596,505 results match your criteria cell carcinoma


Anal squamous cell carcinoma: standards of care, new data and ongoing clinical trials.

Curr Opin Oncol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Medical Oncology Department of Precision Medicine, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli', Naples, Italy Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Jules Bordet - Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels, Belgium.

Purpose Of Review: To summarize current standards of care, discuss results of recent studies and present ongoing clinical trials for anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC).

Recent Findings: Over the last year, no practice changing studies have been reported in the setting of localised ASCC. A number of retrospective analyses, however, have provided practice-informing data, such as those confirming the negative impact of low compliance to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on patient outcomes. Read More

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Prognostic Value of Positive Lymph Nodes in Patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma and Tumor Thrombus Undergoing Nephrectomy and Thrombectomy.

Urol Int 2021 Apr 21:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Urology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.

Introductions: The objective of this study was to determine the prognostic value of positive lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and tumor thrombus (TT) and to explore risk factors predicting LNs metastasis.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 216 patients with RCC and TT treated at a single institution from January 2015 to December 2019. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier curves divided by pathological LN status. Read More

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Morphological and Molecular Study of Hybrid Oncocytic/Chromophobe Tumor of the Kidney Associated with Sporadic Renal Oncocytosis and Chronic B-Cell Lymphocytic Leukemia: The Possible Contribution of Lymphoma to Renal Oncocytosis.

Pathobiology 2021 Apr 21:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Pathology, University Hospital Virgen Macarena, University of Seville, Sevilla, Spain.

Hybrid oncocytic/chromophobe tumor (HOCT) of the kidney arising from a precursor oncocytosis not associated with the Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an unusual and highly interesting neoplasm. Immunohistochemical and molecular findings suggest that HOCT is an entity distinct from both oncocytoma and chromophobe carcinoma. Although uncertainty persists regarding the factors predisposing to the development of HOCT, experimental findings suggest that it may arise due to the effect of toxins or in association with chronic kidney failure. Read More

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Survival predictors and outcomes of patients with recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck cancer treated with chemotherapy plus cetuximab as first-line therapy: A real-world retrospective study.

Cancer Treat Res Commun 2021 Apr 14;27:100375. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Instituto Português de Oncologia de Coimbra Francisco Gentil Av. Prof. Dr. Bissaya Barreto n.º 98, 3000-075 Coimbra Portugal.

Background: In patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC) the estimated prognosis is usually poor. Patient-specific factors that affect prognosis should be considered when choosing therapy. We conducted a retrospective, single-center analysis in patients treated with first line platinum and antiEGFR antibody-containing regimen. Read More

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Multidisciplinary Virtual 3D Planning of a Forequarter Amputation with Chest Wall Resection.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Cardiothoracic surgery, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

We present a case of a 74-year-old male patient, with a history of a squamous cell carcinoma in the left axilla. The patient underwent a multidisciplinary surgical resection through an extended forequarter amputation with thoracic wall resection and reconstruction. With regard to the complexity of the case, 3D virtual reality-based patient-specific reconstructions were used as a supplemental tool to conventional computed tomography-imaging in order to plan the procedure. Read More

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Vaginal squamous cell carcinoma develops in mice with conditional Arid1a loss and gain of oncogenic Kras driven by progesterone receptor-Cre.

Am J Pathol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA. Electronic address:

Recent sequencing studies showed that loss-of-function mutations in ARID1A (AT-rich interactive domain 1a) were enriched in gynecologic malignancies, and oncogenic KRAS mutations are a common finding in endometrial cancers. However, neither of these genetic insults alone was sufficient to develop gynecologic cancer. To determine the role of the combined effects of deletion of Arid1a and oncogenic Kras, Arid1a mice were crossed to Kras mice using progesterone receptor Cre (Pgr). Read More

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Differences in Merkel cell carcinoma survival by site of primary presentation.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Dermatology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; Department of Preventative Medicine, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention, Northwesern University, Chicago, IL. Electronic address:

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Secretory carcinoma of the skin with lymph node metastases and recurrence in the both lungs: a case report.

J Cutan Pathol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Pathology, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan.

