91,361 results match your criteria cessation


Potential for optimizing management of obesity in the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease.

Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Medicine, Solna, Karolinska Institutet, FoU - Tema Hjärta och Kärl, S1:02, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset/Solna, SE-171 76, Stockholm, Sweden.

Aims: Prevention guidelines have identified the management of obese patients as an important priority to reduce the burden of incident and recurrent cardiovascular disease. Still, studies have demonstrated that over 80% of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) fail to achieve their weight target. Here, we describe advice received and actions reported by overweight CHD patients since being discharged from hospital and how weight changes relate to their risk profile. Read More

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The mobile assistance for regulating smoking (MARS) micro-randomized trial design protocol.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Jul 24:106513. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States of America.

Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death and disability in the U.S. Empirical evidence suggests that engaging in evidence-based self-regulatory strategies (e. Read More

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Percutaneous cryoablation of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in pediatric patients.

Insights Imaging 2021 Jul 27;12(1):106. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Hospital Clínic Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: To review the safety and efficacy of percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma in the pediatric and adolescent population.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review from 2016 to 2020 was performed to evaluate clinical and imaging response to percutaneous cryoablation in 11 symptomatic patients with diagnosis of chondroblastoma and osteoblastoma treated from two pediatric hospitals with at least 12-month follow-up. Technical success (correct needle placement and potential full coverage of the tumor with the planned ablation zone) and clinical success (relief of the symptoms) were evaluated. Read More

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Electronic nicotine product cessation and cigarette smoking: analysis of waves 3 and 4 from the PATH study.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Introduction: Identifying predictors of electronic nicotine product (ENP) cessation can inform ENP cessation interventions. High rates of co-occurring ENP and cigarette (dual) use and transitions between these products underscore the importance of considering cigarette smoking status when assessing and addressing ENP cessation.

Methods: We analyzed waves 3 (W3) and 4 (W4) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study to identify (i) W3 socio-demographics, tobacco and ENP use characteristics, and psychosocial correlates of W3 cigarette smoking status (non-smoker, former and current) among W3 adult ENP users, and (ii) W3 predictors of W4 combined ENP and cigarette smoking abstinence relative to use of one or both products. Read More

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Hypercapnia versus normocapnia for emergence from desflurane anaesthesia: Single-blinded randomised controlled study.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Chiba University Hospital (AS, AY, MHg, KS), Department of Anesthesiology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba (NN-T, JO, SI), Department of Anesthesiology, Matsudo City General Hospital, Matsudo (YK), Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (YS).

Background: Rapid emergence from general anaesthesia is desirable only if safety is not sacrificed. Mechanical hyperventilation during hypercapnia produced by carbon dioxide infusion into the inspired gas mixture or by rebreathing was reported to shorten emergence time from inhalation anaesthesia.

Objectives: To test the hypothesis that hypercapnia produced by hypoventilation before desflurane cessation shortens emergence time from general anaesthesia (primary hypothesis) and reduces undesirable cardiorespiratory events. Read More

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Integrated Smoking Cessation for Smokers With Serious Mental Illness: Protocol for a Convergent Mixed Methods Implementation Evaluation Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jul 27;10(7):e25390. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Mixed Methods Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.

Background: Tobacco smoking is associated with significant morbidity and premature mortality in individuals with serious mental illness. A 2-year pragmatic clinical trial (PCORI PCS-1504-30472) that enrolled 1100 individuals with serious mental illness in the greater Boston area was conducted to test 2 interventions for tobacco cessation for individuals with serious mental illness: (1) academic detailing, which delivers education to primary care providers and highlights first-line pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation, and (2) provision of community health worker support to smoker participants. Implementing and scaling this intervention in other settings will require the systematic identification of barriers and facilitators, as well as the identification of relevant subgroups, effective and unique components, and setting-specific factors. Read More

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Wireless Subcutaneous Trigeminal Nerve Field Stimulation for Refractory Trigeminal Pain: A Single Center Experience.

