121,358 results match your criteria cervical carcinoma

Pheophorbide co-encapsulated with Cisplatin in folate-decorated PLGA nanoparticles to treat nasopharyngeal carcinoma: Combination of chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Sep 18;208:112100. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The 901st Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force of PLA, Hefei, Anhui 230031, China. Electronic address:

The adverse effect and drug resistance of Cisplatin (CDDP) could be potential reduced by delivering in targeted nanoparticles and by combining with adjuvant therapy such as photodynamic therapy. In this study, F/CDPR-NP was formulated and characterized for all the physicochemical, biological and in vivo analysis. The results obtained from various in vitro and biological studies showed that encapsulation of CDDP and PBR in PLGA nanoparticles results in controlled release of encapsulated drugs and exhibited significantly low cell viability in CNE-1 and HNE-1 cancer cells. Read More

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September 2021

Nasopharyngeal cancer in monozygotic twins: A case report and review of the role of genetics and the environment.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Sep 6;87:106371. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction And Importance: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is considered a rare malignant head and neck tumour. However, the importance of genetics and environmental factors in the epidemiology of NPC is still unclear. Twins represent an excellent study population for genetic epidemiology; this is especially true of monozygotic-type twins because they are genetically identical. Read More

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September 2021

Immune-related adverse events are associated with improved response, progression-free survival, and overall survival for patients with head and neck cancer receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors.

Cancer 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Departments of Oncology and Otolaryngology, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: The authors hypothesized that patients developing immune-related adverse events (irAEs) while receiving immune checkpoint inhibition (ICI) for recurrent/metastatic head and neck cancer (HNC) would have improved oncologic outcomes.

Methods: Patients with recurrent/metastatic HNC received ICI at 2 centers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier methods, and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to associate the irAE status with the overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) in cohort 1 (n = 108). Read More

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September 2021

Caveolin-1 and Sox-2 are predictive biomarkers of cetuximab response in head and neck cancer.

JCI Insight 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, United States of America.

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor cetuximab is the only FDA-approved oncogene-targeting therapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Despite variable treatment response, no biomarkers exist to stratify patients for cetuximab therapy in HNSCC. Here, we applied unbiased hierarchical clustering to reverse phase protein array (RPPA) molecular profiles from patient-derived xenograft (PDX) tumors, which revealed two PDX clusters defined by protein networks associated with EGFR inhibitor resistance. Read More

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September 2021

Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 02570 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma progression by adsorbing microRNA miR-4649-3p thereby upregulating both sterol regulatory element binding protein 1, and fatty acid synthase.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):7119-7130

Department of Otolaryngology & Head and Neck, The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guangxi Academy of Medical Sciences, Nanning City, P.R. China.

Our previous studies have elucidated a possible connection between long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2570 (LINC02570) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the precise mechanism by which LINC02570 promotes NPC remains unknown. We used quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to detect LINC02570 expression in nasopharyngeal cell lines, NPC tissues, and chronic rhinitis tissues. Read More

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December 2021

Human Papillomavirus-Negative Oropharyngeal Cancer Survival Outcomes Based on Primary Treatment: National Cancer Database Analysis.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Sep 21:1945998211047169. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Objective: To compare survival outcomes between primary surgery and primary radiation therapy (RT) in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC).

Study Design: A retrospective observational cohort study.

Setting: National Cancer Database. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluation of the risk of metachronous multiple squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck after transoral surgery based on the genetic polymorphisms of alcohol dehydrogenase 1B and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2.

Carcinogenesis 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Keiyukai Sapporo Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 003-0027, Japan.

Patients with superficial head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) can be completely treated by techniques of transoral surgery (TOS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk of metachronous multiple HNSCC arising after TOS based on alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (ADH1B) and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). We registered patients who underwent TOS for superficial HNSCC. Read More

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September 2021

Monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio as an independent risk factor for papillary thyroid carcinoma.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 Sep 21:e24014. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Endocrinology, Shanghai Fifth People's Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is considered to be an inflammatory disease. This study aimed to investigate the association of monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) with PTC.

Methods: Clinical parameters from 300 patients with PTC and 552 patients with benign thyroid nodule were compared. Read More

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September 2021

Synthesis, characterization and antitumor mechanism investigation of ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes with artesunate moiety.

J Biol Inorg Chem 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Faculty of Life Science and Technology, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650500, People's Republic of China.

Six artesunate (ART) conjugated ruthenium(II) complexes (Ru(II)-ART conjugates) with the formula [Ru(N^N)bpy(4-CH-4'-CHOART)](PF) (Ru-ART-1-3) and [Ru(N^N)bpy(4-CHOART-4'-CHOART)](PF) (Ru-ART-4-6) (N^N = 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy, in Ru-ART-1 and Ru-ART-4), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen, in Ru-ART-2 and Ru-ART-5) and 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (DIP, in Ru-ART-3 and Ru-ART-6)), were synthesized and characterized. Among them, Ru-ART-1-3 and Ru-ART-4-6 carry one and two ART moieties, respectively. Ru-ART-3 and Ru-ART-6 exhibit better cytotoxicity among six Ru(II)-ART conjugates. Read More

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September 2021

Chronic Bacterial Laryngitis: A Diagnostic Pitfall for Clinicians.

