304,066 results match your criteria case literature


One year of COVID-19 pandemic: what we Radiologists have learned about imaging.

Rofo 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Radiology and Interventional Therapy, Vivantes-Klinikum Neukölln, Berlin, Germany.

Background:  Since its outbreak in December 2019, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has infected more than 151 million people worldwide. More than 3.1 million have died from Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2. Read More

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October 2021

Intracranial tuberculomas: A case report of clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Oct 8;88:106477. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Intracranial tuberculomas are uncommon yet devastating forms of extrapulmonary tuberculosis with a high mortality rate and morbidity risk. A high level of suspicion is required for a prompt diagnosis and treatment.

Case Description: A 67-year-old male, medically free, presented at the Emergency Department with a 1-day history of nausea and vomiting, and a 15-day history of imbalance and dizziness. Read More

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October 2021

Successful Endovascular Therapy in COVID-19 Associated Pediatric Ischemic Stroke.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Oct 5;30(12):106152. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Department of Neurology & Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, United States. Electronic address:

Cerebrovascular diseases attributed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are uncommon but can result in devastating outcomes. Pediatric acute ischemic strokes are themselves rare and with very few large vessel occlusion related acute ischemic strokes attributed to COVID-19 described in the literature as of date. COVID-19 pandemic has contributed to acute stroke care delays across the world and with pediatric endovascular therapy still in its infancy, it poses a great challenge in facilitating good outcomes in children presenting with acute ischemic strokes in the setting of COVID-19. Read More

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October 2021

Proximal Humerus Fracture Dislocations: Which Patterns can be Reduced in the ED?

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Burlington MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Shoulder fracture dislocations can represent a challenging management scenario in the Emergency Department due to concern for the presence of occult fractures that may displace during a reduction attempt. The alternative, closed reduction attempt in the operating room, has the benefit of full paralysis but requires additional resource utilization. There is limited guidance in the literature about the risks of an initial reduction attempt in the emergency department as a function of fracture pattern to help guide physicians with this decision. Read More

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October 2021

Neurocognitive Function Following Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A systematic review.

Resuscitation 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Health and Applied Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. Electronic address:

Objectives: The primary aim of this review was to investigate neurocognitive outcomes following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Specifically, the focus was on identifying the different neurocognitive domains that are assessed, the measures used, and the level of, and criteria for, impairment. Design and review methods: A systematic review of the literature from 2006 to 2021 was completed using Medline, Cinahl and Psychinfo. Read More

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October 2021

Diagnostic radiological examinations and risk of intracranial tumours in adults-findings from the Interphone Study.

Int J Epidemiol 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.

Background: Exposure to high doses of ionizing radiation is among the few well-established brain tumour risk factors. We used data from the Interphone study to evaluate the effects of exposure to low-dose radiation from diagnostic radiological examinations on glioma, meningioma and acoustic neuroma risk.

Methods: Brain tumour cases (2644 gliomas, 2236 meningiomas, 1083 neuromas) diagnosed in 2000-02 were identified through hospitals in 13 countries, and 6068 controls (population-based controls in most centres) were included in the analysis. Read More

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October 2021

Publication bias and the tourism-led growth hypothesis.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258730. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

School of Business and Management, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands.

This study attempts to solve the publication bias suggested by recent review articles in the tourism-growth literature. Publication bias is the tendency to report favourable and significant results. Method and data triangulation, and the Solow-Swan model are applied. Read More

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October 2021

Impact of Maxwell velocity slip and Smoluchowski temperature slip on CNTs with modified Fourier theory: Reiner-Philippoff model.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258367. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Applied Science, Rajkiya Engineering College Kannauj, Kannauj, India.

The present article presents a novel idea regarding the implementation of Tiwari and Das model on Reiner-Philippoff fluid (RPF) model by considering blood as a base fluid. The Cattaneo-Christov model and thermal radiative flow have been employed to study heat transfer analysis. Tiwari and Das model consider nanoparticles volume fraction for heat transfer enhancement instead of the Buongiorno model which heavily relies on thermophoresis and Brownian diffusion effects for heat transfer analysis. Read More

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October 2021

Neglected Posterior Dislocation Septic Loosening and Prolonged Flexion Contracture of Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Oct 14;22:e931857. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Orthopaedics, Patras University Hospital, Patra, Greece.

