4,217 results match your criteria chewing associated


Drug-induced gingival overgrowth in cardiovascular patients.

World J Cardiol 2021 Apr;13(4):68-75

Department of Oral Medicine, University of Zagreb School of Dental Medicine and University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb 10000, Croatia.

Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) is a pathological growth of gingival tissue, primarily associated with calcium channel blockers and immunosuppressants. Consequently, it is mainly seen in cardiovascular and transplanted patients. Nifedipine remains the main calcium channel blocker related to the development of this unpleasant side-effect. Read More

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Electromyographic features and efficacy of orofacial myofunctional treatment for skeletal anterior open bite in adolescents: an exploratory study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 May 7;21(1):242. Epub 2021 May 7.

Hospital of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510055, People's Republic of China.

Background: Due to the multifactorial aetiology and unpredictable long-term stability, skeletal anterior open bite (SAOB) is one of the most intractable conditions for orthodontists. The abnormal orofacial myofunctional status (OMS) may be a major risk factor contributing to the development and relapse of SAOB. This study is aimed at evaluating the OMS and the efficacy of orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT) alone for SAOB subjects. Read More

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Genomic Alteration Characterization in Colorectal Cancer Identifies a Prognostic and Metastasis Biomarker: FAM83A|IDO1.

Front Oncol 2021 20;11:632430. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Interventional Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Genomic alterations constitute crucial elements of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, a comprehensive understanding of CRC genomic alterations from a global perspective is lacking. In this study, a total of 2,778 patients in 15 public datasets were enrolled. Read More

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The Prevalence of Hypertension and Associated Risk Factors among Secondary School Teachers in Bahir Dar City Administration, Northwest Ethiopia.

Int J Hypertens 2021 16;2021:5525802. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Biology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

Background: Hypertension is one of the noncommunicable cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), and its prevalence is rising in middle- and low-income countries. It is not given enough attention in the developing countries like Ethiopia. Not enough data and studies about hypertension are available in Ethiopia. Read More

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Protective role of endocannabinoid signaling in an animal model of haloperidol-induced tardive dyskinesia.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2021 Apr 29;206:173193. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a side effect associated with the long-term use of certain antipsychotics. Considering the modulatory role of the endocannabinoid system upon dopaminergic neurotransmission, the present study tested the hypothesis that increasing endocannabinoid (anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol) levels attenuates haloperidol-induced TD (vacuous chewing movements, VCMs) in male Wistar rats. The animals received administration of chronic haloperidol (38 mg/kg; 29 days) followed by acute FAAH (URB597, 0. Read More

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Impact of Subepithelial Connective Tissue for Root Coverage on Brazilian Patients' Quality of Life: A Longitudinal Clinical Study.

J Int Acad Periodontol 2021 04;23(2):99-105

Discipline of Periodontics, Department of Prosthodontics and Periodontics, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of Sao Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Aims: Gingival recession has been associated with dentin hypersensitivity and aesthetic impairment. The impact of gingival recession and periodontal surgical procedures on adult patients' quality of life are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life of patients submitted to root coverage procedures with subepithelial connective tissue grafts and coronally advanced flap. Read More

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Influential Factors of Masticatory Performance in Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Authors:
Hee-Eun Kim

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 18;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Dental Hygiene, Gachon University College of Health Science, Incheon 21936, Korea.

While appropriate nutrient intake is important for older adults, various oral problems cause decreased masticatory function. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the factors associated with decreased masticatory performance in older adults. Oral examinations were performed on 80 participants (mean age: 75. Read More

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Associations between Lifestyle Habits, Perceived Symptoms and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Patients Seeking Health Check-Ups.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 6;18(7). Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Healthcare Administration, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung 82445, Taiwan.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common diseases. It mainly causes the stomach contents to flow back to the esophagus, thereby stimulating the esophagus and causing discomfort. From the results of our research, we intend to provide the general public with information related to preventing gastroesophageal reflux disease and medical personnel with information on the treatment and care of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. Read More

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Dependence in instrumental activities of daily living and its implications for older adults' oral health.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(4):e0249275. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Family Health Master's Program, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Eusébio, Ceará, Brazil.

