1,073 results match your criteria cellulose fabrics

A breathable and flexible fiber cloth based on cellulose/polyaniline cellular membrane for microwave shielding and absorbing applications.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Jul 22;605:193-203. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

College of Materials Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211100, PR China. Electronic address:

High-performance electromagnetic (EM) wave absorption and shielding materials integrating with flexibility, air permeability, and anti-fatigue characteristics are of great potential in portable and wearable electronics. These materials usually prepared by depositing metal or alloy coatings on fabrics. However, the shortcomings of heavy weight and easy corrosion hamper its application. Read More

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Preparation of multifunctional long-persistent photoluminescence cellulose fibers.

Luminescence 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Science, Umm-Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Simple preparation of flame-retardant, photoluminescent and superhydrophobic smart nanocomposite coating was developed and applied onto cotton fibers using the simple pad-dry-cure technique. This novel strategy involved the immobilization of rare-earth doped aluminum strontium oxide (ASO; SrAl O : Eu , Dy ) nanoparticles, environmentally-friendly room temperature vulcanizing silicone rubber (RTV) and environmentally-friendly Exolet AP422 (Ex). The fabrics were also able to produce a char film in the fire-resistant assessment, providing fibers with a self-extinguished character. Read More

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Fabrication, Modification, and Characterization of Lignin-Based Electrospun Fibers Derived from Distinctive Biomass Sources.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Jul 12;13(14). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Centre for Advanced Materials Application, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dubravska Cesta 9, 845 11 Bratislava, Slovakia.

From the environmental point of view, there is high demand for the preparation of polymeric materials for various applications from renewable and/or waste sources. New lignin-based spun fibers were produced, characterized, and probed for use in methylene blue (MB) dye removal in this study. The lignin was extracted from palm fronds (PF) and banana bunch (BB) feedstock using catalytic organosolv treatment. Read More

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Screen Printing Carbon Nanotubes Textiles Antennas for Smart Wearables.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Jul 20;21(14). Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of EECS, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, UK.

Electronic textiles have become a dynamic research field in recent decades, attracting attention to smart wearables to develop and integrate electronic devices onto clothing. Combining traditional screen-printing techniques with novel nanocarbon-based inks offers seamless integration of flexible and conformal antenna patterns onto fabric substrates with a minimum weight penalty and haptic disruption. In this study, two different fabric-based antenna designs called PICA and LOOP were fabricated through a scalable screen-printing process by tuning the conductive ink formulations accompanied by cellulose nanocrystals. Read More

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Chitosan Nanoparticles Functionalized Viscose Fabrics as Potentially Durable Antibacterial Medical Textiles.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jul 5;14(13). Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

This research proposed two pretreatments of viscose fabrics: oxidation with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxy radical (TEMPO) and coating with TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibrils (TOCN), to introduce functional groups (COOH and CHO) suitable for irreversible binding of chitosan nanoparticles without and with embedded zinc (NCS and NCS + Zn, respectively) and consequently achieving washing durable antibacterial properties of the chitosan nanoparticles functionalized fabrics. The characterizations of pretreated and chitosan nanoparticles functionalized fabrics were performed by FTIR and XPS spectroscopy, elemental analysis, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry, zeta potential measurements, scanning electron microscopy, determination of COOH and CHO groups content, and antimicrobial activity under dynamic contact conditions. Influence of pretreatments on NCS and NCS + Zn adsorption, chemical, electrokinetic, and antibacterial properties as well as morphology, and washing durability of NCS and NCS + Zn functionalized fabrics were studied and compared. Read More

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Technical textiles modified with immobilized carbon dots synthesized with infrared assistance.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Jul 7;604:15-29. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Pretreatment and Finishing of Cellulosic Fibers, Textile Research Division, National Research Centre, Scopus affiliation ID 60014618, 33 EL Buhouth St., Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt. Electronic address:

Carbon quantum dots "CQDs" were investigated as photo-luminescent nanomaterials as it advantageous with nontoxicity to be alternative for metallic-nanomaterials in different purposes. Therefore, the presented report demonstrates an innovative strategy for industrialization of antimicrobial/fluorescent cotton textiles via exploitation of "CQDs". Unique/novel infrared-assisted technique was currently investigated for clustering "CQDs" form carboxymethyl cellulose. Read More

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Tunable photoluminescence properties of microcrystalline cellulose with gradually changing crystallinity and crystal form.

