397,360 results match your criteria case review


Management of intractable oronasal bleeding using Sengstaken-Blakemore tubes in patients with facial trauma: a case series and technical notes.

Clin Exp Emerg Med 2021 Mar 31;8(1):65-70. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Objective: Intractable massive oronasal bleeding can become a life-threatening condition. The success rate of conventional bleeding control methods other than transarterial embolization (TAE) is not expected to be high. We investigated the efficacy of Sengstaken-Blakemore tube (SBT) balloon tamponade in patients with sustained and intractable oronasal bleeding secondary to facial injury. Read More

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Analysis of Clinical, Imaging, and Pathologic Features of 36 Patients with Primary Intraspinal Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors: A Case Series and Literature Review.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital Of NingXia Medical University, Yinchuan, Republic of China.

Background And Study Aims:  Primary intraspinal primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) account for ∼0.4% of all intraspinal tumors, but information about these tumors in the medical literature is limited to single case reports. We report four cases of primary intraspinal PNETs and present a systematic literature review of the reported cases. Read More

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The Influence of Music on Neurosurgical Cases: A Neglected Knowledge.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Medicine, University Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany.

Background:  The human brain can respond to and participate in music. Learning to play a musical instrument requires complex multimodal skills involving the simultaneous perception of several sensory modalities. In case of brain damage, the musician and nonmusician brains may have different capacities for reorganization and neural remapping. Read More

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Treatment of Localized Vulvar Pain with Neural Therapy: A Case Series and Literature Review.

Complement Med Res 2021 Apr 12:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Campus Docent de Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Localized vulvar pain (LVP) is a common condition among fertile women, with physical and psychosexual implications. Treatment is complex with limited benefits. Neural therapy is a regulatory therapy that uses injections of local anesthetics in low concentrations in specific points to treat different conditions. Read More

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Symptom Prevalence and Genotype-Phenotype Correlations in Patients With TANGO2-Related Metabolic Encephalopathy and Arrhythmias (TRMEA).

Pediatr Neurol 2021 Mar 8;119:34-39. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Neurology and Center for Gene Therapy, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio. Electronic address:

Background: TANGO2-related metabolic encephalopathy and arrhythmias (TRMEA) is a rare, phenotypically heterogeneous, neurological disease affecting children.

Methods: We conducted a chart review of five children with molecularly confirmed TRMEA diagnosed at our institution and compiled pathogenic variant frequency and symptom prevalence from cases previously reported in the literature.

Results: Including those patients in our case series, 76 patients with TRMEA have been described. Read More

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The Skin-Sparing Debridement Technique in Necrotizing Soft-Tissue Infections: A Systematic Review.

J Surg Res 2021 Apr 9;264:296-308. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Burn Centre, Red Cross Hospital, Beverwijk, The Netherlands; Department of Surgery, Rode Kruis Ziekenhuis Beverwijk, The Netherlands; Pediatric Surgical Centre, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam UMC, location AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Surgery, Red Cross Hospital, Beverwijk, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Skin-sparing debridement (SSd) was introduced as an alternative to en bloc debridement (EBd) to decrease morbidity caused by scars in patients surviving Necrotizing soft-tissue infections (NSTI). An overview of potential advantages and disadvantages is needed. The aim of this review was to assess (1) whether SSd is noninferior to EBd regarding general outcomes, that is, mortality, length of stay (LOS), complications, and (2) if SSd does indeed result in decreased skin defects. Read More

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COVID-19 and emerging spinal cord complications: A systematic review.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 Mar 21;51:102917. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital "12 de Octubre",Madrid, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Madrid, Spain; Department of Medicine, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Spinal cord complications associated with coronavirus infectious disease of 2019 (COVID-19) are being widely reported. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize so far available pieces of evidence documenting de novo novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) mediated spinal cord demyelinating diseases. Indeed, the spinal demyelinating disorders that have been reported in those patients who have suffered from COVID-19 rather than on the people already living with diagnosed or undiagnosed primary demyelinating disorders. Read More

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Do patient-reported outcome measures correlate with clinical follow-up after arthroscopic treatment of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint?

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Senior resident, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, the University Hospital of Skåne, 22185 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address:

Introduction: Arthroscopic treatment of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) has traditionally been evaluated with clinical measurements. Additional recordings of patient reported outcome measures (PROM) is expected to make the evaluation more complete. The aim of the study was to evaluate if PROM correlates with clinical follow-up measures after arthroscopic treatment of internal derangement of the TMJ. Read More

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Electrophysiological reactions to intraoperative irritation of the optic nerve. Case report and review of possible mechanisms.

Neurochirurgie 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Meshalkin National Medical Research Centre, Rechkunovskaya str., 15, 630055, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation. Electronic address:

Background: Intraoperative control of optic nerve function conservation during neurosurgical operations currently relies mainly on visual evoked potential monitoring. Unfortunately, this detects peril only when the visual pathways are already compromised, sometimes irreversibly. In contrast, electrophysiological stimulation mapping of the nerves can be a fully preventive measure. Read More

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Renal and cardiovascular repercussions in preeclampsia and their impact on fluid management: a literature review.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Preeclampsia is a multifactorial condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Fluid therapy in these patients is challenging since volume expansion may precipitate pulmonary edema, and fluid restriction may worsen renal function. Furthermore, cardiac impairment may introduce an additional component to the hemodynamic management. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of tisotumab vedotin in previously treated recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer (innovaTV 204/GOG-3023/ENGOT-cx6): a multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study.

