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Copro-PCR in the detection and confirmation of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in feces of stray and domiciled cats.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2021 10;30(2):e000621. Epub 2021 May 10.

Laboratório de Estudos da Relação Parasito-Hospedeiro, Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal de Goiás - UFG, Goiânia, GO, Brasil.

Molecular methods such as Copro-PCR stand out in the diagnosis of T. gondii, because they are highly sensitive and specific, and can distinguish T. gondii from other morphologically similar coccids. Read More

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Molecular detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in hair and spleen of cats revealed a possible underestimation of feline vector-borne pathogens.

Res Vet Sci 2021 May 5;137:144-149. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Via Tolara di Sopra 50, 40064, Ozzano Emilia (BO), Italy. Electronic address:

Feline Vector-Borne Diseases show increased global prevalence and some Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species may pose a risk to human health. The diagnosis of Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species infection in cats is achieved by the combined use of different methods as cytologic examination evidencing intracytoplasmic morulae, serologic tests and molecular assays. The peripheral whole blood is considered the sample of choice for Anaplasma and Ehrlichia species DNA detection in cats, but false negative results are reported leading to underestimation of infection prevalence. Read More

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Safety and efficacy of a feed additive consisting of a dried extract from the roots of C.A. Meyer ( dry extract) for use in cats and dogs (C.I.A.M.).

EFSA J 2021 Apr 29;19(4):e06526. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of a dried extract prepared from the roots of C.A. Meyer ( dry extract) when used as a sensory additive in feed for cats and dogs. Read More

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Antimicrobial resistance in bacterial isolates from companion animals in Buenos Aires, Argentina: 2011-2017 retrospective study.

Zoonoses Public Health 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Instituto de Investigaciones en Bacteriología y Virología Molecular (IBaViM), Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The widespread use of antimicrobial therapy in companion animals could lead to increased levels of resistance. Monitoring these levels is critical to understand not only the zoonotic threat of resistant bacteria but also the interspecies transmission of resistance mechanisms. However, data on resistance levels in companion animals of urban areas in Latin America are lacking. Read More

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First Clinical Cases of Spirometrosis in Two Cats in Korea.

Korean J Parasitol 2021 Apr 22;59(2):153-157. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea.

This study reports the first two clinical cases of spirometrosis caused by Spirometra sp. in cats in Korea. In these two cases, the cats vomited, and long proglottids of tapeworm were recovered. Read More

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Exotic pets in Ireland: 2. Provision of veterinary services and perspectives of veterinary professionals' on responsible ownership.

Ir Vet J 2021 May 4;74(1):13. Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: There has been increasing concern expressed about the welfare of exotic pets worldwide. For the purposes of this article, an exotic pet is considered to be a non-domesticated species, where there are knowledge gaps on good practice (minimum standards of care), veterinary diagnostics and treatments. The categories of exotic pets included in this study were: small mammals (< 20 kg), large mammals (> 20 kg), birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish and invertebrates. Read More

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Endoparasite prevalence and infection risk factors among cats in an animal shelter in Estonia.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2021 Apr 20;68. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Estonia.

Cats are important hosts for different zoonotic parasites that can be hazardous to human health. To date, few studies have attempted to identify the factors affecting parasitic infections in shelter animals. This study aims to analyse the presence of endoparasites in shelter cats in Tartu, Estonia, and identify factors affecting endoparasite prevalence and intensity. Read More

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Comparison of computed tomographic ocular biometry in brachycephalic and non-brachycephalic cats.

Vet World 2021 Mar 23;14(3):727-733. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Veterinary Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background And Aim: Ocular biometry has been used to evaluate ocular parameters; however, several factors need to be considered. In humans, age and sex have been shown to affect ocular biometry. The main factor that affects feline ocular biometry is the head circumference. Read More

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Global prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. in cats: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Res Vet Sci 2021 Apr 15;137:77-85. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; University of Nicosia, Medical School, Department of Basic and Clinical Sciences, Anatomy Centre, 2408 Nicosia, Cyprus.

The One-Health approach highlights that the health of human populations is closely connected to the health of animals and their shared environment. Cryptosporidiosis is an opportunistic zoonotic disease considering as global public health concern. Cats are considered as one of potential host for transmitting the Cryptosporidium spp. Read More

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Molecular identification and subtype distribution of Blastocystis sp. in farm and pet animals in Turkey.

Acta Trop 2021 Apr 28;220:105939. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Erciyes University, 38039, Kayseri, Turkey.

A total of 1340 fresh fecal samples from farm and pet animals in Central Anatolia and the Middle Black Sea Region of Turkey were investigated using a PCR assay targeting the SSU rRNA of Blastocystis sp. An overall Blastocystis sp. prevalence of 19. Read More

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The thermal antinociceptive effects of a high-concentration formulation of buprenorphine alone or followed by hydromorphone in conscious cats.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the thermal antinociceptive effects of a high-concentration formulation of buprenorphine alone or followed by hydromorphone in conscious cats.