BACKGROUND Chronic posterior knee dislocation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare but serious complication, especially when it coexists with septic implant loosening, flexion contracture, and extensive comorbidities. Although the severity is comparable to that in the native knee dislocation, there are few reports in the literature. When TKA dislocation is complicated with infection, bone defect, and patient's comorbidity, treatment becomes even more difficult. Read More

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October 2021

Survival after multiple nail gun injuries to the brain, lung, and heart: a case report and a review of the literature.

J Int Med Res 2021 Oct;49(10):3000605211049923

Department of General Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung City, Taiwan.

Most nail gun injuries involve the extremities and result from work-related accidents. Injuries to the brain or thorax are relatively rare, and cases with injuries to both regions are even rarer and often lethal. Initial evaluation, resuscitation, and surgical planning can be challenging for emergency physicians and surgeons. Read More

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October 2021

Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients with Cor Triatriatum Sinister; Case Series and Review of Literature.

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Section of Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology & Pacing Division of Cardiology Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina.

Introduction: Cor triatriatum sinister (CTS) is a rare congenital heart defect characterized by fibromuscular septation of the left atrium associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). The incidence of hemodynamically insignificant CTS in the AF ablation population and effect on ablation success are not known. Furthermore, little is known about the potential effect of CTS on arrhythmogenic substrate. Read More

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October 2021

Barriers to cross-disciplinary knowledge flow: The case of medical education research.

Perspect Med Educ 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

School of Kinesiology and Physical Activity Sciences, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Introduction: The medical education research field operates at the crossroads of two distinct academic worlds: higher education and medicine. As such, this field provides a unique opportunity to explore new forms of cross-disciplinary knowledge exchange.

Methods: Cross-disciplinary knowledge flow in medical education research was examined by looking at citation patterns in the five journals with the highest impact factor in 2017. Read More

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October 2021

Genuine versus bogus scientific controversies: the case of statins.

Hist Philos Life Sci 2021 Oct 14;43(4):110. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Faculty of Philosophy, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.

Science progresses through debate and disagreement, and scientific controversies play a crucial role in the growth of scientific knowledge. However, not all controversies and disagreements are progressive in science. Sometimes, controversies can be pseudoscientific; in fact, bogus controversies, and what seem like genuine scientific disagreements, can be a distortion of science set up by non-scientific actors (e. Read More

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October 2021

Hetero-tri-spin systems: an alternative stairway to the single molecule magnet heaven?

Dalton Trans 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Str. Dumbrava Rosie nr. 23, 020464 Bucharest, Romania.

The search for molecule-based magnetic materials has stimulated over the years the development of extremely rich coordination chemistry. Various combinations of spin carriers have been investigated and illustrated by a plethora of hetero-spin complexes: 3d-nd, 3d-4f, 2p-3d, and 2p-4f. More recently, two other classes of hetero-spin complexes have grown rapidly: compounds containing three different paramagnetic metal ions, or one radical and two different paramagnetic metal ions (all within the same molecular entity). Read More

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October 2021

Developing an Interprofessional Health Care Improvement Portfolio: Results From a Consensus Panel Process.

Acad Med 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

K.M. Godwin is an investigator, Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness, and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center; director, VA Quality Scholars Coordinating Center; and assistant professor, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6286-1899. M.J. Horstman is an investigator, Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness, and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center; core faculty, VA Quality Scholars Coordinating Center; and assistant professor, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3936-8112. S. Chao is a Health, Humanism, and Society Scholars Program undergraduate student, Rice University, Houston, Texas. M. Dolansky is Sarah C. Hirsh Professor and director, Quality and Safety Education for Nurses Institute, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing; associate professor, Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio; and senior advisor, VA Quality Scholars program; ORCID: https://orcid.org/000-0002-6472-1275. M. Al Mohajer is associate professor, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. A.D. Naik is investigator, Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness, and Safety, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center; senior advisor, VA Quality Scholars program; and professor and Luchi Chair in geriatric medicine, Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6936-7984.