Intern Med 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Japanese Red Cross Ise Hospital, Japan.

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September 2021

Cardiac metastasis in a patient with oral squamous cell carcinoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Sep 20;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Flanders, Belgium.

A 55-year-old man initially presented with an undifferentiated, HPV-p16-negative squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the left tonsillar region (cT4a N0 M0), which was treated with a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Several months later, the patient developed osteoradionecrosis on the left side of the mandible as well as a second primary lesion at the left base of the tongue. Surgical resection and mandibular reconstruction with a free vascularised fibula flap was performed. Read More

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September 2021

Polymerase Chain Reaction in the Detection of miR-455-5p and Sphingosine-1 Phosphate Proteins in Cervical Carcinoma with the Help of Gold Nanoparticles-Based.

J Biomed Nanotechnol 2021 Aug;17(8):1535-1544

Central Laboratory, Hainan General Hospital, Hainan Hospital Affiliated to the Hainan Medical College, Hainan Provincial Key Laboratory of Cell and Molecular Genetic Translational Medicine, Haikou, Hainan Province 570311, China.

This study aimed to detect miR-455-5p and S1PR1 proteins using nanoparticle-assisted polymerase chain reaction (nano-PCR) to determine their correlation with cervical carcinoma prognosis. To achieve this study's goals, we selected 48 cervical carcinoma patients between January 2014 to January 2016 and subjected them to the miR-455-5p test by nano-PCR. The collected samples were then divided into two groups based on miR-455-5p levels. Read More

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Robotic esophagectomy versus open esophagectomy in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a propensity-score matched analysis.

J Robot Surg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.

We aimed to compare the short- and long-term outcomes between robotic esophagectomy (RE) and open esophagectomy (OE) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Among the patients who underwent esophagectomy for ESCC from 2008 to 2017, 402 patients (n = 178 in RE and n = 224 in OE) were enrolled and, after propensity-score matching, 136 patients in each group were selected. The total rate of complications was comparable, whereas the rate of major complications was higher in OE (p < 0. Read More

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September 2021

Rare clear cell odontogenic carcinoma associated with impacted tooth in a young patient: case report and literature review.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Departament of Dental Clinic, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Clear cell odontogenic carcinoma (CCOC) is a rare malignant odontogenic tumor. It is characterized by showing, on histopathological examination, clusters of vacuolated and clear tumor cells with epithelial differentiation surrounded by fibrocollagenous stroma and fibroblasts. The present study presents a rare clinical case of mandibular CCOC associated with an impacted tooth in a 26-year-old woman surgically treated with mandibulectomy and reconstruction with iliac crest bone graft. Read More

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September 2021

In reference to "Surgical treatment of the neck in patients with salivary gland carcinoma".

Head Neck 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Head and Neck Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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September 2021

MicroRNA-182-5p and microRNA-205-5p as potential biomarkers for prognostic stratification of p16-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Cancer Biomark 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: MicroRNAs constitute promising biomarkers.

Objective: The aim was to investigate diagnostic and prognostic implications of miR-182-5p and miR-205-5p in p16-positive and p16-negative oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCCs).

Methods: Expression of miR-182-5p, miR-205-5p were determined via quantitative real-time-PCR in fresh frozen tissues of 26 p16-positive, 19 p16-negative OPSCCs and 18 HPV-negative oropharyngeal controls. Read More

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September 2021

Re-evaluation of the prognostic significance of retropharyngeal node metastasis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Radiotherapy, Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fujian Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, China.

Background And Purpose: To investigate the prognostic value of retropharyngeal lymphadenopathy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after intensity-modulated radiotherapy.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective studies were performed in a total of 1197 patients. We evaluated the incidence of the retropharyngeal node (RPN) metastasis and the characteristics of the metastatic RPN including laterality, size, necrosis, and extranodal neoplastic spread. Read More

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September 2021

Secondary peripheral T-cell lymphoma and acute myeloid leukemia after Burkitt lymphoma treatment: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7237-7244

Department of Hematology, Hainan General Hospital, Hainan Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou 570311, Hainan Province, China.

Background: Multiple primary cancer refers to more than one synchronous or sequential cancer in the same individual. Multiple primary cancer always presents as solid cancer or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) secondary to lymphoma. Here, we report a rare case of secondary peripheral T-cell lymphoma and AML after Burkitt lymphoma treatment. Read More

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A rare occurrence of a hereditary Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7123-7132

Department of Respiration, Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China.

Background: Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by germline mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) protein gene, which usually manifests as cutaneous fibrofolliculoma, pulmonary cysts, renal cell carcinoma, and spontaneous pneumothorax.

Case Summary: A 26-year-old woman with no history of smoking was admitted to the Respiratory Department of our hospital due to intermittent wheezing that lasted for 8 mo. She had experienced recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax more than four times during the past 8 mo. Read More

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Coexistence of cervical extramedullary plasmacytoma and squamous cell carcinoma: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7110-7116

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The First People's Hospital of Zunyi and Third Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563000, Guizhou Province, China.

