329 results match your criteria causing ileus


Cecal bascule - A rare cause of cecal volvulus after cesarean section.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 3;85:106168. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine Department of Surgery, Bronx, NY, USA.

Introduction And Importance: Cecal bascule is a rare form of a cecal volvulus characterized by an anterior and superiorly displaced cecum in turn causing compression of the ascending colon that can result in a large bowel obstruction. We report a case of cecal bascule in a newly postpartum patient, with emphasis on clinical presentation, radiologic findings and treatment.

Case Presentation: A 37-year-old female who underwent an uncomplicated c-section and bilateral salpingectomy developed severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and peritonitis 12 h after surgery. Read More

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Abdominal Cocoon Syndrome: An Extremely Rare Cause of Small Bowel Obstruction.

Cureus 2021 Apr 7;13(4):e14351. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

First Department of Surgery, Saint George General Hospital of Chania, Chania, GRC.

Abdominal cocoon syndrome or encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis is a rare condition causing small bowel obstruction. It is called cocoon syndrome because of the existence of an abnormal membrane that contains part or the entire small intestine. We present a case of a 49-year-old male, presenting to our department with recurrent episodes of obstructive ileus that did not respond to conservative treatment. Read More

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Gallstone Ileus Treated by Incidental Meckel's Diverticulectomy.

Cureus 2021 Mar 24;13(3):e14078. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Surgery, West Virginia University, Martinsburg, USA.

Gallstone ileus is an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction in the elderly. It is typically recognized on computed tomography by the presence of pneumobilia and a gallstone in the right iliac fossa. Nonetheless, it is important to consider that gallstone ileus may represent the presentation of another pathology rather than an entity on its own. Read More

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A Rare Case of Cholecystoduodenal Fistula with Rapid Distal Gallstone Migration.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 19;22:e929150. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of General Surgery, Ascension Michigan Genesys Hospital, Grand Blanc, MI, USA.

BACKGROUND Abnormal communicating channels or fistulas between the gallbladder or common bile duct and the intestine are rare, but have potential to result in serious complications. Further complications can arise with migration of gallstones from the gallbladder to the intestines, causing distal obstruction in the ileum, intestinal hemorrhage, or intestinal perforation. High clinical suspicion is warranted for the diagnosis of Bouveret's syndrome, with anticipation of surgery to prevent distal gallstone migration that would otherwise result in unfavorable patient outcomes. Read More

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Postinfectious T-lymphocytic enteral leiomyositis as a rare cause of chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction.

Z Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 12;59(4):326-330. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Innere Medizin, Schön Klinik Hamburg Eilbek, Hamburg, Germany.

T-lymphocytic enteral leiomyositis (T-lel) is a rare disorder causing chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO), with cases predominantly being reported in the field of veterinary and pediatric medicine. Here, we present a case of T-lel-associated CIPO in an adult female, who initially presented with a paralytic ileus 2 weeks after a common gastroenteritis. The histological diagnosis was established through full-thickness bowel biopsy, exhibiting a dense lymphocytic infiltrate in the lamina muscularis of the intestinal wall. Read More

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Neonatal Bowel Obstruction by Pseudolymphoma: A Case Report.

Cureus 2021 Mar 6;13(3):e13746. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, GRC.

Interstitial obstruction in newborn infants can be caused by several factors such as malrotation, meconium plug syndrome, meconium ileus, Hirschsprung's disease, atresia and stenosis. Neonates who have been diagnosed with an interstitial obstruction are in need of immediate treatment; otherwise, they can deteriorate rapidly. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment in most cases. Read More

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Morgagni hernia causing ileus and gastric emphysema.

J Formos Med Assoc 2021 07 24;120(7):1533-1534. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital Yunlin Branch, No.579, Sec. 2, Yunlin Rd., Douliu City, Yunlin County, 640, Taiwan; Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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Intussusception caused by intestinal neoplasia in mature rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum 1792).

