64,858 results match your criteria cesarean delivery


Canadian Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Cesarean Delivery Perioperative Management Survey.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, 1331 29 St NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 4N2. Electronic address:

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is a global surgical quality improvement initiative that has spread across numerous surgical disciplines. The uptake of ERAS in cesarean delivery in Canada is presently unknown. This study surveyed the current practices of Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) members with regards to ERAS guidelines for preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative cesarean delivery care. Read More

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Proteinuria may be an indicator of adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with preeclampsia: a retrospective study.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2021 May 14;19(1):71. Epub 2021 May 14.

The Center of Experimental Teaching Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: Proteinuria is one of the common manifestations of patients with preeclampsia (PE), but whether the severity of proteinuria is related to the pregnancy outcome of patients with preeclampsia remains controversial. The present study aimed to determine the relationship between 24-h proteinuria and adverse outcomes in patients with preeclampsia.

Methods: The present retrospective study included 329 pregnant women in Chongqing, China. Read More

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The effect of the birth method on changes of the prepartum and postpartum dimensions of perineal body.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 May 5;262:36-39. Epub 2021 May 5.

Ministry of Health Ankara City Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Turkey.

Objective: The perineal body is critical for maintaining the integrity of the pelvic floor, especially in females as it can be injured during vaginal delivery. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of childbirth on perineal body dimensions by using a transperineal 2D ultrasound.

Study Design: This prospective cohort study was performed in a tertiary obstetric care center. Read More

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The magnitude of neonatal near miss and associated factors among live births in public hospitals of Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia, 2020: A facility-based cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(5):e0251609. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wachemo University, Hosanna, Southern Ethiopia.

Background: Neonates with severe complications at birth or during the neonatal period who nearly died but survived constitute neonatal near miss (NNM) cases. Identifying NNM cases and correcting contributing factors are of the utmost importance to get relevant controls for neonatal deaths. However, limited studies are assessing the prevalence of NNM and associated factors with NNM cases in Ethiopia. Read More

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Maternal Intensive Care Unit Admission as an Indicator of Severe Acute Maternal Morbidity: A Population-Based Study.

Anesth Analg 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

From the Centre for Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité (CRESS), Paris University, Obstetrical Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team, EPOPé, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Paris, France.

Background: Severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) accounts for any life-threatening complication during pregnancy or after delivery. Measuring and monitoring SAMM seem critical to assessing the quality of maternal health care. The objectives were to explore the validity of intensive care unit (ICU) admission as an indicator of SAMM by characterizing the profile of women admitted to an ICU and of their ICU stay, according to the association with other SAMM criterion. Read More

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Molecular Analysis of an Abdominal Wall Cesarean Section Endometrioid Carcinoma.

Int J Surg Pathol 2021 May 14:10668969211018262. Epub 2021 May 14.

University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, France.

Malignant transformation of endometriosis is rare, and most cases concern the ovaries, while extraovarian cases are mostly found in the rectovaginal septum. Incisional adenocarcinoma is extremely rare, with only few cases reported in the literature, while their molecular profile remains unknown. Thus, we report on an abdominal wall cesarean section scar endometrioid adenocarcinoma studied by next-generation sequencing and microsatellite instability analysis. Read More

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Clinical efficacy of Radix Scrophulariae honey in improving wound healing of patients after cesarean section.

Panminerva Med 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Pathology, The People's Hospital of Nanchuan, Chongqing, China.

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Myomectomy during pregnancy: an obstetric overview and two case-series.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

Introduction: Uterine fibroids (UFs) are the most common benign disease affecting female reproductive system, occur in 20-40 % of women, and in 10 % of pregnancies. The aim of the investigation was to summarize evidences about the management and treatment of UFs and related complications in pregnancy.

Materials And Methods: A literature review was performed using scientific databases, including all case report and case series, using a combination of key words relating to the problem exposed. Read More

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Our anesthesia experiences in COVID-19 positive patients delivering by cesarean section: A retrospective single-center cohort study.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey.