Secretory carcinoma of the skin is an extremely rare adnexal tumor, histopathologically identical to homologous lesions in the salivary glands and breast tissue. Although this tumor was previously reported as indolent, we report a case of secretory carcinoma of the skin with metastases and recurrence. The patient, 31-year-old women, had a subcutaneous mass in the right axilla. Read More

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Spatial clustering of CD68+ tumor associated macrophages with tumor cells is associated with worse overall survival in metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(4):e0245415. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Genitourinary Oncology, H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida, United States of America.

Immune infiltration is typically quantified using cellular density, not accounting for cellular clustering. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) activate oncogenic signaling through paracrine interactions with tumor cells, which may be better reflected by local cellular clustering than global density metrics. Using multiplex immunohistochemistry and digital pathologic analysis we quantified cellular density and cellular clustering for myeloid cell markers in 129 regions of interest from 55 samples from 35 patients with metastatic ccRCC. Read More

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LncRNA MNX1-AS1 drives aggressive laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma progression and serves as a ceRNA to target FoxM1 by sponging microRNA-370.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Mar 19;13(7):9900-9910. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China.

Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) MNX1 antisense RNA 1(MNX1-AS1) is associated with the pathology of numerous cancers. But, the role and underlying pathways of MNX1-AS1 in the regulation of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is not known. We demonstrated remarkably elevated levels of MNX1-AS1 in the LSCC tissues, which was correlated with poor disease prognosis. Read More

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Type of Architecture, Presence of Punctate Necrosis, and Extent of Involvement in Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia Can Predict the Diagnosis of Breast Carcinoma on Excision: A Clinicopathologic Study of 143 Cases.

Int J Surg Pathol 2021 Apr 21:10668969211010954. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

22209Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, RI, USA.

The literature shows a wide range in the frequencies of finding breast carcinoma in the excised specimens following a biopsy diagnosis of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), likely due to a poor diagnostic reproducibility among different pathologists as well as an inherent heterogeneity in ADH. We evaluated whether histologic subtyping of ADH would help predict the risk of breast carcinoma. Our study consisted of 143 cases of ADH diagnosed by core needle biopsy and followed by excision. Read More

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Expression Analysis of Same-Patient Metachronous and Synchronous Upper-Tract and Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma.

J Urol 2021 Apr 21:101097JU0000000000001788. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Urology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Purpose: To compare upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) and bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC) in same-patient metachronous-(m) and synchronous-(s) UTUC and BUC using next generation sequencing.

Materials And Methods: Consecutive untreated same-patient samples of UTUC and BUC were macrodissected from unstained formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded slides after quality control. Samples were divided into 4 groups: 1) UTUC-mBUC, 2) BUC-mUTUC, 3) sUTUC-BUC, 4) UTUC without BUC. Read More

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Saturated Oxo Fatty Acids (SOFAs): A Previously Unrecognized Class of Endogenous Bioactive Lipids Exhibiting a Cell Growth Inhibitory Activity.

J Med Chem 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Center of Excellence for Drug Design and Discovery, Department of Chemistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Athens 15771, Greece.

The discovery of novel bioactive lipids that promote human health is of great importance. Combining "suspect" and targeted lipidomic liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) approaches, a previously unrecognized class of oxidized fatty acids, the saturated oxo fatty acids (SOFAs), which carry the oxo functionality at various positions of the long chain, was identified in human plasma. A library of SOFAs was constructed, applying a simple green photochemical hydroacylation reaction as the key synthetic step. Read More

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Curative-Intent Treatment with Durvalumab in Early-Stage Cancers.

Adv Ther 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

AstraZeneca, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.

The introduction of immunotherapy has fundamentally transformed the treatment landscape in cancer, providing long-term survival benefit for patients with advanced disease across multiple tumor types, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the placebo-controlled phase 3 PACIFIC trial, the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab demonstrated significant improvements in progression-free survival and overall survival in patients with unresectable, stage III NSCLC who had not progressed after platinum-based chemoradiotherapy (CRT). These findings have led to the widespread acceptance of the 'PACIFIC regimen' (durvalumab after CRT) as the standard of care in this setting. Read More

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Rectal metastasis from bladder urothelial carcinoma: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 21;7(1):100. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Coloproctological Surgery, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.

