55,142 results match your criteria cessation treatment

Percutaneous cryoablation of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in pediatric patients.

Insights Imaging 2021 Jul 27;12(1):106. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Hospital Clínic Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: To review the safety and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in the pediatric and adolescent population.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review from 2016 to 2020 was performed to evaluate clinical and imaging response to percutaneous cryoablation in 11 symptomatic patients with diagnosis of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma treated from two pediatric hospitals with at least 12-month follow-up. Technical success (correct needle placement and potential full coverage of the tumor with the planned ablation zone) and clinical success (relief of the symptoms) were evaluated. Read More

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Wireless Subcutaneous Trigeminal Nerve Field Stimulation for Refractory Trigeminal Pain: A Single Center Experience.

Neuromodulation 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Introduction: Subcutaneous trigeminal nerve field stimulation (sTNFS) is a neuromodulatory treatment for neuropathic trigeminal pain with the ability to reduce the intensity and frequency of pain attacks. However, hardware issues including lead migration, skin erosion, infection, so-called pocket pain at the site of the implanted neurostimulator are reported. Implantable wireless neurostimulation technology promises not only an even less invasive sTNFS treatment and thinner and more flexible electrodes better suited for facial implants, but also provides further advantages such as lack of an implantable neurostimulator and 3T magnetic resonance imaging compatibility. Read More

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Breastfeeding Motivation Predicts Infant Feeding Intention and Outcomes: Evaluation of a Novel Adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire.

J Hum Lact 2021 Jul 26:8903344211032128. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.

Background: Identifying those at risk for suboptimal breastfeeding outcomes remains critical for improving maternal and child health. Prenatal breastfeeding motivation may be a key predictor useful for identifying those who would benefit from additional breastfeeding support.

Research Aims: To (1) validate a breastfeeding-specific adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire (TSRQ-BF); and (2) determine if breastfeeding motivation predicts prenatal breastfeeding intentions and early breastfeeding outcomes. Read More

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APASL guidance on stopping nucleos(t)ide analogues in chronic hepatitis B patients.

Hepatol Int 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is currently incurable. Long-term treatment with potent and safe nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) can reduce hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhosis-related complications through profound viral suppression. However, indefinite therapy raises several crucial issues with pros and cons. Read More

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Smoking cessation strategies used by former menthol cigarette smokers after a menthol ban.

Addict Behav 2021 Jul 13;123:107046. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Menthol cigarettes were banned in Ontario, Canada on January 1st, 2017. We used concept mapping, a mixed-method approach, to describe how menthol cigarette smokers quit smoking after the Ontario menthol ban.

Methods: Pre-ban daily and non-daily menthol cigarette smokers who reported smoking abstinence 24 months after the ban (n = 62; 53. Read More

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Multimodal etiology of drug induced angle closure with topical glaucoma therapy.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021 Sep 17;23:101152. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Purpose: We present a case of acute onset of bilateral choroidal effusions leading to angle closure glaucoma attributed to multiple mechanism of actions causing ciliary body and aqueous flow disruption in the setting of topical glaucoma therapy with latanoprost, brimonidine 0.2%, and Brinzolamide 0.1%. Read More

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September 2021

Methimazole Desensitization in a 4-Year-Old With Refractory Graves Disease.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Jul-Aug;7(4):273-276. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Diabetes and Endocrinology.

Objective: To describe a 4-year-old girl with Graves disease and methimazole allergy who underwent desensitization, allowing continued methimazole use when other treatments were contraindicated.

Methods: We formulated a desensitization plan utilizing cetirizine and prednisone for a patient with previously diagnosed Graves disease who developed urticaria and arthralgias from methimazole. She was admitted for monitoring of rash, urticaria, angioedema, and anaphylaxis. Read More

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February 2021

Cognitive-Affective Transdiagnostic Factors Associated With Vulnerability to Alcohol and Prescription Opioid Use in the Context of Pain.

Alcohol Res 2021 15;41(1):08. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York.