Aim: Pregnancy increases susceptibility to respiratory complications of viral diseases. This study aims to evaluate our anesthesia practices in pregnant women with COVID-19 undergoing cesarean section.

Methods: A total of 61 patients who underwent cesarean section and had positive Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing for COVID-19 with nasopharyngeal swabs were included in the study. Read More

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Novel approach of rigid bronchoscopy concurrent with cesarean section and bronchial arterial embolism for patients with massive hemoptysis during pregnancy: case reports and literature review.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):582

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

Massive hemoptysis can be life-threatening and is frequently encountered in clinical practice, but rare during pregnancy. There have been limited case reports of massive hemoptysis in pregnancy in patients with conditions such as Takayasu's arteritis, bronchiectasis, bronchial carcinoid tumor, and tuberculosis. The most important management is early control of the hemorrhage and airway protection. Read More

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Management of Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis Following Nonspinal Surgeries: A Tertiary Care Center Experience.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Orthopaedic & Knee Clinic, Mumbai, India.

Background: The literature is lacking on the incidence and management of pyogenic spondylodiscitis (PS) following routine elective surgical procedures. This study aimed to analyze the presentation and treatment outcome in patients with PS following nonspinal surgeries at a tertiary care center with a minimum follow-up of 12 months.

Methods: The demographic, clinical-radiologic features, and treatment outcomes in 40 patients with a diagnosis of PS following nonspinal surgical procedures were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Read More

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Survey of veterinarians in the Netherlands on antimicrobial use for surgical prophylaxis in dairy practice.

J Dairy Sci 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Population Health Sciences, Division of Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Pharmacy, Utrecht University, 3584 CM, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

There is increased concern about the selection pressure of antimicrobial use (AMU) in humans as well in farm animals resulting in antimicrobial (AM) resistance. The introduction of monitoring of AMU in food-producing animals since 2011 has led to a considerable quantitative reduction of AMU in those animal species in the Netherlands. This survey was conducted to explore the possibilities to improve prudent use of AM in the cattle industry. Read More

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Evaluation of uterine scar healing by transvaginal ultrasound in 607 nonpregnant women with a history of cesarean section.

BMC Womens Health 2021 May 13;21(1):199. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Xinhua Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, No. 1665 Kong Jiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, China.

Background: Caesarean scar defect (CSD) seriously affects female reproductive health. In this study, we aim to evaluate uterine scar healing by transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) in nonpregnant women with cesarean section (CS) history and to build a predictive model for cesarean scar defects is very necessary.

Methods: A total of 607 nonpregnant women with previous CS who have transvaginal ultrasound measurements of the thickness of the lower uterine segment. Read More

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Use of gestation adjusted projection method for predicting fetal head circumference.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 May 13:1-5. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Albany Medical Center, Albany, NY, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine if the gestation adjusted projection (GAP) method applied to a fetal head circumference (FHC) measured on ultrasound between 32 and 36 weeks and 6 days gestation can predict birth head circumference, specifically ≥ 35 cm, which is a known risk factor for Cesarean.

Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of 60 pregnancies from January to December 2019. Eligible patients delivered a singleton term neonate and received two ultrasounds, one at 32-36 weeks and 6 days gestation (period 1) and a second within 7 days of a term birth (period 2). Read More

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Cesarean scar pregnancy: Reproductive outcome after robotic laparoscopic removal with simultaneous repair of the uterine defect.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 May 4;262:40-44. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden; Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe perioperative adverse events, fertility and obstetric outcome, following a robot assisted laparoscopic approach for treating Cesarean scar pregnancies (CSP).

Study Design: A retrospective case series of 14 consecutive women with a CSP and a wish for and attempts towards subsequent pregnancies, having undergone minimal invasive surgical treatment at two tertiary referral Swedish centers (Dep's of Obstetrics and Gynecology Skåne University Hospital, Lund, and Södersjukhuset, Stockholm) between 2008 and 2019. The surgery was performed by temporary intraoperative occlusion of the uterine blood supply, removal of the CSP and repair of the niche, by the use of robot assisted laparoscopy (Da Vinci surgical robot, Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA). Read More

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Outcomes of second stage cesarean section following the use of a fetal head elevation device: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 May 1;262:1-6. Epub 2021 May 1.

