4,565 results match your criteria ceiling effects


Comparison of PROMIS Computerized Adaptive Testing versus Fixed Short Forms in Juvenile Myositis.

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

Objective: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS ) measures can be administered via computerized adaptive testing (CAT) or fixed short forms (FSF), but the empirical benefits of CAT versus FSF are unknown in juvenile myositis (JM). This study assesses if PROMIS CAT is feasible, precise, correlated with FSF, and less prone to respondent burden and floor/ceiling effects than FSF in JM.

Methods: Patients 8-17 yo (self-report and parent proxy) and parents of patients 5-7 yo (only parent proxy) completed PROMIS Fatigue, Pain Interference, Upper Extremity Function, Mobility, Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms measures. Read More

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Online-Delivered Group and Personal Exercise Programs to Support Low Active Older Adults' Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jul 30;23(7):e30709. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, experts in mental health science emphasized the importance of developing and evaluating approaches to support and maintain the mental health of older adults.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether a group-based exercise program relative to a personal exercise program (both delivered online) and waitlist control (WLC) can improve the psychological health of previously low active older adults during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: The Seniors COVID-19 Pandemic and Exercise (SCOPE) trial was a 3-arm, parallel randomized controlled trial conducted between May and September 2020 in which low active older adults (aged ≥65 years) were recruited via media outlets and social media. Read More

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Reliability, Validity, Clinical Utility, and Responsiveness of Measures for Assessing Mobility and Physical Function in Patients with Traumatic Injury in the Acute Care Hospital Setting: A Prospective Study.

Phys Ther 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Physiotherapy, The Alfred Hospital, Prahran, Melbourne, VIC 3181.

Objective: The longer-term impact of injury is increasingly recognized, but the early phases of recovery are less well understood. The best tools to measure early recovery of mobility and physical function following traumatic injury are unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical utility, validity, reliability, and responsiveness of 4 mobility and physical function measures in patients following traumatic injury. Read More

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The effects of bright light treatment on affective symptoms in people with dementia: a 24-week cluster randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Jul 28;21(1):377. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen (UiB), Aarstadveien 17, 5009, Bergen, Norway.

Background: The majority of people with dementia have behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), including depression, anxiety and agitation. These may be elicited or aggravated by disrupted circadian rhythms. Bright light treatment (BLT) is a promising non-pharmacological approach to the management of BPSD, but previous research has yielded mixed results. Read More

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A generic outcome assessment of mobility capacity in neurorehabilitation: measurement properties of the de Morton Mobility Index.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 28;21(1):298. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Applied Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Hochschule für Gesundheit (University of Applied Sciences), Gesundheitscampus 6-8, 44801, Bochum, Germany.

Background: Mobility capacity is a key outcome domain in neurorehabilitation. The de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI), an established and generic outcome assessment of mobility capacity in older patients, is promising for use in neurorehabilitation. The aim of this study was to examine the measurement properties of the DEMMI in rehabilitation inpatients with neurological conditions. Read More

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Validity of the Utrecht scale for evaluation of rehabilitation-participation restrictions scale in a hospital-based stroke population 3 months after stroke.

Top Stroke Rehabil 2021 Jul 27:1-11. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, UMC Utrecht Brain Center, University Medical Center Utrecht and De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation Restrictions scale (USER--R) is a promising patient-reported outcome measure, but has currently not been validated in a hospital-based stroke population. To examine psychometric properties of the USER--R in a hospital-based stroke population 3 months after stroke onset. Cross-sectional study including 359 individuals with stroke recruited through 6 Dutch hospitals. Read More

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Effects of active engagement and spaced retrieval practice on knowledge and application of a self-assessment rubric.

J Dent Educ 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Educational Leadership, Evaluation and Organizational Development, University of Louisville College of Education and Human Development. Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Purpose/objectives: This study examined effects of active engagement (ENG) and spaced retrieval practice (SRP) on D1 dental students' self-assessment knowledge acquisition.

Methods: D1 dental students (N = 120) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions in a 2 (ENG or no ENG) X 2 (SRP or no SRP) design. Students were tested on their knowledge of a self-assessment grading rubric (on a 30-item multiple-choice exam) and their ability to apply the rubric (on a simulated dentoform assessment). Read More

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Validated argentine version of the visual vertigo analogue scale.

