3,148 results match your criteria categories observation


Prosocial and Aggressive Behavior: A Longitudinal Study.

Monogr Soc Res Child Dev 2021 Jun;86(2):7-103

School of Psychology, Cardiff University.

Developmental theorists have made strong claims about the fundamental prosocial or aggressive nature of the human infant. However, only rarely have prosocial behavior and aggression been studied together in the same sample. We charted the parallel development of both behaviors from infancy to childhood in a British community sample, using a two-construct, multimethod longitudinal design. Read More

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[Prohibited Comparisons? Population Statistics and the Question of Comparability in the German Colonies (1885-1914)].

Authors:
Léa Renard

Kolner Z Soz Sozpsychol 2021 May 6:1-26. Epub 2021 May 6.

ZI Lateinamerika-Institut, Freie Universität Berlin, Boltzmannstr. 1, 14195 Berlin, Deutschland.

This article explores the relationship between statistical classifications and comparisons in German colonial statistics between 1885 and 1914. It questions the importance and the characteristics of comparison in terms of space and population in colonial statistics. The aim is to sharpen the view of statistical methods and categories in an imperial context. Read More

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Predictors of mortality rate among adult HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy in Metema Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a retrospective follow-up study.

AIDS Res Ther 2021 May 5;18(1):27. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is an ongoing public health issue associated with high morbidity and mortality. Efforts have been made to reduce HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality by delivering antiretroviral therapy. However, the incidence and predictors of mortality in border areas like Metema were not investigated. Read More

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Implementation of an Intervention Plan for Emotional Development in People with Down Syndrome.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 29;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Departament of Education, Faculty of Education, University of Almeria, 04120 Almeria, Spain.

The importance of music, as well as the different and diverse possibilities that it offers, favors the emotional development of any person. This research is based on the development and application of a set of activities, whose transversal axis is the use of music, to favor and promote the emotional development of people with Down syndrome. This application of activities was developed with a group of eight participants, between the ages of twenty and forty-five years old. Read More

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Medical Device Workarounds in Providing Care for Children With Medical Complexity in the Home.

Pediatrics 2021 May;147(5)

Departments of Industrial and Systems Engineering and

Objectives: Children with medical complexity (CMC) are commonly assisted by medical devices, which family caregivers are responsible for managing and troubleshooting in the home. Optimizing device use by maximizing the benefits and minimizing the complications is a critical goal for CMC but is relatively unexplored. In this study, we sought to identify and describe workarounds families have developed to optimize medical device use for their needs. Read More

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Identifying Habitat Elements from Bird Images Using Deep Convolutional Neural Networks.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 27;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.

With the rapid development of digital technology, bird images have become an important part of ornithology research data. However, due to the rapid growth of bird image data, it has become a major challenge to effectively process such a large amount of data. In recent years, deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs) have shown great potential and effectiveness in a variety of tasks regarding the automatic processing of bird images. Read More

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Current Milestones Assessment Practices, Needs, and Challenges of Program Directors: A Collective Case Study in a Pediatric Hospital Setting.

Cureus 2021 Apr 20;13(4):e14585. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate Medical Education, Children's Mercy Hospital, University of Missouri Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, USA.

Introduction Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's (ACGME's) Milestones assessment requirement has placed new demands on Program Directors (PDs), especially those with limited knowledge of assessment and evaluation activities. There is a lack of clarity on how Program Director (PDs)/Associate PDs (APDs) are effectively implementing milestones assessment and evaluation practices in the Graduate Medical Education programs. The purpose of this study was to investigate current assessment practices, needs, and challenges of PDs in implementing milestones assessment within their residency and fellowship programs in a pediatric hospital setting. Read More

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Handoff improvement and adverse event reduction programme implementation in paediatric intensive care units in Argentina: a stepped-wedge trial.

BMJ Qual Saf 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Quality of Care, Instituto de Efectividad Clinica y Sanitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: There are only a few studies on handoff quality and adverse events (AEs) rigorously evaluating handoff improvement programmes' effectiveness. None of them have been conducted in low and middle-income countries. We aimed to evaluate the effect of a handoff programme implementation in reducing AE frequency in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs). Read More

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Characteristics and Early Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinomas Categorized as LR-M: Comparison with Those Categorized as LR-4 or 5.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: According to the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS), the LI-RADS category M (LR-M), which are probably or definitely malignant but are not specific for hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), does not exclude HCCs. A gap in knowledge remains, including their characteristics and recurrence of HCCs categorized as LR-M.