Neuromodulation 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Introduction: Subcutaneous trigeminal nerve field stimulation (sTNFS) is a neuromodulatory treatment for neuropathic trigeminal pain with the ability to reduce the intensity and frequency of pain attacks. However, hardware issues including lead migration, skin erosion, infection, so-called pocket pain at the site of the implanted neurostimulator are reported. Implantable wireless neurostimulation technology promises not only an even less invasive sTNFS treatment and thinner and more flexible electrodes better suited for facial implants, but also provides further advantages such as lack of an implantable neurostimulator and 3T magnetic resonance imaging compatibility. Read More

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Impact of e-cigarettes on colonic mucosa and the role of recovery: involvement of oxidative and inflammatory pathway.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Human Anatomy & Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) (EC) are often advertised as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes. Its widespread use has led to increased interest in its adverse health effects, thanks to few restrictions and a lack of regulatory guidelines. The study aimed to evaluate the influence of exposure to e-cigarette aerosol inhalation in rat colon model and conduct a follow-up after cessation of exposure. Read More

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Place Matters: Closing the Gap on Rural Primary Care Quality Improvement Capacity-the Healthy Hearts Northwest Study.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Jul-Aug;34(4):753-761

From the Oregon Rural Practice-based Research Network, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland (LJF, KR, CD); Oregon Health & Science University/Portland State University School of Public Health (KR); Qualis Health/Comagine Health, Seattle, WA (TK); Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, MacColl Center for Health Care Innovation, Seattle, WA (MLP).

Context: To compare rural independent and health system primary care practices with urban practices to external practice facilitation support in terms of recruitment, readiness, engagement, retention, and change in quality improvement (QI) capacity and quality metric performance.

Methods: The setting consisted of 135 small or medium-sized primary care practices participating in the Healthy Hearts Northwest quality improvement initiative. The practices were stratified by geography, rural or urban, and by ownership (independent [physician-owned] or system-owned [health/hospital system]). Read More

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January 2021

Breastfeeding Motivation Predicts Infant Feeding Intention and Outcomes: Evaluation of a Novel Adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire.

J Hum Lact 2021 Jul 26:8903344211032128. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.

Background: Identifying those at risk for suboptimal breastfeeding outcomes remains critical for improving maternal and child health. Prenatal breastfeeding motivation may be a key predictor useful for identifying those who would benefit from additional breastfeeding support.

Research Aims: To (1) validate a breastfeeding-specific adaptation of the Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire (TSRQ-BF); and (2) determine if breastfeeding motivation predicts prenatal breastfeeding intentions and early breastfeeding outcomes. Read More

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Smoking Cessation and Preterm Birth in Second Pregnancy Among Women who Smoked in Their First.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Curtin School of Population Health, Curtin University, WA, Australia.

Introduction: The benefit of smoking cessation in reducing the risk of preterm birth is well established. Relatively less well understood is the prevalence of smoking cessation maintenance at the next pregnancy and the associated preterm risk reduction. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of maintenance of smoking cessation at second pregnancy and the associated relative risk of preterm birth. Read More

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APASL guidance on stopping nucleos(t)ide analogues in chronic hepatitis B patients.

Hepatol Int 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is currently incurable. Long-term treatment with potent and safe nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) can reduce hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cirrhosis-related complications through profound viral suppression. However, indefinite therapy raises several crucial issues with pros and cons. Read More

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Assisted peritoneal dialysis: a feasible KRT modality for frail older patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD).

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 22;11(1):14928. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Nephrology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 160, Pujian Road, Pudong District, Shanghai, 200127, People's Republic of China.

Assisted PD is used as an alternative option for the growing group of frail, older ESKD patients unable to perform their own PD. This study was undertaken to investigate the outcomes of assisted PD in older patients by comparing assisted PD patients with self-care PD patients. This study included all patients aged 70 and above who started on PD in our hospital from 2009 to 2018. Read More

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Dental health of preschool children after two-years of a supervised tooth brushing program in Southern Israel.

Isr J Health Policy Res 2021 Jul 22;10(1):42. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Dental Health Division, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: Supervised tooth brushing is an important part of leading national oral health improvement programs in different countries. With the cessation of water fluoridation in 2014, a new program was immediately required to provide community-based caries prevention, especially amongst young children. The aim of this study was to determine whether a supervised tooth brushing program (STBP) in kindergartens could reduce dental caries amongst preschool children, when compared with children from the same community who did not participate in the program. Read More

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Smoking cessation strategies used by former menthol cigarette smokers after a menthol ban.

