Microorganisms 2021 May 16;9(5). Epub 2021 May 16.
Department of Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering, University of Development Alternative, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that can lead to disability conditions with swollen joints, pain, stiffness, cartilage degradation, and osteoporosis. Genetic, epigenetic, sex-specific factors, smoking, air pollution, food, oral hygiene, periodontitis, , and imbalance in the gastrointestinal microbiota are possible sources of the initiation or progression of rheumatoid arthritis, although the detailed mechanisms still need to be elucidated. Probiotics containing are commonly used as alleviating agents or food supplements to manage diarrhea, dysentery, develop immunity, and maintain general health. Read More