J Fish Dis 2021 Jul 9;44(7):893-898. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Exotic Animal and Wildlife Medicine and Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary.

The aquaculture industry is growing and includes the farming and breeding of more than 580 aquatic species worldwide. The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum 1792) is the most commonly bred trout species in Hungary. As broodfish form the basis of most fish farms, investigation into tumours occurring in trout, although under-researched, has proven to be a valuable and necessary field of study. Read More

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Role of magnetic resonance imaging in Bouveret's syndrome: A case report with review of the literature.

Clin Imaging 2021 Sep 23;77:43-47. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Medical Imaging, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Bouveret's syndrome is a rare form of gallstone ileus occurring due to obstructing gallstone into the proximal duodenum through a cholecystoduodenal fistula. We report the case of a 72-year-old female presenting with abdominal pain secondary to a large gallstone in the region of the duodenal bulb, causing the upstream gastric obstruction. Here we discuss the clinical features, imaging technologies, and surgical management of Bouveret's syndrome. Read More

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September 2021

Opioid-Induced Constipation and Acupuncture: A Case Discussion.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2021 Feb 5. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

General Internal Medicine, Center for Palliative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Background: Use of acupuncture for treatment of functional constipation is well studied; however, studies examining use of acupuncture for opioid-induced constipation are limited.

Case Description: A 70-year-old woman with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma discovered after presentation to the emergency room with severe back pain. Pain management required use of opioids, escalating to effect. Read More

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February 2021

Rare case of fecal impaction caused by a fecalith originating in a large colonic diverticulum: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Jan;9(2):416-421

Division of Gastroenterology and Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa 078-8510, Hokkaido, Japan.

Background: Fecal impaction is defined as a large mass of compacted feces in the colon and has the potential to induce a serious medical condition in elderly individuals. Fecal impaction is generally preventable, and early recognition of the typical radiological findings is important for making an early diagnosis. The factors that lead to fecal impaction are usually similar to those causing constipation. Read More

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January 2021

Spontaneous rupture of a degenerated leiomyoma causing peritonitis and ileus during pregnancy: A case report.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Jan 22;9(1):491-493. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Perinatal Center for Maternity and Neonate Yokohama City University Medical Center Yokohama Japan.

Degenerated leiomyomas can rupture during pregnancy, and leakage of the fluid causes peritonitis in rare cases. If peritonitis associated with a degenerated leiomyoma is observed, the occurrence of rupture of the leiomyoma should be considered. Read More

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January 2021

Rectal stump mucocele after a Hartmann's procedure causing mechanical ileus.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jan 8;14(1). Epub 2021 Jan 8.

University of Geneva, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

Two years after a Hartmann's procedure, an 85-year-old woman was admitted at our emergency department with abdominal bloating and severe constipation for 5 days. Abdominal CT showed a large rectal stump mucocele associated with compression of surrounding structures, causing a mechanical ileus and a bilateral pyelocaliceal dilatation. Successful transanal drainage with a rectal catheter allowed rapid recovery. Read More

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January 2021

Surgical treatment of multiple magnet ingestion in children: A single-center study.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Dec;8(23):5988-5998

Department of General Surgery, the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310051, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: Since 2017, the number of magnet ingestion cases has increased year over year in our hospital. Almost all of the ingested magnetic foreign bodies were magnetic beads, and most of the patients experienced intestinal perforations, causing substantial damage.

Aim: To summarize our experience with surgical treatment of multiple magnet ingestion in children. Read More

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December 2020

Bouveret syndrome masquerading as a gastric mass-unmasked with endoscopic luminal laser lithotripsy: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Nov;8(22):5701-5706

Department of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, PA 17822, United States.