Purpose: To compare the characteristics of HCCs categorized as LR-M with HCCs categorized as LR-4 or LR-5 (LR-4/5) using the LI-RADS version 2018 and evaluate the relationship of these categories with the risk of early recurrence after curative resections of single HCCs. Read More

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The way of life of the unhoused people as an enhance for COVID-19 care.

Rev Bras Enferm 2021 14;74Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e20200832. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Clínica de Saúde da Família Victor Valla, Consultório na Rua. Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To analyze the way of life of the unhoused people to enhance health care in the pandemic.

Methods: A qualitative, interdisciplinary research, with participant observation and 24 interviews with the unhoused people. Empirical categories and bibliographic search on this population and COVID-19 guided simple actions aimed at care. Read More

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[Anti-VEGF therapy of wet age-related macular degeneration: analysis of patients lost to follow-up].

Vestn Oftalmol 2021 ;137(2):66-74

Ural State Medical University, Yekaterinburg, Russia.

Patients lost to follow-up (LTFU) are a well-recognized challenge, both in clinical trials and in real clinical practice.

Purpose: To study the reasons for patients receiving anti-VEGF therapy for «wet» age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) in clinical environment to cease monitoring in the clinic.

Material And Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients with wAMD which received anti-VEGF therapy (ranibizumab, aflibercept) in the Ural State Medical University clinic from 2011 to 2019 (=241). Read More

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Transcriptome analysis unveils Gln3 role in amino acids assimilation and fluconazole resistance in .

J Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Apr 21;31(5). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

División de Biología Molecular, Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica A. C. (IPICYT).

After , is one the most common fungal species associated with candidemia in nosocomial infections. Rapid acquisition of nutrients from the host is important for pathogen survival, which possess metabolic flexibility to assimilate different carbon and nitrogen compounds. In , nitrogen assimilation is controlled through a mechanism known as Nitrogen Catabolite Repression (NCR). Read More

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Characteristics and sources of atmospheric pollutants in typical inland cities in arid regions of central Asia: A case study of Urumqi city.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(4):e0249563. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China.

The arid zone of central Asia secluded inland and has the typical features of the atmosphere. Human activities have had a significant impact on the air quality in this region. Urumqi is a key city in the core area of the Silk Road and an important economic center in Northwestern China. Read More

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Multi-arterial phase MRI depicts inconsistent arterial phase hyperenhancement (APHE) subtypes in liver observations of patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma.

Eur Radiol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Liver Imaging Group, Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.

Objectives: According to LI-RADS, a major discriminating feature between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-HCC malignancies is the subtype of arterial phase hyperenhancement (APHE). The aim of this study was to investigate whether APHE subtypes are consistent across multi-arterial phase (mHAP) MRI acquisitions while evaluating reader agreement. Secondarily, we investigated factors that may affect reader agreement for APHE subtype. Read More

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Three decades of data on phytoplankton and phycotoxins on the French coast: Lessons from REPHY and REPHYTOX.

Harmful Algae 2021 Feb 26;102:101733. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Ifremer (French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea), F-44311 Nantes Cedex 03, France. Electronic address:

In France, REPHY (Observation and Surveillance Network for Phytoplankton and Hydrology in coastal waters) and REPHYTOX (Monitoring Network for Phycotoxins in marine organisms) have been contributing to long-term time series on ocean health for more than 30 years. The aim of this paper is to describe these networks and to highlight their key results. Over the last 20 years, phytoplankton flora analysis on French coasts from the Channel to Mediterranean has shown that the five "emblematic" taxa are Chaetoceros, Skeletonema, Cryptophyceae, Leptocylindrus and Pseudo-nitzschia. Read More

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February 2021

Ethnobotanical indicator values of Non-Timber Forest Products from the Djoumouna peri-urban forest in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 27;7(3):e06579. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Institut National de Recherche Forestière (IRF), BP 177 Brazzaville, Congo.

