759 results match your criteria caudal bladder


Laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal paraganglioma close to caudal vena cava in a dog.

Vet Med Sci 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Evergreen Vet Research & Publication, Ichinomiya, Japan.

Objective: To report laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal paraganglioma close to the caudal vena cava in a dog.

Study Design: Case report.

Animal: Twelve-year-old, neutered male Jack Russell terrier. Read More

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Hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopy surgery (NOTES) to perform bilateral ovariectomy in mares.

Vet Surg 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Clinical Science, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA.

Objectives: To combine laparoscopic techniques with natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (hybrid NOTES) to minimize number and enlargement of paralumbar laparoscopic portals for bilateral ovariectomy in standing, sedated mares.

Study Design: Case series.

Animals: Six horses. Read More

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A totally extraperitoneal approach for endoscopic resection of a congenital prepubic sinus through the pubic symphysis.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 15;7(1):165. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Oita Prefectural Hospital, 8-1, Bunyo 2-chome, Oita, 870-8511, Japan.

Background: A congenital prepubic sinus (CPS) is a rare congenital anomaly in which a duct remnant extends from the skin opening near the pubic symphysis to various parts and the lesions are mostly located in the preperitoneal space. The totally extraperitoneal (TEP) approach is an operational method that provides a good field of view for the preperitoneal space. We report the CPS through the pubic symphysis in which complete resection was achieved by a TEP approach. Read More

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Somatic-Type Yolk Sac Tumor Arising as a Predominant Component of Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma.

Int J Surg Pathol 2021 Jul 13:10668969211030688. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

12250Department of Pathology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Germ cell differentiation has been described in association with somatic tumors arising from several organ systems; rare cases arising from urothelium have been reported. Here we present a 62-year-old male with a remote history of lung cancer, a left adrenal gland mass, and a 5.6 cm left bladder wall mass; cystoscopy demonstrated a large papillary mass on the left anterior bladder wall. Read More

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Heat-Labile Toxin from Enterotoxigenic Causes Systemic Impairment in Zebrafish Model.

Toxins (Basel) 2021 06 12;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Laboratório de Bacteriologia, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo 05503-900, SP, Brazil.

Heat-labile toxin I (LT-I), produced by strains of enterotoxigenic (ETEC), causes profuse watery diarrhea in humans. Different in vitro and in vivo models have already elucidated the mechanism of action of this toxin; however, their use does not always allow for more specific studies on how the LT-I toxin acts in systemic tracts and intestinal cell lines. In the present work, zebrafish () and human intestinal cells (Caco-2) were used as models to study the toxin LT-I. Read More

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The Influence of an Adrenergic Antagonist Guanethidine on the Distribution Pattern and Chemical Coding of Caudal Mesenteric Ganglion Perikarya and Their Axons Supplying the Porcine Bladder.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 5;22(9). Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Human Physiology and Pathophysiology, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Warszawska 30, 10-082 Olsztyn, Poland.

This study was aimed at disclosing the influence of intravesically instilled guanethidine (GUA) on the distribution, relative frequency and chemical coding of both the urinary bladder intramural sympathetic nerve fibers and their parent cell bodies in the caudal mesenteric ganglion (CaMG) in juvenile female pigs. GUA instillation led to a profound decrease in the number of perivascular nerve terminals. Furthermore, the chemical profile of the perivascular innervation within the treated bladder also distinctly changed, as most of axons became somatostatin-immunoreactive (SOM-IR), while in the control animals they were found to be neuropeptide Y (NPY)-positive. Read More

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Transvaginal primary layered repair of postsurgical urethrovaginal fistula.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Jul 5;32(7):1941-1943. Epub 2021 May 5.

ASST Monza, Ospedale San Gerardo, via G.B. Pergolesi, 33 20900, Monza, Italy.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Urethrovaginal fistula (UVF) is a rare disorder, which implies the presence of an abnormal communication between the urethra and the vagina.

Methods: Surgical repair options include transurethral, transabdominal and transvaginal procedures, either with or without tissue interposition. The vaginal route is considered a safe and effective option to correct UVF. Read More

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Triplophysa ferganaensis, a new loach species from Fergana Valley in Central Asia (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae).

J Fish Biol 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development (Ministry of Education), School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.