Macromol Rapid Commun 2021 Jul 12:e2100321. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Engineering Research Center for Eco-Dyeing and Finishing of Textiles, Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Textile Science and Engineering (International Institute of Silk), Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, 928 Second Avenue, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310018, China.

Nonconventional luminogens with persistent room temperature phosphoresce (p-RTP) are attracting increasing attention owing to their momentous significance and diverse technical applications in optoelectronic and biomedical. So far, the p-RTP emission of some amorphous powders or single crystals has been studied in depth. The p-RTP emission of amorphous and fully crystalline states and their emission properties are widely divergent, while the difference of their p-RTP emission mechanism is still controversial. Read More

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GhMYB7 promotes secondary wall cellulose deposition in cotton fibers by regulating GhCesA gene expression through three distinct cis-elements.

New Phytol 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Genetic Regulation and Integrative Biology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, 430079, China.

Cotton fiber is the most important source for natural textiles. The secondary cell walls (SCWs) of mature cotton fibers contain the highest proportion of cellulose content (> 90%) in any plant. The onset and progression of SCW cellulose synthesis need to be tightly controlled to balance fiber elongation and cell wall deposition. Read More

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Small but Mighty: An Update on Small Molecule Plant Cellulose Biosynthesis Inhibitors.

Plant Cell Physiol 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Cell & Systems Biology, University of Toronto, 25 Harbord Street, M5S 3G5, Canada.

Cellulose is one of the most abundant biopolymers on Earth. It provides mechanical support to growing plant cells and important raw materials for paper, textiles, and biofuel feedstocks. Cellulose biosynthesis inhibitors (CBIs) are invaluable tools for studying cellulose biosynthesis and can be important herbicides for controlling weed growth. Read More

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Dual-functional biocatalytic membrane containing laccase-embedded metal-organic frameworks for detection and degradation of phenolic pollutant.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Jun 30;603:771-782. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Key Laboratory of Eco-Textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214122, PR China. Electronic address:

In this work, a metal-organic framework material, zeolitic imidazolate framework-90 (ZIF-90), was firstly used to encapsulate laccase (LAC) and to prepare ZIF-90/LAC biocomposites. Afterward, the composites were combined with bacterial cellulose (BC) and carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (c-MWCNTs) by a facile method to achieve a novel cellulose membrane with biocatalytic function, displaying excellent detection and degradation properties towards phenolic pollutant. Notably, the membrane was directly employed as a biosensor electrode, and it exhibited a linear response to catechol from 20 to 400 μM with a detection limit of 1. Read More

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Cellulose aerogel micro fibers for drug delivery applications.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Aug 20;127:112196. Epub 2021 May 20.

Aachen-Maastricht Institute for Biobased Materials (AMIBM), Faculty of Science and Engineering, Maastricht University, Urmonderbaan 22, 6167 RD Geleen, the Netherlands; Department of Biohybrid & Medical Textiles (BioTex), AME-Helmholtz Institute for Biomedical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Forckenbeckstrabe 55, 52072 Aachen, Germany. Electronic address:

Textile engineering can offer a multi-scale toolbox via various fiber or textile fabrication methods to obtain woven or nonwoven aerogels with different structural and mechanical properties to overcome the current limitations of polysaccharide-based aerogels, such as poor mechanical properties and undeveloped shaping techniques. Hereby, a high viscous solution of microcrystalline cellulose and zinc chloride hydrate was wet spun to produce mono and multi-filament alcogel microfibers. Subsequently, cellulose aerogel fibers (CAF) were produced and impregnated with model drugs using supercritical CO processes. Read More

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An Innovative Solvent-Responsive Coiling-Expanding Stent.

Adv Mater 2021 Jul 4:e2101005. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R, 999077, China.

