91,942 results match your criteria cell infiltration


Ethanolic extract of C. Koch improves pulmonary function and inflammation in LPS-induced acute lung injury mice.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Department of Anatomical Sciences, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Objectives: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening pulmonary dysfunction associated with severe inflammation. There are still no effective pharmacological therapies for the treatment of ALI. In this concern, several anti-inflammatory agents could be used as add-on therapy to inhibit inflammation. Read More

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Intratumour microbiome associated with the infiltration of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells and patient survival in cutaneous melanoma.

Eur J Cancer 2021 May 4;151:25-34. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, School of Medicine, Yale Cancer Center, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The gut microbiome plays an important role in systemic inflammation and immune response. Microbes can translocate and reside in tumour niches. However, it is unclear how the intratumour microbiome affects immunity in human cancer. Read More

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Personalized combination nano-immunotherapy for robust induction and tumor infiltration of CD8 T cells.

Biomaterials 2021 Apr 27;274:120844. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA; Biointerfaces Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA; Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA. Electronic address:

Identification of tumor-specific mutations, called neoantigens, offers new exciting opportunities for personalized cancer immunotherapy. However, it remains challenging to achieve robust induction of neoantigen-specific T cells and drive their infiltration into the tumor microenvironment (TME). Here, we have developed a novel polyethyleneimine (PEI)-based personalized vaccine platform carrying neoantigen peptides and CpG adjuvants in a compact nanoparticle (NP) for their spatio-temporally concerted delivery. Read More

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Ultra-low coverage whole genome sequencing of ccfDNA in multiple myeloma: A tool for laboratory routine?

Cancer Treat Res Commun 2021 Apr 25;28:100380. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Center for Human Genetics, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Multiple myeloma (MM), is a heterogeneous disease in which chromosomal abnormalities are important for prognostic risk stratification. Cytogenetic profiling with FISH on plasma cells from bone marrow samples (BM-PCs) is the current gold standard, but variable infiltration of plasma cells or failed aspiration can hamper this process. Ultra-low coverage sequencing (ULCS) of circulating cell-free DNA (ccfDNA) may offer a minimally invasive alternative for the work-up of these cases. Read More

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Resolution of hepatitis E virus infection in CD8+ T cell depleted rhesus macaques.

J Hepatol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Center for Vaccines and Immunity, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH, USA; Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Aim: HEV is a significant cause of acute hepatitis globally. Some genotypes establish persistent infection when immunity is impaired. Adaptive immune mechanisms that mediate resolution of infection have not been identified. Read More

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Endothelial Transient Receptor Potential V4 Channels Mediate Lung Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA. Electronic address:

Background: Lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), involving severe inflammation and edema, is a major cause of primary graft dysfunction following transplant. Activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels modulates vascular permeability. Thus, this study tests the hypothesis that endothelial TRPV4 channels mediate lung IRI. Read More

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Single-cell dissection of cellular components and interactions shaping the tumor immune phenotypes in ovarian cancer.

Cancer Cell 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Oncology Biomarker Development, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address:

Distinct T cell infiltration patterns, i.e., immune infiltrated, excluded, and desert, result in different responses to cancer immunotherapies. Read More

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Differential requirement of NPHP1 for compartmentalized protein localization during photoreceptor outer segment development and maintenance.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(5):e0246358. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA, United States of America.

Nephrocystin (NPHP1) is a ciliary transition zone protein and its ablation causes nephronophthisis (NPHP) with partially penetrant retinal dystrophy. However, the precise requirements of NPHP1 in photoreceptors are not well understood. Here, we characterize retinal degeneration in a mouse model of NPHP1 and show that NPHP1 is required to prevent infiltration of inner segment plasma membrane proteins into the outer segment during the photoreceptor maturation. Read More

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Cancer Stem Cell Marker CD44 Plays Multiple Key Roles in Human Cancers: Immune Suppression/Evasion, Drug Resistance, Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition, and Metastasis.