Background: Urothelial carcinoma arises from transitional cells in the urothelial tract. In advanced cases, it can metastasize locally to surrounding organs or distally to organs such as the lungs, bones, or liver. Here we describe a case of rectal metastasis from urothelial carcinoma treated with multiple sessions of transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Read More

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Risk of metastatic recurrence after endoscopic resection for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma invading into the muscularis mucosa or submucosa: a multicenter retrospective study.

J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Division of Gastroenterology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8574, Japan.

Background: We aimed to elucidate the risk of metastatic recurrence after endoscopic resection (ER) without additional treatment for esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) with tumor invasion into the muscularis mucosa (pT1a-MM) or submucosa (T1b-SM).

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled patients with pT1a-MM/pT1b-SM ESCC after ER at 21 institutions in Japan between 2006 and 2017. We compared metastatic recurrence between patients with and without additional treatment, stratified into category A (pT1a-MM with negative lymphovascular invasion [LVI] and vertical margin [VM]), B (tumor invasion into the submucosa ≤ 200 µm [pT1b-SM1] with negative LVI and VM), and C (others). Read More

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The anti-angiogenic agent lenvatinib induces tumor vessel normalization and enhances radiosensitivity in hepatocellular tumors.

Med Oncol 2021 Apr 21;38(6):60. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Medical Physics, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8575, Japan.

The evaluation of angiogenesis inhibitors requires the analysis of the precise structure and function of tumor vessels. The anti-angiogenic agents lenvatinib and sorafenib are multi-target tyrosine kinase inhibitors that have been approved for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the different effects on tumor vasculature between lenvatinib and sorafenib are not well understood. Read More

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Neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of the vagina in the light of WHO 2020 2-tiered grading system: clinicopathological report of the first described case.

Virchows Arch 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Dipartimento Scienze della Salute della Donna, del Bambino e di Sanità Pubblica, Unità di Gineco-patologia e Patologia Mammaria, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Up to now, a vaginal well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor (NET) has never been well described in the literature. A 2-cm vaginal nodule morphologically revealed a proliferation of mild to moderately atypical eosinophilic epithelioid cells, without tumor cell necrosis. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed positivity for CK (AE1/AE3), chromogranin A, and synaptophysin, focal positivity for CDX2, and negativity for PAX8 and TTF1. Read More

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Accuracy of 18-F Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomographic/Computed Tomographic Imaging in Primary Staging of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e217083. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Importance: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity is one of the most common tumor entities worldwide. Precise initial staging is necessary to determine a diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Objective: To examine the diagnostic accuracy of preoperative 18-F fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomographic/computed tomographic (PET/CT) imaging in detecting cervical lymph node metastases. Read More

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circ_LRIG3 contributes to the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma by elevating RNF38 via sponging miR-449a.

Gen Physiol Biophys 2021 Mar;40(2):103-114

Department of Oncology, Affiliated Hospital of Xiangnan University, Chenzhou, China.

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play crucial roles in multiple cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the effects and molecular mechanisms of circ_LRIG3 in HCC remain barely unknown. qRT-PCR assay was employed to detect the levels of circ_LRIG3, LRIG3, miR-449a and ring finger protein 38 (RNF38). Read More

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Quality of life assessment in renal cell carcinoma Phase II and III clinical trials published between 2010 and 2020: a systematic review.

Future Oncol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Medical Oncology, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, Via Albertoni15, Bologna, 40138, Italy.

Quality of life (QoL) assessment is frequently not included among the end points of clinical trials (CTs) on renal cell carcinoma. Herein we aimed to describe the assessment and reporting of QoL in Phase II and Phase III CTs published between 2010 and 2020. A total of 25 CTs were included; 76% of trials included were conducted in metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients, while 20% of studies evaluated adjuvant systemic treatments. Read More

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Low potential of circulating interleukin 1 receptor antagonist as a prediction marker for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

J Oral Pathol Med 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medical Biosciences, Umeå University, Umeå Västerbotten, 901 87, Sweden.

Background: Circulating markers are attractive molecules for prognosis and management of cancer that allow sequential monitoring of patients during and after treatment. Based on previous protein profiling data, circulating interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) was evaluated as a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker for squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN). In this study, we aimed at confirming the clinical relevance of plasma IL-1Ra in SCCHN and exploring its potential as a prediction marker for SCCHN. Read More

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Identification of prognostic marker genes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: a study based on TCGA database and experimental validation.