The use of alcohol and prescription opioids is common among people in pain and poses significant public health burdens. This review identifies factors associated with motivation to use alcohol and prescription opioids in the context of pain. Pain-relevant, cognitive-affective, transdiagnostic vulnerability factors-expectancies/motives, pain catastrophizing, pain-related anxiety, distress intolerance, anxiety sensitivity, and perceived interrelations-were selected from theoretical conceptualizations of pain and substance use. Read More

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A Population-Level Assessment of Smoking Cessation following a Diagnosis of Tobacco- or Nontobacco-Related Cancer among United States Adults.

J Smok Cessat 2021 19;2021:6683014. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

New York University School of Medicine, Department of Population Health, USA.

Introduction: Smoking cessation after a cancer diagnosis can significantly improve treatment outcomes and reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and all-cause mortality.

Aim: We sought to measure the association between cancer diagnosis and subsequent smoking cessation.

Methods: Data was sourced from the Population Assessment of Health and Tobacco (PATH) study, a representative population-based sample of United States adults. Read More

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January 2021

Determining Optimal Cutoffs for Exhaled Carbon Monoxide and Salivary Cotinine to Identify Smokers among Korean Americans in a Smoking Cessation Clinical Trial.

J Smok Cessat 2021 15;2021:6678237. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Exercise and Health, University of Massachusetts Boston, USA.

Introduction: It is critical to accurately identify individuals who continue to smoke even after treatment, as this may prompt the use of more intensive and effective treatment strategies to help them attain complete abstinence.

Aims: This study examined optimal cutoffs for exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) and salivary cotinine to identify smokers among Korean Americans in a smoking cessation clinical trial.

Methods: CO and cotinine were measured three to four times over 12 months from the quit day. Read More

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February 2021

Measuring Therapeutic Alliance for Tobacco Cessation Counseling for Behavioral Health Clinicians.

J Smok Cessat 2021 13;2021:6671899. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1930 Monroe St., Madison, WI 53711, USA.

Introduction: Those coping with significant mental illness smoke at a high prevalence rate. Increasingly, behavioral health clinicians (BHCs) are being asked to provide tobacco-dependence interventions. In this context, it is important to measure their success at doing so. Read More

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Methods Used in Smoking Cessation and Reduction Attempts: Findings from Help-Seeking Smokers.

J Smok Cessat 2021 9;2021:6670628. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

In addition to traditional smoking cessation methods like nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), new methods such as mobile applications and e-cigarettes have been added to the toolbox. The purpose of this study was to examine which methods smokers currently use in quit or reduction attempts and map characteristics of users of the various methods. In this study, participants were smokers who visited a website or called a quit line for smoking cessation and who were currently in quit or reduction attempts ( = 740). Read More

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Smoking Cessation Treatment for Parents Who Dual Use E-Cigarettes and Traditional Cigarettes.

J Smok Cessat 2021 17;2021:6639731. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: An increasing number of parents use both e-cigarettes and cigarettes (dual users). Previous studies have shown that dual users may have higher rates of contemplating smoking cessation than parents who only smoke cigarettes. This study was aimed to assess the delivery of tobacco cessation treatment (prescription for nicotine replacement therapy and referral to the quitline) among parents who report being dual users vs. Read More

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Evaluation of Combined Financial Incentives and Deposit Contract Intervention for Smoking Cessation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Smok Cessat 2021 22;2021:6612505. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Economics, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH, USA.

Introduction: We evaluate whether a combination of financial incentives and deposit contracts improves cessation rates among low- to moderate-income smokers.

Methods: We randomly assigned 311 smokers covered by Medicaid at 12 health clinics in Connecticut to usual care or one of the three treatment arms. Each treatment arm received financial incentives for two months and either (i) nothing further ("incentives only"), (ii) the option to start a deposit contract with incentive earnings after the incentives ended ("commitment"), or (iii) the option to precommit any earned incentives into a deposit contract starting after the incentives ended ("precommitment"). Read More

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Spontaneous Smoking Cessation in Parents.

J Smok Cessat 2021 17;2021:5526715. Epub 2021 May 17.

General Academic Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: To determine the percentage of parents who report quitting spontaneously and examine the factors associated with these quits.