Lancet Oncol 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Belgium and Luxembourg Gynaecological Oncology Group and University of Leuven, Leuven Cancer Institute, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Few effective second-line treatments exist for women with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Accordingly, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tisotumab vedotin, a tissue factor-directed antibody-drug conjugate, in this patient population.

Methods: This multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study was done across 35 academic centres, hospitals, and community practices in Europe and the USA. Read More

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Subcutaneous administration of levothyroxine: a novel approach to refractory hypothyroidism - A review and a case report.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Internal Medicine I, Paracelsus Medical University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.

Treatment-refractory hypothyroidism is a common clinical finding. Substantial causes include poor compliance and intake failure as well as gastrointestinal diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease and short bowel syndromes. Increasing oral dosage of levothyroxine (LT4) is not always effective. Read More

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Cyclic ACTH-secreting thymic carcinoid: a case report and review of the literature.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Unidade de Medicina Interna e Serviço de Endocrinologia, Faculdade de Medicina e Hospital Universitário Clementino Fraga Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil,

Cyclic Cushing's syndrome (CS) due to thymic carcinoid is a rare disorder. We report a case of cyclic CS due to ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting atypical thymic carcinoid tumor and reviewed similar cases published in the literature. Our patient had hypercortisolemia lasting approximately one month, followed by normal cortisol secretion, with relapse one year later. Read More

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[Erythroblastic hyperplasia secondary to acute parvovirus B19 infection: A case report].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2020 Dec;37(6):775-779

Departamento de Anatomía patológica, Hospital Dr. Eduardo Pereira, Valparaíso, Chile.

Acute parvovirus B19 infection is a self-limiting disease in patients with normal immune response. However, in patients with blood dyscrasias, it is possible to present with an aplastic crisis. We present the case of a 48-year-old man who had developed an aplastic crisis as a result of an acute parvovirus B19 infection with an undiagnosed hereditary spherocytosis. Read More

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December 2020

[Aseptic meningitis due to mumps vaccine. Case report and review of the literature].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2020 Dec;37(6):769-774

Hospital Clínico San Borja Arriarán, Santiago, Chile.

We report the case of an older infant with no prior morbidity that approximately 3 weeks after receiving MMR vaccination (measles, mumps, rubella) was hospitalized for feverish symptoms, increased parotid volume and compromised consciousness. Aseptic meningitis was diagnosed, detecting pleocytosis in the CSF, predominantly mononuclear, and confirming by molecular biology, presence of parotid virus in CSF. A study was carried out by the Institute of Public Health of Chile, where serology (IgM and IgG) was positive. Read More

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December 2020

[Commitment of the central nervous system by Eikenella corrodens. Literature review about a clinical case].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2021 Feb;38(1):119-125

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile.

We present the case of a 22-year-old patient with no morbid history who developed a brain abscess secondary to endocarditis due to Eikenella corrodens. The diagnosis was established by detecting the microorganism by universal polymerase chain reaction in fluid from the brain collection. Trans-esophageal echocardiogram study confirmed vegetations in the mitral valve. Read More

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February 2021

[Excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic, a narrative review].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Nov;148(11):1647-1651

Escuela de Salud Pública, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Capturing all the deaths caused by COVID-19 through epidemiologic surveillance based on individual case notification is difficult, therefore, all-cause excess mortality (EM) is an appropriate measure for geographic comparisons and monitoring of the application of non-pharmacological sanitary measures. This is a narrative review of the literature about the observed EM during the COVID-19 pandemic. A research was made on scientific databases (Google Scholar, Pubmed, Virtual Health Library) using the terms "excess mortality", "excess deaths", "COVID-19", "coronavirus", "SARS-CoV-2". Read More

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November 2020

The co-occurrence of leukemoid reaction and hypercalcemia in a patient with endometrial cancer: A case report and literature review.

Sci Prog 2021 Apr-Jun;104(2):368504211004028

Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University, School of Medicine, Pudong, Shanghai, China.

Paraneoplastic syndromes are rarely seen in gynecological tumors especially in endometrial cancer. Early identification of paraneoplastic syndromes plays a significant role in the treatment and prognosis of cancer. Here, we reported a rare case with endometrial cancer with a 2. Read More

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Expert Perspective: Management of refractory inflammatory myopathy.

Authors:
Ingrid E Undberg

Arthritis Rheumatol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.

The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are chronic disorders characterized by inflammation in skeletal muscle but also in other organs like the skin, lungs, joints, gastro-intestinal tract and the heart. The effect of immunosuppressive treatment varies between individual patients and between organ manifestations within the same individual. Many patients respond poorly to first line treatment with glucocorticoids and another immunosuppressive agent such as methotrexate or azathioprine, with persistent symptoms from muscles, skin and lungs thus becoming refractory. Read More

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Clinical concern for necrotising fasciitis: a review of referrals to plastic surgery units at two tertiary centres.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Plastic Surgery, Peninsula Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objectives: To evaluate the impact of clinical suspicion on the diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis (NF) in two inpatient plastic surgery units.

