8,148 results match your criteria chicken products

Use of available crop by-products as alternative bedding materials to wheat straw for rearing broilers.

Animal 2021 Jun 8;15(7):100260. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Poultry Production Department, Agriculture College, Damietta University, Damietta 34517, Egypt.

The provision of suitable bedding for rearing broilers is an ongoing challenge for poultry producers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of using different types of crop residues as alternative bedding materials to wheat straw on growth performance, carcass traits, health, and welfare of broilers; moreover, the effects on the bedding and air quality were analyzed. We randomly assigned 180 1-day-old chickens (Cobb 500) across six bedding groups (three replicates of 10 birds each). Read More

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Rapid determination of viable but non-culturable Campylobacter jejuni in food products by loop-mediated isothermal amplification coupling propidium monoazide treatment.

Int J Food Microbiol 2021 Jun 1;351:109263. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Food Nutrition and Health Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada; Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, Ste Anne de Bellevue, QC H9X 3V9, Canada. Electronic address:

Campylobacter is the leading cause of foodborne human diarrhea worldwide. This microbe in the viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state can evade detection by routinely used culture-based methods and remain viable for extended periods of time. Bacteria in this dormancy state can resume their metabolic activity and virulence by resuscitation under favorable conditions, and subsequently cause infections. Read More

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Predicting the effect of salt on heat tolerance of Listeria monocytogenes in meat and fish products.

Int J Food Microbiol 2021 Jun 1;352:109265. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

The National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Division for Microbiology and Production, Kemitorvet, Building 202, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark.

Listeria monocytogenes is a potentially fatal foodborne pathogen that can be found in various ready-to-eat (RTE) products. It tolerates adverse conditions such as high salt concentrations and refrigerated storage, thus, the elimination of the pathogen in food processing often relies on heat processing. The objective of this study was to create a model to predict the effect of salt on heat tolerance of L. Read More

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Development of new strategy combining heat treatment and phage cocktail for post-contamination prevention.

Food Res Int 2021 Jul 18;145:110415. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea; Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea; Center for Food Bioconvergence, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Heat treatment is an effective method for ensuring food safety and quality by controlling microbial contamination. However, food poisoning outbreaks have continuously occurred in heat-treated products due to improper thermal treatment and/or post-contamination of foodborne pathogens. This study proposes a novel strategy combining thermostable bacteriophages with thermal processing of food production plants to control foodborne pathogens and even bacterial contamination. Read More

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Drug- and Multidrug-Resistance Pattern of Enterobacteriaceae Isolated from Droppings of Healthy Chickens on a Poultry Farm in Southwest Ethiopia.

Infect Drug Resist 2021 2;14:2051-2058. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Mizan-Tepi Universities, Mizan-Aman, SNNPR, Ethiopia.

Background: In Ethiopia, the precise attribution of animals and their food products as the sources of resistant strains and the consequences of it on human health have not yet been seriously evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the drug- and multidrug-resistance pattern of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from chicken droppings at Jimma University poultry farm, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, southwest of Ethiopia.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from April, 2018 to June, 2018. Read More

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Perfluoroalkyl contaminants in eggs from backyard chickens reared in Italy.

Food Chem 2021 May 24;362:130178. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences (DIMEVET), University of Bologna, 40064 Ozzano Emilia, Italy; Health Sciences and Technologies-Interdepartmental Centre for Industrial Research (CIRI-SDV), University of Bologna, 40064 Ozzano Emilia, Italy.

Per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are persistent and bioaccumulative compounds with adverse impacts on the environment and human health. Diet is one of the main sources of exposure to PFASs. Recently, the EFSA established a tolerable weekly intake (TWI) limit (4. Read More

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Novel recombinant keratin degrading subtilisin like serine alkaline protease from Bacillus cereus isolated from marine hydrothermal vent crabs.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 7;11(1):12007. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung City, 807, Taiwan.

Microbial secondary metabolites from extreme environments like hydrothermal vents are a promising source for industrial applications. In our study the protease gene from Bacillus cereus obtained from shallow marine hydrothermal vents in the East China Sea was cloned, expressed and purified. The protein sequence of 38 kDa protease SLSP-k was retrieved from mass spectrometry and identified as a subtilisin serine proteinase. Read More

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Efficacy of the feed additive containing (formerly ) CNCM I-3740 (Biacton) for chickens for fattening, turkeys for fattening and laying hens (ChemVet dk A/S).