OMICS 2021 May;25(5):313-332

Division of Computational Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

One of the most frequently utilized cancer stem cell markers in human cancers, including colorectal cancer and breast cancer, is CD44. A glycoprotein, CD44, traverses the cell membrane and binds to many ligands, including hyaluronan, resulting in activation of signaling cascades. There are conflicting data, however, on expression of CD44 in relationship to subtypes of cancers. Read More

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Vitamin B12 Induces Hepatic Fatty Infiltration through Altered Fatty Acid Metabolism.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2021 May;55(3):241-255

Division of Metabolic and Vascular Health, Clinical Sciences Research Laboratories, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, University Hospital-Walsgrave Campus, Coventry, UK,

Background/aims: Rise in global incidence of obesity impacts metabolic health. Evidence from human and animal models show association of vitamin B12 (B12) deficiency with elevated BMI and lipids. Human adipocytes demonstrated dysregulation of lipogenesis by low B12 via hypomethylation and altered microRNAs. Read More

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3-O-trans-caffeoyloleanolic acid improves acute lung injury via antiinflammation and antioxidative stress involved PI3K/AKT pathway.

Chem Biol Drug Des 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Jiangxi Chest (Third people) Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi, 330006, PR China.

3-O-trans-caffeoyloleanolic acid (COA) is a pentacyclic triterpenoid compound, with significant anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we report the protective effects of COA on LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and explored its mechanism of action. LPS was used to construct in vivo mouse ALI models to observe the effects of COA pretreatment on lung pathology, inflammation and oxidative stress. Read More

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Increased myocellular lipid and IGFBP-3 expression in a pre-clinical model of pancreatic cancer-related skeletal muscle wasting.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA.

Background: Skeletal muscle wasting (SMW) in cancer patients is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, treatment intolerance and discontinuation, and poor quality of life. This is particularly true for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), as over 85% experience SMW, which is responsible for ~30% of patient deaths. While the established paradigm to explain SMW posits that muscle catabolism from systemic inflammation and nutritional deficiencies, the cause of death, and the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible remain to be elucidated. Read More

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Impact of beta-2 microglobulin expression on the survival of glioma patients via modulating the tumor immune microenvironment.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Brain Glioma Center & Department of Neurosurgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Aims: High immune cell infiltration in gliomas establishes an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, which in turn promotes resistance to immunotherapy. Hence, it is important to identify novel targets associated with high immune cell infiltration in gliomas. Our previous study showed that serum levels of beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) in lower-grade glioma patients were lower than those in glioblastoma patients. Read More

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Identification of autophagy-related genes signature predicts chemotherapeutic and immunotherapeutic efficiency in bladder cancer (BLCA).

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Autophagy maintains cellular homeostasis by degrading and recycling cytoplasmic components under stress conditions, which is identified to be involved in tumorigenesis and now has been recognized as novel target in cancer treatment. In present study, we gathered total autophagy-related genes and established an autophagy-related genes signature (ATGRS) through LASSO cox regression analysis in BLCA. Kaplan-Meier survival and multivariate cox regression analyses both showed the ATGRS was a robust independent prognostic factor with high accuracy. Read More

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Integrated microenvironment-associated genomic profiles identify LRRC15 mediating recurrent glioblastoma-associated macrophages infiltration.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant intracranial tumour with intrinsic infiltrative characteristics, which could lead to most patients eventually relapse. The prognosis of recurrent GBM patients remains unsatisfactory. Cancer cell infiltration and their interaction with the tumour microenvironment (TME) could promote tumour recurrence and treatment resistance. Read More

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Integrated analysis of ceRNA network and tumor-infiltrating immune cells in esophageal cancer.

Biosci Rep 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Affilited Haospital of Nantong University, Nantong, China.