J Vestib Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Departments of Physical Therapyand Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: Visual vertigo (VV), triggered by environmental or dynamic visual stimuli and repetitive visual patterns, can affect daily life activities. The Visual Vertigo Analogue Scale (VVAS) is a valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire to assess VV, which has been culturally adapted to the Argentine population but has not been validated.

Objective: To validate the Argentine version of VVAS (VVAS-A) by confirming its psychometric properties in patients with vestibular disorders. Read More

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Ceiling effects indicate a possible threshold structure for working alliance.

J Couns Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Communication.

This review investigated whether ceiling effects on client-reported working alliance measures represent measurement artifacts or valid information related to the formation of the working alliance. Using data from two previously published meta-analyses, a total of 92 estimates of ceiling effects were calculated based on 37 studies with 6,439 participants. Analyses examined the size of ceiling effects, relation with demographic variables, type of alliance measure, and ceiling effect stability across sessions. Read More

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[Which quality of life for the sarcopenic patient?]

Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

WHO Collaborating Centre for Public Health Aspects of Musculoskeletal Health and Aging, Division of Public Health, Epidemiology and Health Economics, University of Liège, Liège, Belgique, Membres du Groupe Expert Nutrition en Gériatrie (GEGN) sous l'égide de la SFGG.

Sarcopenia is defined as a progressive and generalized loss of muscle strength, muscle mass and physical performance with advancing age. Among the multiple consequences of sarcopenia, the reduction in the quality of life associated with it can undeniably be considered as a major consequence. Quality of life is measured via generic or specific questionnaires. Read More

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Validation of PROMIS-29 domain scores among adult burn survivors: A National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research Burn Model System Study.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA Shriners Hospitals for Children - Boston, Boston, MA Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Spaulding Research Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Department of Surgery, University of Washington Harborview, Seattle, WA Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, WA University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX.

Background: Patient-reported outcomes are important for understanding recovery after burn injury, benchmarking service delivery and measuring the impact of interventions. PROMIS-29 domains have been validated for use among diverse populations though not among burn survivors. The purpose of this study was to examine validity and reliability of PROMIS-29 scores in this population. Read More

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Online-Delivered Group and Personal Exercise Programs to Support Low Active Older Adults' Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

University of British Columbia, 6081 University Blvd, Vancouver, CA.

Background: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, experts in mental health science emphasized the importance of developing and evaluating approaches to support and maintain the mental health of older adults.

Objective: To assess whether a group-based exercise program relative to a personal exercise program (both delivered online) and wait-list control (WLC) can improve the psychological health of previously low active older adults during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: The Seniors COvid-19 Pandemic and Exercise (SCOPE) Trial was a 3-arm, parallel randomized controlled trial conducted between May and September 2020 in which low active older adults (aged ≥ 65 years) were recruited via media outlets and social media. Read More

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Cortical interaction of bilateral inputs is similar for noxious and innocuous stimuli but leads to different perceptual effects.

Exp Brain Res 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Anatomy, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 3351 boul. des Forges, C.P. 500, Trois-Rivières, QC, G9A 5H7, Canada.

The cerebral integration of somatosensory inputs from multiple sources is essential to produce adapted behaviors. Previous studies suggest that bilateral somatosensory inputs interact differently depending on stimulus characteristics, including their noxious nature. The aim of this study was to clarify how bilateral inputs evoked by noxious laser stimuli, noxious shocks, and innocuous shocks interact in terms of perception and brain responses. Read More

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Psychometric Properties of EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L in Cognitively Impaired Patients Living with Dementia.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

McMaster University, Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact (HEI), Hamilton, Canada.

Background: Assessing health-related quality of life in dementia poses challenges due to patients' cognitive impairment. It is unknown if the newly introduced EQ-5D five-level version (EQ-5D-5L) is superior to the 3-level version (EQ-5D-3L) in this cognitively impaired population group.

Objective: To assess the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-5L in comparison to the EQ-5D-3L in patients living with dementia (PwD). Read More

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Baseline patient reported outcome measurement information system (PROMIS) scores in children with idiopathic scoliosis and their relation to the SRS-22.