Coronary artery disease is the "first killer" in the world, while the classical treatment for this disease is to implant stent. An ideal vascular stent should be nontoxic with self-expanding characteristics, quick expanding speed, and appropriate mechanical supporting property. However, no existing vascular stent covers all properties. Read More

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Analysis of PLA Composite Filaments Reinforced with Lignin and Polymerised-Lignin-Treated NFC.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Jun 30;13(13). Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Graphic Arts and Design, Department of Textiles, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Snežniška 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Polylactic acid (PLA) is one of the most suitable materials for 3D printing. Blending with nanoparticles improves some of its properties, broadening its application possibilities. The article presents a study of composite PLA matrix filaments with added unmodified and lignin/polymerised lignin surface-modified nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC). Read More

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Coating Cellulosic Material with Ag Nanowires to Fabricate Wearable IR-Reflective Device for Personal Thermal Management: The Role of Coating Method and Loading Level.

Molecules 2021 Jun 11;26(12). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Chemistry, University of Saskatchewan, 110 Science Place, Room 165 Thorvaldson Bldg., Saskatoon, SK S7N 5C9, Canada.

Textiles coated with silver nanowires (AgNWs) are effective at suppressing radiative heat loss without sacrificing breathability. Many reports present the applicability of AgNWs as IR-reflective wearable textiles, where such studies partially evaluate the parameters for practical usage for large-scale production. In this study, the effect of the two industrial coating methods and the loading value of AgNWs on the performance of AgNWs-coated fabric (AgNWs-CF) is reported. Read More

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Review of Applications and Future Prospects of Stimuli-Responsive Hydrogel Based on Thermo-Responsive Biopolymers in Drug Delivery Systems.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Jun 24;13(13). Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.

Some of thermo-responsive polysaccharides, namely, cellulose, xyloglucan, and chitosan, and protein-like gelatin or elastin-like polypeptides can exhibit temperature dependent sol-gel transitions. Due to their biodegradability, biocompatibility, and non-toxicity, such biomaterials are becoming popular for drug delivery and tissue engineering applications. This paper aims to review the properties of sol-gel transition, mechanical strength, drug release (bioavailability of drugs), and cytotoxicity of stimuli-responsive hydrogel made of thermo-responsive biopolymers in drug delivery systems. Read More

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The Development and Characterization of a Cotton-Chitosan Composite for Lead Removal from Water.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Jun 23;13(13). Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados, Alianza Norte 202, Parque de Investigación e Innovación Tecnológica 66628, Mexico.

Heavy metals in water are a serious environmental problem due to their accumulation and toxicity; there are several processes we can use to address this issue, but adsorption is the most popular due to its simplicity and efficiency. Polysaccharides such as cellulose have received attention as adsorbents for heavy metals, and cotton-chitosan composites (CCs) were developed here with nontoxic reagents such as carboxylic acids as crosslinkers and NaHPO as a catalyst to achieve chitosan covalent crosslinkage into oxidized cotton textiles with HO. The composites were characterized by fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), elemental analysis (EA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic-force and scanning electron microscopy (AFM and SEM), and tensile strength; the adsorption of lead ions (Pb) was evaluated with cotton-chitosan composites and quantified by microwave plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (MP-AES). Read More

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Characterization and Antibacterial Properties of Autoclaved Carboxylated Wood Nanocellulose.

Biomacromolecules 2021 07 29;22(7):2779-2789. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Chemistry, Biomaterials and Textiles, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, P.O. Box 857, 501 15 Borås, Sweden.

Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) were obtained by applying a chemical pretreatment consisting of autoclaving the pulp fibers in sodium hydroxide, combined with 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-1-oxyl-mediated oxidation. Three levels of sodium hypochlorite were applied (2.5, 3. Read More

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Synergistic Photodynamic and Photothermal Antibacterial Activity of In Situ Grown Bacterial Cellulose/MoS-Chitosan Nanocomposite Materials with Visible Light Illumination.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Jul 24;13(26):31193-31205. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China.

Owing to the rise in prevalence of multidrug-resistant pathogens attributed to the overuse of antibiotics, infectious diseases caused by the transmission of microbes from contaminated surfaces to new hosts are an ever-increasing threat to public health. Thus, novel materials that can stem this crisis, while also functioning via multiple antimicrobial mechanisms so that pathogens are unable to develop resistance to them, are in urgent need. Toward this goal, in this work, we developed in situ grown bacterial cellulose/MoS-chitosan nanocomposite materials (termed BC/MoS-CS) that utilize synergistic membrane disruption and photodynamic and photothermal antibacterial activities to achieve more efficient bactericidal activity. Read More

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Degradation of synthetic and wood-based cellulose fabrics in the marine environment: Comparative assessment of field, aquarium, and bioreactor experiments.

