J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Sep-Oct;34(5):950-963
From the Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (LSG, KTJ, SKJ, JGJ); Clinical Learning, Evidence, and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (LSG, ENM, JAT, KTJ, JLF, PS, SKJ, PJH, JGJ); Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (ZAM); Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (ENM, PJH); Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (JAT); Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (JAT, JLF); Department of Radiology Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (DFK, PHL); Department of Radiology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, (BG); Kaiser Permanente Washington, Seattle, WA (KJS); Rehabilitation Care Services, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA (PS); Departments of Family Medicine and Internal Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR (RAD); Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, CA (ALA).
Background: To describe characteristics of patients, providers, and clinics associated with opioid or non-opioid pain medication prescribing patterns for patients who received lower spine imaging in primary care clinics.
Methods: In these secondary analyses of the Lumbar Imaging with Reporting of Epidemiology (LIRE) study, a randomized controlled trial conducted in 4 health systems in the United States, we evaluated characteristics associated with receipt of pain medication prescriptions. The outcomes were receipt of prescriptions for opioid or, separately, non-opioid pain medications within 90 days after imaging. Read More