17,091 results match your criteria chemoradiotherapy elderly


Clinical Outcome of Additional Esophagectomy After Endoscopic Treatment for Superficial Esophageal Cancer.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Endoscopic treatment is one of the options for superficial esophageal cancer, but additional therapy such as esophagectomy or chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is sometimes needed due to noncurative resection. However, the outcome of additional therapy after endoscopic treatment has not been fully evaluated.

Methods: In 160 patients with superficial esophageal cancer, including 37 patients who underwent esophagectomy and 123 patients who underwent CRT after noncurative endoscopic resection, outcomes were investigated. Read More

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Brainstem Infiltration Predicts Survival in Patients With High-grade Gliomas Treated With Chemoradiotherapy.

Anticancer Res 2021 May;41(5):2583-2589

Department of Radiology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan.

Background/aim: High-grade gliomas have a poor prognosis despite standard treatment. The aim of the study was to identify new prognostic factors to select patients who need more intense treatment.

Patients And Methods: Forty-three consecutive patients underwent surgery plus chemoradiotherapy for pathologically diagnosed high-grade gliomas (grade III, IV). Read More

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Pretreatment MRI in Primary Rectal Cancer as a Predictor for Oncological Outcomes After Surgery for Local Recurrence.

Anticancer Res 2021 May;41(5):2459-2465

Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Division of Coloproctology, Center for Digestive Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background/aim: For patients with locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC) extensive surgery is often the only curative option and patient selection is crucial. This study aimed to investigate whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of the primary tumour can predict oncological outcome after surgery for locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC).

Patients And Methods: All patients undergoing surgery for LRRC with a curative intent at the Karolinska University Hospital 2003-2013 were included. Read More

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Outcomes of trimodality CROSS regimen in older adults with locally advanced esophageal cancer.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Chemoradiotherapy for Esophageal cancer followed by Surgery (CROSS regimen) is standard of care for locally-advanced esophageal cancer. We evaluated CROSS completion rates, toxicity, and postoperative outcomes between older and younger adults receiving trimodality therapy.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients with locally-advanced esophageal cancer who underwent CROSS regimen from May 2016 to January 2020 at a single academic center. Read More

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Open versus laparoscopic surgery for mid or low rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (COREAN trial): 10-year follow-up of an open-label, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial.

Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, South Korea.

Background: Laparoscopic surgery has been widely used for rectal cancer; however, its long-term outcomes remain controversial. This study aimed to assess the long-term oncological safety of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer using 10-year follow-up data of the Comparison of Open versus laparoscopic surgery for mid or low REctal cancer After Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (COREAN) trial.

Methods: The COREAN trial is a, open-label, non-inferiority, randomised controlled trial. Read More

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Clinical outcomes observation in stage IIB-IIIB cervical cancer treated by adjuvant surgery following concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 21;21(1):442. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, 16 Jiangsu Road, Qingdao, 266003, P. R. China.

Background: To explore the feasibility of adjuvant surgery following concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) in stage IIB-IIIB (according to FIGO staging of 2009) cervical cancer and analyze risk factors of recurrence after surgery.

Methods: Forty-nine patients diagnosed with stage IIB-IIIB cervical cancer were reviewed retrospectively. We investigated the risk factors of recurrence after surgery using Chi-squared Test and further analyzed multiple factors affecting postoperative recurrence using the multi-factor logistic regression. Read More

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Ultrasound in patients with treated head and neck carcinomas: A retrospective analysis for effectiveness of follow-up care.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25496

Department of Oncology, Gong'an County People's Hospital, Gong'an, Hubei, China.

Abstract: Correct follow-up is necessary to avoid under- or overtreatment in the care of patients with treated carcinomas of head and neck. Ultrasound is a cost-effective, harmless, easy, and feasible method. It can be applied in the outpatient clinic in follow-up but the United Kingdom National Multidisciplinary guidelines are recommended computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging for the detection of metastasis for head and neck carcinomas in the follow-up period. Read More

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The effect of oral nutritional supplement therapy on nutritional status and quality of life in patients with esophageal cancer undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy: A protocol for randomized controlled trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25342

Department of Oncology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: The incidence of malnutrition in patients with esophageal cancer is high, which seriously affects the therapeutic effect and quality of life. Oral nutritional supplement is the first choice of nutritional support recommended by current guidelines, which can supplement the lack of energy and protein in patients with esophageal cancer, improve nutritional status and improve the quality of life, but there are few clinical studies. Therefore, the purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the effect of oral nutritional supplement therapy on nutritional status and quality of life in patients with esophageal cancer treated undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Read More

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[Predictive value of combination of MRI tumor regression grade and apparent diffusion coefficient for pathological complete remission after neoadjuvant treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;24(4):359-365

Medical Imaging Center, the First Affiliate Hospital, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650032, China.