The increased focus on professional-led, continuous health care improvement has not produced formalized processes for identifying, recognizing, and rewarding excellence in quality improvement. Moreover, the team-based nature of improvement requires a mechanism to document interprofessional contributions. In 2018, the authors created a health care improvement portfolio to document and demonstrate individual impact for the purpose of promotion. Read More

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October 2021

Giant broad ligament leiomyoma with postoperative infection diagnosed with contrast-enhanced ultrasound: Case report and literature review.

J Clin Ultrasound 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qingdao Municipal Hospital Group, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.

A 33-year-old woman of giant broad ligament leiomyoma with myxoid degeneration was misdiagnosed as ovarian tumor. The patient underwent a transabdominal myomectomy and developed a pelvic infection after operation diagnosed with contrast-enhanced ultrasound. She was cured and ultimately discharged after symptomatic treatment. Read More

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October 2021

Spontaneous twin anemia-polycythemia sequence from two donors to one recipient in a monochorionic triamniotic pregnancy: Case report and review of the literature.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Gynaecology-Obstetrics, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Monochorionic triamniotic (MCTA) pregnancies present a high number of complications, mainly due to the presence of unbalanced vascular anastomoses, such as twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS). Previous reported cases related to TAPS are in twin pregnancies or only affect the monochorionic component of dichorionic triamniotic (DCTA) pregnancies. We report an exceptional case, the only one reported as far as we know, of a MCTA pregnancy that developed a TAPS in which the three triplets are implicated, from two donors to one recipient. Read More

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October 2021

Challenges with buprenorphine inductions in the context of the fentanyl overdose crisis: A case series.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Interdepartmental Division of Addiction Medicine, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada.

Introduction And Aims: North America is currently experiencing an epidemic of opioid overdose deaths, driven by the proliferation of fentanyl in the street drug market. Although buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP/NX) is an evidence-based, first-line opioid agonist for the management of opioid use disorder, a key challenge in its prescribing lies in the fact that it can precipitate opioid withdrawal during its initial induction process. At this time, there is minimal literature on the BUP/NX induction process in individuals who use illicit fentanyl regularly. Read More

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October 2021

Restrictive dermopathy: Three new patients with ZMPSTE24 mutations and a review of the literature.

Pediatr Dermatol 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Dermatology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Restrictive dermopathy (RD) is a rare and lethal laminopathy caused by mutations in LMNA or ZMPSTE24. This series reports 3 patients with RD and reviews the literature of the 113 previously reported cases, including highlights of the unique constellation of clinical findings in RD, as well as histologic, radiographic, and genetic features. Early recognition of these characteristic features is vital to establish a prompt diagnosis and provide adequate family counseling for this terminal condition. Read More

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October 2021

[Electroconvulsive therapy in the treatment of depression in anorexia nervosa].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2021 ;63(9):673-678

Background: Often anorexia nervosa occurs with other psychiatric comorbidities of which mood disorders are the most frequent. Depressive feelings hamper the chance of a favourable outcome of this persistent disorder. In addition, the underweight makes antidepressants work suboptimal. Read More

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October 2021

Is intraoperative neuromonitoring effective in hip and pelvis orthopedic and trauma surgery? A systematic review.

J Orthop Traumatol 2021 Oct 13;22(1):40. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Orthopaedics and Traumatology Unit, Cattinara Hospital-ASUGI, Strada di Fiume 447, 34149, Trieste, Italy.

Introduction: Sciatic nerve injury is an uncommon but potentially devastating complication in hip and pelvis surgery. Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) was applied since the seventies in neurosurgery and spine surgery. Nowadays, IONM has gained popularity in other surgical specialities including orthopaedic and trauma surgery. Read More

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October 2021

A dynamic Markov model to assess the cost-effectiveness of the Kidney Team at Home intervention in The Netherlands.