EFSA J 2021 May 31;19(5):e06627. Epub 2021 May 31.

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the efficacy of the additive consisting of (formerly ) CNCM I-3740 (tradename: Biacton) for chickens for fattening, turkeys for fattening and laying hens. The additive is a preparation containing viable cells of CNCM I-3740 at the minimum concentration of 1 × 10 CFU/g additive. In a previous opinion, the FEEDAP Panel assessed the safety and the efficacy of the product when used in these target species. Read More

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Assessment of the feed additive consisting of dimethylglycine sodium salt (Taminizer D) for chickens for fattening for the renewal of its authorisation (Taminco N.V.).

EFSA J 2021 May 25;19(5):e06621. Epub 2021 May 25.

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the assessment of the application for renewal of authorisation of the feed additive consisting of dimethylglycine sodium salt (trade name: Taminizer D) as a zootechnical additive for chickens for fattening. In 2011, the FEEDAP Panel delivered an opinion on the safety and efficacy of the additive, and subsequently, the additive was authorised in the EU. In 2018, a second scientific assessment was made based on a dossier submitted for the modification of the terms of authorisation of the additive. Read More

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Nutrient Composition of a Selection of Plant-Based Ground Beef Alternative Products Available in the United States.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Background: Sales of plant-based foods intended as direct replacements for animal products have been growing in the United States. Little is known about the nutritional quality of these products.

Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the nutritional quality of a selection of plant-based ground beef alternative products available in the US marketplace and compare it with the nutrient content of ground beef. Read More

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Effect of lemongrass essential oil against multidrug-resistant Salmonella Heidelberg and its attachment to chicken skin and meat.

Poult Sci 2021 Mar 12;100(7):101116. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108. Electronic address:

Salmonella Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) is a major pathogen implicated in foodborne outbreaks for which poultry products can serve as an epidemiological source. This study determined the efficacy of GRAS-status lemongrass essential oil (LGEO) against S. Read More

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Chronic intentional chicken bone ingestion mimicking inflammatory bowel disease.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Internal Medicine, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, USA.

Ingestion of food by-products, such as peach pits, chicken bones and fish bones, may lead to intestinal complications. The ingestion of the foreign body is often acute and non-intentional. Acute and life-threatening complications include intestinal perforation or obstruction. Read More

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A Novel M2Ga2GeO7: N3+ (M = Ca, Ba, Sr; N = Cr, Nd, Er) Sub-micron Phosphor with Multiband NIR Emissions: Preparation, Structure, Properties, and LEDs.

Nanotechnology 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University, Institute of Biomedical Materials and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China, Qingdao, 266071, CHINA.

Near-infrared (NIR) emission materials can be widely applied in various fields, such as food detection, imaging, treatment, electronic products. With the trend of miniaturization of equipment, smaller materials are needed. In this work, we successfully synthesized a series of M2Ga2GeO7: N3+ (M = Ca, Ba, Sr; N = Cr, Nd, Er) samples and then focused on the study of Nd3+ doped Sr2Ga2GeO7 (SGGO). Read More

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Curcumin reduces enteric isoprostane 8-iso-PGF2α and prostaglandin GF2α in specific pathogen-free Leghorn chickens challenged with Eimeria maxima.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 2;11(1):11609. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA.

The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate and determine the concentration of prostaglandin GF2α (PGF2α) and isoprostane 8-iso-PGF2α in plasma and intestine of specific pathogen-free (SPF) Leghorn chickens challenged with Eimeria maxima, with or without dietary supplementation of curcumin using solid-phase microextraction and ultra-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Eighty 1-day-old male SPF chickens were randomly allocated to one of four groups with four replicates (n = 5 chickens/replicate). Groups consisted of: (1) Control (no challenge), (2) Curcumin (no challenge), (3) Eimeria maxima (challenge), and (4) Eimeria maxima (challenge) + curcumin. Read More

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Formulation and Characterization of Calcium-Fortified Jelly and Its Proximate Composition and Sensory Analysis.

J Oleo Sci 2021 ;70(6):849-854

Food and Biotechnology Research Centre, PCSIR. Labs. Complex.

Calcium is a dynamic mineral. Recent discoveries designate that low intake of calcium generates deficiencies and path to other diseases. Food fortification could play a key role to overcome this problem. Read More

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January 2021

Short targeting multiplex PCR assay to detect and discriminate beef, buffalo, chicken, duck, goat, sheep and pork DNA in food products.

Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2021 Jun 2:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Centre (NANOCAT), University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Food fraud is a global problem raising increased concerns during the past decades and food authenticity is now a burning issue. Beef, buffalo, chicken, duck, goat, sheep, and pork are heavily consumed meats bearing nutritional, economic and cultural/religious importance and are often found to be adulterated in raw and processed states. To authenticate these species, we developed and validated a highly specific multiplex (heptaplex) PCR assay targeting short length amplicons (73-263 bp) using seven pairs of species-specific primer sets targeting mitochondrial cytochrome b (cytb) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 5 (ND5) genes. Read More

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Transposition and the Expression of Human Cystatin C in Transgenic Chickens.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 26;11(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Graduate School of International Agricultural Technology, Seoul National University, Pyeongchang-gun 25354, Gangwon-do, Korea.

A bioreactor can be used for mass production of therapeutic proteins and other bioactive substances. Although various methods have been developed using microorganisms and animal cells, advanced strategies are needed for the efficient production of biofunctional proteins. In microorganisms, post-translational glycosylation and modification are not performed properly, while animal cell systems require more time and expense. Read More

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Effect of Graded Substitution of Soybean Meal by Larvae Meal on Animal Performance, Apparent Ileal Digestibility, Gut Histology and Microbial Metabolites of Broilers.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 31;11(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Agrobiotechnology, Institute of Animal Nutrition, Livestock Products, and Nutrition Physiology (TTE), IFA-Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, 1190 Vienna, Austria.

The usage of insects as an alternative protein source for broiler feeds may help to reduce the dependency on soybean meal (SBM) imports. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the replacement of 15 (SL15) or 30% (SL30) of crude protein (CP) from SBM with (HI) defatted larvae meal regarding broiler performance, carcass traits, apparent ileal digestibility, intestinal morphology, and microbial metabolites. Concerning the performance, body weight was similar for the control (CON) and SL15, but lower for SL30 during all feeding phases. Read More

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Transcriptionally Active Chromatin-Lessons Learned from the Chicken Erythrocyte Chromatin Fractionation.

Cells 2021 May 30;10(6). Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Biochemistry and Medical Genetics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3E 0J9, Canada.

The chicken erythrocyte model system has been valuable to the study of chromatin structure and function, specifically for genes involved in oxygen transport and the innate immune response. Several seminal features of transcriptionally active chromatin were discovered in this system. Davie and colleagues capitalized on the unique features of the chicken erythrocyte to separate and isolate transcriptionally active chromatin and silenced chromatin, using a powerful native fractionation procedure. Read More

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Biodegradable Active Packaging as an Alternative to Conventional Packaging: A Case Study with Chicken Fillets.

Foods 2021 May 19;10(5). Epub 2021 May 19.

Nofima-Norwegian Institute of Food, Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, NO-1431 Ås, Norway.

Innovative active packaging has the potential to maintain the food quality and preserve the food safety for extended period. The aim of this study was to discover the effect of active films based on commercially available polylactic acid blend (PLA) and natural active components on the shelf life and organoleptic properties of chicken fillets and to find out; to what extent they can be used as replacement to the traditional packaging materials. In this study, commercially available PLA was compounded with citral and cinnamon oil. Read More

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The Use of Probiotics in the Reduction of spp. Prevalence in Poultry.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 10;11(5). Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Poultry Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury, Oczapowskiego 13, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland.

spp. are widely distributed microorganisms, many of which are commensals of gastrointestinal tract in multiple animal species, including poultry. Most commonly detected are and . Read More

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A Simple and Reliable Single Tube Septuple PCR Assay for Simultaneous Identification of Seven Meat Species.

Foods 2021 May 13;10(5). Epub 2021 May 13.

State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-Products, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

Multiplex PCR methods have been frequently used for authentication of meat product adulteration. Through screening of new species-specific primers designed based on the mitochondrial DNA sequences, a septuple PCR method is ultimately developed and optimized to simultaneously detect seven species including turkey (110 bp), goose (194 bp), pig (254 bp), sheep (329 bp), beef (473 bp), chicken (612 bp) and duck (718 bp) in one reaction. The proposed method has been validated to be specific, sensitive, robust and inexpensive. Read More

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A Magnetic Food Texture Sensor and Comparison of the Measurement Data of Chicken Nuggets.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 11;21(10). Epub 2021 May 11.

Graduate School of System Informatics, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.