Methods: As part of a cluster randomized control trial addressing parental smoking in a pediatric outpatient setting, 12-month follow-up survey data were collected from parents who had self-identified as smokers when exiting from 10 control practices. Parents were considered to have made a spontaneous quit if they reported not smoking a cigarette, even a puff, in the last 7 days and chose the statement "I did not plan the quit in advance; I just did it" when describing how their quit attempt started. Read More

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Impact of tobacco cessation education on behaviors of nursing undergraduates in helping smokers to quit smoking.

Tob Induc Dis 2021 14;19:58. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

College of Nursing, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Introduction: Smoking continues to be a significant public health issue, but nursing students do not receive sufficient training on tobacco cessation education. Integrating the 5As behaviors for tobacco cessation into a compulsory course could improve nursing students' skills and increase their clinical behaviors for assisting patients in quitting smoking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of evidence-based tobacco cessation education on the perceptions and behaviors of nursing students who are assisting patients to quit smoking. Read More

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The Role of PINP in Diagnosis and Management of Metabolic Bone Disease.

Clin Biochem Rev 2021 Feb;42(1):3-10

Medical School, University Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6009.

Serum procollagen type I N-propeptide (PINP) is designated the reference marker of bone formation in osteoporosis; the reference marker for resorption is C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX). PINP has very low circadian and biological variation, is not affected by food intake, and is very stable in serum after venepuncture. The two automated commercial assays for PINP provide similar results in subjects with normal renal function, allowing reference intervals to be used interchangeably. Read More

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February 2021

Impact of a Regional Smoking Cessation Intervention for Vascular Surgery Patients.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address:

Objective: Tobacco use is common among vascular surgery patients and negatively impacts outcomes and longevity. In the second quarter of 2018, a statewide vascular quality collaborative launched an initiative across its 35 participating hospitals to promote smoking cessation at the time of surgery. This intervention was based on the Vascular Physician Offer and Report (VAPOR) trial and consisted of 3 components: brief physician-delivered advice, referral to telephone-based counseling, and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Read More

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The knowns & unknowns of pulmonary toxicity following immune checkpoint inhibitor therapies: a narrative review.

Transl Lung Cancer Res 2021 Jun;10(6):2752-2765

Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria, Australia.

Since their discovery immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have dramatically changed the treatment landscape for many cancers. In addition to their efficacy they are generally well tolerated, however, they have led to a new range of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) including pneumonitis. While not the most frequently reported immune-related adverse event in the clinical trial setting, recent real-world data suggests a significantly higher rate of pneumonitis leading to treatment suspension or cessation. Read More

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Lurasidone in Therapy of Treatment-resistant Ultra-rapid Cycling Bipolar Disorder: Case Report.

Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci 2021 Aug;19(3):568-571

Department of Psychiatry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland.

Lurasidone is an atypical antipsychotic approved for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar depression. It seems to have a favorable metabolic profile and low risk of causing adverse interactions. Here we present a case of a 25-year old female patient with treatment-resistant ultra-rapid cycling bipolar disorder, obesity, hypothyroidism, and epilepsy. Read More

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Experimental respiratory exposure to putative Gulf War toxins promotes persistent alveolar macrophage recruitment and pulmonary inflammation.

Life Sci 2021 Jul 19:119839. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Aims: Respiratory disorders are a prominent component of Gulf War Illness. Although much of the underlying mechanisms of Gulf War Illness remain undefined, chronic immune dysfunction is a consistent feature of this multi-symptomatic, multi-organ disorder. Alveolar macrophages represent the predominant mononuclear phagocytes of the pulmonary mucosa, orchestrating the host response to pathogens and environmental stimuli. Read More

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HBeAg-positive patients with HBsAg  < 100 IU/mL and negative HBV RNA have lower risk of virological relapse after nucleos(t)ide analogues cessation.

J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Hepatitis C and Immunotherapy for Liver Diseases, Beijing International Cooperation Base for Science and Technology On NAFLD Diagnosis, Peking University Hepatology Institute, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, China.

Background: Nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) cessation is not widely practiced and remains a controversial, but highly relevant subject in patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). We aimed to explore the related factors for safe NAs cessation.

