauma and ADs, the investigation addressing the relationships between the potential mediators has not yet been established within the literature.

Objective: The present study examined the relationship between childhood trauma and autoimmune disorders, using a multiple mediation model that included dissociation, alexithymia, and anger as hypothesized mediators.

Participants And Setting: 306 autoimmune patients and 292 self-declared healthy controls were included in the study. Read More

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September 2021

Multiomic biological approaches to the study of child abuse and neglect.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2021 Sep 8:173271. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Depression & Anxiety Division, McLean Hospital, Mass General Brigham, Belmont, MA, United States of America; Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, United States of America. Electronic address:

Childhood maltreatment, occurring in up to 20-30% of the population, remains far too common, and incorporates a range of active and passive factors, from abuse, to neglect, to the impacts of broader structural and systemic adversity. Despite the effects of childhood maltreatment and adversity on a wide range of adult physical and psychological negative outcomes, not all individuals respond similarly. Understanding the differential biological mechanisms contributing to risk vs. Read More

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September 2021

Child Sexual Abuse among School Children of a Municipality: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2021 Jul 30;59(239):672-677. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Kavre, Nepal.

Introduction: Sexual abuse remains a hidden and underreported form of violence against children and a serious public health concern. Although it results in severe mental, physical, and psychological risks with consequences such as depression, fear, and low self-esteem, it is still an unexplored and less prioritized area in Nepal. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Child Sexual Abuse among school children of a municipality. Read More

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"They Aren't Going to Do Jack Shit": Text-Based Crisis Service Users' Perceptions of Seeking Child Maltreatment-Related Support From Formal Systems.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Sep 10:8862605211043577. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Many of the children reported to child protective services (CPS) exhibit signs and symptoms that allow others to recognize their abuse or neglect and intervene; others, especially adolescents, must disclose their experiences to be identified. Relatively little is known about young people's disclosure experiences, but individual, interpersonal, and cultural factors appear to influence when and how young people disclose. Technology-facilitated approaches, such as text- or chat-based hotlines or crisis services, may be one way to help young people share their maltreatment experiences and seek help. Read More

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September 2021

Dysregulated arousal as a pathway linking childhood neglect and clinical sleep disturbances in adulthood.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Sep 8;122:105306. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Psychological Science, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, USA; Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA; Institute for Interdisciplinary Salivary Bioscience Research, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, USA. Electronic address:

Background: A history of childhood maltreatment has a well-established association with clinical sleep disturbances in adulthood, which is a transdiagnostic contributor to many chronic diseases.

Objective: Determine whether actigraphy-measured indices of dysregulated arousal during sleep explain associations between abuse or neglect in childhood and clinical sleep disturbances in adulthood.

Participants And Setting: Participants were 646 individuals, ages 25-83 (59. Read More

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September 2021