We aimed to assess the association between dependence in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and oral health in older adults. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 280 people aged ≥60 years served at public primary health care centers in Northeastern Brazil. Sociodemographic, oral discomfort and general health data were collected. Read More

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Demographic, clinical, and biochemical predictors of pica in a large cohort of blood donors.

Transfusion 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Blood Research Institute, Versiti, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Background: Pica is characterized as repeatedly eating or chewing a non-nutritious substance including, but not limited to ice, clay and dirt, starch, raw pasta, chalk, coal, paint, or paper. Pica symptoms can be intense and addiction-like and disrupt quality of life. It is strongly linked to iron deficiency. Read More

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Postsurgical oral symptoms after insertion of one or two implants for mandibular overdentures: short-term results of a randomized clinical trial.

Int J Implant Dent 2021 Apr 28;7(1):38. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Oral Rehabilitation, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Goias, Praça Universitária, s/n, Setor Universitário, Goiania, Goias, 74605-220, Brazil.

Objective: This randomized clinical trial aimed to compare the short-term postsurgical symptoms after insertion of one or two implants for retention of a mandibular overdenture. This study investigated whether the less invasive single-implant approach results in lower postoperative symptoms compared to the conventional two-implant overdenture.

Materials And Methods: Patients received new complete dentures and were randomly assigned to groups receiving one or two single-stage, early-loaded hydrophilic implants, inserted in the midline (n = 23), or the lateral incisor-canine area bilaterally (n = 24). Read More

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Total joint prosthesis for ankylosis after multiples condylar traumas.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2020 Jul-Dec;11(2):270-274. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro Dental School, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a disease commonly associated with facial trauma, especially in the condylar region. Described as a heterotopic bone growth that causes mouth opening limitation, it may occur in trauma cases misdiagnosed or mistreated. We present the case of a 37-year-old female, with decreased mouth opening after three traumas in the region of the right condyle by a motorcycle accident. Read More

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December 2020

Oral factors and adherence to Mediterranean diet in an older Greek population.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Thivon 2, 11527, Athens, Greece.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oral factors on adherence to the Mediterranean diet in an older population METHODS: 130 persons over 60 years visiting Open Care Community Centers for Older People participated in this study. Oral interviews recorded demographic and sociomedical information, subjective oral complaints, and dental habits. Adherence to Mediterranean diet was assessed using the MDI_BNC4H index (range: 0-14). Read More

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Effects of root-colonizing fluorescent on resistance against a pathogen and an herbivore.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Plant Pathology Group, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Rhizobacteria in the genus can enhance plant resistance to a range of pathogens and herbivores. However, resistance to these different classes of plant antagonists is mediated by different molecular mechanisms, and the extent to which induced systemic resistance by can simultaneously protect plants against both pathogens and herbivores remains unclear. We screened 12 root-colonizing strains to assess their ability to induce resistance in against a foliar pathogen ( DC3000) and a chewing herbivore (). Read More

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Assessment of areca nut use, practice and dependency among people in Guwahati, Assam: a cross-sectional study.

Ecancermedicalscience 2021 4;15:1198. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

King's College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, United Kingdom.

Background: Areca nut is the fourth most commonly used psychoactive substance worldwide after tobacco, alcohol and caffeine. In India, it is perceived in various ways, ranging from a 'fruit of divine origin' in Hindu religious ceremonies to a mouth freshener. Areca nut use both on its own and with tobacco additives is addictive. Read More

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Oral health of individuals with dementia and Alzheimer's disease: A review.

J Indian Soc Periodontol 2021 Mar-Apr;25(2):96-101. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Committee for Postgraduate Studies and Research College of Dentistry, King Faisal University Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

This paper explores the epidemiological evidence about oral health of individuals with neurodegenerative conditions of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia. PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched to identify the relevant research papers published during January 2012 to June 2020. All cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies reporting oral and dental morbid conditions for status and association with AD and dementia were explored. Read More

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Internal structure and textural properties of a milk protein composite gel construct produced by three-dimensional printing.