Study Design: Randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study design.

Animals: A total of six purpose-bred, adult female ovariohysterectomized Domestic Short Hair cats. Read More

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Current Status of Putative Animal Sources of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Humans: Wildlife, Domestic Animals and Pets.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 17;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 17.

IHU-Méditerranée Infection, 13005 Marseille, France.

SARS-CoV-2 is currently considered to have emerged from a bat coronavirus reservoir. However, the real natural cycle of this virus remains to be elucidated. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to novel opportunities for SARS-CoV-2 transmission between humans and susceptible animal species. Read More

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Cat Respiratory Nematodes: Current Knowledge, Novel Data and Warranted Studies on Clinical Features, Treatment and Control.

Pathogens 2021 Apr 10;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, 64100 Teramo, Italy.

The nematodes , and are the most important parasites inhabiting the airways of cats. They are receiving growing attention from academia, pharmaceutical companies and veterinarians, and are now considered a primary cause of respiratory diseases in feline clinical practice and parasitology. In the past few years, several studies have been conducted in both natural and experimental settings to increase knowledge, provide new insights and fill gaps on respiratory parasitoses of cats. Read More

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Seroprevalence of among Sylvatic Rodents in Poland.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 8;11(4). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Eco-Epidemiology of Parasitic Diseases, Institute of Developmental Biology and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland.

is an intracellular Apicomplexan parasite with a broad range of intermediate hosts, including humans and rodents. Rodents are considered to be reservoirs of infection for their predators, including cats, felids, pigs, and wild boars. We conducted a multi-site, long-term study on in northeastern Poland. Read More

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Characterization of animal sporotrichosis in a highly urbanized area.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 Jun 22;76:101651. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

An epidemiological characterization of animal sporotrichosis was carried out between 2017 and 2018, in a highly urbanized area in Brazil, including outcomes and the spatial distribution of the cases according to the health vulnerability index (HVI) of the study territory. One hundred and sixty-five cats and four dogs suspected of sporotrichosis were identified by a surveillance and control program previously implemented in the study area. One hundred and five of these animals (62. Read More

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Keys to Unlock the Enigma of Ocular Toxocariasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2021 Apr 28:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences,Qazvin, Iran.

: Ocular toxocariasis (OT) is a zoonotic infection caused by larval stages of and . The current review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the global prevalence of OT.: Five English (PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) databases were explored and 101 articles met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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Safety and efficacy of a feed additive consisting of a dried extract from the leaves of L. ( dry extract) for use in cats and dogs (C.I.A.M.).

EFSA J 2021 Apr 21;19(4):e06525. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of a dried extract prepared from the leaves of L. ( dry extract) when used as a sensory additive in feed for cats and dogs. dry extract is specified to contain at least 24% flavonol glycosides, at least 6% terpene lactones and less than 5 ppm ginkgolic acids. Read More

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2021 ISFM Consensus Guidelines on the Collection and Administration of Blood and Blood Products in Cats.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 May;23(5):410-432

Bristol Veterinary School, University of Bristol, Langford, UK; and Linnaeus Group, Shirley, UK.

Practical Relevance: Blood and blood products are increasingly available for practitioners to use in the management of haematological conditions, and can be lifesaving and therapeutically useful for patients with anaemia and/or coagulopathies. It is important for feline healthcare that donors are selected appropriately, and transfusions of blood or blood products are given to recipients that will benefit from them. Complications can occur, but can be largely avoided with careful donor management and recipient selection, understanding of blood type compatibility, and transfusion monitoring. Read More

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Cytology of Feline Nodal Lymphoma: Low Interobserver Agreement and Variable Accuracy in Immunophenotype Prediction.

J Comp Pathol 2021 Apr 22;184:1-6. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Nodal lymphomas are less common in cats than in dogs and, consequently, no specific studies have been published. Cytology is the first step in the diagnosis of nodal lymphoma but is highly subjective. Morphological features have been introduced for the cytological classification of canine lymphomas but not for cats. Read More

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Paraneoplastic ganglioradiculoneuritis in a cat with a plasma cell tumour.

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):20551169211003806. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Southfields Veterinary Specialists, Laindon, UK.

Case Summary: An 8-year-old neutered female domestic longhair cat was presented for investigation of a 48 h history of lethargy and pelvic limb ataxia. MRI of the spinal cord and vertebral column (C1 to sacrum) and brain was unremarkable. Lumbar cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed pleocytosis and increased protein concentration. Read More

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Removal and repositioning of urinary tract implants by use of an endovascular snare system in dogs and cats (2013-2019).

