28,644 results match your criteria cessation patients

Potential for optimizing management of obesity in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease.

Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, FoU - Tema Hjärta och Kärl, S1:02, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset/Solna, SE-171 76, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aims: Prevention guidelines have identified the management of obese patients as an important priority to reduce the burden of incident and recurrent cardiovascular disease. Still, studies have demonstrated that over 80% of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) fail to achieve their weight target. Here, we describe advice received and actions reported by overweight CHD patients since being discharged from hospital and how weight changes relate to their risk profile. Read More

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Percutaneous cryoablation of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in pediatric patients.

Insights Imaging 2021 Jul 27;12(1):106. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Hospital Clínic Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: To review the safety and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in the pediatric and adolescent population.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review from 2016 to 2020 was performed to evaluate clinical and imaging response to percutaneous cryoablation in 11 symptomatic patients with diagnosis of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma treated from two pediatric hospitals with at least 12-month follow-up. Technical success (correct needle placement and potential full coverage of the tumor with the planned ablation zone) and clinical success (relief of the symptoms) were evaluated. Read More

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Hypercapnia versus normocapnia for emergence from desflurane anaesthesia: Single-blinded randomised controlled study.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Chiba University Hospital (AS, AY, MHg, KS), Department of Anesthesiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba (NN-T, JO, SI), Department of Anesthesiology, Matsudo City General Hospital, Matsudo (YK), Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (YS).

Background: Rapid emergence from general anaesthesia is desirable only if safety is not sacrificed. Mechanical hyperventilation during hypercapnia produced by carbon dioxide infusion into the inspired gas mixture or by rebreathing was reported to shorten emergence time from inhalation anaesthesia.

Objectives: To test the hypothesis that hypercapnia produced by hypoventilation before desflurane cessation shortens emergence time from general anaesthesia (primary hypothesis) and reduces undesirable cardiorespiratory events. Read More

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Wireless Subcutaneous Trigeminal Nerve Field Stimulation for Refractory Trigeminal Pain: A Single Center Experience.

Neuromodulation 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Introduction: Subcutaneous trigeminal nerve field stimulation (sTNFS) is a neuromodulatory treatment for neuropathic trigeminal pain with the ability to reduce the intensity and frequency of pain attacks. However, hardware issues including lead migration, skin erosion, infection, so-called pocket pain at the site of the implanted neurostimulator are reported. Implantable wireless neurostimulation technology promises not only an even less invasive sTNFS treatment and thinner and more flexible electrodes better suited for facial implants, but also provides further advantages such as lack of an implantable neurostimulator and 3T magnetic resonance imaging compatibility. Read More

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Breastfeeding Motivation Predicts Infant Feeding Intention and Outcomes: Evaluation of a Novel Adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire.

J Hum Lact 2021 Jul 26:8903344211032128. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.

Background: Identifying those at risk for suboptimal breastfeeding outcomes remains critical for improving maternal and child health. Prenatal breastfeeding motivation may be a key predictor useful for identifying those who would benefit from additional breastfeeding support.

Research Aims: To (1) validate a breastfeeding-specific adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire (TSRQ-BF); and (2) determine if breastfeeding motivation predicts prenatal breastfeeding intentions and early breastfeeding outcomes. Read More

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APASL guidance on stopping nucleos(t)ide analogues in chronic hepatitis B patients.

Hepatol Int 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is currently incurable. Long-term treatment with potent and safe nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) can reduce hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhosis-related complications through profound viral suppression. However, indefinite therapy raises several crucial issues with pros and cons. Read More

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Assisted peritoneal dialysis: a feasible KRT modality for frail older patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD).

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 22;11(1):14928. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Nephrology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 160, Pujian Road, Pudong District, Shanghai, 200127, People's Republic of China.

Assisted PD is used as an alternative option for the growing group of frail, older ESKD patients unable to perform their own PD. This study was undertaken to investigate the outcomes of assisted PD in older patients by comparing assisted PD patients with self-care PD patients. This study included all patients aged 70 and above who started on PD in our hospital from 2009 to 2018. Read More

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Postdiagnosis Smoking Cessation and Reduced Risk for Lung Cancer Progression and Mortality : A Prospective Cohort Study.

Ann Intern Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Centre of Oncology, Moscow, Russia (A.M., O.S., D.Z.).

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and about one half of patients with lung cancer are active smokers at diagnosis.

Objective: To determine whether quitting smoking after diagnosis of lung cancer affects the risk for disease progression and mortality.

Design: Prospective study of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were recruited between 2007 and 2016 and followed annually through 2020. Read More

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Agent-Based Modeling for Implementation Research: An Application to Tobacco Smoking Cessation for Persons with Serious Mental Illness.

Implement Res Pract 2021 Jan-Dec;2. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Civil and Systems Engineering, Johns Hopkins University.

Background: Implementation researchers have sought ways to use simulations to support the core components of implementation, which typically include assessing the need for change, designing implementation strategies, executing the strategies, and evaluating outcomes. The goal of this paper is to explain how agent-based modeling could fulfill this role.