A study of the relationship between man and his environment was carried out in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo in the peri-urban forest of Djoumouna. Socio-economic and ethnobotanical surveys conducted among the human populations in riparian areas were supported by direct field observations and a review of the literature. Data were collected from a 2 km zone of influence around the Djoumouna forest. Read More

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A unified survival-analysis approach to insect population development and survival times.

Authors:
Zhanshan Sam Ma

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 15;11(1):8223. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Computational Biology and Medical Ecology Lab, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China.

There are two major categories of observation data in studying time-dependent processes: one is the time-series data, and the other is the perhaps lesser-recognized but similarly prevalent time-to-event data (also known as survival or failure time). Examples in entomology include molting times and death times of insects, waiting times of predators before the next attack or the hiding times of preys. A particular challenge in analyzing time-to-event data is the observation censoring, or the incomplete observation of survival times, dealing which is a unique advantage of survival analysis statistics. Read More

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Health Care Needs in the Aftermath of Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico: A Perspective from Federal Medical Shelter Manatí.

Prehosp Disaster Med 2021 Jun 15;36(3):260-264. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Emergency Medicine, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New YorkUSA.

Introduction: On September 20, 2017, Hurricane Maria, a Category 4 hurricane, swept across Puerto Rico (PR), wreaking devastation to PR's power, water, and health care infrastructure. To address the imminent humanitarian crisis, the US government mobilized Federal Medical Shelters (FMS) to serve the needs of hurricane victims. This study's objective was to provide a description of the patients seeking emergency care at FMS and the changes in their needs over time. Read More

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"Capturing the magic": identifying the active ingredients of a physical activity participation intervention for children and youth with disabilities.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Apr 5:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Purpose: This study aimed to define the active ingredients of a participation-focused physical activity intervention for children and youth with disabilities.

Materials And Methods: An ethnographic approach was employed, triangulating participant observation, interviews and focus groups. Participant recruitment occurred through purposive sampling of staff employed at Beitostolen Healthsports Centre (BHC), and paediatric service providers visiting the centre. Read More

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Functionality of Ingredients and Additives in Plant-Based Meat Analogues.

Foods 2021 Mar 12;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Food Process Engineering, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Meat analogue research and development focuses on the production of sustainable products that recreate conventional meat in its physical sensations (texture, appearance, taste, etc.) and nutritional aspects. Minced products, like burger patties and nuggets, muscle-type products, like chicken or steak-like cuts, and emulsion products, like Frankfurter and Mortadella type sausages, are the major categories of meat analogues. Read More

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Disentangling Variability in Riverbank Macrolitter Observations.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 04 1;55(8):4932-4942. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Hydrology and Quantitative Water Management Group, Wageningen University, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Anthropogenic macrolitter (>0.5 cm) in rivers is of increasing concern. It has been found to have an adverse effect on riverine ecosystem health, and the livelihoods of the communities depending on and living next to these ecosystems. Read More

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Best leadership practices of nurses in hospital risk management: case study.

Rev Gaucha Enferm 2021 26;42(spe):e20200194. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Enfermagem. Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil.

Objective: To highlight the best leadership practices of nurses who contribute to hospital risk management.

Method: Single case study with two integrated units of analysis, with a qualitative approach. Data collected from April to November 2018, through focused interviews with nurse managers, non-participant observation and documentary research. Read More

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Diaphragm muscle thinning in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Feb;71(Suppl 2)(2):S78-S83

Department of Radiology, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the course of diaphragm changes in mechanically ventilated patients in ICU after four days of mechanical ventilation. In addition, to evaluate correlation of various demographic variables to baseline diaphragm muscle thickness and their effects on the course of diaphragm muscle thickness changes.

Methods: This study was conducted from December 2018 to February 2019 at Cipto Mangunkusumo National Hospital. Read More

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February 2021

Scope of nursing practice on a surgery ward: A time-motion study.

J Nurs Manag 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

La Source School of Nursing Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Aim: To log the activities of registered nurses and nursing assistants on a visceral surgery ward.

Background: By prioritizing their activities, nurses fail to exercise their full scope of practice even though this is essential for health care systems to function effectively and efficiently.