Methods: A multicentre retrospective audit of all referrals of adult patients to the inpatient plastic surgery units of two Melbourne metropolitan tertiary centres from 1 February 2018 to 31 December 2018.

Results: A total of 53 patients (37 male, 16 female) were referred to evaluate for NF. Read More

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An evidence-based synthesis of instructional reading and spelling procedures using telepractice: A rapid review in the context of COVID-19.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Discipline of Speech Pathology, School of Allied Health, College of Science, Health and Engineering, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Due to COVID-19, many educators and allied health practitioners are facing the challenge of rapidly transitioning to telepractice delivery of instructional reading and spelling procedures without being fully informed of the evidence.

Aims: A rapid review was conducted to provide educators, allied health practitioners and policymakers with a synthesis of valid, relevant and actionable evidence relating to telepractice delivery of instructional reading and spelling procedures. The aim was to investigate the nature and outcomes of studies examining instructional reading and spelling procedures delivered via telepractice to school-aged students. Read More

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Is surgery necessary for adults with isolated interrupted aortic arch?: Case series with literature review.

J Card Surg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery and Heart Transplantation, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background And Aim: Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is defined as a complete interruption of aortic lumen between the ascending and descending aorta. It is an uncommon and complicated congenital heart disease. It is rare for patients with isolated IAA to survive to adulthood without operation. Read More

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Comparison of Polish and international guidelines on diet supplements in pregnancy - review.

Ginekol Pol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Treatment of Obesity, Metabolic Disorders & Clinical Dietetics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Proper nutrition is an important element that determines the course of pregnancy. Unfortunately, the everyday diet is not always able to cover the increased in pregnancy essential vitamins and minerals requirements. Therefore, pregnant women often use dietary supplements. Read More

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Treatment of Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis: Case Series and Review of Technique.

Surg Technol Int 2021 Apr 9;38. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA.

Adult Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis (RRP) is a rare disease caused by the human papilloma virus in which papilloma grows from the respiratory epithelium. Patients can suffer from significant respiratory distress secondary to tracheal or bronchial obstruction by papilloma and the mainstay of treatment is bronchoscopic debridement. There are a variety of techniques to resect the endoluminal tumor, including CO2 or YAG laser, argon plasma coagulation, microdebrider and cold forceps. Read More

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Factors influencing emergency department observation time following anaphylaxis: a systematic review.

CJEM 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.

Objective: Anaphylaxis is a condition that warrants an observation period after symptoms resolution to detect rare but life-threatening delayed complications. There is a need for evidence to identify patients who would benefit from prolonged observation time. The purpose of this review was to identify factors that may influence the need for longer observation in the emergency department. Read More

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Meta-analysis of Association Studies of Selenoprotein Gene Polymorphism and Kashin-Beck Disease: an Updated Systematic Review.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Zhengzhou University, Environment and Health Innovation Team, 100 Kexue Avenue, Zhengzhou, Henan, 450001, People's Republic of China.

To evaluate the association between selenoprotein gene polymorphisms and Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) susceptibility through a systematic review and updated meta-analysis. PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane library, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were electronically searched using the terms "selenoprotein" and "Kashin-Beck disease" or "KBD" with a search time from the establishment of the database to January 2021. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used for methodological quality evaluation of the included studies. Read More

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Synovial sarcoma of the stomach: a case report and a systematic review of literature.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Comprehensive Pathology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8519, Japan.

Worldwide, 5-10% of soft tissue sarcoma cases in adults have been attributed to synovial sarcoma. It is often reported to occur near the joints of the arm, neck, and leg but rarely in the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we report a case of synovial sarcoma arising in the stomach of a 59-year-old woman. Read More

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Radiological management of postoperative lymphorrhea.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Ihwa-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Postoperative lymphorrhea can occur after different surgical procedures and may prolong the hospital stay due to the need for specific treatment. In this work, the therapeutic significance of the radiological management of postoperative lymphorrhea was assessed and illustrated.

Method: A standardized search of the literature was performed in PubMed applying the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) term "lymphangiography. Read More

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[Cartilage repair procedures for early osteoarthritis].

Orthopade 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Abteilung und Poliklinik für Sportorthopädie, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, München, Deutschland.

Background: Commonly used cartilage repair procedures have been established for focal cartilage lesions; however, degenerative lesions with accompanying changes of other intraarticular structures are much more common in clinical practice. This stage, in which classic radiological signs of osteoarthritis are absent, is called early osteoarthritis and is characterized by impaired joint homeostasis with biomechanical and biochemical changes that can have a negative effect on regenerative cartilage therapy procedures.

Indication: Cartilage repair procedures are indicated for symptomatic focal early osteoarthritis, defined as cartilage degeneration ICRS grades I or II around a focal cartilage defect ICRS grades III or IV. Read More

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