325 results match your criteria cemental


Cementoblastoma of a primary molar: A rare pediatric occurrence.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2020 Sep-Dec;24(3):548-553. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Dr. Nitin Multispeciality Dental Clinic and Facial Trauma Centre, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India.

Cementoblastoma is a relatively uncommon, benign odontogenic mesenchymal tumor that is associated with and attached to the roots of teeth. It is considered to be the only true neoplasm of cemental origin. Its prevalence has been reported to vary from 0. Read More

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January 2021

Cemental tear: An overlooked finding associated with rapid periodontal destruction. A case series.

Aust Dent J 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Division of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Cemental tear is defined as cementum fragment completely or partially detached from the root surface, and it has been associated with localized rapid periodontal breakdown. Although history of trauma and/or attrition may be risk factors, the etiopathology of cemental tear remains unknown. This case series aims to discuss the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of cemental tears to aid clinicians in making differential diagnosis. Read More

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[Cemental Tear].

Swiss Dent J 2021 Apr;131(4):358-359

Klinik für Parodontologie, Zahnmedizinische Kliniken der Universität Bern, Schweiz.

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[Cemental tear: three cases report].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Feb;56(2):204-206

The 17th Outpatient Department of Beijing Ruier Shengbin, Beijing 100020, China.

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February 2021

A qualitative and semiquantitative SEM study of the morphology of the biofilm on root surfaces of human teeth with endodontic-periodontal lesions.

Exp Ther Med 2020 Dec 14;20(6):201. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Endodontics, 'Victor Babes' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 300041 Timisoara, Romania.

Over the last decades, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) proved to be invaluable for ultrastructural investigation, allowing imaging of the overall appearance and/or specific features of oral biofilms, e.g., microbial colonies and individual cells, glycocalyx, the presence of inorganic products. Read More

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December 2020

Evaluation of the effect of collagen stabilizing agents like chitosan and proanthocyanidin on the shear bond strength to dentin and microleakage of resin composite at enamel and cemental walls: An study.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Sep-Oct;22(5):483-489. Epub 2020 Aug 4.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Sree Balaji Dental College and Hospital, Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Objectives: The objective is to evaluate the effect of collagen stabilizing agents-chitosan and proanthocyanidin (PA) on the shear bond strength to dentin and microleakage of resin composite at enamel and cemental walls.

Materials And Methods: Thirty premolars were decoronated 2 mm above cemento-enamel junction and restored with composite resin. Teeth were then randomly divided into three groups: Group I - Control, Group II - Pre-treatment with chitosan, and Group III - Pre-treatment with PA. Read More

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Sclerostin antibody stimulates periodontal regeneration in large alveolar bone defects.

Sci Rep 2020 10 1;10(1):16217. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Destruction of the alveolar bone in the jaws can occur due to periodontitis, trauma or following tumor resection. Common reconstructive therapy can include the use of bone grafts with limited predictability and efficacy. Romosozumab, approved by the FDA in 2019, is a humanized sclerostin-neutralizing antibody (Scl-Ab) indicated in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at high risk for fracture. Read More

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October 2020

Clinical dental finding in Iranian horses.

Vet Med Sci 2020 11 31;6(4):679-685. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Surgery and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

Background: A horse's well-being is directly related to the management of its dental health. A good knowledge of the epidemiology and aetiology of dental disorders could help the owners and clinicians to prevent not only dental problems but also severe gastrointestinal diseases.

Objectives: In this study we report the prevalence of dental disorders in horses in Iran. Read More

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November 2020

Familial florid cemento-osseous dysplasia: a report of three cases and review of the literature.

Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2021 Jan 21;50(1):20190486. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Oral Pathology and Oral Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Familial cases of benign fibro-osseous lesions of the jaws are rare and have been described under numerous terms including familial gigantiform cementoma, multiple cemento-ossifying fibromas, sclerotic cemental masses and familial florid cemento-osseous dysplasia. The synonymous and interchangeable use of these terms to describe distinct entities with overlapping features has resulted in confusion and inaccurate categorisation of these lesions. This study highlights three family members with diffuse fibro-osseous jaw lesions with areas of significant expansion. Read More

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January 2021

Percutaneous vertebroplasty as treatment of malignant vertebral lesions: a systematic review and GRADE evaluation resulting in a Danish national clinical guideline.

Eur Spine J 2020 07 3;29(7):1573-1579. Epub 2020 Apr 3.

Center for Spine Surgery and Research, Lillebaelt Hospital, Oestre Hougvej 55, 5500, Middelfart, Denmark.

Purpose: To summarize the recommendations from the national clinical guideline published by the Danish Health Authority, regarding cemental augmentation as treatment for painful vertebral lesions, in patients with malignant disease.

Methods: A multidisciplinary working group formulated recommendations based on the GRADE approach.

Results: Two of the questions were based on randomized studies and one on professional consensus. Read More

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Cemental Tear on Maxillary Anterior Incisors: A Description of Clinical, Radiographic, and Histopathological Features of Two Clinical Cases.

Eur Endod J 2019 4;4(2):90-95. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Department of Centre of Restorative Dentistry Studies, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh Campus, Jalan Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia.

In this case report, three teeth with complete or incomplete cemental tear in two patients were presented. Even though periapical radiograph could detect cemental tear in these three teeth, the cone-beam computed tomography scanning clearly revealed the pattern of the cemental tear, which was later confirmed by histopathological examination. Therefore, this case report shows the benefits of incorporating both cone-beam computed tomography and histopathological examination to diagnose cemental tear. Read More

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Surgical Treatment of a Cemental Tear-Associated Bony Defect Using Hyaluronic Acid and a Resorbable Collagen Membrane: A 2-Year Follow-Up.

Clin Adv Periodontics 2019 06 6;9(2):64-69. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Section of Periodontics, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: A cemental tear (CeT) is a special type of surface root fracture that may cause periodontal and even periapical tissue destruction. Unfortunately, there is limited knowledge as to how these rare cases can effectively be treated. The present case is believed to be the first reported in the literature treating a bony defect caused by a cemental tear with hyaluronic acid (HA) and a collagen membrane. Read More

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The pararadicular radiolucency with vital pulp: Clinicopathologic features of 21 cemental tears.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2019 Dec 2;128(6):680-689. Epub 2019 Aug 2.

Adjunct Professor and Past Chair, Department of Diagnostic & Biomedical Sciences, University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston, Houston, TX, USA; Department of Diagnostic Sciences, West Virginia University School of Dentistry, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Objective: The investigation was conducted to better characterize the clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features of cemental tears from a review of 21 cases.

Study Design: This was a retrospective review of consecutive cases collected from patient records of the investigators.

Results: Twenty-one cases were identified during an 8-year period. Read More

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December 2019

Severe periodontitis may influence cementum and dental pulp through inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis.

J Periodontol 2019 11 1;90(11):1297-1306. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Tooth Regeneration and Function Reconstruction, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology, Beijing, P. R. China.

Background: The relationship between chronic periodontitis and pulpal/cemental changes is seldom reported. This study aimed to report on the microstructural changes of cementum and histopathological features of the dental pulp in teeth with severe chronic periodontitis.

Methods: Eighty molar teeth with severe chronic periodontitis and 50 extracted third molars (as normal controls) were collected. Read More

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November 2019

Management and 5-year follow-up of tooth with bilateral cemental tear and complete pulp canal obliteration.

J Conserv Dent 2019 Mar-Apr;22(2):213-214

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Goa Dental College and Hospital, Bambolim, Goa, India.

The aim of this study is to report a rare case of bilateral cemental tear in a completely calcified tooth with successful dental management. A 60-year-old male reported with pain in the upper right central incisor. Radiographic examination revealed complete calcific obliteration of the root canal, inflammatory root resorption of apical third, and bilateral cemental tear and traumatic occlusion. Read More

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A Computed Tomographic and Pathological Study of Equine Cheek Teeth Infundibulae Extracted From Asymptomatic Horses. Part 2: MicroCT, Gross, and Histological Findings.