Background: Bouveret syndrome, also known as gallstone ileus, is a rare form of gastric outlet obstruction accounting for 1%-3% of cases. This condition is most often reported in females. The diagnosis can be challenging and is often missed due to atypical presentations, which occasionally mimic gastric outlet obstruction symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and hematemesis. Read More

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November 2020

Ovarian Carcinosarcoma with Retroperitoneal Para-Aortic Lymph Node Dissemination Followed by an Unusual Postoperative Complication: A Case Report with a Brief Literature Review.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 Dec 11;10(12). Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Medical University Pleven, 5800 Pleven, Bulgaria.

. Ovarian carcinosarcoma (OCS), also known as malignant mixed Müllerian tumour (MMMT), is one of the rarest histological subtypes of ovarian cancer. It is an aggressive tumour with a dismal prognosis-the median survival of patients is less than two years. Read More

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December 2020

Malignant triton tumor of the rectum - A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 9;76:517-521. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Department of Surgery, Hospital Reinbek St. Adolf Stift, Germany.

Introduction: Malignant triton tumors (MTT) are rare but highly aggressive tumors that originate from the Schwann cells. These tumors can occur in any part of the body, mostly present late and carry poor prognosis.

Presentation Of Case: We present a 24-year-old man with a rectal MTT causing non-specific abdominal pain and recurring ileus. Read More

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October 2020

A Rare Case of Gallstone Ileus: Bouveret Syndrome Presenting with Concurrent Gallstone Coleus.

Case Rep Surg 2020 7;2020:8844199. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

Department of General Surgery, The Canberra Hospital, Yamba Drive, Garran Australian Capital Territory 2605, Australia.

Background: Bouveret syndrome and gallstone coleus are two rare subsets of gallstone ileus. Bouveret syndrome involves a gastric outlet obstruction, whereas gallstone coleus involves an obstruction of the large intestine. Both of the conditions are caused by gallstones, which migrated from the gallbladder via the fistulae. Read More

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November 2020

Gallstone ileus caused by a gallstone impacted at a cecum neoplasm - A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 2;77:107-110. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Department of General Surgery, North Alentejo Local Unit E.P.E., Portugal.

Background: Gallstone ileus is an infrequent complication of biliary disease that produces a mechanical intestinal obstruction. It is caused by a gallstone passing through a bilio-digestive communication, usually a cholecystoduodenal fistula. The presence of neoplasms can decrease the bowel lumen size and may cause the gallstone to impact at the narrowing site. Read More

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November 2020

Duodenal bulb obstruction caused by a gallstone (Bouveret syndrome) successfully treated with endoscopic measures.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2020 Jul 23;33(4):630-632. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of Gastroenterology, State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York.

Bouveret syndrome is the rarest variant of gallstone ileus, with a high morbidity and mortality rate as well as life-threatening complications. We present a case of an 86-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain and was diagnosed with acute cholecystitis. After laparoscopic cholecystectomy, her symptoms did not improve. Read More

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Clinical Presentation of the c.3844T>C (p.Trp1282Arg, W1282R) Variant in Russian Cystic Fibrosis Patients.

Genes (Basel) 2020 09 27;11(10). Epub 2020 Sep 27.

Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Russian Federation, Moskvorechie St., 1, 115522 Moscow, Russia.

The goal was to study the phenotypic manifestations of c.3844T>C (p.Trp1282Arg, W1282R) variant, a CF-causing mutation, in patients from the Russian Federation. Read More

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September 2020

Giant pedunculated colonic lipoma causing colo-colic intussusception in a patient with mechanical ileus.

Ann Ital Chir 2020 Mar 3;9. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

A giant colonic lipoma causing colo-colonic intussusception is extremely rare in adults. A 35-year-old woman visited our emergency room with abdominal pain, abdominal distension, nausea and vomiting. Physical examination showed a painful distended abdomen. Read More

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Unusual presentation of intussusception: Gallstone ileus.

Radiography (Lond) 2021 05 14;27(2):740-742. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

RWJBH - Saint Barnabas Medical Center, Livingston, NJ, 07039, USA.