Addict Behav 2021 Jul 13;123:107046. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Menthol cigarettes were banned in Ontario, Canada on January 1st, 2017. We used concept mapping, a mixed-method approach, to describe how menthol cigarette smokers quit smoking after the Ontario menthol ban.

Methods: Pre-ban daily and non-daily menthol cigarette smokers who reported smoking abstinence 24 months after the ban (n = 62; 53. Read More

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Postdiagnosis Smoking Cessation and Reduced Risk for Lung Cancer Progression and Mortality : A Prospective Cohort Study.

Ann Intern Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Centre of Oncology, Moscow, Russia (A.M., O.S., D.Z.).

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide, and about one half of patients with lung cancer are active smokers at diagnosis.

Objective: To determine whether quitting smoking after diagnosis of lung cancer affects the risk for disease progression and mortality.

Design: Prospective study of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were recruited between 2007 and 2016 and followed annually through 2020. Read More

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Fluoridation cessation and children's dental caries: A 7-year follow-up evaluation of Grade 2 schoolchildren in Calgary and Edmonton, Canada.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Objectives: We examined the effect of fluoridation cessation on children's dental caries experience in the Canadian cities of Calgary (cessation in 2011) and Edmonton (still fluoridated).

Methods: We used a pre-post cross-sectional design with comparison group. We studied Grade 2 schoolchildren (approximately 7 years old) 7-8 years after fluoridation cessation in Calgary, thus capturing children born after cessation occurred. Read More

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Heart rate recovery to assess fitness: comparison of different calculation methods in a large cross-sectional study.

Res Sports Med 2021 Jul 26:1-14. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Human Physiology, Malaga University, Andalucía Tech, Histology, Pathological Anatomy and Physical Education, Malaga, Spain.

We propose a cross-sectional study based on 980 maximal effort tests to quantify the effect of the calculation method of heart rate recovery (HRR) on its association with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). For five different time t after exercise cessation, HRR has been calculated as: the difference and the ratio between maximal measured heart rate and heart rate (HR) at tHR at tthe decay time of an exponential decay encompassing the first t minutes of the HR recovery.The associations between HRR indices and CRF were estimated from generalized estimating equations stratified by gender and adjusted for age and body mass index. Read More

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Agent-Based Modeling for Implementation Research: An Application to Tobacco Smoking Cessation for Persons with Serious Mental Illness.

Implement Res Pract 2021 Jan-Dec;2. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Civil and Systems Engineering, Johns Hopkins University.

Background: Implementation researchers have sought ways to use simulations to support the core components of implementation, which typically include assessing the need for change, designing implementation strategies, executing the strategies, and evaluating outcomes. The goal of this paper is to explain how agent-based modeling could fulfill this role.

Methods: We describe agent-based modeling with respect to other simulation methods that have been used in implementation science, using non-technical language that is broadly accessible. Read More

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Recurrence and Outcome of Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Glomerulonephritis After Kidney Transplantation.

Kidney Int Rep 2021 Jul 28;6(7):1888-1894. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Division of Nephrology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: Recurrence of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) glomerulonephritis in the kidney graft is a rare event, described in limited reports. The aim of this study was to evaluate, in a large cohort of patients with long follow-up, the risk of recurrence of anti-GBM disease, the risk factors associated with clinical recurrence, and the long-term patient and graft survival.

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective study. Read More

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Multimodal etiology of drug induced angle closure with topical glaucoma therapy.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021 Sep 17;23:101152. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Purpose: We present a case of acute onset of bilateral choroidal effusions leading to angle closure glaucoma attributed to multiple mechanism of actions causing ciliary body and aqueous flow disruption in the setting of topical glaucoma therapy with latanoprost, brimonidine 0.2%, and Brinzolamide 0.1%. Read More

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September 2021

Methimazole Desensitization in a 4-Year-Old With Refractory Graves Disease.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Jul-Aug;7(4):273-276. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Diabetes and Endocrinology.

Objective: To describe a 4-year-old girl with Graves disease and methimazole allergy who underwent desensitization, allowing continued methimazole use when other treatments were contraindicated.