Pelvic high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has now become a standard method for evaluating the efficacy of neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). However, this traditional morphological qualitative assessment method based on T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) is not effective in predicting pathological complete remission (pCR). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether combining the magnetic resonance tumor regression grade (mrTRG) with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can improve diagnostic value for pCR after preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) of LARC. Read More

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[Prognosis and complications of local excision for rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;24(4):344-351

Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

To investigate the prognosis and postoperative complications of local excision for rectal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT). A descriptive case series study was carried out. Patient inclusion criteria: (1) patients who underwent local excision by transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) after nCRT; (2) magnetic resonance evaluated tumor regression grade (mrTRG) as 1, 2 after nCRT;(3) American Society of Anesthesiologists class I to III. Read More

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Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with FOLFIRINOX and preoperative chemoradiotherapy for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (UNICANCER-PRODIGE 23): a multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 05 13;22(5):702-715. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Hôpital Nord Franche-Comté, Montbéliard, France; University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France.

Background: Treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer with chemoradiotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy controls local disease, but distant metastases remain common. We aimed to assess whether administering neoadjuvant chemotherapy before preoperative chemoradiotherapy could reduce the risk of distant recurrences.

Methods: We did a phase 3, open-label, multicentre, randomised trial at 35 hospitals in France. Read More

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Induction chemotherapy with lobaplatin and fluorouracil versus cisplatin and fluorouracil followed by chemoradiotherapy in patients with stage III-IVB nasopharyngeal carcinoma: an open-label, non-inferiority, randomised, controlled, phase 3 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 05 12;22(5):716-726. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Centre, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Centre for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Background: Cisplatin-based induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma has been recommended in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Guidelines. However, cisplatin is associated with poor patient compliance and has notable side-effects. Lobaplatin, a third-generation platinum drug, has shown promising antitumour activity against several malignancies with less toxicity. Read More

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Current Reality of Treating Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma as Illustrated by Case Studies.

Oncology 2021 13;99 Suppl 1:8-16. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Royal Marsden Hospital and Institute of Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom.

In the first-line setting of advanced soft tissue sarcomas (STS), the treatment aim generally drives decision-making. Anthracycline combinations with ifosfamide or dacarbazine are more appropriate when the aim is tumour shrinkage, and doxorubicin monotherapy is suitable for tumour control. In patients who progress on anthracycline-based regimens, scope exists for tumour shrinkage with trabectedin and concurrent low-dose radiotherapy. Read More

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PANCOAST TUMOUR WITH SPINE RESECTION - CASE REPORT.

Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc 2021 Apr 8;28(1):61-63. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Thoracic Surgery Department, Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte, Portugal.

Pancoast tumours are defined as tumours arising from the upper lobe and invading the thoracic inlet,representing less than 5% of all lung cancers. Clinical features depend on the involved structures. For many years invasion of the spine was considered unresectable and fatal. Read More

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The efficacy and safety of gemcitabine-based induction chemotherapy for locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated with concurrent chemoradiation: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25398

Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing.

Objectives: To assess the efficacy and toxicity of gemcitabine-based induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LA-NPC).

Methods: Both observational studies (OBS) and randomized controlled trials (RCT) were included in the meta-analysis. Systematic online searches were conducted in Web of Sciences, PubMed, Embase, meeting proceedings and ClinicalTrials. Read More

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Pelvimetric and Nutritional Factors Predicting Surgical Difficulty in Laparoscopic Resection for Rectal Cancer Following Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy.

World J Surg 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Colorectal Surgery Department, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 29 Xinquan Road, Fuzhou, PR China.

Aim: Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LaTME) following preoperative chemoradiotherapy (PCRT) in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) is technically demanding. The present study is intended to evaluate predictive factors of surgical difficulty of LaTME following PCRT by using pelvimetric and nutritional factors.

Method: Consecutive LARC patients receiving LaTME after PCRT were included. Read More

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Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy With Docetaxel, Cisplatin, and 5-Fluorouracil (DCF-RT) . Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil (CF-RT) for Patients With Unresectable Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer in a Real-world Clinical Setting.

Anticancer Res 2021 Apr;41(4):2141-2145

Division of Gastroenterological Surgery, Department of General Surgical Science, Gunma University, Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.

