46,022 results match your criteria characterized serum


A retrospective observational study of a low fixed-dose rasburicase protocol for the treatment of tumor lysis syndrome in adults.

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2021 Jun 11:10781552211021147. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pharmacy, Albany Medical Center Hospital, Albany, NY, USA.

Introduction: Tumor lysis syndrome is an oncologic emergency characterized by hyperuricemia. Previous studies have demonstrated that a fixed-dose strategy of rasburicase is as effective as the FDA approved weight-based dose. Albany Medical Center employs rasburicase 1. Read More

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Rumen Microbiota of Tibetan Sheep () Adaptation to Extremely Cold Season on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau.

Front Vet Sci 2021 25;8:673822. Epub 2021 May 25.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystems, Key Laboratory of Grassland Livestock Industry Innovation, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.

The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is characterized by low temperatures and hypoxia, and this feature is more obvious in the winter. However, it is not clear how Tibetan sheep adapt to extreme cold climates. To address this, we used physiological methods combined with next-generation sequencing technology to explore the differences in growth performance, forage nutrient digestion, serum biochemical indexes, and rumen microbial communities of Tibetan sheep () between the summer and winter. Read More

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Macrophage biomimetic nanocarriers for anti-inflammation and targeted antiviral treatment in COVID-19.

J Nanobiotechnology 2021 Jun 10;19(1):173. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Center for Infection and Immunity, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai, 519000, Guangdong, China.

Background: The worldwide pandemic of COVID-19 remains a serious public health menace as the lack of efficacious treatments. Cytokine storm syndrome (CSS) characterized with elevated inflammation and multi-organs failure is closely correlated with the bad outcome of COVID-19. Hence, inhibit the process of CSS by controlling excessive inflammation is considered one of the most promising ways for COVID-19 treatment. Read More

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Serum MMP-3 and its association with central arterial stiffness among young adults is moderated by smoking and BMI.

Physiol Rep 2021 Jun;9(11):e14920

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, Saint Catharines, ON, Canada.

Central arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease. It is characterized by a marked reduction in the elastin-collagen ratio of the arterial wall extracellular matrix (ECM), and is largely the result of degradation of various ECM components. Matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) may contribute to central arterial stiffness via its involvement in ECM homeostasis and remodeling. Read More

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Dualities of the vitamin D in systemic sclerosis: a systematic literature review.

Adv Rheumatol 2021 Jun 9;61(1):34. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Serviço de Reumatologia, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2350 Ramiro Barcelos St, Room 645, Porto Alegre, RS, 90035-903, Brazil.

Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic disease characterized by autoimmunity, vasculopathy, and visceral and cutaneous fibrosis. Vitamin D has several functions in the immunological system, and different studies have suggested a potential role in triggering autoimmune diseases. Patients with SSc may present with low serum levels of vitamin D, but the association between hypovitaminosis D and disease onset or any clinical manifestation is still obscure. Read More

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Carotid Plaques From Symptomatic Patients Are Characterized by Local Increase in Xanthine Oxidase Expression.

Stroke 2021 Jun 10:STROKEAHA120032964. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. (M.G., V.N., M.P., F.F., M.D.Y., A.L.).

Background And Purpose: XO (xanthine oxidase) is a key enzyme of uric acid metabolism and is thought to contribute to oxidative pathways that promote atherosclerotic plaque progression, yet its role in plaque destabilization is not well elucidated. We hypothesized that XO is expressed in carotid plaque from symptomatic patients in association with cardiovascular risk factors.

Methods: Patients were stratified by symptoms, defined as presentation with an ipsilateral cerebral ischemic event. Read More

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A Stable Cd(II)-Based Metal-Organic Framework: Synthesis, Structure, and Its Eu Functionalization for Ratiometric Sensing on the Biomarker 2-(2-Methoxyethoxy) Acetic Acid.

Inorg Chem 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Siping Road 1239, Shanghai 200092, China.

A novel two-dimensional Cd-based metal-organic framework (MOF), [Cd(pddb)HO] (), has been hydrothermally synthesized using the V-shaped ligand 4,4'-(pyridine-2,6-diyl)-dibenzoic acid (Hpddb) and structurally characterized. The framework exhibits fascinating one-dimensional in-plane channels functionalized with active pyridine-N sites. The as-synthesized exhibits excellent water and chemical stability. Read More

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Hyperuricemia and Cardiovascular Risk.