Triplophysa ferganaensis sp. nov. is described from the Shakhimardan stream, a small tributary of the Syr Darya, which does not reach the river in Fergana Valley. Read More

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, a new species of cave-dwelling loach (Teleostei, Nemacheilidae) from Chongqing, Southwest China.

Zookeys 2021 26;1026:179-192. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fish Reproduction and Development (Ministry of Education), Southwest University School of Life Sciences, Chongqing 400715, China Southwest University Chongqing China.

We describe a new species of cave-dwelling loach, , based on specimens collected in a subterranean pool in a cave in Wulong County, Chongqing, Southwest China. The pool is connected to the Wujiang River drainage. differs from its congeners by the following combination of characters: eyes present, caudal fin with 18 branched rays; posterior chamber of the air bladder degenerate; stomach U-shaped; intestine without bends or loops immediately posterior to stomach; body smooth and scaleless, and lateral line complete. Read More

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Effect of caudal bupivacaine alone and with adjuvant fentanyl and nalbuphine to minimize the catheter-related bladder discomfort after tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy: A prospective randomized study.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020 Oct-Dec;36(4):524-530. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Muljibhai Patel Urological Hospital, Nadiad, Gujarat, India.

Background And Aims: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is a major cause of postoperative morbidity following urological procedures. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of caudal bupivacaine alone and with adjuvant fentanyl and nalbuphine to minimize the severity of CRBD after tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).

Material And Methods: A randomized prospective study was conducted on one hundred thirty-two (American society of Anaesthesiologist physical status I to II) patients who presented for tubeless PCNL under general anesthesia. Read More

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January 2021

Clinical and Radiologic Characteristics of Caudal Regression Syndrome in a 3-Year-Old Boy: Lessons from Overlooked Plain Radiographs.

Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr 2021 Mar 4;24(2):238-243. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, Korea.

Caudal regression syndrome (CRS) is a rare neural tube defect that affects the terminal spinal segment, manifesting as neurological deficits and structural anomalies in the lower body. We report a case of a 31-month-old boy presenting with constipation who had long been considered to have functional constipation but was finally confirmed to have CRS. Small, flat buttocks with bilateral buttock dimples and a short intergluteal cleft were identified on close examination. Read More

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Electroejaculation in men with spinal cord injury: a step-by-step video demonstration.

Fertil Steril 2021 May 10;115(5):1344-1346. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Urology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.

Objective: To demonstrate the proper technique to perform electroejacuation (EEJ) in men with spinal cord injury (SCI) for the purpose of inducing ejaculation.

Design: A video demonstration of the proper technique to perform EEJ in men with SCI using the Seager model 14 electroejaculation machine.

Setting: Major university medical center. Read More

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Expression of Low Affinity Nerve Growth Factor Receptor p75 in Classic Bladder Exstrophy.

Front Pediatr 2021 22;9:634343. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Clinic St. Hedwig, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Successful primary closure of classic bladder exstrophy (BE) is crucial for development of bladder capacity and voided continence. It is universally agreed that an intensive pain management including the use of caudal epidural anesthesia is an essential cornerstone for the outcome of this complex surgery. Whether and to what extent pain is caused by structural or functional changes is not yet known. Read More

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February 2021

Delineating the roles of Grhl2 in craniofacial development through tissue-specific conditional deletion and epistasis approaches in mouse.

Dev Dyn 2021 Aug 8;250(8):1191-1209. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Microbiology, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: The highly conserved Grainyhead-like (Grhl) family of transcription factors play critical roles in the development of the neural tube and craniofacial skeleton. In particular, deletion of family member Grainyhead-like 2 (Grhl2) leads to mid-gestational embryonic lethality, maxillary clefting, abdominoschisis, and both cranial and caudal neural tube closure defects. These highly pleiotropic and systemic defects suggest that Grhl2 plays numerous critical developmental roles to ensure correct morphogenesis and patterning. Read More

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Structure of the Excretory System of the Plerocercoid Pyramicocephalus phocarum (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidea): Proof for the Existence of Independent Terminal Cells.

Dokl Biol Sci 2021 Jan 26;496(1):17-20. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, 119991, Moscow, Russia.

