34,319 results match your criteria carnivores case

Effects of the presence of a dog on the psychic content expression of a stuttering person: case report.

Codas 2021 3;33(2):e20190267. Epub 2021 May 3.

Programa de Estudos Pós-graduados em Fonoaudiologia, Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e da Saúde, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.

Stuttering has negative impacts on an individual's quality of life and is associated with higher risk of development of social and psychological problems. From this perspective, despite the diversity of etiological hypotheses for and treatments of stuttering, the interface between psychology and speech therapy in the approach to the biopsychic aspects involved in this clinical scenario stands out. Recent research indicates that the presence, specifically of dogs, can assist patients in symbolic elaboration of psychic content. Read More

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Sylvatic Canine Morbillivirus in Captive Highlights Viral Promiscuity and the Need for Better Prevention Strategies.

Pathogens 2021 Apr 30;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Zoological Pathology Program, University of Illinois, c/o Chicago Zoological Society 3300 Golf Road, Brookfield, IL 60513, USA.

Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) is a multi-host morbillivirus that infects virtually all and a few non-human primates. Here we describe a CDV outbreak in an exotic felid rescue center that led to the death of eight felids in the genus . Similar to domestic dogs and in contrast to previously described CDV cases in , severe pneumonia was the primary lesion and no viral antigens or CDV-like lesions were detected in the central nervous system. Read More

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Predicting the animal hosts of coronaviruses from compositional biases of spike protein and whole genome sequences through machine learning.

PLoS Pathog 2021 04 20;17(4):e1009149. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Health Data Science, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Street, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated the serious potential for novel zoonotic coronaviruses to emerge and cause major outbreaks. The immediate animal origin of the causative virus, SARS-CoV-2, remains unknown, a notoriously challenging task for emerging disease investigations. Coevolution with hosts leads to specific evolutionary signatures within viral genomes that can inform likely animal origins. Read More

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Behavioral responses of the European mink in the face of different threats: conspecific competitors, predators, and anthropic disturbances.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 15;11(1):8266. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Biology, Zoology Unit, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Prey species assess the risk of threat using visual, olfactory, and acoustic cues from their habitat. Thus, they modify their behavior in order to avoid encounters with competitors, predators, and human disturbances that endanger their fitness. European mink (Mustela lutreola) is a critically endangered species that can be preyed upon by larger carnivores and displaced by dominant conspecifics to areas of lower quality, e. Read More

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Ultrasound-guided paravertebral perineural glucocorticoid injection for signs of refractory cervical pain associated with foraminal intervertebral disk protrusion in four dogs.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 May;258(9):999-1006

Case Description: 4 dogs, 7.5 to 10 years of age, were presented for evaluation of signs of chronic cervical pain and forelimb lameness secondary to cervical foraminal intervertebral disk protrusion (IVDP). All dogs were refractory to ≥ 2 weeks of conservative management including strict rest and pain management with anti-inflammatory drugs, methocarbamol, and gabapentin. Read More

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Evaluation of intraoperative leak testing of small intestinal anastomoses performed by hand-sewn and stapled techniques in dogs: 131 cases (2008-2019).

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 May;258(9):991-998

Objective: To compare the rate of postoperative dehiscence on the basis of intraoperative anastomotic leak test results (ie, positive or negative for leakage or testing not performed) between dogs that underwent hand-sewn anastomosis (HSA) or functional end-to-end stapled anastomosis (FEESA) of the small intestine.

Animals: 131 client-owned dogs that underwent 144 small intestinal anastomoses (94 FEESA and 50 HSA).

Procedures: Medical records were searched to identify dogs that had undergone a small intestinal anastomosis (HSA or FEESA) from January 2008 through October 2019. Read More

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Case 11-2021: A 39-Year-Old Woman with Fever, Flank Pain, and Inguinal Lymphadenopathy.

N Engl J Med 2021 Apr;384(15):1448-1456

From the Departments of Medicine (R.C.C., A.M.N.), Radiology (M.S.), Pediatrics (A.M.N.), and Pathology (A.R.S.), Massachusetts General Hospital, and the Departments of Medicine (R.C.C., A.M.N.), Radiology (M.S.), Pediatrics (A.M.N.), and Pathology (A.R.S.), Harvard Medical School - both in Boston.