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 27;791:148060. Epub 2021 May 27.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address:

As global production of textiles rapidly grows, there is urgency to understand the persistence of fabrics in the marine environment, particularly from the microfibers they shed during wearing and washing. Here, we show that fabrics containing polyester (one of the most common plastics) remained relatively intact (viz., with a limited biofilm) after >200 days in seawater off the Scripps Oceanography pier (La Jolla, CA), in contrast to wood-based cellulose fabrics that fell apart within 30 days. Read More

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Association of antioxidant monophenolic compounds with β-cyclodextrin-functionalized cellulose and starch substrates.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Sep 12;267:118189. Epub 2021 May 12.

CQC, Department of Chemistry, University of Coimbra, Rua Larga, 3004-535 Coimbra, Portugal.

Polysaccharide substrates loaded with antioxidant and antimicrobial compounds, effectively protected by cyclodextrin moieties, can be a long-lasting solution to confer certain properties to fabrics, paper and other materials. β-Cyclodextrin was attached to α-cellulose, bleached pulp and starch by a two-step esterification with a tetracarboxylic acid. The resulting derivatives were characterized by spectroscopy, thermal degradation analysis and capability of phenolphthalein inclusion. Read More

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September 2021

Comparison of Mechanical and End-Use Properties of Grey and Dyed Cellulose and Cellulose/Protein Woven Fabrics.

Materials (Basel) 2021 May 26;14(11). Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Production Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas University of Technology, Studentų Str. 56, LT-51424 Kaunas, Lithuania.

The behaviour of textile products made from different fibres during finishing has been investigated by many scientists, but these investigations have usually been performed with cotton or synthetic yarns and fabrics. However, the properties of raw materials such as linen and hemp (other cellulose fibres) and linen/silk (cellulose/protein fibres) have rarely been investigated. The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the mechanical (breaking force and elongation at break) and end-use (colour fastness to artificial light, area density, and abrasion resistance) properties of cellulose and cellulose/protein woven fabrics. Read More

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Multi-Point Flexible Temperature Sensor Array and Thermoelectric Generator Made from Copper-Coated Textiles.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 28;21(11). Epub 2021 May 28.

Research Institute for Textile Chemistry and Textile Physics, University of Innsbruck, Hoechsterstrasse 73, 6850 Dornbirn, Austria.

The integration of electrical functionality into flexible textile structures requires the development of new concepts for flexible conductive material. Conductive and flexible thin films can be generated on non-conductive textile materials by electroless metal deposition. By electroless copper deposition on lyocell-type cellulose fabrics, thin conductive layers with a thickness of approximately 260 nm were prepared. Read More

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High concentration acid-induced discoloration polymeric dyes fabricated with UV-curable azobenzene-lignin-based waterborne polyurethane.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Jul 29;182:1953-1965. Epub 2021 May 29.

Key Laboratory of Eco-Textile, Ministry of Education, School of Textile Science and Engineering, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi 214122, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

A durable and reversible acid-induced discoloration azobenzene UV-curable lignin-based waterborne polyurethane polymeric dye (EDA-ULPD) is prepared from lignin, azobenzene and pentaerythritol triacrylate(PETA) by chemical modification of waterborne polyurethane. Lignin and PETA are chemically bonded to the polyurethane chain to improve thermal stability, UV resistance and color fastness, while also endow the polymeric dye with UV curing performance, which is a green and environmentally friendly fixing way. The acid-induced discoloration property of EDA-ULPD with azobenzene chromophore side chain is comparable to those of 4-ethyl-4-2,2'-dihydroxy diethylamine azobenzene (EDA). Read More

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Versatile nanocellulose-based nanohybrids: A promising-new class for active packaging applications.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Jul 28;182:1915-1930. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada.

