637,658 results match your criteria cell carcinoma


Diffusion-Weighted Imaging to Assess HPV-Positive versus HPV-Negative Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The Importance of b-Values.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

From the Divisions of Radiology (V.L., B.M.A.D., Y.M., T.d.P., M.B.)

Background And Purpose: Controversy exists as to whether ADC histograms are capable to distinguish human papillomavirus-positive (HPV+) from human papillomavirus-negative (HPV-) oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. We investigated how the choice of b-values influences the capability of ADC histograms to distinguish between the two tumor types.

Materials And Methods: Thirty-four consecutive patients with histologically proved primary oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (11 HPV+ and 23 HPV-) underwent 3T MR imaging with a single-shot EPI DWI sequence with 6 b-values (0, 50, 100, 500, 750, 1000 s/mm). Read More

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Bufalin stimulates antitumor immune response by driving tumor-infiltrating macrophage toward M1 phenotype in hepatocellular carcinoma.

J Immunother Cancer 2022 May;10(5)

Institute of Infectious Disease, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 201203, People's Republic of China

Background: Immunotherapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) exhibits limited clinical efficacy due to immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Tumor-infiltrating macrophages (TIMs) account for the major component in the TME, and the dominance of M2 phenotype over M1 phenotype in the TIMs plays the pivotal role in sustaining the immunosuppressive character. We thus investigate the effect of bufalin on promoting TIMs polarization toward M1 phenotype to improve HCC immunotherapy. Read More

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Efficacy of pembrolizumab in patients with advanced cancer of unknown primary (CUP): a phase 2 non-randomized clinical trial.

J Immunother Cancer 2022 May;10(5)

Investigational Cancer Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA

Background: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is an aggressive rare malignancy with limited treatment options. Data regarding clinical activity of immune checkpoint inhibitors in CUP is lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy of pembrolizumab, a programmed cell death-1 inhibitor, in patients with CUP. Read More

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Comprehensive analysis of expression profiles and prognosis of TRIM genes in human kidney clear cell carcinoma.

Aging (Albany NY) 2022 May 26;14(undefined). Epub 2022 May 26.

The Department of Urology, The First Hospital of Huzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Objective: To determine survival rates and the underlying mechanism of genes in the TRIM family in Kidney Clear Cell Carcinoma (KIRC).

Methods: Transcriptional and survival data of TRIM genes in KIRC patients were retrieved from the UCSC Xena, and GEPIA databases. The function of TRIM genes in KIRC was investigated, focusing on potential ubiquitination, miRNAs regulation, and enrichment analysis. Read More

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UDP-glucose 6-dehydrogenase lessens sorafenib sensitivity via modulating unfolded protein response.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2022 May 14;613:207-213. Epub 2022 May 14.

NHC Key Laboratory of Glycoconjugate Research, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China. Electronic address:

As the first-generation targeted therapy, sorafenib remains an effective single-drug treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Unfortunately, the existence of resistance restricts the long-term benefit of patients. UDP-glucose 6-dehydrogenase (UGDH) is the key enzyme of glucuronic acid metabolism which was largely reported in mediating drug systemic elimination. Read More

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Non-invasive imaging of oral potentially malignant and malignant lesions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Oral Oncol 2022 May 23;130:105877. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Head and Neck Surgical Oncology, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Center, NH Health City, Bangalore 99, India; Integrated Head and Neck Oncology Program, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Foundation, Narayana Health City, Bangalore 99, India. Electronic address:

Non-invasive (NI) imaging techniques have been developed to overcome the limitations of invasive biopsy procedures, which is the gold standard in diagnosis of oral dysplasia and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC). This systematic review and meta- analysis was carried out with an aim to investigate the efficacy of the NI-imaging techniques in the detection of dysplastic oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and OSCC. Records concerned in the detection of OPMDs, Oral Cancer were identified through search in PubMed, Science direct, Cochrane Library electronic database (January 2000 to October 2020) and additional manual searches. Read More

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Longitudinal Molecular Profiling of Circulating Tumor Cells in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma.