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Bioassessment of the ecological integrity of freshwater ecosystems using aquatic macroinvertebrates: the case of Sable Island National Park Reserve, Canada.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Apr 9;193(5):257. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Management, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.

Due to ubiquitous distribution of taxa, relatively low-cost and efficient sampling procedure, and known responses to environmental gradients, macroinvertebrate indicators are often a central component of biological monitoring of freshwater resources. This study examined establishing a baseline reference of benthic macroinvertebrate indicators in a biomonitoring approach as a means for monitoring the freshwater ponds of Sable Island National Park Reserve (SINPR), Canada. We compared water quality parameters monitored from 2015 to 2019 to a biomonitoring approach deployed in May, June, and August of 2019. Read More

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Rosie Woodroffe

J Zoo Wildl Med 2021 Apr;52(1):176-184

Institute of Zoology, Regent's Park, London NW1 4RY, UK,

Recently, canine distemper virus (CDV) has been linked to population declines in the endangered African wild dog (). As CDV appears able to persist in wildlife, threats to free-ranging wild dogs cannot be eliminated by vaccinating domestic dogs. Conservation managers may therefore consider CDV vaccination of wild dogs in highly threatened populations. Read More

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J Zoo Wildl Med 2021 Apr;52(1):38-48

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

The spirochete bacterium serovar Pomona is enzootic to California sea lions (CSL; ) and causes periodic epizootics. Leptospirosis in CSL is associated with a high fatality rate in rehabilitation. Evidence-based tools for estimating prognosis and guiding early euthanasia of animals with a low probability of survival are critical to reducing the severity and duration of animal suffering. Read More

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Cutaneous seeding of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder after placement of a subcutaneous ureteral bypass device in a dog with bilateral ureteral obstruction.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Apr;258(8):877-882

Case Description: A 12-year-old spayed female Jack Russell Terrier was presented with pollakiuria and stranguria.

Clinical Findings: Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder trigone and urethra was diagnosed via CT, cystoscopic, and histologic examinations. Azotemia developed 2 weeks following diagnosis, secondary to bilateral ureteral obstruction. Read More

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Morphology of Pholeoixodes species associated with carnivores in the western Palearctic: Pictorial key based on molecularly identified Ixodes (Ph.) canisuga, I. (Ph.) hexagonus and I. (Ph.) kaiseri males, nymphs and larvae.

Ticks Tick Borne Dis 2021 Mar 23;12(4):101715. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Parasitology and Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary; Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Three Palearctic members of the subgenus Pholeoixodes, i.e., Ixodes canisuga, Ixodes hexagonus and Ixodes kaiseri are frequently collected from dogs, cats, red foxes, badgers and other carnivorous/insectivorous hosts in Europe. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Antibody Response in a Symptomatic Cat from Italy with Intestinal B-Cell Lymphoma.

Viruses 2021 03 23;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Clinical Laboratory, Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services, and Center for Clinical Studies, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.

Since the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic was first identified in early 2020, rare cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in pet cats have been reported worldwide. Some reports of cats with SARS-CoV-2 showed self-limiting respiratory or gastrointestinal disease after suspected human-to-feline transmission via close contact with humans with SARS-CoV-2. In the present study, we investigated a cat with SARS-CoV-2 that was presented to a private animal clinic in Northern Italy in May 2020 in a weak clinical condition due to an underlying intestinal B-cell lymphoma. Read More

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Detection and Genome Sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 in a Domestic Cat with Respiratory Signs in Switzerland.

Viruses 2021 03 17;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Clinical Laboratory, Vetsuisse Faculty, Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services, and Center for Clinical Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.

Since the emergence of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in late 2019, domestic cats have been demonstrated to be susceptible to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) under natural and experimental conditions. As pet cats often live in very close contact with their owners, it is essential to investigate SARS-CoV-2 infections in cats in a One-Health context. This study reports the first SARS-CoV-2 infection in a cat in a COVID-19-affected household in Switzerland. Read More

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Variation of apoptotic and proliferative activity among lymphoma subtypes in dogs: A flow cytometric study.