The excretory system ultrastructure and immunocytochemistry have been investigated in the plerocercoid Pyramicocephalus phocarum. It has been shown that P. phocarum has independent terminal cells, cyrtocytes. Read More

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January 2021

Characterizing the autonomic neural connections between the abdominal aortic and superior hypogastric plexuses: A multimodal neuroanatomical study.

Auton Neurosci 2021 05 13;232:102785. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

The aortic plexus serves as the primary gateway for sympathetic fibers innervating the pelvic viscera. Damage to this plexus and/or its associated branches can lead to an assortment of neurogenic complications such as bladder dysregulation or retrograde ejaculation. The neuroanatomy of this autonomic plexus has only recently been clarified in humans; as such, the precise function of its constituent fibers is still not clear. Read More

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Perineal reconstruction with pedicled rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap after posterior pelvic exenteration -A 3D model study.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Mar 9;80:105629. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2, Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan.

Introduction: Limited literature exists regarding the positional relationship between the pedicled-rectus abdominis myocutaneous (p-RAMC) flap and residual pelvic organs post posterior pelvic exenteration (PPE).

Presentation Of Case: Four patients underwent PPE and reconstruction with a p-RAMC flap. After harvesting the p-RAMC flap with the deep inferior epigastric artery and veins as the vascular pedicle, the intra-pelvic shortest pathway of the flap was created. Read More

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The urethra of healthy female dogs can be normally narrowed due to the urethral flexure in retrograde CT urethrography.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2021 Jan 25;62(1):61-67. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

College of Veterinary Medicine and the Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Quantitative analysis of urethral size in male dogs by retrograde CT urethrography using a power injector is a recently reported technique. The aim of the current, prospective, analytical study was to apply the same method to six, healthy, intact female Beagle dogs. The proximal (P < . Read More

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January 2021

Four-hour voiding observations detect neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction in neonates with anorectal malformation.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 02 16;17(1):76.e1-76.e9. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; The Paediatric UroNephrologic Centre, Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Introduction: Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) has been reported in 20-50% of children with anorectal malformations (ARM). As neurogenic LUTD represents an inherent risk of renal deterioration and urinary tract infections, an early diagnosis is important. The gold standard for evaluating neurogenic LUTD involves invasive urodynamic testing but a useful addition should be an easy-to-perform, non-invasive method of screening. Read More

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February 2021

Cauda equina syndrome after caudal epidural sacral injection in severe lumbar spinal stenosis: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 25;77:12-14. Epub 2020 Oct 25.

Orthopaedic Traumatology Department, Soeradji Tirtonegoro General Hospital, Indonesia; Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Caudal epidural sacral injection is one of the most common conservative treatments for chronic low back pain with radiculopathy. Neurological deficit after injection is a rare complication that must be identified and treated properly.

Presentation Of Case: We report a case of cauda equina syndrome that persisted until 3 months after injection. Read More

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October 2020

Case Report: Intramedullary Intervertebral Disk Extrusion in a Cat: Clinical, Computed Tomographic, High-Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Outcome Findings.

Front Vet Sci 2020 7;7:583892. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

MICEN VET, Créteil, France.

Intramedullary disk extrusions has rarely been described in veterinary medicine, more especially in cats, with only two cases are reported in the veterinary literature. Diagnosis may be difficult, even though clinical presentation and imaging studies, such as MRI or CT, can present specific features. Treatment and prognosis are not clearly described. Read More

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October 2020

A sciaenid swim bladder with long skinny fingers produces sound with an unusual frequency spectrum.

Sci Rep 2020 10 29;10(1):18619. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Department of Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 23284-2012, USA.

Swim bladders in sciaenid fishes function in hearing in some and sound production in almost all species. Sciaenid swim bladders vary from simple carrot-shaped to two-chambered to possessing various diverticula. Diverticula that terminate close to the ears improve hearing. Read More

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October 2020

Configuration analysis of the injection position and shape of the gel spacer in gynecologic brachytherapy.

Brachytherapy 2021 Jan-Feb;20(1):95-103. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: In this single-institution retrospective study, configuration analysis was performed to determine the optimal location and volume of hyaluronic acid gel spacer injection into the rectovaginal or vesicovaginal septum for effective dose reduction (DR) to the organs at risk (OARs), the rectum and bladder.