Front Vet Sci 2019 26;6:125. Epub 2019 Apr 26.

The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom.

Equine maxillary cheek teeth infundibulae are frequently affected by developmental and acquired disorders, but the imaging, gross, and histological features of normal and abnormal infundibulae remain incompletely understood. To perform MicroCT, gross examination, and histology on sectioned teeth and compare the imaging and anatomical findings. original study. Read More

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A Computed Tomographic (CT) and Pathological Study of Equine Cheek Teeth Infundibulae Extracted From Asymptomatic Horses. Part 1: Prevalence, Type and Location of Infundibular Lesions on CT Imaging.

Front Vet Sci 2019 25;6:124. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, and The Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Equine maxillary cheek teeth infundibulae are frequently affected by developmental and acquired disorders, but the computed tomographic (CT) imaging features of normal and abnormal infundibulae remain incompletely understood. To examine infundibulae with various grades of occlusal caries and control teeth by standard CT in order to assess the prevalence, type and location of subocclusal infundibular lesions present. original study. Read More

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A histological and ultrastructural study of equine peripheral caries.

Equine Vet J 2020 Jan 30;52(1):104-111. Epub 2019 May 30.

Division of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, The University of Edinburgh, Midlothian, UK.

Background: Peripheral caries (PC) has recently been shown to affect over half of UK and Australian horses.

Objectives: To examine affected cheek teeth histologically and ultrastructurally, to assess the possible route(s) of carious infection into the dental tissues and to further describe the pathological changes in affected teeth.

Study Design: Descriptive pathological study. Read More

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January 2020

Cemental tear: An unusual cause for persisting endodontic periodontal lesion.

Indian J Dent Res 2019 Jan-Feb;30(1):140-143

Centre for Dental Education and Research, Division of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Cemental tear represents a rare form of root surface fracture which makes teeth prone to periodontal breakdown. The diagnosis of cemental tear becomes a challenge as it is usually neglected or misdiagnosed and is also underreported in the literature. Correct diagnosis and early treatment of cemental tear can prevent further periodontal breakdown and may preserve the affected tooth for a longer duration. Read More

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Age estimation by cemental annulation rings.

J Forensic Dent Sci 2018 May-Aug;10(2):79-83

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vinayaka Missions Sankarachariyar Dental College, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India.

Context: Tooth plays a pivotal role in the identification of a person when all other remains are ruined by natural or unnatural causes. Dental evidence can contribute to age estimation in forensic dentistry. Estimating the age of an individual with the help of a tooth for identification proves beneficial. Read More

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February 2019

Influence of foraminal enlargement on the healing of periapical lesions in rat molars.

Clin Oral Investig 2019 Apr 1;23(4):1985-1991. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Endodontics, Bahia School of Medicine and Public Health, Avenida Dom João VI, 275, Salvador, BA, 40290-000, Brazil.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of foraminal enlargement on the healing of induced apical periodontitis in a rat model.

Material And Methods: Periapical lesions were bilaterally induced in mandibular first molars of 24 Wistar rats, through root canals exposure to the oral environment during 3 weeks. Endodontic treatment was performed in the mesial canal of right molars, which were separated into two experimental groups (n = 12/group). Read More

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Developmental pathways of periodontal tissue regeneration: Developmental diversities of tooth morphogenesis do also map capacity of periodontal tissue regeneration?

Authors:
Ugo Ripamonti

J Periodontal Res 2019 Feb 12;54(1):10-26. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Bone Research Laboratory, School of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Nothing is known on the impact of developmental divergence on periodontal tissue regeneration in vertebrate animals. Molecularly, the induction of tooth morphogenesis is highly conserved deploying across animal phyla a constant and reproducible set of gene pathways, which result in morphogenesis of multiple odontode forms and shapes. Genetic mutations positively affect animal speciation via evolving biting and masticatory forces as well as dietary habits selectively imprinted in animal phyla during evolutionary speciation. Read More

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February 2019

Craniofacial and oral alterations in patients with Neurofibromatosis 1.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 08 9;13(1):131. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Turku, Kiinamyllynkatu 10, 20520, Turku, Finland.