Gallstone ileus is a rare pathology, occurring in an estimated 0.5% of cases, which preferentially affect females and the elderly population. This rare pathology is the result of a fistulous connection between the bowel and gallbladder. Read More

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Laparoscopic Approach for Gallstone Ileus in Geriatric Patients.

Cureus 2020 Jun 15;12(6):e8642. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Surgery, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, USA.

We report two patients who presented with small bowel obstruction secondary to gallstones in the ileum. Both patients were geriatric women with multiple comorbidities. The first patient was a 73-year-old woman who presented with a gallstone eroding and obstructing the duodenum (Bouveret's syndrome) secondary to gallbladder cancer with diffuse metastatic spread to the liver. Read More

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Ileus Due to Iron Pills: A Case Report and Literature Report on the Importance of Stool Softeners.

Cureus 2020 Jun 1;12(6):e8392. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Hospital Medicine, Geisinger Lewistown Hospital, Lewistown, USA.

Iron deficiency anemia is the leading cause of anemia in the U.S. and throughout the world. Read More

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Ileus caused by small bowel, ileocaecal and rectal endometriosis misdiagnosed as Crohn's disease and managed by synchronous ileocaecal and rectal resection.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2020 Oct 15;102(8):e205-e208. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Military Medical Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria.

The reported incidence of intestinal endometriosis varies between 22% and 37%, with bowel obstruction in only 2.3% of cases, but few series report acute obstruction. We report a rare case of acute bowel obstruction due to multiple bilateral deep intestinal endometriosis lesions localised in the ileum, ileocaecal valve and upper rectum, requiring synchronous resection in an emergency setting. Read More

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October 2020

Magnetic compression anastomosis with atypical anastomosis for anastomotic stenosis of the sigmoid colon: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2020 Mar 30;6(1):59. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Surgery, International University of Health and Welfare Hospital, 537-3, Iguchi, Nasushiobara, Tochigi, 329-2763, Japan.

Background: Magnetic compression anastomosis (MCA) is mainly applied in the gastrointestinal and biliary tracts through a nonsurgical procedure that can create an anastomosis similar to that obtained through surgery. Magnets usually adsorb in the end-to-end direction (end-to-end anastomosis), exert a strong magnetic force and create an anastomosis according to the size of the magnets. Regular endoscopic dilation is required to prevent restenosis when the anastomotic size is small. Read More

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A case report and review of the literature of Bouveret syndrome.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2020 Jan 20;102(1):e15-e19. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Frimley Park Hospital, Frimley Health NHS Trust, Frimley, Camberley, UK.

Bouveret syndrome is a rare variant of gallstone ileus causing gastric outlet obstruction. It results from the formation of either a cholecystoduodenal or a cholecystogastric fistula and subsequent migration of gallstone into the duodenum or pylorus of stomach, causing obstruction. The first case was reported by Leon Bouveret in 1896. Read More

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January 2020

Mesocolic hernia after laparoscopic transverse colectomy: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 6;66:136-138. Epub 2019 Dec 6.

Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1, Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.

Introduction: Internal hernias are rare after laparoscopic colorectal resections. We report a patient with an internal hernia through a defect in the transverse mesocolon following laparoscopic resection.

Presentation Of Case: A 52-year-old male underwent laparoscopic colectomy for transverse colon cancer and had an unremarkable postoperative course. Read More

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December 2019

Lymphocytic ganglionitis leading to megacolon in lymphocyte-rich glioblastoma.

J Neuroimmunol 2019 12 19;337:577075. Epub 2019 Oct 19.

Departments of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

T-cell immune attack of cancer cells underlies the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors in many cancer subtypes, but is not yet well established in the primary brain cancer glioblastoma. Immune checkpoint inhibitor treatments that disinhibit the immune system to enhance immune clearance of cancer have in rare cases resulted in T-cell attack of peripheral ganglia causing lymphocytic ganglionitis. In glioblastoma, lymphocytic ganglionitis has not been reported and checkpoint inhibitors are not routinely used. Read More

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December 2019