Res Vet Sci 2021 Mar 20;135:324-328. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, largo Braccini 2-5, 10095 Grugliasco, Turin, Italy.

Tumor growth depends on both proliferative and apoptotic rate of neoplastic cells. High proliferation index is a well-known negative prognostic factor in canine lymphomas, whereas little is known about apoptotic activity. We describe proliferative and apoptotic rates in different canine lymphoma subtypes at diagnosis. Read More

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Trypanosoma cruzi discrete typing unit TcIV implicated in a case of acute Chagas disease in a domiciliated dog in the western Amazon.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2021 22;54:e0873-2020. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Fundação de Medicina Tropical Doutor Heitor Vieira Dourado, Centro de Entomologia, Manaus, AM, Brasil.

Chagas disease is caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. Seven lineages have been identified based on different molecular markers, namely TcI, TcII, TcIII, TcIV, TcV, TcVI, and TcBat. Dogs play the role of epidemiological sentinels being domestic reservoirs of T. Read More

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Surgical treatment of retroiliac ectopic ureters with secondary hydronephrosis and hydroureter in a dog.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Apr;258(7):740-747

Case Description: An 8-month-old 41.2-kg (90.6-lb) sexually intact male Dogue de Bordeaux with urinary incontinence and signs of nausea was referred for further evaluation and treatment of bilateral hydronephrosis, hydroureter, and ectopic ureters. Read More

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Using culturomics and social media data to characterize wildlife consumption.

Juan Li Qi Hu

Conserv Biol 2021 04 22;35(2):452-459. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

School of Life Sciences, Westlake University, 18 Shilongshan Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, 310024, China.

Wildlife provides food, medicine, clothing, and other necessities for humans, but overexploitation can disrupt the sustainability of wildlife resources and severely threaten global biodiversity. Understanding the characteristics of consumer behavior is helpful for wildlife managers and policy makers, but the traditional survey methods are laborious and time-consuming. In contrast, culturomics may more efficiently identify the features of wildlife consumption. Read More

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Fish associations with shallow water subsea pipelines compared to surrounding reef and soft sediment habitats.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 18;11(1):6238. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, Bentley, WA, 6102, Australia.

Offshore decommissioning activities are expected to increase as oil and gas subsea infrastructure becomes obsolete. Decisions on decommissioning alternatives will benefit from quantifying and understanding the marine communities associated with these structures. As a case study, fish assemblages associated with an inshore network of subsea pipelines located on the North West shelf of Western Australia were compared to those in surrounding natural reef and soft sediment habitats using remotely operated vehicles fitted with a stereo-video system (stereo-ROVs). Read More

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Diagnosis and Management of an Oronasal Fistula Secondary to Nasal Transmissible Venereal Tumor in a Dog.

J Vet Dent 2020 Dec;37(4):220-226

70725Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Manhattan, KS, USA.

Canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT) is a contagious tumor commonly seen in populations of sexually intact dogs that have close contact with each other. CTVT is one of only 3 known naturally transmissible, contagious tumors in which the mutated tumor cell is thought to have originated in an individual canid about 11000 years ago. Clinical history, signalment, cytological and histologic evaluation are typically sufficient for reaching a diagnosis, although immunohistochemistry(IHC) may be necessary for unique presentations of this neoplasm. Read More

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December 2020

Risk factors for rabid animal bites: a study in domestic ruminants in Mymensingh district, Bangladesh.

Epidemiol Infect 2021 03 15;149:e76. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Medicine & Epidemiology, Center for Animal Disease Modeling and Surveillance, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA95616, USA.

Rabies is endemic in Bangladesh. To identify risk factors, a case-control study was conducted based on hospital-reported rabid animal bite (RAB) cases in domestic ruminants, 2009 - 2018. RAB cases (n = 449) and three controls per case were selected. Read More

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Granulocytic anaplasmosis in captive ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) in Poland.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Mar 12;17(1):118. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Epizootiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 30 Głęboka St. 20-612, Lublin, Poland.