Methods And Materials: 70 and 50 intracavitary brachytherapy treatment plans used only vaginal cylinders with gel spacers for the rectal and bladder sides, respectively, whereas 28 did not use spacers. Correlation analysis was performed between the geometrical parameters and injection position of the gel spacers and the 2-cm covering doses of the OARs for each treatment. Read More

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October 2020

Baseline Brain Segmental Volumes in Responders and Nonresponders to Anticholinergic Therapy for Overactive Bladder Syndrome.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2021 02;27(2):e399-e407

Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, MetroHealth Medical Center.

Objective: Evaluate structural differences in brains of responders (R) and nonresponders (NR) to anticholinergic (AC) therapy for overactive bladder (OAB).

Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of age matched women treated with an AC medication for OAB and underwent magnetic resonance imaging within 12 months before treatment. Data on pretreatment demographic and clinical variables and symptom severity was also collected. Read More

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February 2021

New surgical paradigm for open neural tube defects.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 02 21;37(2):529-538. Epub 2020 Aug 21.

Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, NHS Trust, Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N3JH, UK.

Introduction: An open neural tube defect (ONTD) features an exposed, unclosed neural plate in the form of an expanded, flat, and frequently hefty neural placode. Traditional philosophy of ONTD repair aims at preserving function at any cost, which often means stuffing the entire thick and unwieldy but non-functional placode into a tight dural sac, increasing the likelihood of future tethering of the spinal cord. The same philosophy of attempting to save the whole perimetry of the placode also sometimes leads to inadvertent inclusion of parts of the squamous epithelial membrane surrounding the placode into the reconstructed product, only to form inclusion dermoid cyst causing further injury to the neural tissues. Read More

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February 2021

Percutaneous Discectomy Followed by CESI Might Improve Neurological Disorder of Drop Foot Patients Due to Chronic LDH.

Brain Sci 2020 Aug 11;10(8). Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Indonesian Army Health Center/Pelamonia Hospital, Makassar 90157, Indonesia.

(1) Introduction: Epiconus and conus medullary syndromes that consisted of drop foot, pain, numbness, bladder or bowel dysfunction are serious problems might be caused by lumbar disc(s) herniation (LDH) compression. (2) Objective: To evaluate percutaneous discectomy effectivity for decompressing LDH lesions. (3) Case Report: Three patients suffered from drop feet, numbness, and bowel and bladder problems due to LDH compression. Read More

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Evaluation of bilateral vasocystostomy for canine sterilization.

Theriogenology 2020 Oct 18;156:253-261. Epub 2020 Jul 18.

Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Nazloo Road, Urmia, P.O.Box:57155-1177, Iran. Electronic address:

This study was aimed to evaluate canine vasocystotomy as a testosterone-preserving method of sterilization and investigate its potential post-operative complications. Five healthy adult male dogs underwent surgical procedure to transplant vasa deferentia to the urinary bladder. Under general anesthesia, caudal abdomen was opened and both vasa deferentia were ligated and transected. Read More

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October 2020

Morphology of male and female reproductive tract of the ocelot ().

Anim Reprod 2020 Jul 1;17(2):e20200010. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos, Universidade de São Paulo, Pirassununga, SP, Brasil.

The Ocelot () is the largest species of this genus, despite having broad distribution in the Americas; it is included in the main list of endangered species. Their conservation is widely studied, but there is a lack of studies about their morphology. In order to contribute to the knowledge of its reproductive system, five male and female ocelots were examined macro- and microscopically by histological techniques. Read More

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Impact of hydrogel peri-rectal spacer insertion on prostate gland intra-fraction motion during 1.5 T MR-guided stereotactic body radiotherapy.

Radiat Oncol 2020 Jul 22;15(1):178. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Advanced Radiation Oncology Deparment, Sacro Cuore Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar, Verona, Italy.

Background: The assessment of organ motion is a crucial feature for prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). Rectal spacer may represent a helpful device in order to outdistance rectal wall from clinical target, but its impact on organ motion is still a matter of debate. MRI-Linac is a new frontier in radiation oncology as it allows a superior visualization of the real-time anatomy of the patient and the current highest level of adaptive radiotherapy. Read More

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