Food texture is one of the important quality indicators in foodstuffs, along with appearance and flavor, contributing to taste and odor. This study proposes a novel magnetic food texture sensor that corresponds to the tactile sensory capacity of the human tooth. The sensor primarily consists of a probe, linear slider, spring, and circuit board. Read More

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Coupling of Microalgae Cultivation with Anaerobic Digestion of Poultry Wastes: Toward Sustainable Value Added Bioproducts.

Bioengineering (Basel) 2021 May 4;8(5). Epub 2021 May 4.

Sherbrooke Research and Development Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2000 College Street, Sherbrooke, QC J1M 0C8, Canada.

Third generation biofuels and high-value bioproducts produced from microalgal biomass have been considered promising long-term sustainable alternatives for energy and/or food production, potentially decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. Microalgae as a source of biofuels have been widely studied for bioethanol/biodiesel/biogas production. However, critical research is needed in order to increase the efficiency of microalgae production from high-N agri-waste, not only for biofuels but also for bio-based products, and thus enhance its commercial viability. Read More

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Bacteriocinogenic probiotics as an integrated alternative to antibiotics in chicken production - why and how?

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jun 1:1-17. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Faculty of Health Sciences, NuGUT Research Platform, School of Nutrition Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

The misuse of antibiotics in the livestock industry has played an important role in the spread of resistant superbugs with severe health implications for humans. With the recent ban on the use of antibiotics in poultry and poultry feed in Canada and the USA, poultry farmers will have to rely on the use of alternatives to antibiotics (such as feed acidifiers, antibodies, bacteriophages, antimicrobial peptides, prebiotics, and probiotics) to maintain the same productivity and health of their livestock. Of particular interest are bacteriocinogenic probiotics, that is, bacterial strains capable of producing bacteriocins that confer health benefits on the host. Read More

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Inactivation of Different Phage Types and Safety and Efficacy of Inactivated Products in Chicken.

Vet Med Int 2021 13;2021:8818308. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

This study was conducted to inactivate phage types (SE pt) and to determine the safety and efficacy of inactivated SE pt in chickens. SE pt 1, 3A, 6A, 7, and 35 were inactivated and inoculated (0.20 mL) in 124 chickens divided into 6 groups (CV1, CV3A, CV6A, CV7, CV35, and CV0 as a control). Read More

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A survey of mosquito-borne and insect-specific viruses in hospitals and livestock markets in western Kenya.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(5):e0252369. Epub 2021 May 28.

International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya.

Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens complex mosquitoes are prolific vectors of arboviruses that are a global threat to human and animal health. Increased globalization and ease of travel have facilitated the worldwide dissemination of these mosquitoes and the viruses they transmit. To assess disease risk, we determined the frequency of arboviruses in western Kenyan counties bordering an area of high arboviral activity. Read More

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Avian antibodies (IgY) targeting spike glycoprotein of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) inhibit receptor binding and viral replication.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(5):e0252399. Epub 2021 May 28.

Scaled Microbiomics, LLC, Hagerstown, MD, United States of America.

Background: The global pandemic of Coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by SARS-CoV-2, has plunged the world into both social and economic disarray, with vaccines still emerging and a continued paucity of personal protective equipment; the pandemic has also highlighted the potential for rapid emergence of aggressive respiratory pathogens and the need for preparedness. Avian immunoglobulins (IgY) have been previously shown in animal models to protect against new infection and mitigate established infection when applied intranasally. We carried out a proof-of-concept study to address the feasibility of using such antibodies as mucosally-applied prophylaxis against SARS-CoV-2. Read More

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Risk Factors for Salmonella Contamination of Whole Chicken Carcasses following Changes in U.S. Regulatory Oversight.

J Food Prot 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Food Science and Technology, The Ohio State University, 2015 Fyffe Rd, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.;Translational Data Analytics Institute, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

Salmonella is a common cause of foodborne illness in the U.S. and often is attributed to chicken products. Read More

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Rapid detection of avian leukosis virus subgroup J by cross-priming amplification.

Sci Rep 2021 May 26;11(1):10946. Epub 2021 May 26.

College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, No.483 Wushan Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510642, People's Republic of China.

Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) causes oncogenic disease in chickens in China, resulting in great harm to poultry production, and remains widespread in China. Herein, we employed a cross-priming amplification (CPA) approach and a nucleic acid detection device to establish a visual rapid detection method for ALV-J. The sensitivity of CPA, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was compared, and the three methods were used to detect ALV-J in the cell cultures which inoculated with clinical plasma. Read More

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