Center for Fetal Care and High-Risk Pregnancy, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chieti, Italy. Electronic address:

Objectives: To explore maternal and perinatal outcomes of women undergoing full dilatation cesarean section (CS) who had compared to those who did not have application of fetal head elevation device (FHED).

Material And Methods: Pubmed, Embase, Cinahl, Clinical Trial.Gov and Google Scholar databases were searched. Read More

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The impact of peak and duration of maternal intrapartum fever on perinatal outcomes.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 May 10:100390. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, Mount-Scopus, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objective: Intrapartum fever is a common perinatal complication, associated with short and long term adverse outcomes. Sparse data exists regarding the association between the peak and duration of maternal fever and the extent and severity of maternal and neonatal complications. This study aims to examine the association between maternal intrapartum fever peak and duration, and perinatal outcomes. Read More

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The dilemma of choosing obstetrics and anesthesia techniques in a patient with cerebral cavernomatosis: a case report.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

This report describes the case of a pregnant woman who arrived for pre-anesthetic assessment of External Cephalic Version (ECV) for fetus in breech presentation and cesarean section in case of ECV failure. Although the technique seems simple, attempts to rotate the fetus can result in elevated intracranial pressure, which might cause malformation bleeding. The most appropriate anesthetic technique in cases of arteriovenous malformations during C-sections has not been determined. Read More

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Risk factors for lactation mastitis in China: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0251182. Epub 2021 May 13.

Third Affiliated Hospital of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Background: Lactation mastitis (LM) affects approximately 3% to 33% of postpartum women and the risk factors of LM have been extensively studied. However, some results in the literature reports are still not conclusive due to the complexity of LM etiology and variation in the populations. To provide nationally representative evidence of the well-accepted risk factors for LM in China, this study was aimed to systematically summary the risk factors for LM among Chinese women and to determine the effect size of individual risk factor. Read More

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Delayed Severe Hemolytic Transfusion Reaction During Pregnancy in a Woman with β-Thalassemia Intermediate: Successful Outcome After Eculizumab Administration.

Am J Case Rep 2021 May 13;22:e931107. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Internal Medicine, Lyon Civil Hospices, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France.

BACKGROUND Delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions (DHTR) are life-threatening complications mostly triggered by red blood cell (RBC) transfusions in patients with hemoglobinopathy. CASE REPORT We present a case of DHTR and hyperhemolysis syndrome in a 39-year-old pregnant woman with a history of ß-thalassemia intermediate in whom the hemoglobin (Hb) level fell to 27 g/L after transfusion of 2 units of crossmatch-compatible packed RBCs. No allo- or auto-antibody formation was detected. Read More

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Limb body wall complex complicating a dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy: MRI for demonstration of fetal morphology.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 12;14(5). Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, Pondicherry, India.

Limb body wall complex (LBWC) is a rare, lethal malformation characterised by body wall defects, craniofacial and limb anomalies with or without various other organ anomalies. We report a case of dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy discordant for LBWC, diagnosed by ultrasound (US) and confirmed by MRI at 21 weeks' gestation, managed expectantly and delivered at 35 weeks by emergency caesarean section with a favourable outcome of the unaffected twin. The anomalous twin, who died soon after birth, had a sizeable thoracoabdominal wall defect, eviscerated liver and bowel loops attached to the placenta, short cord, ectopia cordis, lung hypoplasia, kyphoscoliosis, right upper limb amelia and left clubfoot with polydactyly. Read More

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Are we preventing the primary cesarean delivery at the second stage of labor following ACOG-SMFM new guidelines? Retrospective cohort study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 May 12:1-6. Epub 2021 May 12.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Objective: In 2014, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine (SMFM) published an Obstetric Care Consensus for safe prevention of primary cesarean delivery. We aimed to assess whether these guidelines decreased the primary CD rate during the second stage of labor, in our department.