Background:  Esophageal cancer (ESCA) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the world. Tumor immune microenvironment is closely related to tumor prognosis. This study aimed at analyzing the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network and tumor-infiltrating immune cells in ESCA. Read More

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Identification of biomarkers related to Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) infiltration with gene co-expression network in colorectal cancer.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):1676-1688

Department of Abdominal Oncology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R. China.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common tumors, ranking second in the global cause of death from cancer. The prognosis of advanced patients is still very poor. In this study, hub modules with the highest association with tumor-infiltrating immune cells were identified by weighted gene co-expression network analysis based on CRC expression data from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Read More

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December 2021

The PLGA nanoparticles for sustainable release of CGRP to ameliorate the inflammatory and vascular disorders in the lung of CGRP-deficient rats.

Drug Deliv 2021 Dec;28(1):865-872

Higher Educational Key Laboratory for Nano Biomedical Technology of Fujian Province, School of Pharmacy, Nano Medical Technology Research Institute, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China.

The calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) has been demonstrated relating to vascular and inflammatory regulations not only the nerve systems. As the anti-inflammation factor and the most potent vasodilator, the CGRP holds therapeutic potentials for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases which was, however, limited by its peptide nature and short half-life. With advantages in improving the stability, circulation time and protection from degradation, the nanoparticles were promising as delivery carriers for the peptide. Read More

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December 2021

Uncovering the first occurrence of Tilapia parvovirus in Thailand in tilapia during co-infection with Tilapia tilapinevirus.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand.

The recently-discovered Tilapia parvovirus (TiPV) was the first Parvovirus confirmed to infect fish, causing mortality outbreaks in farmed adult Nile tilapia in China. Severe mortality outbreaks caused by Tilapia tilapinevirus (TiLV) to farmed tilapia in Thailand revealed the concomitant occurrence of TiPV. Out of ten fish farms screened, TiPV was detected in one site rearing juvenile red hybrid tilapia. Read More

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Epigenetic Regulation of Interleukin-17-Related Genes and Their Potential Roles in Neutrophil Vascular Infiltration in Preeclampsia.

Reprod Sci 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23298-0034, USA.

DNA methylation is an epigenetic mechanism controlling gene expression, and reduced methylation is associated with increased gene expression. We hypothesized that IL-17 cytokines are regulated by DNA methylation, are elevated in the circulation of preeclamptic women, and stimulate vascular neutrophil chemokine expression, which could account for vascular infiltration of neutrophils in preeclampsia. We found significantly reduced DNA methylation of IL17A, IL17E, and IL17F genes in omental arteries of preeclamptic women, significantly reduced methylation of IL2, which regulates IL-17-producing T-lymphocytes, and significantly reduced methylation of genes encoding neutrophil chemokines and TNFα receptors related to lymphocyte function. Read More

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Different spatial distribution of inflammatory cells in the tumor microenvironment of ABC and GBC subgroups of diffuse large B cell lymphoma.

Clin Exp Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neurosciences, and Sensory Organs, University of Bari Medical School, Policlinico - Piazza G. Cesare, 11, 70124, Bari, Italy.

Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) presents a high clinical and biological heterogeneity, and the tumor microenvironment chracteristics are important in its  progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate tumor T, B cells, macrophages and mast cells distribution in GBC and ABC DLBCL subgroups through a set of morphometric parameters allowing to provide a quantitative evaluation of the morphological features of the spatial patterns generated by these inflammatory cells.   Histological ABC and GCB samples were immunostained for CD4, CD8, CD68, CD 163, and tryptase in order to determine both percentage and position of positive cells in the tissue characterizing their spatial distribution. Read More

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Platelet-Rich Plasma Releasate Promotes Early Healing in Tendon After Acute Injury.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 Apr 20;9(4):2325967121990377. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

Background: Acute tendon injury can limit motion and thereby inhibit tendon healing. Positive results have been found after the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to treat tendon injury; however, the early effects of PRP on tendon regeneration are not known.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of PRP releasate (PRPr) on the early stages of tendon healing in a rat partial tenotomy model. Read More

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The Human Cytomegalovirus US31 Gene Predicts Favorable Survival and Regulates the Tumor Microenvironment in Gastric Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 20;11:614925. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Wenzhou Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is an oncogenic virus associated with tumorigenesis. Our previous study revealed that the HCMV US31 gene interacted with NF-κB2 and mediated inflammation through macrophages. However, there are few reports on the role of US31 in gastric cancer (GC). Read More

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Augmentation of the insufficient tissue bed for surgical repair of hypospadias using acellular matrix grafts: A proof of concept study.

