Trauma Case Rep 2020 Dec 14;30:100367. Epub 2020 Oct 14.
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Lindleya 4, 02-005 Warsaw, Poland.
Brown tumours, known also as osteitis fibrosa cystica, are benign osteolytic lesions found in 5-15% of patients with hyperparathyroidism, and commonly located in mandibles, the shafts of long bones, the pelvis or ribs. As they compromise bone strength, pathological fractures can be a typical effect of their presence; but given the complex nature of the disease process in this case, such fractures require an interdisciplinary approach directed at orthopaedic treatment, plus management of the underlying hyperparathyroidism. In this paper, we present the case of a 36-year-old female patient with bilateral anophthalmia, hyperparathyroidism and nephrolithiasis, in whom a fall led to her sustaining a pathological fracture of the proximal third of the femoral shaft in the place of an osteolytic lesion, as well as second pathological fracture of the left patella also changed by multiple examples of such lesions. Read More