Methods: This is a multicenter prospective cohort study. Read More

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A pilot randomized controlled trial of smartphone-assisted mindfulness-based intervention with contingency management for smokers with mood disorders.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Nursing.

Cigarette smoking disproportionately affects individuals with mood disorders, but smoking cessation interventions have modest effects in this population. Home mindfulness practice during abstinence incentivized via contingency management (CM) may help those in affective distress quit smoking.

Method: Adult smokers receiving outpatient psychiatric treatment for mood disorders were randomized to receive a smartphone-assisted mindfulness-based smoking cessation intervention with contingency management (SMI-CM, = 25) or enhanced standard treatment (EST, = 24) with noncontingent rewards. Read More

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Interventions for the treatment of persistent post-COVID-19 olfactory dysfunction.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 07 22;7:CD013876. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Cochrane UK, Oxford, UK.

Background: Olfactory dysfunction is an early and sensitive marker of COVID-19 infection. Although self-limiting in the majority of cases, when hyposmia or anosmia persists it can have a profound effect on quality of life. Little guidance exists on the treatment of post-COVID-19 olfactory dysfunction, however several strategies have been proposed from the evidence relating to the treatment of post-viral anosmia (such as medication or olfactory training). Read More

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Dimethyl fumarate treatment for psoriasis in a real-life setting: a multicentric retrospective study.

Dermatol Ther 2021 Jul 21:e15066. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Dermatology and Infectious Diseases University of Ferrara.

Background: Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is a fumaric acid esters derivate approved for plaque psoriasis as first-line systemic therapy. It has been available in Italy since 2017 and an increasing number of patients are treated with this drug.

Objectives: To evaluate DMF effectiveness, side effects and drug survival in a dermatological real-life setting. Read More

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Multifactorial Etiology of Adolescent Nicotine Addiction: A Review of the Neurobiology of Nicotine Addiction and Its Implications for Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapy.

Front Public Health 2021 5;9:664748. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States.

Nicotine is the primary pharmacologic component of tobacco, and its highly addictive nature is responsible for its widespread use and significant withdrawal effects that result in challenges to smoking cessation therapeutics. Nicotine addiction often begins in adolescence and this is at least partially attributed to the fact that adolescent brain is most susceptible to the neuro-inflammatory effects of nicotine. There is increasing evidence for the involvement of microglial cells, which are the brain's primary homeostatic sensor, in drug dependence and its associated behavioral manifestations particularly in the adolescent brain. Read More

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Contemporary issues in the implementation of lung cancer screening.

Eur Respir Rev 2021 Sep 20;30(161). Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Dept of Health Sciences, Brock University, St Catharines, ON, Canada.

Lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography can reduce death from lung cancer by 20-24% in high-risk smokers. National lung cancer screening programmes have been implemented in the USA and Korea and are being implemented in Europe, Canada and other countries. Lung cancer screening is a process, not a test. Read More

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September 2021

Celecoxib-induced drug fever: A rare case report and literature review.

J Clin Pharm Ther 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Pharmacy, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

What Is Known And Objective: Drug fever is frequently misdiagnosed, especially during concurrent infection. Celecoxib causes various adverse effects; however, celecoxib-induced drug fever is rarely reported.

Case Summary: A 32-year-old man presented with pyrexia after 17 days of celecoxib therapy, which was reintroduced following 3-day total drug cessation. Read More

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Exploring the quality of smoking cessation in community pharmacies: A simulated patient study.

Res Social Adm Pharm 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Center for Global Tobacco Control Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: The prevalence of cigarette smoking continues to be a major public health problem In the United Arab Emirates (UAE); the government has recently implemented policies to reduce smoking prevalence. Innovative strategies to support cessation are needed. Community pharmacies are vital venues to extend the reach and effectiveness of smoking cessation support. Read More

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COVID-19 social distancing: negative effects on people with Parkinson disease and their associations with confidence for self-management.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 20;21(1):284. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the effects of COVID-19 social distancing on the function, health, and well-being of people with Parkinson disease (PD), and test the association of these effects with patients' activation levels, i.e., their skills and confidence in managing their health. Read More

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