Background/aim: We compared the outcome of docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil as combination chemoradiotherapy (DCF-RT) for unresectable locally advanced thoracic esophageal cancer (EC) with that of cisplatin (CDDP) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as combination chemoradiotherapy (CF-RT) in clinical settings.

Patients And Methods: Seventy-three patients with unresectable locally advanced thoracic EC were included in this study. CF (n=38) consisted of intravenous CDDP at 70 mg/m (day 1) and 5-FU at 700 mg/m (days 1 to 4), repeated every four weeks for two cycles. Read More

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Therapy-related Myeloid Leukemia With the Translocation t(8;19)(p11;q13) Leading to a Fusion Gene.

Anticancer Res 2021 Apr;41(4):1753-1760

Section for Cancer Cytogenetics, Institute for Cancer Genetics and Informatics, The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background/aim: The chromosome translocation t(8;19)(p11;q13) has been reported in only six acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. We here present the genetic and clinical features of the seventh AML case with this aberration.

Materials And Methods: Cytogenetic and molecular genetic investigations were performed on leukemic bone marrow cells from a patient with therapy-related AML. Read More

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Current Treatment Approaches and Outcomes in the Management of Rectal Cancer Above the Age of 80.

Curr Oncol 2021 Mar 30;28(2):1388-1401. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Surgery, The Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia.

Background: The number of cases of rectal cancer in our older cohort is expected to rise with our ageing population. In this study, we analysed patterns in treatment and the long-term outcomes of patients older than 80 years with rectal cancer across a health district.

Methods: All cases of rectal cancer managed at the Illawarra Cancer Care Centre, Australia between 2006 and 2018 were analysed from a prospectively maintained database. Read More

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MRI-guided adaptive brachytherapy in locally advanced cervical cancer (EMBRACE-I): a multicentre prospective cohort study.

Lancet Oncol 2021 04;22(4):538-547

Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: The concept of the use of MRI for image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) in locally advanced cervical cancer was introduced 20 years ago. Here, we report on EMBRACE-I, which aimed to evaluate local tumour control and morbidity after chemoradiotherapy and MRI-based IGABT.

Methods: EMBRACE-I was a prospective, observational, multicentre cohort study. Read More

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Avelumab plus standard-of-care chemoradiotherapy versus chemoradiotherapy alone in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre, phase 3 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 04;22(4):450-462

Moores Cancer Center, UC San Diego Health, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Background: Chemoradiotherapy is the standard of care for unresected locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. We aimed to assess if addition of avelumab (anti-PD-L1) to chemoradiotherapy could improve treatment outcomes for this patient population.

Methods: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 study, patients were recruited from 196 hospitals and cancer treatment centres in 22 countries. Read More

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Neoadjuvant Hyperthermia and Chemoradiotherapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer.

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Mar;48(3):388-390

Dept. of Surgery, Munakata Suikokai General Hospital.

Pancreatic cancer(PC)is associated with poor prognosis and low resectability rates. Currently, only 15-20% of all patients are candidates for upfront surgery at the time of diagnosis, which offers the chance of long-term survival. In recent years, patients with borderline resectable PC(BR-PC)have been treated with surgery following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy or intensive multi-agent chemotherapy. Read More

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Adjuvant Nivolumab in Resected Esophageal or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer.

N Engl J Med 2021 04;384(13):1191-1203

From the Charles A. Sammons Cancer Center at Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas (R.J.K.), and the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston (J.A.A.); Jagiellonian University Medical College, John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, Poland (J.K., P.K.); the University Hospital Cologne, Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Integrated Oncology Aachen-Bonn-Cologne-Duesseldorf, Gastrointestinal Cancer Group Cologne, Cologne (T.Z.), and University Medical Center of Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz (M.M.) - both in Germany; University Hospitals Gasthuisberg Leuven and KU Leuven, Leuven (E.V.C.), and Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (K.G.) - both in Belgium; University Lille, Claude Huriez University Hospital, Lille (G.P.), and Pontchaillou University Hospital, Department of Gastroenterology, University of Rennes 1, INSERM Unité 1242, Rennes (A.L.) - both in France; Fundación Favaloro, Buenos Aires (G.M.); Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (J.F.); Akita University Hospital, Akita, Japan (S.M.); Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, NC (H.U.); Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto (E.E.), and Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, NS (S.S.) - both in Canada; the Netherlands Cancer Institute-Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, Amsterdam (C.G.); Florida Cancer Specialists and Research Institute, Fort Myers (S.Z.); University of California, San Francisco, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco (A.H.K.); St. John of God Murdoch Hospital, Murdoch, WA, Australia (K.F.); Sfantul Nectarie Oncology Center, Craiova, Romania (M.S.); Bristol Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ (J.Z., L.Z., M.L., P.S., K.K.); and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston (J.M.C.).