Design, Setting, And Population: A retrospective cohort study of all women reaching the second stage of labor, at term, in a single university-affiliated medical center between2010 and 2017. Read More

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A Scary Complication: Single-center Study on Management and Outcome of Cesarean Scar Pregnancy.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Apr 12;43(4):311-316. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.

A cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a scary and life-threatening complication of cesarean section (CS). Nevertheless, the incidence of CS is constantly growing. The CSP incidence is 0,15% of pregnancies after CS which represents 6,1% of all ectopic pregnancies in women with condition after CS. Read More

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Is there a Role for Antenatal Corticosteroids in Term Infants before Elective Cesarean Section?

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Apr 12;43(4):283-290. Epub 2021 May 12.

Obstetrics & Gynecology Department, Hospital Divino Espírito Santo, Ponta Delgada, Portugal.

Objective:  Cesarean section (CS) delivery, especially without previous labor, is associated with worse neonatal respiratory outcomes. Some studies comparing neonatal outcomes between term infants exposed and not exposed to antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) before elective CS revealed that ACS appears to decrease the risk of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), transient tachypnea of the neonate (TTN), admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and the length of stay in the NICU.

Methods:  The present retrospective cohort study aimed to compare neonatal outcomes in infants born trough term elective CS exposed and not exposed to ACS. Read More

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Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm in pregnant women with previous pelvic endometriosis.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Second Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Motol, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (UAP) is a rare complication during pregnancy that can cause serious consequences in both the pregnant woman and the fetus. Herein, we have described the cases of two pregnant women with UAP. Both patients had a history of laparoscopy for management of endometrioid ovarian cysts. Read More

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The Multi-Course Approach of Photodynamic Therapy to Treat Invasive Cervical Cancer IB2: A Case Report.

Case Rep Oncol 2021 Jan-Apr;14(1):506-519. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Center for Innovative Medical Technologies "European Clinic", Moscow, Russian Federation.

Cervical cancer is an important problem in women's health and a worldwide oncological disease. In 2018, the WHO registered 569,847 new cases in the world, and 3.4% were in the Russian Federation. Read More

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How do pregnant women's perceptions of obstetric forceps change according to their demographic background: a cross sectional study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 11;21(1):371. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of OBGYN, The University of Kansas Health System, 3901 Rainbow Blvd, Kansas City, Kansas, 66160, USA.

Background: Women's attitudes towards obstetric forceps likely contribute to declining use and opportunities for residency training, but formal documentation of women's attitudes towards obstetric forceps is currently limited. A clearer understanding should help guide our attempts to preserve its use in modern obstetrics and to improve residency training. Our objective is to document women's attitudes towards obstetric forceps and the influence basic demographic variables have on those attitudes. Read More

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Analgesic effects of a 5% lidocaine patch after cesarean section: A randomized placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial.

J Clin Anesth 2021 May 8;73:110328. Epub 2021 May 8.

Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Av. Prof. Mário Rubens Guimarães Montenegro, s/n 18618687, Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Study Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the analgesic effects of a 5% lidocaine patch in acute postoperative pain after cesarean section.

Design: This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind study.

Setting: After surgery, active and placebo patches were applied in the operating room, and patients were evaluated during their stay at the postoperative recovery room and at the hospital ward. Read More

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Expert Review: Prevention of Obstetric Venous Thromboembolism.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) represents a persistent proportionate cause of maternal mortality in the United States accounting for 9% to 10% of maternal deaths. Given that overall maternal mortality rose >40% since the late 1990s, it is likely absolute VTE mortality risk increased as well. This persistent risk may be secondary to increases in broad population-based risk factors for VTE such as obesity and cesarean delivery. Read More

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Pyoderma Gangrenosum After Cesarean Section.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.

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