The food packaging industry is rapidly growing as a consequence of the development of nanotechnology and changing consumers' preferences for food quality and safety. In today's globalization of markets, active packaging has achieved many advantages with the capability to absorb or release substances for prolonging the food shelf life over the traditional one. Therefore, it is critical to developing multifunctional active packaging materials from biodegradable polymers with active agents to decrease environmental challenges. Read More

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Rapid exposure monitoring of six bisphenols and diethylstilbestrol in human urine using fabric phase sorptive extraction followed by high performance liquid chromatography - photodiode array analysis.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2021 Jul 18;1177:122760. Epub 2021 May 18.

Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address:

A novel fabric phase sorptive extraction protocol is developed for rapid exposure monitoring of six bisphenol analogues, including bisphenol A, bisphenol S, bisphenol F, bisphenol E, bisphenol B, bisphenol C, and diethylstilbestrol (DES) from human urine prior to high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array analysis. FPSE sample pretreatment protocol ensures the harmonization of the proposed method with the principles of Green Analytical Chemistry (GAC). Among eighteen evaluated FPSE membranes, sol-gel poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) coated cellulose FPSE membrane resulted in the most efficient extraction. Read More

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Disintegrable, transparent and mechanically robust high-performance antimony tin oxide/nanocellulose/polyvinyl alcohol thermal insulation films.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Aug 7;266:118175. Epub 2021 May 7.

State Key Lab of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China. Electronic address:

Polymer-based thermal insulation films are widely utilized to reduce the influence of solar radiation. However, current thermal insulation films face several challenges from poor thermal insulation performance and severe environmental pollution, which are caused by the non-disintegratability of polymer substrates. Here, cellulose nanofiber (CNF)/antimony tin oxide (ATO) hybrid films with and without polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) are presented and they can be used as window thermal barrier films and personal thermal management textiles. Read More

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Diamidoximated cellulosic bioadsorbents from hemp stalks for elimination of uranium (VI) and textile waste in aqueous systems.

J Hazard Mater 2021 09 11;417:126060. Epub 2021 May 11.

Energy Research Centre, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India; Dr. SSB University Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. Electronic address:

Selective abolition of hazardous U(VI) ions from nuclear power plants and removal of toxic colorants from textile industries pose great challenge. The work aims to develop cellulosic bioadsorbents from waste stalks of local weed, Cannabis sativa, commonly known as hemp. Cellulose nanofibers (PCFs) were chosen as substrates owing to their unique characteristics like surface hydroxyl groups, large surface to volume ratio and excellent mechanical properties. Read More

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September 2021

All-Fiber-Structured Triboelectric Nanogenerator via One-Pot Electrospinning for Self-Powered Wearable Sensors.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Jun 20;13(21):24774-24784. Epub 2021 May 20.

Key Laboratory of Eco-Textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, China.

With the rapid development in wearable electronics, self-powered devices have recently attracted tremendous attention to overcome the restriction of conventional power sources. In this regard, a simple, scalable, and one-pot electrospinning fabrication technique was utilized to construct an all-fiber-structured triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG). Ethyl cellulose was co-electrospun with polyamide 6 to serve as the triboelectric positive material, and a kind of strongly electronegative conductive material of MXene sheet was innovatively incorporated into poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanofiber to act as a triboelectric negative material. Read More

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Fully 3D Printed and Disposable Paper Supercapacitors.

Adv Mater 2021 Jul 14;33(26):e2101328. Epub 2021 May 14.

EMPA, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Cellulose and Wood Materials Laboratory, Dübendorf, 8600, Switzerland.

With the development of the internet-of-things for applications such as wearables and packaging, a new class of electronics is emerging, characterized by the sheer number of forecast units and their short service-life. Projected to reach 27 billion units in 2021, connected devices are generating an exponentially increasing amount of electronic waste (e-waste). Fueled by the growing e-waste problem, the field of sustainable electronics is attracting significant interest. Read More

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Processing and characterization of thermoplastic corn starch-based film/paper composites containing microcrystalline cellulose.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China.

Background: Different thermoplastic starch (TPS) films were prepared with or without the addition of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) obtained via melt-extrusion method, then hot-press method was used to produce environmentally friendly TPS-based film/paper composites to replace petroleum-based materials.

Results: The paper-plastic composites exhibited good interfacial adhesion from the SEM images. It was seen that 5wt. Read More

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