Background: Anaplasma are obligate intracellular bacteria and aetiological agents of tick-borne diseases of both veterinary and medical interest. The genus Anaplasma comprises six species: Anaplasma marginale, Anaplasma centrale, Anaplasma ovis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Anaplasma bovis and Anaplasma platys. They can infect humans, carnivores, ruminants, rodents, insectivores, birds and reptiles. Read More

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Clinical, diagnostic, and epidemiological features of a community-wide outbreak of canine leptospirosis in a low-prevalence region (Maricopa County, Arizona).

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Mar;258(6):616-629

Objective: To describe clinical, diagnostic, and epidemiological features of an outbreak of leptospirosis in dogs in Maricopa County, Ariz, from January 2016 through June 2017.

Animals: 71 case and 281 control dogs.

Procedures: Cases were classified as confirmed, probable, suspect, or not a case on the basis of medical record data that fulfilled clinical, diagnostic, and epidemiological criteria. Read More

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An Outbreak of Subclinical Mastitis in a Dairy Herd Caused by a Novel Sequence Type (ST55).

Animals (Basel) 2021 Feb 20;11(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Institute of Microbiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria.

The present case report provides data on the phenotypic and genotypic properties of isolated from nine dairy cows with subclinical mastitis (SCC greater than 200,000 cells/mL in the quarter milk sample, no clinical signs) and from a cat living in the barn and reports the eradication of the pathogen from the herd with an automatic milking system. The isolates were identified using conventional bacteriology, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and genetic relationships were investigated by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Udder health management and hygiene instructions comprised the removal of the carnivores from the barn, strict monitoring of milking hygiene and techniques to avoid new infections via the milking robot, with simultaneous therapy for all infected cows. Read More

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February 2021

Relationship between a plant-based 'vegan' pet food and clinical manifestation of multiple nutrient deficiencies in two cats.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Nutrition Department, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse ENVT, Toulouse, France.

A topical subject in human nutrition is the steadily growing number of people choosing to limit or completely avoid all animal-derived food products either for moral dilemma, health concerns or both. To meet people's will of applying their dietary choices to their domestic animals, the pet food industry answered by launching on the market some plant-based diets. This leads to concerns about whether these diets are adequately formulated to satisfy the target species nutritional requirements, especially for cats which are still considered strict carnivores. Read More

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Bilateral acute renal cortical necrosis after a dog bite: case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Feb 27;21(1):231. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a Gram-negative capnophilic rod and part of dogs/cats' normal oral flora. It can be transmitted by bites, scratches, or even by contact of saliva with injured skin. Asplenic patients and patients with alcohol abuse are at particular risk for fulminant C. Read More

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February 2021

Possible vertical transmission of Leishmania in a dog.

Vet Rec 2020 07;187(1):35

Westway Vets Consett, 13-15 Medomsley Road, Consett, County Durham, DH8 5HE.

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[Primary Reconstruction of Lacrimal Ducts after Trauma - Bicanaliculonasal Intubation Using Autostable Tubes].

Laryngorhinootologie 2021 03 26;100(3):211-216. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale).

Trauma of the medial canthal region can affect all parts of the lacrimal ducts. Depending on the patient's age, there may be different mechanisms of injury. Surgical reconstruction using two autostable ("self-retaining") monocanaliculonasal lacrimal tubes is demonstrated by two case reports. Read More

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Virtual Reality One-Session Treatment of Child-Specific Phobia of Dogs: A Controlled, Multiple Baseline Case Series.

Behav Ther 2021 03 16;52(2):478-491. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Specific phobia (SP) typically onsets in childhood and frequently predicts other mental health disorders later in life. Fortunately, childhood SP can be effectively treated with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), including the exposure-based one-session treatment (OST) approach. Despite empirical support for CBT and OST, clinicians, for various reasons, frequently fail to implement exposure-based therapy in routine clinical practice, including perceived difficulties in implementing exposure. Read More

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Use of injectable lipid emulsion and sodium bicarbonate to treat severe cardiovascular collapse secondary to lamotrigine toxicosis in a dog.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Mar;258(5):510-514

Case Description: A 2-year-old 5.1-kg (11.2-lb) sexually intact male Maltese was admitted because of vomiting and seizures after a known ingestion of up to 206 mg/kg (93. Read More

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