J Clin Oncol 2022 May 26:JCO2200219. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI.

Purpose: Liquid biopsies in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) provide a unique approach to understand the molecular basis of treatment response and resistance. This is particularly important in the context of immunotherapies, which target key immune-tumor interactions. Unlike metastatic tissue biopsies, serial real-time profiling of mRCC is feasible with our noninvasive circulating tumor cell (CTC) approach. Read More

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Clinical and imaging findings of sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma.

Med Ultrason 2022 May;24(2):256-257

Department of Pathology, Dongyang Hospital Affiliated with Wenzhou Medical University, Dongyang, Zhejiang, P.R. China.

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Head and Neck Cancer Among Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Patients-Disparities in Cancer Stage at Presentation and Survival Outcomes Compared With Other Races: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California.

Importance: Research studies often group Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander individuals together with Asian individuals despite being consistently identified as having worse health outcomes and higher rates of comorbidities and mortality. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander individuals also have high incidence rates of oral cavity and pharyngeal cancer compared with the general population; however, disparities in clinical presentation and survival outcomes of head and neck cancer squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) among this population have not been investigated nor compared with those of other races.

Objective: To determine the association of race with cancer stage at diagnosis and survival outcomes among Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander patients with HNSCC compared with Asian and non-Hispanic White patients. Read More

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Downregulation of LINC00886 facilitates epithelial-mesenchymal transition through SIRT7/ELF3/miR-144 pathway in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Clin Exp Metastasis 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Laboratory of Pathology, Hebei Cancer Institute, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Jiankang Road 12, Shijiazhuang, 050011, Hebei, China.

LINC00886 has been reported to be down-regulated in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and aberrant DNA methylation status of it has been screened in several tumor types. However, the roles of LINC00886 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remained unclarified. The present study was to investigate the expression level, epigenetic inactivation mechanisms, and functions of LINC00886 in ESCC tumorigenesis. Read More

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The relationship between pan-immune-inflammation value and survival outcomes in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with nivolumab in the second line and beyond: a Turkish oncology group kidney cancer consortium (TKCC) study.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Faculty of Medicine Department of Medical Oncology, Ankara University, Cebeci, 06590, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Pan-immune-inflammation value (PIV) is an easily accessible immune marker based on peripheral blood to estimate prognosis in patients with cancer. This study evaluates the prognostic value of PIV in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treated with nivolumab.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, patients with mRCC treated with nivolumab in the second line and beyond were selected from the Turkish Oncology Group Kidney Cancer Consortium (TKCC) database. Read More

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miR-3942-3p Increases the radiosensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma through negatively regulating BARD1.

Acta Biochim Pol 2022 May 25. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Radiotherapy, Center of Oncology, People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has high incidence in China and East and Southeast Asia. The study was performed to investigate the effect of microRNA3942-3p (miR-3942-3p) on the radiosensitivity of NPC. Compared with non-cancer tissue, NPC had significantly lower miR-3942-3p expression. Read More

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Risk of malignant melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer in rheumatoid arthritis patients initiating methotrexate versus hydroxychloroquine: a cohort study.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2022 May 10. Epub 2022 May 10.

Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, and Division of Rheumatology, Inflammation, and Immunity, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: To characterise the incidence rate of skin cancer associated with methotrexate and hydroxychloroquine in older adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methods: RA patients aged ≥65 years who initiated methotrexate or hydroxychloroquine as their first disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). The primary outcome was new occurrence of any skin cancer (i. Read More

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Dual-core coaxial bioprinting of double-channel constructs with a potential for perfusion and interaction of cells.

Biofabrication 2022 May 26;14(3). Epub 2022 May 26.

Jiangxi Provincal Key Laboratory of Biomaterials and Biofabrication for Tissue Engineering, Gannan Medical University, Ganzhou, People's Republic of China.