Spine Deform 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

College of Dental Medicine, Roseman University of Health Sciences, South Jordan, UT, USA.

Purpose: PROMIS is becoming the most commonly utilized patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) in adult orthopaedics, but its adoption has lagged in pediatrics. Limited baseline data exists in pediatric-specific orthopaedic diagnoses. The objective of this study was to determine baseline PROMIS scores in patients with idiopathic scoliosis and to evaluate for correlations with the SRS-22. Read More

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Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) in Orthopaedic Trauma Research.

SICOT J 2021 16;7:39. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Columbia University Irving Medical Center/NY-Presbyterian Hospital, 622 West 168th Street, PH 11-1130, New York, 10032 NY, USA.

This review describes the development, advantages and disadvantages, and applications of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) in orthopaedic trauma. PROMIS is a useful tool for quantifying outcomes in orthopedic trauma. It allows measurement of outcomes across multiple domains while minimizing administration time. Read More

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Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Simulation Effectiveness Tool-Modified.

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2020 Oct 26;28(3):250-257. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Department of Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: The Simulation Effectiveness Tool-Modified aimed to evaluate students' perceptions about the effectiveness of learning within a simulation environment, to implement Simulation Effectiveness Tool-Modified to adapt to the Turkish language, and test for its reliability, validity, and psychometric properties.

Method: This study was conducted in a methodological manner. The data were collected from 235 students who participated in the simulation-based learning experience in the Faculty of Nursing of 2 public universities in Istanbul between January and June 2019. Read More

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October 2020

The patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation questionnaire was successfully translated to Korean.

J Hand Ther 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: Lateral epicondylitis is a common tendinopathy of the elbow. An adequately validated questionnaire is essential to compare the various treatment options, because there is still controversy regarding the best treatment for lateral epicondylitis.

Purpose Of The Study: The patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation (PRTEE) was introduced to measure the degree of symptoms and the limitation of function in these patients. Read More

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Dynamic time warp analysis of individual symptom trajectories in depressed patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 2;293:435-443. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC), the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) effectively improves severity scores of depression, its effects on its individual symptoms has scarcely been studied. We aimed to study which depressive symptom trajectories dynamically cluster together in individuals as well as groups of patients during ECT using Dynamic Time Warp (DTW) analysis.

Methods: We analysed the standardized weekly scores on the 25-item abbreviated version of the Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale (CPRS) in depressed patients before and during their first six weeks of ECT treatment. Read More

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Scale for contraversive pushing in stroke patients: pusher behavior vs Thalamic astasia differential diagnosis and psychometric properties.

Top Stroke Rehabil 2021 Jul 12:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Rehabilitation, Guadarrama Hospital, Guadarrama, Madrid, Spain.

Background: : Few studies have investigated the psychometric properties of the Scale for Contraversive Pushing (SCP) in depth, and none have evaluated its ability to establish differential diagnosis between pusher behavior (PB) and thalamic astasia (TA).

Objectives: : To study the ability of the SCP to establish differential diagnosis, its reliability, content, construct, and internal validity in the assessment of subacute stroke patients.

Methods: : 120 individuals were evaluated using the SCP over a four-week period of treatment. Read More

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Validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease scale for individuals with systemic sclerosis.

Scand J Rheumatol 2021 Jul 12:1-10. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

To investigate aspects of validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease (SEMCD-Swe) scale in systemic sclerosis (SSc).: A forward-backward translation procedure was used. Content validity was assessed through interviews with 11 people with SSc and 10 healthcare professionals. Read More

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Cross-cultural adaptation of Cantonese (Hong Kong) Oswestry Disability Index version 2.1b.

Eur Spine J 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

The Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Center, The Hong Kong Sanatorium and Hospitals, 2 Village Road, Happy Valley, Hong Kong.

Purpose: Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was established by Fairbank in 1989 to assess functional disabilities in low back pain (LBP). It was last updated in 2019 as ODI version 2.1b (ODI AU_2. Read More

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Effects of Spectral Envelope and Fundamental Frequency Shifts on the Perception of Foreign-Accented Speech.

Lang Speech 2021 Jul 9:238309211029679. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

University of Texas at Dallas, USA.