Cureus 2021 May 5;13(5):e14855. Epub 2021 May 5.

Rheumatology, Dr. Kiran C. Patel College of Osteopathic Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Davie, USA.

As the prevalence of hyperuricemia (elevated uric acid levels in the blood) increases, the relationship between serum uric acid levels and cardiovascular risk has garnered increased interest. Several studies have highlighted that elevated uric acid levels are likely tied to increased cardiovascular disease risk. Specifically, the presence of hyperuricemia is well-established to contribute to the onset of gout (an inflammatory condition characterized by painful/swollen joints). Read More

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Soluble immune checkpoints and T-cell subsets in blood as biomarkers for resistance to immunotherapy in melanoma patients.

Oncoimmunology 2021 May 25;10(1):1926762. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Dermatology and National Center for Tumor Diseases, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Different mechanisms lead to immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) resistance. Identifying clinically useful biomarkers might improve drug selection and patients' therapy. We analyzed the soluble immune checkpoints sPD1, sPDL1, sLAG3, and sTIM3 using ELISA and their expression on circulating T cells using FACS in pre- and on-treatment blood samples of ICI treated melanoma patients. Read More

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Correcting hypokalaemia in a paediatric patient with Bartter syndrome through oral dose of potassium chloride intravenous solution.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2021 30;9:2050313X211019789. Epub 2021 May 30.

Al Adan Paediatric Pharmacy, Kuwait-Al Adan Joint Hospital, Kuwait Hospital, Sabah Al Salem, Kuwait.

Bartter syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hypokalaemia. Hypokalaemia is defined as low serum potassium concentration ˂3.5 mmol/L, which may lead to arrhythmia and death if left untreated. Read More

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Assessment of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) as a potential biomarker of severe stress in patients vulnerable to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after acute myocardial infarction.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 May 31;12(1):1920201. Epub 2021 May 31.

Clinical Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a frequently observed stress-related disorder after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and it is characterized by numerous symptoms, such as flashbacks, intrusions and anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts and feelings related to the trauma. Biological correlates of severe stress might contribute to identifying PTSD-vulnerable patients at an early stage. : Aims of the study were (1) to determine whether blood levels of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) vary immediately after AMI in patients with/without AMI-induced PTSD symptomatology, (2) to investigate whether TMAO is a potential biomarker that might be useful in the prediction of PTSD and the PTSD symptom subclusters re-experiencing, avoidance and hyperarousal, and (3) to investigate whether TMAO varies immediately after AMI in patients with/without depression 6 months after AMI. Read More

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Association between ABO and Duffy blood types and circulating chemokines and cytokines.

Genes Immun 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, DCEG, NCI, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Blood group antigens are inherited traits that may play a role in immune and inflammatory processes. We investigated associations between blood groups and circulating inflammation-related molecules in 3537 non-Hispanic white participants selected from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial. Whole-genome scans were used to infer blood types for 12 common antigen systems based on well-characterized single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Read More

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Plasma metabolomic profiling in patients with rheumatoid arthritis identifies biochemical features predictive of quantitative disease activity.

Arthritis Res Ther 2021 Jun 8;23(1):164. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Microbiome Program, Center for Individualized Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune disorder characterized by joint inflammation and pain. In patients with RA, metabolomic approaches, i.e. Read More

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X-linked hypophosphatemia and burosumab: practical clinical points from the French experience.

Joint Bone Spine 2021 Jun 5:105208. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

APHP, Reference Center for Rare Diseases of Calcium and Phosphate Metabolism, and Filière OSCAR, Paris, France; APHP, Endocrinology and Diabetes for Children, Bicêtre Paris-Sud Hospital, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France. Electronic address:

Hereditary hypophosphatemia with increased FGF23 levels are rare inherited metabolic diseases characterized by low serum phosphate because of impaired renal tubular phosphate reabsorption. The most common form is X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH), secondary to a mutation in the PHEX gene. In children, XLH is often manifested by rickets, delayed development of gait, lower limb deformities, growth retardation, craniosynostosis, and spontaneous dental abscesses. Read More

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MicroRNA expression profiling in diabetic kidney disease.