J Oral Pathol Med 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Ear-Nose-Throat, Maoming People's Hospital, Maoming, 525000, P.R. China.

Background: Early detection and prognostic prediction are crucial in improving the survival of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Therefore, we provided potential molecular markers in this study for early diagnosis and prognosis of this cancer based on the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database analysis and experimental validations.

Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between HNSCC tumor and normal samples were identified by TCGA database-based analyses. Read More

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27-Hydroxycholesterol is a specific factor in the neoplastic microenvironment of HCC that causes MDR via GRP75 regulation of the redox balance and metabolic reprogramming.

Cell Biol Toxicol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

The Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, China.

Objective: Due to the tissue specificity of the liver, long-term exposure to a high concentration of 27-hydroxycholesterol (27HC) is a special characteristic of the tumour microenvironment in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, what occurs after HCC cells are long-term exposure to 27HC and the molecular mechanisms involved remain largely unexamined.

Methods: A long-term 27HC-treated HepG2 cell line and the xenografts in nude mice were used as experimental models. Read More

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Sarcopenia is related to poor prognosis in patients after trimodality therapy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Int J Clin Oncol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Radiology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1 Shikata-cho, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan.

Background: The association between sarcopenia and prognosis in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing trimodality therapy, consisting of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and surgery, has not been reported. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association of sarcopenia and fat mass with prognosis after trimodality therapy.

Methods: To assess sarcopenia, the psoas muscle mass was measured. Read More

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Knockdown of lncRNA DLEU1 inhibits the tumorigenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma via regulation of miR‑149‑5p/CDK6 axis.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jun 21;23(6). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Basic Stomatology, School of Savaid Stomatology, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310053, P.R. China.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a frequent malignant tumor worldwide. Long non‑coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to play key roles in different types of cancer, including OSCC. It was previously reported that lncRNA deleted in lymphocytic leukemia 1 (DLEU1) is notably upregulated in OSCC; however, the role of DLEU1 in OSCC remains unclear. Read More

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GTSE1 promotes SNAIL1 degradation by facilitating its nuclear export in hepatocellular carcin oma cells.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jun 21;23(6). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Liver Disease Research, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510630, P.R. China.

Snail family transcriptional repressor 1 (SNAIL1) is a master inducer of the epithelial‑to‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) process, contributing to tumor metastasis and recurrence. Our previous study reported that G2 and S phase‑expressed‑1 (GTSE1) served a role in regulating SNAIL1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Read More

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circ-PRKCI targets miR-1294 and miR-186-5p by downregulating FOXK1 expression to suppress glycolysis in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jun 21;23(6). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Key Laboratory of Cancer Cellular and Molecular Pathology in Hunan Province, Cancer Research Institute, Hengyang Medical College, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan 421001, P.R. China.

Numerous human circular RNAs (circRNAs/circ) have been functionally characterized. However, the potential role of circ-protein kinase C iota (PRKCI) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. The effects of each transfection and expression levels of circ-PRKCI, microRNA (miR)-1294, miR-186-5p and forkhead box K1 (FOXK1) in HCC cells were analyzed using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR analysis. Read More

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[Retracted] Polyphenol‑rich extract of exhibits anticancer activity in different cancer cell lines, and induces cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1‑phase, apoptosis and loss of mitochondrial membrane potential in pancreatic cancer cells.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jun 21;23(6). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Pharmacy, Jinan Maternity and Child Care Hospital, Jinan, Shandong 250001, P.R. China.

Following the publication of the above paper, a concerned reader drew to the Editor's attention that several figures (Figs. 3, 4 and 6) contained apparent anomalies, including repeated patternings of data within the same figure panels. Furthermore, Fig. Read More

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Long non‑coding RNA BANCR promotes proliferation, invasion and migration in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells via the Raf/MEK/ERK signaling pathway.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jun 21;23(6). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, Sichuan 637000, P.R. China.

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a major histological type of esophageal cancer, identified as a leading cause of tumor‑associated death worldwide. In addition, long non‑coding RNA (lncRNA) BRAF‑activated non‑coding RNA (BANCR) expression is increased in the plasma of patients with ESCC, which can be reversed by tumor resection. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the underlying mechanism of BANCR in ESCC progression. Read More

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