Abtsract: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common inherited syndromes. The literature on craniofacial alterations associated with NF1 has been limited and partially contradictory. This review is based on literature search and the results of the clinical study "Craniofacial and Oral Alterations and Speech in patients with Neurofibromatosis 1", carried out at the University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Finland in 2006-2012. Read More

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Oral Pathology in Forensic Investigation.

Authors:
Thorakkal Shamim

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2018 Jan-Feb;8(1):1-5. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

Department of Dentistry, Government Taluk Head Quarters Hospital, Malappuram, Kerala, India.

Forensic odontology is the subdiscipline of dentistry which analyses dental evidence in the interest of justice. Oral pathology is the subdiscipline of dentistry that deals with the pathology affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. This subdiscipline is utilized for identification through oral and maxillofacial pathologies with associated syndromes, enamel rod patterns, sex determination using exfoliative cytology, identification from occlusal morphology of teeth, and deoxyribonucleic acid profiling from teeth. Read More

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February 2018

Periapical Cemento-osseous Dysplasia Is Rarely Diagnosed on Orthopantomograms of Patients with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 and Is Not a Gender-specific Feature of the Disease.

Anticancer Res 2018 04;38(4):2277-2284

Department of Oral and Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Eppendorf University Hospital, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Several skeletal aberrations of the skull have been described for the tumor predisposition syndrome neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Recently, periapical cemental/cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) has been described in females affected with NF1. This reactive lesion of the hard tissues in tooth-bearing areas of the jaw has been proposed to represent a gender-specific radiological feature of NF1. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of cemental abrasion caused by soft and medium bristle hardness toothbrushes at three predetermined toothbrushing forces: An study.

J Indian Soc Periodontol 2017 Jan-Feb;21(1):10-15

Department of Periodontology, MGV'S KBH Dental College and Hospital, Nashik, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Plaque control has been shown to have a pivotal role in maintaining optimal periodontal health. Toothbrushing as a mechanical plaque control tool is the most popular and effective option for self-performed oral health maintenance. However, the detrimental effects of bristle hardness and force exerted by toothbrushes on the tooth surface are the areas of concern. Read More

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February 2018

Quantitative measures of gingival recession and the influence of gender, race, and attrition.

Prog Orthod 2018 Jan 29;19(1). Epub 2018 Jan 29.

Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Background: Gingival recession in dentitions with otherwise healthy periodontium is a common occurrence in adults. Recession is clinically measured using a periodontal probe to the nearest millimeter. The aim of this study is to establish quantitative measures of recession, the clinical crown height, and a new measure the gingival margin-papillae measurement. Read More

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January 2018

[Relationship between different X-ray appearances and oral clinical manifestations of cemental dysplasia].

Authors:
Wang Hu

Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Dec;35(6):565-570

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Radiological, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Cemental dysplasia is a non-neoplastic lesion and features different X-ray appearances that easily confuse dentists. This condition is often observed in conventional dental films or occasionally on panoramic radiographs. Cemental dysplasia is easily misdiagnosed as chronic periapical periodontitis, osteomyelitis, and tumor. Read More

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December 2017

Cemental tear: To know what we have neglected in dental practice.

J Formos Med Assoc 2018 Apr 29;117(4):261-267. Epub 2017 Sep 29.

School of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Medical College and Department of Dentistry, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Cemental tear is a special kind of root surface fracture, contributing to periodontal and periapical breakdown. However, it is a challenge for doctors to diagnose, resulting in delayed or improper treatment. We reviewed the predisposing factors, location, radiographic/clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatments of cemental tears. Read More

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