To investigate the role of spectral pattern information in the perception of foreign-accented speech, we measured the effects of spectral shifts on judgments of talker discrimination, perceived naturalness, and intelligibility when listening to Mandarin-accented English and native-accented English sentences. In separate conditions, the spectral envelope and fundamental frequency (F0) contours were shifted up or down in three steps using coordinated scale factors (multiples of 8% and 30%, respectively). Experiment 1 showed that listeners perceive spectrally shifted sentences as coming from a different talker for both native-accented and foreign-accented speech. Read More

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Validation and minimum important difference of the UCSD Shortness of Breath Questionnaire in fibrotic interstitial lung disease.

Respir Res 2021 Jul 8;22(1):202. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Rationale: The University of California, San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire (UCSDSOBQ) is a frequently used domain-specific dyspnea questionnaire; however, there is little information available regarding its use and minimum important difference (MID) in fibrotic interstitial lung disease (ILD). We aimed to describe the key performance characteristics of the UCSDSOBQ in this population.

Methods: UCSDSOBQ scores and selected anchors were measured in 1933 patients from the prospective multi-center Canadian Registry for Pulmonary Fibrosis. Read More

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Psychometric properties of the thyroid-specific quality of life questionnaire ThyPRO in Singaporean patients with Graves' disease.

J Patient Rep Outcomes 2021 Jul 8;5(1):54. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore, 308433, Singapore.

Background: Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. It results in accelerated tissue metabolism with multi-organ involvement ranging from cardiovascular to neuropsychological function. This results in a negative impact on the quality of life (QOL) of the individual patient. Read More

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Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Arabic version of the upper extremity functional index.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Jul 6:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the UEFI into Modern Standard Arabic language and to examine its psychometric properties among patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders.

Materials And Methods: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation were done following Beaton's guidelines. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, measurement error and floor and ceiling effects for the Arabic UEFI were tested among 109 patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Read More

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Translation and psychometric evaluation of the Yoruba version of the STarT Back tool among persons with long-term non-specific low-back pain.

Ann Ig 2021 Sep-Oct;33(5):443-455

Department of Health Professions, Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Birley Fields Campus, Bonsall Street, Manchester M15 6GX, UK.

Conclusion: The Y-SBT have acceptable psychometric properties. It is recommended for use among Yoruba speaking patients with LBP.

Background: Translating questionnaires into local languages is essential as it aids easy accessibility and understanding of such questionnaires by patients and their health caregivers. Read More

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The development of the Cystectomy-Pathway Assessment Tool (C-PAT): a concise tool to assess the quality of care in the cystectomy pathway.

BJU Int 2021 Jul 4. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Department of Urology, Bristol Urological Institute, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: To develop and test the psychometric properties of a concise, patient-reported questionnaire, designed to assess key aspects of the radical cystectomy (RC) patient pathway that are important to both patients and clinicians.

Patients And Methods: Draft items were developed by a consultation with a 13-member expert clinical panel, and the in-depth qualitative analysis of 14 semi-structured interviews with patients who had received RC within the previous 18 months. A further nine cognitive interviews with patients refined the items and ensured they were easy to complete. Read More

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Validation and reliability testing of the Breast-Q latissimus dorsi questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties in a Swedish population.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Jul 3;19(1):174. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Gothenburg, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gröna Stråket 8, 413 45, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The main aim of post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is to improve the patient's quality of life, which makes high-quality and validated patient-reported outcome measurements essential. None of the established instruments include evaluation of donor-site morbidity, such as impact on upper extremity and back function, when a latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle is used; and BREAST-Q LD questionnaire was therefore recently developed for this purpose. The aim of this study was to translate into Swedish and culturally adapt the BREAST-Q LD questionnaire's two subscales, appearance and function, and perform a psychometric evaluation of the subscales in a Swedish population of patients. Read More

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Reliability and validity of the FSHD-composite outcome measure in childhood facioscapulohumeral dystrophy.

Neuromuscul Disord 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Australia.

This study aims to investigate intra-rater reliability and construct validity of the Facioscapulohumeral Dystrophy Composite Outcome Measure (FSHD-COM), in childhood FSHD. Participants included eighteen children with FSHD, and matched healthy controls. Reliability data were collected from 15 participants with FSHD over two testing sessions. Read More

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