J Food Sci 2021 May 22;86(5):1917-1927. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Laboratory of Food Soft Matter Structure and Advanced Manufacturing, College of Food Science and Engineering, Collaborative Center for Modern Grain Circulation and Safety, Key Laboratory of Grain and Oil Quality Control and Processing, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing, China.

Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology is an emerging technology that can be used to fabricate food products composed of milk protein composite gel with desired structures. In this study, the products were printed by an extrusion-based 3D printer with the variation of perimeters (3, 5, and 7), infill patterns (Hilbert curve, honeycomb, and rectilinear), and infill levels (10%, 40%, and 70%). The textural properties, geometrical accuracy, and internal structure of the products were evaluated by texture analyzer, camera, and scanning electron microscope, respectively. Read More

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Association between Betel Nut and Presence of Diverticulum in Male: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Biomed Res Int 2021 6;2021:6669792. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Division of Family Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Although several studies have reported the multiple systemic effects of betel nut (BN) chewing, analyses performed on the colonic system have been few. To analyze the association between BN chewing and diverticulosis, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 5,586 eligible participants who underwent colonoscopy at a medical center in Taiwan from 2010 to 2016. BN chewing was recorded based on an assessment of personal history. Read More

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Acute dental malocclusion associated with lateral pterygoid muscle partial tear: Case Report and literature review.

Cranio 2021 Apr 17:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Dental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania.

Background: The article presents a rare case of acute malocclusion produced by a unilateral partial tear of the lateral pterygoid muscle and an up-to-date literature review of the pathology.

Clinical Presentation: A 37-year-old female was examined; her chief complaints were pain on the right side of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) area and mastication impairment associated with major occlusal modifications and anterior open bite. After magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of the TMJ and subsequent MRI for soft tissue, the final diagnosis was a partial right lateral pterygoid muscle tear. Read More

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Comparative study of the digastric and the stylohyoid muscles between wild boars (Sus scrofa scrofa) and domestic swine (Sus scrofa domesticus): revisiting the gross anatomy.

Anat Cell Biol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Animal Anatomy Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brazil.

Considering Suidae Familie as a perfect and viable experimental biomedical model for research applied to human medicine, it has been sought to describe the comparative anatomy of the digastric and the stylohyoid muscles between boars and domestic swine. Heads of Sus scrofa scrofa and Sus scrofa domesticus were dissected. The digastric muscle presented only one muscle belly as anatomical component of a tendinous origin in the jugular process of the occipital bone, and muscle insertion in the midventral edge of the caudal two thirds of the body of the mandible. Read More

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Evaluation of the participation of hyaluronic acid with platelet-rich plasma in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders.

Dent Med Probl 2021 Jan-Mar;58(1):81-88

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Damascus University, Syria.

Background: Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) are widely researched diseases in medical literature. They are associated with many symptoms, such as pain, limited mouth opening and joint sounds, resulting in decreased quality of life for the patient. Both the hyaluronic acid (HA) injection and the plateletrich plasma (PRP) injection have a remarkable efficacy in the treatment of TMDs. Read More

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The power of three-dimensional printing technology in functional restoration of rare maxillomandibular deformity due to genetic disorder: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Apr 12;15(1):197. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Medicine Institute, Galilee Medical Center, Nahariya, Israel.

Background: Thalassemia is an inherited autosomal recessive blood disorder causing abnormal formation of hemoglobin, known as a syndrome of anemia with microcytic erythrocytes. It is the most common genetic disorder worldwide, with a high prevalence among individuals of Mediterranean descent. The state of homozygosity of the beta-globin mutated gene is known as beta-thalassemia major, and these patients require regular blood transfusions and iron chelation therapy for survival. Read More

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Factors Associated With Quitting Smoking in Indonesia.

J Prev Med Public Health 2021 Mar 8;54(2):137-144. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar, Gowa, Indonesia.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with quitting smoking in Indonesia.