Transl Res 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Division of Nephrology, First Department of Integrated Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, Saitama, Japan. Electronic address:

The microRNAs (miRNAs) that can regulate diabetic kidney disease (DKD) have not been fully characterized. The aim of this study was to identify the miRNAs that affect DKD and could be used as specific biomarkers or therapeutic agents. First, kidney tissues from two DKD mouse models and control mice were screened for differences in miRNA expression by microarray analysis followed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR. Read More

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Novel AVPR2 mutations and clinical characteristics in 28 Chinese families with congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

J Endocrinol Invest 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Endocrinology, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology, NHC, State Key Laboratory of Complex Severe and Rare Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shuaifuyuan No. 1, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

Aims: To investigate genotype and phenotype of congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus caused by AVPR2 mutations, which is rare and limitedly studied in Chinese population.

Methods: 88 subjects from 28 families with NDI in a department (Beijing, PUMCH) were screened for AVPR2 mutations. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed and characterized. Read More

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Thyroid dysfunction in COVID-19 patients.

J Endocrinol Invest 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Endocrinology Unit, Department of Oncology and Medical Specialities, A.O. San Camillo Forlanini, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: "Non thyroidal illness syndrome" (NTIS) or "euthyroid sick syndrome" (ESS) is a possible biochemical finding in euthyroid patients with severe diseases. It is characterized by a reduction of serum T (fT3), sometimes followed by reduction of serum T (fT4). The relationship between thyroid hormones levels and mortality is well known and different studies showed a direct association between NTIS and mortality. Read More

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Opaque hemithorax - An interesting case.

Indian J Tuberc 2021 Jul 2;68(3):420-424. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Jaipur Golden Hospital, Delhi, India.

Objective: To present an interesting case of left opaque hemithorax in an adult female and discuss its assessment and management.

Methods: Design: Case Report.

Setting: Tertiary care hospital. Read More

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Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived exosomal MiR-221 targets and regulates phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1) to promote human umbilical vein endothelial cells migration and tube formation.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):2164-2174

Medical Centre of Stomatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common tumor of the oral cavity. Studies have shown that exosomal miRNAs from cancer cells play an important role in mediating the cellular environment. The objective was to investigate the effect of OSCC-derived exosomes microRNA-221 (miR-221) in OSCC. Read More

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December 2021

Insulin-like Growth Factor 1, but Not Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Binding Protein 3, Predicts Central Precocious Puberty in Girls 6-8 Years Old: A Retrospective Study.

Horm Res Paediatr 2021 Jun 7:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Central precocious puberty (CPP) in females is characterized by thelarche before 8 years of age. Evidence of reproductive axis activation confirms the diagnosis (basal serum luteinizing hormone (LH) ≥0.3 IU/L or LH-releasing hormone (LHRH)-stimulated LH ≥5 IU/L). Read More

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Protein Adsorption Enhances Energy Dissipation in Networks of Lysozyme Amyloid Fibrils.

Langmuir 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Nanobiophysics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Mesa+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, Enschede, 7500 AE, The Netherlands.

Hydrogels of amyloid fibrils are a versatile biomaterial for tissue engineering and other biomedical applications. Their suitability for these applications has been partly ascribed to their excellent and potentially engineerable rheological properties. However, while in biomedical applications the gels have to function in compositionally complex physiological solutions, their rheological behavior is typically only characterized in simple buffers. Read More

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Understanding the Impact of Protein-Excipient Interactions on Physical Stability of Spray-Dried Protein Solids.

Mol Pharm 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Industrial and Physical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, 575 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, United States.

Mannitol, leucine, and trehalose have been widely used in spray-dried formulations, especially for inhalation formulations. The individual contribution of these excipients on protein physical stability in spray-dried solids was studied here using bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a model protein. The spray-dried solids were characterized with scanning electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, and solid-state Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy to analyze particle morphology, crystallinity, and secondary structure change, respectively. Read More

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Peptide-based delivery vectors with pre-defined geometrical locks.

RSC Med Chem 2020 Nov 13;11(11):1303-1313. Epub 2020 Aug 13.

Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati Guwahati-781039 Assam India

Design of peptide-based targeted delivery vectors with attributes of specificity and selective cellular targeting by fixing their topology and resulting electrostatic fingerprint is the objective of this study. We formulated our peptide design platform by utilizing the possibilities of side-chain induced geometric restrictions in a typical peptide molecule. Conceptually, we locked the conformation of the RGD/NGR motif of tumor homing peptides (THPs) by mutating glycine in these motifs with d-proline and tailed the peptides with a syndiotactic amphipathic segment for cellular penetration. Read More

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November 2020

Risk Factors for Mucosal Involvement in Bullous Pemphigoid and the Possible Mechanism: A Review.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 20;8:680871. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Dermatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is the most common type of autoimmune bullous disease and is characterized by the presence of circulating anti-BP180 and/or anti-BP230 autoantibodies. Patients with BP often present with tense blisters and erythema, mainly on the trunk and limbs, but a few patients also have mucosal involvement. In this article, we discuss the fact that BP patients with mucosal involvement tend to have more serious conditions and their disease is more difficult to control. Read More

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Substantial cell apoptosis provoked by naked PAMAM dendrimers in HER2-positive human breast cancer via JNK and ERK1/ERK2 signalling pathways.

Comput Struct Biotechnol J 2021 7;19:2881-2890. Epub 2021 May 7.

College of Pharmacy, QU Health, Qatar University, PO Box 2713, Doha, Qatar.

HER2-positive breast cancer is one of its most challenging subtypes, forming around 15-25% of the total cases. It is characterized by aggressive behavior and treatment resistance. On the other hand, poly (amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers are widely used in drug delivery systems and gene transfection as carriers. Read More

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Anti-Alpha-Amino-3-Hydroxy-5-Methyl-4-Isoxazolepropionic Acid Receptor Encephalitis: A Review.

Front Immunol 2021 21;12:652820. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Neurology, Second Affiliated Hospital School of Medicine Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Anti-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) encephalitis, a rare subtype of autoimmune encephalitis, was first reported by Lai et al. The AMPAR antibodies target against extracellular epitopes of the GluA1 or GluA2 subunits of the receptor. AMPARs are expressed throughout the central nervous system, especially in the hippocampus and other limbic regions. Read More

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A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Relationship Between Different IgG and IgA Anti-Modified Protein Autoantibodies in Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Front Immunol 2021 20;12:627986. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Medicine Solna, Division of Rheumatology, Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein autoantibodies (ACPA) with different fine-specificities. Yet, other serum anti-modified protein autoantibodies (AMPA), e.g. Read More

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The Spatiotemporal Dynamics and Microevolution Events That Favored the Success of the Highly Clonal Multidrug-Resistant Monophasic Circulating in Europe.

Front Microbiol 2021 21;12:651124. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Bacteriology, Animal and Plant Health Agency, Addlestone, United Kingdom.

The European epidemic monophasic variant of enterica serovar (. 1,4,[5],12:i:-) characterized by the multi sequence type ST34 and the antimicrobial resistance ASSuT profile has become one of the most common serovars in Europe (EU) and the United States (US). In this study, we reconstructed the time-scaled phylogeny and evolution of this in Europe. Read More

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Cerebrospinal Fluid Sulfatide Levels Lack Diagnostic Utility in the Subcortical Small Vessel Type of Dementia.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Sulfatides (STs) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), as well as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected white matter hyperintensities (WMHs), may reflect demyelination. Here, we investigated the diagnostic utility of CSF ST levels in the subcortical small vessel type of dementia (SSVD), which is characterized by the presence of brain WMHs.

Objective: To study the diagnostic utility of CSF ST levels in SSVD. Read More

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Is there an association between prostate-specific antigen and androgen levels in 46, XX patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

J Pediatr Urol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Multidisciplinary Clinic for Disorders of Sexual Development, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), a genetic disease characterized by defective cortisol synthesis and excessive levels of sex hormones, can cause precocious puberty in both sexes in untreated individuals and virilization in female patients with a 46, XX karyotype. The female paraurethral (Skene's) gland has been reported as prostate analogous. Growth of prostate tissue is associated with androgen production; therefore, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels may represent a marker of virilization in 46, XX patients with CAH. Read More

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