Eur J Health Econ 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Erasmus Medical Center, Section of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Psychiatry, Postal Address, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The Kidney Team at Home program is an educational intervention aimed at patients with chronic kidney disease to assist them in their choice for kidney replacement therapy. Previous studies have shown that the intervention results in an increase in knowledge and communication on kidney replacement therapy, and eventually in an increase in the number of living donor kidney transplantations. The study assesses the cost-effectiveness of the intervention compared to standard care. Read More

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October 2021

Mathematical modelling for assessing the impact of intervention strategies on HIV/AIDS high risk group population dynamics.

Heliyon 2021 Oct 21;7(10):e07991. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Mathematics, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.

The global economic importance of HIV/AIDS and inadequacy of the literature dealing with deterministic model on control strategy of HIV/AIDS that captures factors responsible for the spread of the disease in low income country is one among other factors responsible for the ill management of the disease in an endemic population. Thus, this study focuses on a novel deterministic mathematical model to assess the impact of intervention strategies on high risk group with drug quitters special case and drug users who are sexually active (duality case). Backward bifurcation, positivity of the model variables, sensitivity analysis, global stability of DFE and EEP are used to investigate the qualitative structure of the model. Read More

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October 2021

Traumatic Lateral Knee Dislocation of a Well-Functioning Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Case of Medial Collateral Ligament Rupture.

Arthroplast Today 2021 Oct 30;11:168-172. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Willis-Knighton Health System, Shreveport, LA, USA.

Tibiofemoral dislocation can be a devastating complication after total knee arthroplasty. Much of the literature on tibiofemoral dislocations state they result from iatrogenic causes, with a very limited number of case reports on traumatic dislocation. Most of the time, these cases will require surgical revision and increased constraint to treat the inherent instability. Read More

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October 2021

Disseminated AIDS-Related Kaposi Sarcoma Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome With Infiltrative Liver Disease.

ACG Case Rep J 2021 Sep 5;8(9):e00660. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, IL.

Clinically significant hepatic acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Kaposi sarcoma is rarely described in the literature. Kaposi sarcoma immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome may play a role in the rapid progression of clinically insignificant to significant liver disease. We present an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patient with disseminated Kaposi sarcoma that developed 3-6 weeks after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Read More

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September 2021

Cocaine-Induced Acute Pancreatitis.

ACG Case Rep J 2020 Dec 4;7(12):e00487. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL.

Cocaine use is prevalent worldwide and affects multiple organ systems. Ischemia of the esophagus and small bowel are examples of its gastrointestinal complications. Cocaine-induced pancreatitis is a rare entity. Read More

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December 2020

Bone Metastases of Glioblastoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Front Oncol 2021 27;11:705455. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Weifang People's Hospital, Weifang, China.

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary intracranial tumor and originates from the small pool of adult neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPCs). According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of brain tumors, gliomas are classified into grades I-IV, and GBM is defined as the highest grade (IV). GBM can be disseminated by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), but extracranial metastasis is rare. Read More

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September 2021

Penile autoamputation with successful reimplant a case report and new preoperatory mnemonic classification system: P.E.N.I.S.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Jan 6;40:101881. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, USA.

Genital self-mutilation is a rare condition. Psychiatric disease and accidents are the most common causes. We a case of genital amputation connected to religious delusions known as Klingsor Syndrome. Read More

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January 2022

prostatitis and its treatment: A case report.

Urol Case Rep 2022 Jan 30;40:101874. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Central Ohio Urology Group, 701 Tech Center Drive, Suite 100, Gahanna, OH, 43230, USA.

is a rare cause of symptomatic urethritis and prostatitis in sexually active men. There are limited cases in the literature and few treatment recommendations. Treatment with metronidazole or clindamycin of both sexual partners may provide resolution of symptoms in these men. Read More

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January 2022