Methods: Data on 11 115 individuals from the fifth wave of the Indonesia Family Life Survey were analyzed. Quitting smoking was the main outcome, defined as smoking status based on the answer to the question "do you still habitually (smoke cigarettes/smoke a pipe/use chewing tobacco) or have you totally quit?" Logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with successful attempts to quit smoking. Read More

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Effects of Apple Form on Energy Intake During a Mid-Afternoon Snack: A Preload Paradigm Study in School-Aged Children.

Front Nutr 2021 26;8:620335. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, AgroSup Dijon, CNRS, INRAE, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Dijon, France.

Consuming foods with a form or a texture that requires longer oral processing is a way to decrease food intake. Although this approach is promising for leveraging healthier eating patterns in adults, it has never been explored in children. This study evaluated whether starting a mid-afternoon snack by eating either apple segments or applesauce would modify hunger and subsequent food intake during this meal. Read More

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A pilot case-control study using a one health approach to evaluate behavioral, environmental, and occupational risk factors for chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology in Sri Lanka.

One Health Outlook 2021 23;3. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, USA.

Background: Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) was first recognized in Sri Lanka in the early 1990s, and since then it has reached epidemic levels in the North Central Province of the country. The prevalence of CKDu is reportedly highest among communities that engage in chena and paddy farming, which is most often practiced in the dry zone including the North Central and East Central Provinces of Sri Lanka. Previous studies have suggested varied hypotheses for the etiology of CKDu; however, there is not yet a consensus on the primary risk factors, possibly due to disparate study designs, sample populations, and methodologies. Read More

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February 2021

Masticatory performance is influenced by masticatory muscle activity balance and the cumulative occlusal contact area.

Arch Oral Biol 2021 Mar 30;126:105113. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Orthodontic Section, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the influence of masticatory muscle activity balance, occlusal contact area balance and the area of occlusal contact on masticatory performance in healthy dentate adults.

Design: This cross-sectional study included ninety-three healthy subjects with complete dentition. Surface electromyography (sEMG) was used to record bilateral anterior temporalis activity and masseter muscle activity during maximum voluntary clenching and while chewing a test food. Read More

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Impact of CAD/CAM mandibular reconstruction on chewing and swallowing function after surgery for locally advanced oral cancer: A retrospective study of 50 cases.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-cho, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.

Objective: Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques are increasingly applied to mandibular reconstruction, but the superiority of this method in oral food intake has not been well established. Considering the extent of mandibular defects, this retrospective study was aimed to clarify the impact of CAD/CAM mandibular reconstruction on chewing and swallowing function after surgery for locally advanced oral cancer.

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 50 patients who had undergone segmental mandibulectomy with free flap reconstruction for locally advanced oral cancer. Read More

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Substance Use among Homeless Reproductive Age People in Southern Ethiopia.

Int J Reprod Med 2021 15;2021:8272986. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Ambo University Referral Hospital, Ambo, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Substance use by homeless reproductive age people may result to anxiety, involvement of risky sexual behaviors, and increasing the likelihood of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Therefore, this study assessed the magnitude of alcohol use, sexual intercourse after alcohol use, and its associated factors among homeless reproductive age people in southern Ethiopia.

Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted among homeless reproductive age people. Read More

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A Positive Relationship between Betel Nut Chewing and Significant Liver Fibrosis in NAFLD Subjects, but Not in Non-NAFLD Ones.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 11;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Family Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70403, Taiwan.

Background: Betel nut chewing is associated with oral cancer, cardiovascular disease, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to explore the association of betel nut chewing with liver fibrosis in subjects with and without nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Method: A total of 5967 subjects were enrolled. Read More

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Proteomic Alterations Associated with Oral Cancer Patients with Tobacco Using Habits.

OMICS 2021 Apr 31;25(4):255-268. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Institute of Bioinformatics, International Technology Park, Bangalore, India.

Tobacco abuse is a major risk factor associated with the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Differences in molecular aberrations induced by tobacco exposure by chewing or smoking form are not well studied in case of oral cancer. We used tandem mass tag-based quantitative proteomic approach to delineate proteomic alterations in oral cancer patients based on their history of tobacco using habits (patients who chewed tobacco, patients who smoked tobacco, and those with no history of tobacco consumption). Read More

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