Methods: We describe agent-based modeling with respect to other simulation methods that have been used in implementation science, using non-technical language that is broadly accessible. Read More

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Recurrence and Outcome of Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Glomerulonephritis After Kidney Transplantation.

Kidney Int Rep 2021 Jul 28;6(7):1888-1894. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Division of Nephrology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: Recurrence of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) glomerulonephritis in the kidney graft is a rare event, described in limited reports. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a large cohort of patients with long follow-up, the risk of recurrence of anti-GBM disease, the risk factors associated with clinical recurrence, and the long-term patient and graft survival.

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study. Read More

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Relationships among Self-Efficacy, Quality of Life, Perceived Vulnerability, and Readiness to Quit Smoking in People Living with HIV.

J Smok Cessat 2021 11;2021:6697404. Epub 2021 May 11.

University of Texas at Austin, 110 Inner Campus Drive, Austin, TX 78705, USA.

Smoking-related diseases (e.g., lung cancer) are the leading cause of mortality in HIV-infected patients. Read More

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Perception of Tobacco Counseling and Cessation among Dental Practitioners.

Jazia A Alblowi

J Smok Cessat 2021 16;2021:6692525. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To investigate the knowledge and practice of tobacco cessation and counseling (TCC) among dental practitioners and their attitude and perceived barriers.

Methods: A cross-sectional study targeted licensed dental practitioners in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Participants answered a pretested and validated self-administered questionnaire consisted of demographic data; smoking status; knowledge of tobacco hazards, attitude, and practice; and perceived barriers of tobacco cessation counseling. Read More

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Rationale and Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Medical Student Counseling for Hospitalized Patients Addicted to Tobacco (the MS-CHAT Trial).

J Smok Cessat 2021 27;2021:6682408. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Globally, India is the second largest consumer of tobacco. However, Indian medical students do not receive adequate training in smoking cessation counseling. Each patient hospitalization is an opportunity to counsel smokers. Read More

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January 2021

Measuring Therapeutic Alliance for Tobacco Cessation Counseling for Behavioral Health Clinicians.

J Smok Cessat 2021 13;2021:6671899. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1930 Monroe St., Madison, WI 53711, USA.

Introduction: Those coping with significant mental illness smoke at a high prevalence rate. Increasingly, behavioral health clinicians (BHCs) are being asked to provide tobacco-dependence interventions. In this context, it is important to measure their success at doing so. Read More

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Impact of tobacco cessation education on behaviors of nursing undergraduates in helping smokers to quit smoking.

Tob Induc Dis 2021 14;19:58. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

College of Nursing, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Introduction: Smoking continues to be a significant public health issue, but nursing students do not receive sufficient training on tobacco cessation education. Integrating the 5As behaviors for tobacco cessation into a compulsory course could improve nursing students' skills and increase their clinical behaviors for assisting patients in quitting smoking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of evidence-based tobacco cessation education on the perceptions and behaviors of nursing students who are assisting patients to quit smoking. Read More

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Exercise and the Risk of Dementia in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Atrial Fibrillation: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.

J Clin Med 2021 Jul 15;10(14). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea.

Background: It is unclear whether exercise would reduce dementia in patients with a new diagnosis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between the change in physical activity (PA) before and after new-onset AF and the risk of incident dementia.

Methods: Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, we enrolled a total of 126,555 patients with newly diagnosed AF between 2010 and 2016, who underwent health examinations within two years before and after their diagnosis of AF. Read More

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Cardiac Rehabilitation in German Speaking Countries of Europe-Evidence-Based Guidelines from Germany, Austria and Switzerland LLKardReha-DACH-Part 2.

J Clin Med 2021 Jul 12;10(14). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Private Practice, D-14169 Berlin, Germany.

Background: Scientific guidelines have been developed to update and harmonize exercise based cardiac rehabilitation (ebCR) in German speaking countries. Key recommendations for ebCR indications have recently been published in part 1 of this journal. The present part 2 updates the evidence with respect to contents and delivery of ebCR in clinical practice, focusing on exercise training (ET), psychological interventions (PI), patient education (PE). Read More

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Efficacy, tolerability, and safety of zonisamide in children with epileptic spasms: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Seizure 2021 Jul 18;91:374-383. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India-160012.

Background: Valproate, levetiracetam, benzodiazepines, and topiramate are antiseizure medications (ASMs) considered to have definite efficacy in reducing the frequency of epileptic spasm frequency, apart from ketogenic dietary therapies. Although zonisamide has also been shown to have efficacy as second-line ASM for epileptic spasms, various studies have conflicting results in literature. This systematic review aims to summarize clinical studies regarding the efficacy of zonisamide for epileptic spasms. Read More

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Impact of a Regional Smoking Cessation Intervention for Vascular Surgery Patients.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address:

Objective: Tobacco use is common among vascular surgery patients and negatively impacts outcomes and longevity. In the second quarter of 2018, a statewide vascular quality collaborative launched an initiative across its 35 participating hospitals to promote smoking cessation at the time of surgery. This intervention was based on the Vascular Physician Offer and Report (VAPOR) trial and consisted of 3 components: brief physician-delivered advice, referral to telephone-based counseling, and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Read More

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Lurasidone in Therapy of Treatment-resistant Ultra-rapid Cycling Bipolar Disorder: Case Report.

Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci 2021 Aug;19(3):568-571

Department of Psychiatry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland.

Lurasidone is an atypical antipsychotic approved for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar depression. It seems to have a favorable metabolic profile and low risk of causing adverse interactions. Here we present a case of a 25-year old female patient with treatment-resistant ultra-rapid cycling bipolar disorder, obesity, hypothyroidism, and epilepsy. Read More

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Inhaled corticosteroid prescriptions in the ED for recurrent asthma using IT clinical decision support: Revisit after cessation of an incentive program.

J Asthma 2021 Jul 22:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Statistics Department, Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

The objective of this study was to assess whether inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) prescription rates for patients with poorly controlled asthma presenting to the emergency department (ED) remained high with a clinical support system in place, after a financial incentive program ended. This study is the second phase of a previous study done at our institution. The first phase demonstrated that the introduction of an electronic alert system advising providers to prescribe ICS to patients with poorly controlled asthma, along with a financial incentive, increased ICS prescription rates from 2% to 77%. Read More

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HBeAg-positive patients with HBsAg  < 100 IU/mL and negative HBV RNA have lower risk of virological relapse after nucleos(t)ide analogues cessation.

J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Hepatitis C and Immunotherapy for Liver Diseases, Beijing International Cooperation Base for Science and Technology On NAFLD Diagnosis, Peking University Hepatology Institute, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, China.

Background: Nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) cessation is not widely practiced and remains a controversial, but highly relevant subject in patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). We aimed to explore the related factors for safe NAs cessation.

Methods: This is a multicenter prospective cohort study. Read More

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Dimethyl fumarate treatment for psoriasis in a real-life setting: a multicentric retrospective study.

Dermatol Ther 2021 Jul 21:e15066. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Dermatology and Infectious Diseases University of Ferrara.

Background: Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is a fumaric acid esters derivate approved for plaque psoriasis as first-line systemic therapy. It has been available in Italy since 2017 and an increasing number of patients are treated with this drug.

Objectives: To evaluate DMF effectiveness, side effects and drug survival in a dermatological real-life setting. Read More

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Use of suggestive seizure manipulation methods in the investigation of patients with possible psychogenic nonepileptic seizures - an international ILAE survey.

Epilepsia Open 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

The University of Sheffield, Academic Neurology Unit, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, UK, S10 2JF.

Video-encephalographic (vEEG) seizure recordings make essential contributions to the differentiation of epilepsy and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). The yield of vEEG examinations can be increased through suggestive seizure manipulation (SSM) (i.e. Read More

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Cannabis, Schizophrenia Risk and Genetics: A Case Report of a Patient With Homozygous Valine Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Polymorphism.

Cureus 2021 Jun 18;13(6):e15740. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Psychiatry, Interfaith Medical Center, New York, USA.

The question of whether cannabis can trigger schizophrenia continues to be a subject of interest. There has been an increasing focus on identifying potential genetic factors that may predispose cannabis users to develop schizophrenia. One such gene identified in many studies codes for a catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) enzyme polymorphism. Read More

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COVID-19 social distancing: negative effects on people with Parkinson disease and their associations with confidence for self-management.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 20;21(1):284. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the effects of COVID-19 social distancing on the function, health, and well-being of people with Parkinson disease (PD), and test the association of these effects with patients' activation levels, i.e., their skills and confidence in managing their health. Read More

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Receipt of Tobacco Treatment and One-Year Smoking Cessation Rates Following Lung Cancer Screening in the Veterans Health Administration.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

VA HSR&D Center of Innovation (COIN) for Veteran Centered and Value-Driven Care, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Implementation of effective smoking cessation interventions in lung cancer screening has been identified as a high-priority research gap, but knowledge of current practices to guide process improvement is limited due to the slow uptake of screening and dearth of data to assess cessation-related practices and outcomes under real-world conditions.

Objective: To evaluate cessation treatment receipt and 1-year post-screening cessation outcomes within the largest integrated healthcare system in the USA-the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Design Observational study using administrative data from electronic medical records (EMR). Read More

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Oocyte cryopreservation in a transgender man on long-term testosterone therapy: a case report.

F S Rep 2021 Jun 20;2(2):249-251. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To report a case of ovarian stimulation for the purposes of oocyte cryopreservation in a transgender man without cessation of long-term testosterone therapy.

Design: Report of a unique case of fertility preservation through ovarian stimulation and oocyte cryopreservation in a transgender man who had been on testosterone therapy for 18 months before treatment. The patient elected to continue testosterone therapy throughout ovarian stimulation and oocyte retrieval. Read More

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