Coaxial bioprinting of hydrogel tubes has tremendous potential in the fabrication of highly complex large-scale vascularized structures, however, constructs with bioinks of simultaneous weak printability and perfusable networks have not been reported. Here, we report a coaxial printing method in which double-channel filaments are three-dimensional (3D) extrusion-bioprinted using a customized dual-core coaxial nozzle. The filament in one channel can perform core/shell role and the other channel can play a role in perfusion. Read More

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Dihydroartemisinin promoted FXR expression independent of YAP1 in hepatocellular carcinoma.

FASEB J 2022 Jun;36(6):e22361

Department of Pathobiology and Immunology, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang, China.

Loss of FXR, one of bile acid receptors, enlarged livers. Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1), a dominant oncogene, promotes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the relationship between FXR and YAP1 was unspecified in bile acid homeostasis in HCC. Read More

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LINC00174 promotes cell proliferation and metastasis in renal clear cell carcinoma by regulating miR-612/FOXM1 axis.

Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2022 May 26:1-28. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Urology, Yangtze River Shipping General Hospital, Wuhan 430010, Hubei, China.

Background: Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is the most common pathological subtype of kidney tumor. Reportedly, LINC00174 is a key regulator in cancer progression. This study aims to clarify the role and molecular mechanism of LINC00174 in the progression of KIRC. Read More

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Receptor for activated C kinase 1 promotes cervical cancer lymph node metastasis via the glycolysis‑dependent AKT/mTOR signaling.

Int J Oncol 2022 Jul 26;61(1). Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Basic Medicine, Xinjiang Medical University and Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Endemic Diseases, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830017, P.R. China.

Cervical cancer (CC), an aggressive form of squamous cell carcinoma, is characterized by early‑stage lymph node metastasis and an extremely poor prognosis. The authors have previously demonstrated that patients with CC have aberrant glycolysis. The upregulation of receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) is associated with CC lymph node metastasis (LNM). Read More

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Hepatocyte Deletion of IGF2 Prevents DNA Damage and Tumor Formation in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Adv Sci (Weinh) 2022 May 26:e2105120. Epub 2022 May 26.

Research and Development Service, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, 92161, USA.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Serine-arginine rich splicing factor 3 (SRSF3) plays a critical role in hepatocyte function and its loss in mice promotes chronic liver damage and leads to HCC. Hepatocyte-specific SRSF3 knockout mice (SKO mice) also overexpress insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2). Read More

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UBE2C triggers HIF-1α-glycolytic flux in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

J Cell Mol Med 2022 May 26. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the most common malignancy in Taiwan. Therefore, refining the diagnostic sensitivity of biomarkers for early-stage tumours and identifying therapeutic targets are critical for improving the survival rate of HNSCC patients. Metabolic reprogramming contributes to cancer development and progression. Read More

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GLUT1, LDHA, and MCT4 Expression Is Deregulated in Cervical Cancer and Precursor Lesions.

J Histochem Cytochem 2022 May 26:221554221101662. Epub 2022 May 26.

Laboratorio de Biomedicina Molecular, Instituto Estatal de Cancerología "Dr. Arturo Beltrán Ortega," Acapulco de Juárez, México.

Metabolic reprogramming is typical in cancerous cells and is required for proliferation and cellular survival. In addition, oncoproteins of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) are involved in this process. This study evaluated the relationship between glucose transporter I (GLUT1), lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), and monocarboxylate transporter type 4 (MCT4) expression and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cervical carcinoma (ICC) with HR-HPV infection. Read More

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Profiling the Cytopathological Diagnosis of Enlarged Lymph Nodes on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology.

J Nepal Health Res Counc 2022 Mar 13;19(4):712-716. Epub 2022 Mar 13.

The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 Australia.

Background: This study aimed to assess the distribution of fine-needle-aspiration-cytology or biopsy findings through cytopathological patterns of lymph nodes aspirations in different age groups of the population visiting a tertiary level hospital in Kathmandu.