Method: A descriptive observational time-motion study was conducted over a period of 48 days. Read More

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MRI activity and extended interval of Natalizumab dosing regimen: a multicentre Italian study.

J Neurol Sci 2021 May 6;424:117385. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Clinical and Biological Sciences Department, Neurology Unit, University of Torino, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Torino, Italy.

Background: To minimize the risk of Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy and rebound in JCV-positive multiple sclerosis (MS) patients after 24 natalizumab doses, it has been proposed to extend the administrations interval. The objective is to evaluate the EID efficacy on MRI activity compared with the standard interval dosing (SID).

Methods: Observational, multicentre, retrospective cohort study, starting from the 24th natalizumab infusion to the loss of follow-up or 2 years after baseline. Read More

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Redox biomarkers in dietary interventions and nutritional observation studies - From new insights to old problems.

Redox Biol 2021 May 3;41:101922. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Molecular Toxicology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke (DIfE), 14558, Nuthetal, Germany; Food4Future (F4F), c/o Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops (IGZ), Theodor-Echtermeyer-Weg 1, 14979, Grossbeeren, Germany; NutriAct-Competence Cluster Nutrition Research Berlin-Potsdam, 14558, Nuthetal, Germany. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this review is to give an overview on recently published articles investigating the associations of diet and dietary interventions with biomarkers of oxidative stress with special emphasis on different categories of redox biomarkers.

Findings: Intervention and observational studies both in healthy participants and patients that investigated associations of dietary habits, foodstuffs or isolated nutrients with biomarkers of oxidative stress were included in this review. Recently published observation studies confirm the inverse association between fruit and vegetable intake and oxidative stress markers. Read More

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Patient outcomes following surgical management of thyroid nodules classified as Bethesda category III (AUS/FLUS).

Endokrynol Pol 2021 22;72(2):143-144. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Surgery, General University Hospital of Patras, Patras, Greece.

Introduction: The Bethesda classification system for reporting thyroid cytopathology is the standard for interpreting fine needle aspirate (FNA). Because of its heterogeneity and inconsistent reporting, atypia of undetermined significance or follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS), known as Bethesda category III, is the most controversial category. Thyroid nodules that fall within Bethesda categories III-IV have an overall risk of malignancy of between 15 and 40%. Read More

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Can ultrasound novices develop image acquisition skills after reviewing online ultrasound modules?

BMC Med Educ 2021 Mar 20;21(1):175. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

College of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background: Point-of-care ultrasound is becoming a ubiquitous diagnostic tool, and there has been increasing interest to teach novice practitioners. One of the challenges is the scarcity of qualified instructors, and with COVID-19, another challenge is the difficulty with social distancing between learners and educators. The purpose of our study was to determine if ultrasound-naïve operators can learn ultrasound techniques and develop the psychomotor skills to acquire ultrasound images after reviewing SonoSim® online modules. Read More

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The lobular neoplasia enigma: management and prognosis in a long follow-up case series.

World J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 18;19(1):80. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Via Santena 7, 10126, Turin, Italy.

Background: Many oncologists debate if lobular neoplasia (LN) is a risk factor or an obligatory precursor of more aggressive disease. This study has three aims: (i) describe the different treatment options (surgical resection vs observation), (ii) investigate the upgrade rate in surgically treated patients, and (iii) evaluate the long-term occurrences of aggressive disease in both operated and unoperated patients.

Methods: A series of 122 patients with LN bioptic diagnosis and follow-up information were selected. Read More

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Creating a measure to operationalize engaged well-being at work.

J Occup Med Toxicol 2021 Mar 16;16(1). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Mannheim Institute of Public Health, Social and Preventive Medicine, Mannheim Medical Faculty, Heidelberg University, Ludolf-Krehl-Strasse 7-11, 68167, Mannheim, Germany.

Background: Mental well-being and work engagement are both desirable, positive states of mind that help employees to better function in the workplace. While occupational researchers have argued in favor of considering both states concurrently, it is less clear how this might be translated to provide an instrument characterizing the workforce accordingly. The present study describes empirical efforts to operationalize a construct called engaged well-being. Read More

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