2,472 results match your criteria cessation good

Telemedicine Improves the Short-Term Medical Care of Acute ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction After Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 12;8:693731. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Telemedicine appears to be a promising tool for healthcare professionals to deliver remote care to patients with cardiovascular diseases especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed in this study to evaluate the value of telemedicine added to the short-term medical care of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Two hundred acute STEMI patients after primary PCI were randomly divided into two groups. Read More

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Individual 5-Year Lung Cancer Risk Prediction Model in Korea Using a Nationwide Representative Database.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jul 13;13(14). Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 03080, Korea.

Early detection of lung cancer by screening has contributed to reduce lung cancer mortality. Identifying high risk subjects for lung cancer is necessary to maximize the benefits and minimize the harms followed by lung cancer screening. In the present study, individual lung cancer risk in Korea was presented using a risk prediction model. Read More

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Lurasidone in Therapy of Treatment-resistant Ultra-rapid Cycling Bipolar Disorder: Case Report.

Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci 2021 Aug;19(3):568-571

Department of Psychiatry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland.

Lurasidone is an atypical antipsychotic approved for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar depression. It seems to have a favorable metabolic profile and low risk of causing adverse interactions. Here we present a case of a 25-year old female patient with treatment-resistant ultra-rapid cycling bipolar disorder, obesity, hypothyroidism, and epilepsy. Read More

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Undiagnosed Hyperglycemia Is a Potential Long-term Risk in Metabolic Surgery Patients: 7 Years Follow-up Study.

Obes Surg 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Wockhardt Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

Introduction: Diabetes is considered to be a surgically correctable illness. As glycemic control begins soon after surgery, the cessation of anti-diabetic medications is early. Patients believe that their diabetes has been "cured" and the need for blood sugar monitoring is forgotten, leading to undiagnosed hyperglycemia and risk of diabetes-related complications. Read More

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New Markers of Platelet Activation and Reactivity and Oxidative Stress Parameters in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 26;2021:8915253. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department for Medical Biochemistry, University of Belgrade-Faculty of Pharmacy, Belgrade, Serbia.

Objective: Recent studies have shown that the red cell distribution width- (RDW-) to-platelet (PLT) count ratio (i.e., RPR) and the mean platelet volume (MPV)/PLT ratio (i. Read More

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Active Ingredients and Mechanisms of Change in Motivational Interviewing for Smoking Cessation in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Mixed Methods Study.

Front Psychol 2021 22;12:599203. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Inholland University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

For patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), smoking is an important risk factor for the recurrence of a cardiovascular event. Motivational interviewing (MI) may increase the motivation of the smokers to stop smoking. Data on MI for smoking cessation in patients with CAD are limited, and the active ingredients and working mechanisms of MI in smoking cessation are largely unknown. Read More

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[Smoking Cessation and Prescription of Ambulatory Exercise Training as Part of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Germany].

Pneumologie 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Klinik Bad Reichenhall, Bad Reichenhall.

Purpose:  This survey was conducted on behalf of the German Respiratory Society (DGP) section 12. The aim was to assess the means of achieving tobacco cessation and prescription of exercise training on an outpatient basis after discharge from pulmonary rehabilitation clinic as part of aftercare of pulmonary rehabilitation programs in Germany.

Methods:  We contacted all pulmonary rehabilitation clinics in Germany. Read More

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Peritoneal Dialysis Following Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement and Kidney Recovery: A Case Report.

Kidney Med 2021 May-Jun;3(3):438-441. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) complicates up to 50% of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placements and up to 30% of these patients require dialysis. Despite advances in LVAD technology since the first-generation devices, the risk for AKI remains high. We present a case of a woman in her 50s with previously stable stage C heart failure who developed critical cardiogenic shock and resultant AKI. Read More

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February 2021

Pharmacokinetic Characterization of a Prototype Mini Nicotine Lozenge.

Adv Ther 2021 Jul 9;38(7):3997-4012. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

GlaxoSmithKline, Route de l'Etraz 2, Case postale, 1260, Nyon 1, Switzerland.

Introduction: Cigarette smoking remains a substantial public health problem. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is an effective treatment that increases the success of a quit attempt. There are different NRT formats with no difference in efficacy, but their pharmaceutical form or route of administration may translate into individual preferences. Read More

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Impact of deep learning-determined smoking status on mortality of cancer patients: never too late to quit.