Background: Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP), a variant form of myeloma, is a rare solid plasma cell tumor that originates from the bone marrow hematopoietic tissue and accounts for about 3% of all plasma cell tumors. EMP can affect various tissues and organs, about 90% of which is found in the head and neck. However, EMP in the reproductive organs is rare, and is difficult to be distinguished from other primary or metastatic genital tumors according to clinical symptoms and imaging findings. Read More

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Long-term survivor of metastatic squamous-cell head and neck carcinoma with occult primary after cetuximab-based chemotherapy: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7092-7098

Department of Medicine, Clinic III - Hematology, Oncology, Palliative Medicine, Rostock University Medical Center, Rostock 18057, Germany.

Background: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is a histological proven malignant tumor whose origin cannot be detected despite careful examination. Most cervical lymph node metastases in CUP (80%) will originate from head and neck sites, and 15% show infiltration of squamous carcinoma cells. The survival rates of CUP are poor: The 5-year-survival rate ranges from 10% to 15%. Read More

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The RAI-6 Questionnaire: A New Screening Questionnaire to Monitor Complications of Radioiodine Treatment.

Front Surg 2021 1;8:641945. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

The aim of this study is to develop a simple and efficient screening questionnaire to be able to routinely monitor potential radioiodine therapy-induced complications. A new radioiodine 6 (RAI-6) questionnaire containing six questions adressing salivary, ocular, and nasal symptoms as well as quality of life was developed. Validation of the RAI-6 questionnaire was assessed with a group of fifty-four patients diagnosed with differentiated thyroid carcinoma treated post-operatively with radioiodine therapy, and in a group of fifty healthy volunteers. Read More

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September 2021

Establishing ADC-Based Histogram and Texture Features for Early Treatment-Induced Changes in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 2;11:708398. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, United States.

The purpose of this study was to assess baseline variability in histogram and texture features derived from apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps from diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) examinations and to identify early treatment-induced changes to these features in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) undergoing definitive chemoradiation. Patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer Stage III-IV (7 edition) HNSCC were prospectively enrolled on an IRB-approved study to undergo two pre-treatment baseline DW-MRI examinations, performed 1 week apart, and a third early intra-treatment DW-MRI examination during the second week of chemoradiation. Forty texture and six histogram features were derived from ADC maps. Read More

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September 2021

Immunotherapy in Recurrent/Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck.

Front Oncol 2021 1;11:705614. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Head and neck cancer is the 6 most common cancer worldwide with the most common histology being squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). While the majority of patients present at a stage where curative intent therapy is possible, when patients recur and/or develop metastatic disease, outcomes are generally poor, especially with systemic therapy alone, and they lag behind other solid tumors. Over the last decade immunotherapy has revolutionized the field of oncology, and anti-PD-1-based therapy has changed the standard of care in recurrent/metastatic (R/M) HNSCC as well. Read More

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September 2021

Paired-Box Gene 8 (PAX8) and Its Association With Epithelial Carcinomas.

Cureus 2021 Aug 16;13(8):e17208. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Internal Medicine, JC Medical Center, Orlando, USA.

Cancer is the second most common culprit of mortality in the United States and epithelial carcinomas are considered as one of the most predominant types of cancer. The association between epithelial cancers and paired-box gene 8 (PAX8) has been studied significantly before. PAX8 belongs to the paired-box gene family, which plays an important role in the organogenesis of different body organ systems, especially the thyroid gland, the renal system, and the Müllerian system. Read More

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Hallmarks of glycogene expression and glycosylation pathways in squamous and adenocarcinoma cervical cancer.

PeerJ 2021 31;9:e12081. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Centro de Investigación Biomédica de Oriente, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Metepec, Puebla, México.

Background: Dysregulation of glycogene expression in cancer can lead to aberrant glycan expression, which can promote tumorigenesis. Cervical cancer (CC) displays an increased expression of glycogenes involved in sialylation and sialylated glycans. Here, we show a comprehensive analysis of glycogene expression in CC to identify glycogene expression signatures and the possible glycosylation pathways altered. Read More

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Prognostic role of pretreatment albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio in locally advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer: Retrospective cohort study.

J Cancer 2021 27;12(20):6182-6188. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

This study was designed to assess the prognostic significance of pretreatment albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) in locally advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer (LA-LHC). The clinical data of 341 patients with locally advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer diagnosed between March 2007 and December 2018 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The optimal cut-off value of AAPR for evaluating DFS was determined using the ROC curve, and 0. Read More

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EPHB4 Regulates the Proliferation and Metastasis of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma through the HMGB1/NF-κB Signalling Pathway.

J Cancer 2021 20;12(20):5999-6011. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University. Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, 510055.

Malignant proliferation and cervical lymphatic metastasis restrict the prognosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular B4 (EPHB4) regulates a series of tumour functions involving tumourigenesis, cancer cell attachment and metastasis. However, the mechanism of EphB4 regulating the malignant progression of OSCC has not been fully elucidated. Read More

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