J Tissue Eng 2021 Jan-Dec;12:2041731421998840. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Jack Birch Unit for Molecular Carcinogenesis, Department of Biology and York Biomedical Research Institute, University of York, Heslington, York, UK.

Acellular matrices produced by tissue decellularisation are reported to have tissue integrative properties. We examined the potential for incorporating acellular matrix grafts during procedures where there is an inadequate natural tissue bed to support an enduring surgical repair. Hypospadias is a common congenital defect requiring surgery, but associated with long-term complications due to deficiencies in the quality and quantity of the host tissue bed at the repair site. Read More

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A Prognostic Model Based on the Immune-Related lncRNAs in Colorectal Cancer.

Front Genet 2021 20;12:658736. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumors with a poor prognosis. At present, the pathogenesis is not completely clear. Therefore, finding reliable prognostic indicators for CRC is of important clinical significance. Read More

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Gene Expression Classifier Reveals Prognostic Osteosarcoma Microenvironment Molecular Subtypes.

Front Immunol 2021 20;12:623762. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Musculoskeletal Oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China.

Osteosarcoma (OSA) is the most common bone malignancy and displays high heterogeneity of molecular phenotypes. This study aimed to characterize the molecular features of OSA by developing a classification system based on the gene expression profile of the tumor microenvironment. Integrative analysis was performed using specimens and clinical information for OSA patients from the TARGET program. Read More

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Exploration of the Associations of lncRNA Expression Patterns with Tumor Mutation Burden and Prognosis in Colon Cancer.

Onco Targets Ther 2021 29;14:2893-2909. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of General Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Background: Tumor mutation burden (TMB) is emerging as a new biomarker to monitor the response of cancer patients to immunotherapy. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are critical in regulating gene expression and play a significant role in cancer-associated immune responses. However, the association between lncRNA expression patterns and TMB levels and survival outcomes remains unknown in colon cancer. Read More

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Endothelial angiogenic activity and adipose angiogenesis is controlled by extracellular matrix protein TGFBI.

Sci Rep 2021 May 6;11(1):9644. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 41566, Republic of Korea.

Several studies have suggested that extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and the microenvironment are tightly associated with adipogenesis and adipose angiogenesis. In the present study, we demonstrated that transforming growth factor-beta induced (TGFBI) suppresses angiogenesis stimulated by adipocyte-conditioned medium (Ad-CM), both in vitro and in vivo. TGFBI knockout (KO) mice exhibited increased numbers of blood vessels in adipose tissue, and blood vessels from these mice showed enhanced infiltration into Matrigel containing Ad-CM. Read More

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Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours of the duodenopancreaticobiliary tract.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 6;14(5). Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Hepato Pancreato Biliary(HPB) Surgery and Liver Transplant, HealthCare Global Enterprises Ltd, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) are rare benign neoplasms of intermediate malignant potential that are found in the lungs and rarely at extrapulmonary sites common in children and young adults. IMTs tend to be locally invasive and have some amount of metastatic potential as well. We present two cases of IMTs involving the duodenum, pancreas and distal bile duct. Read More

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EBV miRNAs are potent effectors of tumor cell transcriptome remodeling in promoting immune escape.

PLoS Pathog 2021 May 6;17(5):e1009217. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pathology, Tulane University School of Medicine, Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.

The Epstein Barr virus (EBV) contributes to the tumor phenotype through a limited set of primarily non-coding viral RNAs, including 31 mature miRNAs. Here we investigated the impact of EBV miRNAs on remodeling the tumor cell transcriptome. Strikingly, EBV miRNAs displayed exceptionally abundant expression in primary EBV-associated Burkitt's Lymphomas (BLs) and Gastric Carcinomas (GCs). Read More

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