ESMO Open 2021 Jun 3;6(3):100175. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Department of Oncology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; FICAN West Cancer Centre, Turku, Finland. Electronic address:

Background: Persistent smoking after cancer diagnosis is associated with increased overall mortality (OM) and cancer mortality (CM). According to the 2020 Surgeon General's report, smoking cessation may reduce CM but supporting evidence is not wide. Use of deep learning-based modeling that enables universal natural language processing of medical narratives to acquire population-based real-life smoking data may help overcome the challenge. Read More

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Bilateral fingolimod-associated macular oedema development after cataract surgery.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK

Postoperative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) is a recognised complication of cataract surgery, occurring in around 1.5% of cases. It is generally managed with topical steroids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Read More

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Modelling past human internal exposure to lower chlorinated indicator PCBs using proxies - A calculation based on multiple longitudinal PCB analyses.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 21;784:147250. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Institute for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstraße 30, D-52074 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address:

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants with former applications in electric transformers, capacitors, hydraulic fluids or joint sealants. While current internal exposure to PCBs can be readily assessed by human biomonitoring, the evaluation of longgone past exposures, in particular the estimation of past exposure to lower chlorinated non-dioxin-like PCB 28, 52 or 101 is limited due to the relatively short biological half-life of these PCB-congeners. This study was aimed to find a proxy that would allow an estimation of the former plasma level for these congeners even several years after exposure cessation. Read More

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Comparison of the Safety and Efficacy between Preserved and Preservative-Free Latanoprost and Preservative-Free Tafluprost.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 May 24;14(6). Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea.

In this study, we investigated the effect of preservative-free (PF) 0.0015% tafluprost (TA), to the preservative containing (PC) and the PF 0.005% latanoprost (LA) in Korean subjects. Read More

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Comparison of the efficacy and safety of levetiracetam and phenytoin in the treatment of established status epilepticus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Jul 27;89:422-429. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Pharmacy, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Diseases, Beijing Engineering Research Center for Nervous System Drugs, Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders, Key Laboratory for Neurodegenerative Diseases of Ministry of Education, Beijing 100053, China. Electronic address:

Status epilepticus (SE) is the second most critical neurological illness after cerebrovascular disease. Phenytoin has traditionally been considered the second-line drug of first choice after failure of first-line treatment using benzodiazepines. In recent years, levetiracetam has been proposed as a potential substitute for phenytoin. Read More

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Smoking and Liver Disease.

Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y) 2020 Dec;16(12):617-625

Division of Liver Diseases, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Institute of Liver Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, causing approximately 480,000 deaths per year, which is equivalent to 1 in 5 deaths being attributable to tobacco use. The adverse effects of cigarette smoking on the lungs and cardiovascular system are well described; however, the detrimental effects of smoking on the liver are not as well defined. Smoking affects the liver via 3 separate mechanisms: toxic (both direct and indirect), immunologic, and oncogenic. Read More

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December 2020

Migraine and Vascular Risk: An Update.

Neurol India 2021 Mar-Apr;69(Supplement):S83-S90

Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Migraine is a common neurological disorder with significant morbidity and disability. There is growing evidence that migraine is associated with cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

Objective: The aim of this study was to provide an update on the association of migraine with some common vascular diseases in persons suffering from the disease and discuss the clinical implications. Read More

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Recidivism in Liver Transplant Recipients for Alcohol-related Liver Disease.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2021 May-Jun;11(3):387-396. Epub 2020 Sep 6.

Institute of Liver Transplantation and Regenerative Medicine, Medanta the Medicity, Gurgaon, Delhi (NCR), India.

Liver transplantation (LT) is the only cure for patients with end-stage liver disease, which offers good long-term survival. The long-term issues after LT affecting survival are cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, de novo malignancies, recurrence of original disease and immunological causes. Alcoholic-related liver disease (ALD) is one of the most common indications for LT worldwide including India. Read More

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September 2020

Behavior Change Techniques in Popular Mobile Apps for Smoking Cessation in France: Content Analysis.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 05 13;9(5):e26082. Epub 2021 May 13.

Laboratoire EA 4430-Clinique Psychanalyse Developpement, Department of Psychology, University of Paris Nanterre, Nanterre, Ile-de-France, France.

Background: The mobile app market differs from country to country, and to date, no previous review of the content quality of smoking cessation apps has been conducted in France.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the general quality of the most popular smoking cessation apps in France and also determine the degree to which apps adhere to established behavioral and cognitive techniques (BCTs) proven effective in clinical practice.

Methods: A systematic research of smoking cessation apps was conducted in both the Google Play Store and Apple Store in the French market. Read More

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Sequential Systemic Treatment in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Is Able to Prolong Median Survival to More than 3 Years in a Selected Real-World Cohort.

Visc Med 2021 Mar 7;37(2):87-93. Epub 2020 May 7.

I. Department of Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Introduction: The number of efficacious systemic agents for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has rapidly increased over the past 3 years. However, guidance for optimal sequential systemic treatment in patients with advanced disease and experience with outcome and safety profiles are lacking.

Objective: We aimed to assess efficacy and tolerability of sequential systemic therapy of advanced HCC. Read More

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Reversible renal-limited thrombotic microangiopathy due to gemcitabine-dexamethasone-cisplatin therapy: a case report.

BMC Nephrol 2021 May 12;22(1):175. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Hematology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 2-1-1 Minami-machi, Minatojima, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0047, Japan.