Methods: The retrospective study was conducted on the database of the 226 lymphadenopathy cases that underwent biopsy fine needle aspiration cytology from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2019 at the Department of pathology of Helping Hand's Community Hospital, Kathmandu. A descriptive analysis was performed yielding proportions and counts for the quantitative variables. Read More

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[Application of near infrared fluorescence imaging in detection of residual cancer in oral squamous cell carcinoma].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2022 May;44(5):450-454

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China.

Local recurrence is the main cause of treatment failure in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study was proposed to investigate the feasibility of near infrared fluorescence (NIF) via indocyanine green (ICG) for monitoring surgical marginal in operation for OSCC patients. In 35 patients with OSCC treated surgically in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nanjing University School of Medicine, from January 2019 to June 2020, ICG (0. Read More

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[Establishment and clinical validation of an artificial intelligence YOLOv51 model for the detection of precancerous lesions and superficial esophageal cancer in endoscopic procedure].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2022 May;44(5):395-401

Department of Endoscopy, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

To construct the diagnostic model of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and precancerous lesions in endoscopic images based on the YOLOv5l model by using deep learning method of artificial intelligence to improve the diagnosis of early ESCC and precancerous lesions under endoscopy. 13, 009 endoscopic esophageal images of white light imaging (WLI), narrow band imaging (NBI) and lugol chromoendoscopy (LCE) were collected from June 2019 to July 2021 from 1, 126 patients at the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, including low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia, ESCC limited to the mucosal layer, benign esophageal lesions and normal esophagus. By computerized random function method, the images were divided into a training set (11, 547 images from 1, 025 patients) and a validation set (1, 462 images from 101 patients). Read More

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[The IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway mediated by radiotherapy regulates the expression of PD-L1 in esophageal cancer cells].

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi 2022 May;44(5):389-394

Department of Oncology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong 637000, China.

To explore the possible mechanism of radiotherapy regulating the expression of PD-L1 in esophageal carcinoma. Three esophageal cancer cell lines (Eca109, Kyse150, TE1) were irradiated with different doses of X-rays, and 6 Gy+ AG490 group was set. The mRNA expression of PD-L1 was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Read More

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Downregulation of HULC Induces Ferroptosis in Hepatocellular Carcinoma via Targeting of the miR-3200-5p/ATF4 Axis.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2022 16;2022:9613095. Epub 2022 May 16.

Liver Transplantation Center, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China.

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a malignant tumor that poses a serious threat to human health. Ferroptosis, which represents an identified type of regulated iron-dependent cell death, may play an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, it is unclear as to whether ferroptosis is involved with the mechanisms of lncRNA HULC in liver cancer cells. Read More

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A Case of Iodine 125 Seeds (I-125) Responding to Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Dose Response 2022 Apr-Jun;20(2):15593258221103373. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Oncology, Hospital Affiliated 5 to Nantong University (Taizhou People's Hospital), Taizhou, China.

Lung squamous cell cancer (SCC) and accounts for approximately 20%-30% of all lung cancers. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the main treatments for lung SCC patients. A case with lung SCC patient who was treated using iodine 125 seeds (I-125) because the location of the tumor was adjacent to the great vessels. Read More

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ncRNA-Mediated High Expression of LPCAT1 Correlates with Poor Prognosis and Tumor Immune Infiltration of Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

J Immunol Res 2022 16;2022:1584397. Epub 2022 May 16.

Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China.

Purpose: To investigate the expression of LPCAT1 in liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) and its relationship with prognosis and immune infiltration and predict its upstream nonencoding RNAs (ncRNAs).

Method: In this study, expression analysis and survival analysis for LPCAT1 in pan cancers were first performed by using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data, which suggested that LPCAT1 might be a potential LIHC oncogene. Then, ncRNAs contributing to the overexpression of LPCAT1 were explored in starBase by a combination of expression analysis, correlation analysis, and survival analysis. Read More

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