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 May;258(9):983-990

Objective: To report the fluoroscopic removal or repositioning of urinary tract implants in dogs and cats by use of an endovascular snare system (ESS) and to report procedural usefulness and complications in dogs and cats.

Animals: 3 cats and 14 dogs.

Procedures: A medical records review was performed to identify dogs and cats that underwent removal or repositioning of urinary tract foreign bodies or implants by use of an ESS with fluoroscopic guidance at a veterinary teaching hospital from 2013 to 2019. Read More

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Traumatic physeal fractures in cats: a review of 36 cases (2010-2020).

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Apr 13:1098612X211005886. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the demography, aetiology, location and classification of physeal fractures in cats, and to describe their management and outcomes.

Methods: Clinical records and radiographs of cats referred for management of physeal fractures were retrospectively reviewed. Fractures of the proximal femoral physis were excluded. Read More

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Raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) are the new natural definitive hosts of Metagonimus hakubaensis.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Kitasato University.

The definitive hosts of Metagonimus hakubaensis are reported to be hamsters, rats, mice, dogs, cats, chickens, and quails in experimental infection and Japanese water shrews in natural infection. Here we report that raccoon dogs are new natural definitive hosts of M. hakubaensis, based on morphological and molecular analyses of Metagonimus flukes collected from the host species from Aomori Prefecture, Japan. Read More

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Brainstem phaeohyphomycosis due to Curvularia lunata (Cochliobolus lunatus) in a cat.

Aust Vet J 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Diagnostic Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 546 27, Greece.

A 13-year-old female neutered domestic short-hair cat was presented with chronic progressive vestibular ataxia, lethargy and anorexia. Clinical examination revealed bilateral mucopurulent nasal discharge. Neurological examination revealed obtundation, a right head tilt, ambulatory tetraparesis, generalised vestibular ataxia, decreased postural reactions in all limbs, right Horner's syndrome, spontaneous conjugate jerk rotatory nystagmus and right positional ventral strabismus. Read More

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Feline chronic enteropathy.

Authors:
S Marsilio

J Small Anim Pract 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.

Feline chronic enteropathy is a common disorder, especially in the senior cat population, with rising incidence over the past decade. Feline chronic enteropathy is considered an umbrella term comprising different diseases including food-responsive enteropathy, idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease and alimentary small cell lymphoma. However, differentiation between those diseases is often difficult in practice. Read More

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Establishing levels of retained radioactivity in cats receiving radioactive iodine treatment.

Vet Rec 2021 Apr 5:e196. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southampton, Hampshire, UK.

Background: Radioactive iodine (RAI) is considered the gold standard treatment for feline hyperthyroidism. Currently exposure limits to radiation are regulated by national legislation, therefore the length of the isolation period in hospital for cats receiving radioactive treatment varies according to the place where the radioactive facility is located. The aim of this study was to establish when retained radioactivity decreases in cats receiving subcutaneous I-131 to a level that would allow discharge of cats from the hospital while being compliant with current United Kingdom legislation. Read More

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A rapid multiple immunofluorescence method for the simultaneous detection of CD20 and CD3 in canine and feline cytological samples.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Laboratory of Veterinary Clinical Pathology, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University.

CD20 and CD3 are considered reliable markers for B and T cells, respectively. This study aimed to develop a rapid multiple immunofluorescence (RMIF) method for the detection of CD20 and CD3 on a single cytology slide. Air-dried smears were prepared using samples collected from dogs (n=26) and cats (n=6). Read More

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A Household Microsporum canis Dermatophytosis Suggested by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometry Analysis.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 4;22:e930713. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Infection Control, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University Hospital, Sendai City, Miyagi, Japan.

BACKGROUND Microsporum canis is a pathogenic dermatophyte that usually colonizes animals, and secondary infection of humans comes from pets. The infected patients show hair loss with erythema and are diagnosed as having dermatophytosis, but the transmission routes of M. canis from animals to others are sometimes unclear, although they are critical to the treatment of patients and infection control. Read More

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A Retrospective Multicentric Study of Electrochemotherapy in the Treatment of Feline Nasal Planum Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Vet Sci 2021 Mar 22;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Comparative Biomedicine and Food Science, University of Padova, Viale dell'Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, Italy.

Feline squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is currently treated with surgery, radiation therapy and electrochemotherapy (ECT). Both the efficacy and/or safety of ECT were evaluated as a sole therapy with bleomycin to treat feline nasal planum SCC (npSCC). Sixty-one cats were enrolled. Read More

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Clinical Value of CT-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration and Tissue-Core Biopsy of Thoracic Masses in the Dog and Cat.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Mar 19;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, 64100 Teramo, Italy.

Diagnosis of thoracic lesions on the basis of history and physical examination is often challenging. Diagnostic imaging is therefore of paramount importance in this field. Radiology has traditionally been considered the diagnostic procedure of choice for these diseases. Read More

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