Background: Gemcitabine and cisplatin are chemotherapeutic agents used for treating multiple cancers, and these agents are sometimes used in combination. Drug-induced thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a rare but potentially fatal complication. It typically presents as a systemic disease with the classical triad of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and organ damage. Read More

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A Novel Signature for Predicting Prognosis of Smoking-Related Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Genet 2021 22;12:666371. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Tobacco smoking is an established risk factor for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We obtained smoking-related SCC, including cervical SCC (CSCC), esophageal SCC (ESCC), head and neck SCC (HNSC), and lung SCC (LUSC), from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database to investigate the association between smoking status (reformed and current smoking) and prognosis. We found that reformed smokers had a better prognosis than current smokers in CSCC ( = 0. Read More

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Adherence and Efficacy of Smoking Cessation Treatment Among Patients with COPD in China.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2021;16:1203-1214. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Tobacco Medicine and Tobacco Cessation Centre, Center of Respiratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Smoking cessation is a key intervention for all smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Poor treatment adherence is a challenge in clinical practice that might contribute to the lower efficacy of medication (eg, oral drug). However, it is unclear what factors will influence adherence among smokers with COPD. Read More

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Promoting Successful Cognitive Aging: A Ten-Year Update.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 ;81(3):871-920

Center for Brain/Mind Medicine, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Hale Building for Transformative Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

A decade has passed since we published a comprehensive review in this journal addressing the topic of promoting successful cognitive aging, making this a good time to take stock of the field. Because there have been limited large-scale, randomized controlled trials, especially following individuals from middle age to late life, some experts have questioned whether recommendations can be legitimately offered about reducing the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. Despite uncertainties, clinicians often need to at least make provisional recommendations to patients based on the highest quality data available. Read More

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January 2021

Reduction of cycles of bendamustine plus rituximab therapy in the cases with good response for indolent B-cell lymphomas.

Hematol Oncol 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Bendamusutine plus rituximab (BR) regimen is one of the standard regimens for indolent B-cell lymphomas, yet the possibility of reduction of cycles of BR therapy without compromising therapeutic effects is not still uncovered. We retrospectively surveyed 57 cases including 40 follicular lymphoma cases who underwent BR regimen in our institute. The overall response (OR) rate and complete response (CR) rate were 86. Read More

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Gender Differences in the Interrelations Among Social Support, Stressful Life Events, and Smoking Cessation in People With Severe Mental Illnesses.

J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc 2021 Apr 30:10783903211008248. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Carla L Storr, ScD MPH, University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: Social support and stressful life events (SLEs) have been found to be influential factors for smoking cessation in the general population, but little is known about these factors among smokers with severe mental illnesses (SMIs) and whether their associations with smoking cessation differ by gender.

Objective: To examine the association between social support and smoking cessation as mediated by SLEs in people with SMI and to examine whether the interrelations among social support, SLEs, and smoking cessation differ by gender.

Method: A population sample of 4,610 American lifetime adult smokers with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depressive disorder were identified in a limited public use data set of the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Read More

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Alitretinoin Compliance in Patients with Chronic Hand Eczema.

Ann Dermatol 2021 Feb 30;33(1):46-51. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Department of Dermatology, Busan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Busan, Korea.

Background: Oral alitretinoin is effective in the treatment of chronic hand eczema (CHE), and ≥12 weeks of alitretinoin treatment has been shown to be effective in Korean patients. However, in the real world, a considerable number of patients discontinue alitretinoin, which leads to treatment failure.

Objective: To evaluate the compliance rate of alitretinoin treatment and explore common reasons for poor compliance in patients with CHE in the real world. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluation of Successfulness of Capacity Building Programmes on Smokeless Tobacco and Areca Nut Cessation.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2021 Apr 1;22(4):1287-1293. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Centre for Research in Oral Cancer, Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Background: Prevalence of smoking in Sri Lanka has shown a gradual reduction whilst the use of smokeless tobacco and areca nut exhibits an increasing trend. At present, only a few well-structured smokeless tobacco (SLT)/areca nut (AN) cessation programs have been conducted in Sri Lanka, which is a gross underachievement as betel chewing-related oral squamous cell carcinoma is the most common cancer in Sri Lankan males. As General Dental Practitioners (GDP) do not contribute significantly to SLT/AN cessation activities at present, capacity building programs on SLT/AN control were carried out. Read More

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Ranolazine-induced lipid storage myopathy presenting with respiratory failure and head drop.

Neuromuscul Disord 2021 Jun 22;31(6):546-550. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, United States. Electronic address:

Ranolazine is an anti-ischemic drug often used along with statins in patients with ischemic heart disease. Ranolazine-induced proximal myopathy or rhabdomyolysis have been rarely reported, but toxic effects of statins could not be completely ruled out in those cases. We report a 68-year-old man with ranolazine-induced myopathy who presented with respiratory insufficiency and head drop. Read More

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Development of a Risk Behavior Diagnosis Scale for E-cigarette Use.

Am J Health Behav 2021 03;45(2):342-351

Matthew C. Herman, Associate Director of the Brock Institute, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA, United States.

Adolescent use of electronic cigarettes has risen dramatically, prompting concerns about the health effects. There is need for brief measures to assess adolescents' perceived threat and efficacy related to e-cigarette use and cessation. A 12-item Likert-type scale was modeled after the Risk Behavior Diagnosis Scale and designed to assess threat (ie, severity and susceptibility of threat) and efficacy (ie, self-efficacy and response efficacy) as they relate to e-cigarette use. Read More

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