Methods: We formulated a desensitization plan utilizing cetirizine and prednisone for a patient with previously diagnosed Graves disease who developed urticaria and arthralgias from methimazole. She was admitted for monitoring of rash, urticaria, angioedema, and anaphylaxis. Read More

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February 2021

Cognitive-Affective Transdiagnostic Factors Associated With Vulnerability to Alcohol and Prescription Opioid Use in the Context of Pain.

Alcohol Res 2021 15;41(1):08. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York.

The use of alcohol and prescription opioids is common among people in pain and poses significant public health burdens. This review identifies factors associated with motivation to use alcohol and prescription opioids in the context of pain. Pain-relevant, cognitive-affective, transdiagnostic vulnerability factors-expectancies/motives, pain catastrophizing, pain-related anxiety, distress intolerance, anxiety sensitivity, and perceived interrelations-were selected from theoretical conceptualizations of pain and substance use. Read More

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Relationships among Self-Efficacy, Quality of Life, Perceived Vulnerability, and Readiness to Quit Smoking in People Living with HIV.

J Smok Cessat 2021 11;2021:6697404. Epub 2021 May 11.

University of Texas at Austin, 110 Inner Campus Drive, Austin, TX 78705, USA.

Smoking-related diseases (e.g., lung cancer) are the leading cause of mortality in HIV-infected patients. Read More

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Assessing Markers of Reproducibility and Transparency in Smoking Behaviour Change Intervention Evaluations.

J Smok Cessat 2021 15;2021:6694386. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Centre for Behaviour Change, University College London, UK.

Introduction: Activities promoting research reproducibility and transparency are crucial for generating trustworthy evidence. Evaluation of smoking interventions is one area where vested interests may motivate reduced reproducibility and transparency.

Aims: Assess markers of transparency and reproducibility in smoking behaviour change intervention evaluation reports. Read More

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January 2021

Perception of Tobacco Counseling and Cessation among Dental Practitioners.

Authors:
Jazia A Alblowi

J Smok Cessat 2021 16;2021:6692525. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To investigate the knowledge and practice of tobacco cessation and counseling (TCC) among dental practitioners and their attitude and perceived barriers.

Methods: A cross-sectional study targeted licensed dental practitioners in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Participants answered a pretested and validated self-administered questionnaire consisted of demographic data; smoking status; knowledge of tobacco hazards, attitude, and practice; and perceived barriers of tobacco cessation counseling. Read More

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A Population-Level Assessment of Smoking Cessation following a Diagnosis of Tobacco- or Nontobacco-Related Cancer among United States Adults.

J Smok Cessat 2021 19;2021:6683014. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

New York University School of Medicine, Department of Population Health, USA.

Introduction: Smoking cessation after a cancer diagnosis can significantly improve treatment outcomes and reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and all-cause mortality.

Aim: We sought to measure the association between cancer diagnosis and subsequent smoking cessation.

Methods: Data was sourced from the Population Assessment of Health and Tobacco (PATH) study, a representative population-based sample of United States adults. Read More

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January 2021

Rationale and Design of a Randomized Controlled Trial to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Medical Student Counseling for Hospitalized Patients Addicted to Tobacco (the MS-CHAT Trial).

J Smok Cessat 2021 27;2021:6682408. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Globally, India is the second largest consumer of tobacco. However, Indian medical students do not receive adequate training in smoking cessation counseling. Each patient hospitalization is an opportunity to counsel smokers. Read More

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January 2021

Determining Optimal Cutoffs for Exhaled Carbon Monoxide and Salivary Cotinine to Identify Smokers among Korean Americans in a Smoking Cessation Clinical Trial.

J Smok Cessat 2021 15;2021:6678237. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Exercise and Health, University of Massachusetts Boston, USA.

Introduction: It is critical to accurately identify individuals who continue to smoke even after treatment, as this may prompt the use of more intensive and effective treatment strategies to help them attain complete abstinence.

Aims: This study examined optimal cutoffs for exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) and salivary cotinine to identify smokers among Korean Americans in a smoking cessation clinical trial.

Methods: CO and cotinine were measured three to four times over 12 months from the quit day. Read More

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February 2021