Background: No adjuvant treatment has been established for patients who remain at high risk for recurrence after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery for esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer.

Methods: We conducted CheckMate 577, a global, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial to evaluate a checkpoint inhibitor as adjuvant therapy in patients with esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer. Adults with resected (R0) stage II or III esophageal or gastroesophageal junction cancer who had received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and had residual pathological disease were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive nivolumab (at a dose of 240 mg every 2 weeks for 16 weeks, followed by nivolumab at a dose of 480 mg every 4 weeks) or matching placebo. Read More

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Feasibility and Safety of Lateral Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection After Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy for Elderly Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer.

Anticancer Res 2021 Mar;41(3):1677-1682

Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Background/aim: The safety of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) combined with total mesorectal excision (TME) and selective lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LLND) is unclear in elderly patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC).

Patients And Methods: Forty-two patients with LARC underwent TME and selective LLND following NACRT at Kobe University Hospital. The clinical outcomes were retrospectively compared between the elderly (aged ≥70 years, n=13) and non-elderly patients (aged <70, n=29). Read More

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Factors Affecting Survival in Operated Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of General Surgery, Van Research and Training Hospital, Van, Turkey.

Purpose: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is an extremely fatal and relatively rare gastrointestinal system malignancy. This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting survival in operated patients with ESCC.

Materials And Methods: We included 110 patients (38 [34. Read More

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Glioblastoma in a female neurofibromatosis 1 patient without IDH1, BRAF V600E, and TERT promoter mutations: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(13):e25346

Department of Neurosurgery.

Rationale: Glioblastoma is the most lethal and common malignant brain tumor but rare in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1. The clinical findings and pathological findings with gene signatures in female patients have not been well clarified.

Patient Concerns: A 51-year-old female patient complained of headache and left limb weakness lasting for 20 days. Read More

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Long-term oncological outcome in patients with cervical cancer after 3 trimodality treatment (radiotherapy, platinum-based chemotherapy, and robotic surgery).

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(13):e25271

Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy.

Abstract: Cervical cancer represents a general health issue spread all over the globe, which prompts the surge of scientific survey toward the rise of survival and condition of life of these patients. American and European guidelines suggest the open surgery, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery are the main therapeutic approaches for radical hysterectomy for patients with cervical cancer. This is the first survey to analyze the long-term oncological outcome of an extensive series of subjects cared for with multimodality treatment, here comprising robotic surgery. Read More

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New proposal to revise the classification for squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal and middle ear.

J Laryngol Otol 2021 Apr 31;135(4):297-303. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Background: The prognosis of patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal and middle ear has been improved by advances in skull base surgery and multidrug chemoradiotherapy during the last two decades.

Methods: Ninety-five patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal and middle ear who were treated between 1998 and 2017 were enrolled. The number of patients with tumour stages T1, T2, T3 and T4 was 15, 22, 24 and 34, respectively. Read More

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Induction Chemotherapy Plus Simultaneous Modulated Accelerated Radiation Therapy in Non-operative Hypopharyngeal and Supraglottic Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Long-Term Outcome of a Prospective Phase 2 Study.

Front Oncol 2021 12;11:637978. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

To evaluate the toxicities and long-term outcomes of induction chemotherapy (ICT) plus simultaneous modulated accelerated radiation therapy (SMART) in non-operative hypopharyngeal and supraglottic laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCCH/L). This was a prospective phase 2 study. Patients diagnosed with SCCH/L, aged from 18 to 75, staged from III to IVB in accordance with the AJCC 2010 criteria, and refusing surgery were eligible. Read More

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Association between definitive chemoradiotherapy wait-time and survival in locally-advanced cervical cancer: Implications during the coronavirus pandemic.

Gynecol Oncol 2021 05 23;161(2):414-421. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The current coronavirus pandemic caused a significant decrease in cancer-related encounters resulting in a delay in treatment of cancer patients. The objective of this study was to examine the survival effect of delay in starting concurrent chemo-radiotherapy (CCRT) in women with locally-advanced cervical cancer.

Methods: This is a retrospective observational study querying the National Cancer Database from 2004 to 2016. Read More

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