3,169 results match your criteria caries social

Role of Dental Nutrition Knowledge and Socioecological Factors in Dental Caries in Low-Income Women.

Health Educ Behav 2021 Apr 8:10901981211004149. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

The University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA.

Dental caries is a chronic oral condition that disproportionately affects low-income women. The aim of this research was to investigate relationships between dental nutrition knowledge, socioecological factors, and prevalence of dental caries in low-income women. This quantitative cross-sectional study involved 220 women who were recruited from Central Texas. Read More

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Is dietary pattern a mediator of the relationship between socioeconomic status and dental caries?

Clin Oral Investig 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos, 2492, Santa Cecília, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To investigate whether a healthy diet and added sugar mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status and oral health status in adults.

Methods: This is a secondary cross-sectional analysis of adult participants from the 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from the United States (n=3367). Structural equation modeling tested direct and indirect pathways from a latent variable for socioeconomic status to oral health via healthy eating (Health Eating Index) and added sugar in a multiple-mediator multiple-outcome model. Read More

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Association of Acculturation and Latino Parents' Oral Health Beliefs and Knowledge.

Children (Basel) 2021 Mar 22;8(3). Epub 2021 Mar 22.

School of Dental Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.

The purpose of our study was to explore the association of acculturation and Latino parent behavioral and psychosocial characteristics. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 197 parent-children triads. Participating parents completed survey questions encompassing oral health knowledge, behaviors and beliefs from a validated oral health instrument. Read More

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How Do Mothers Living in Socially Deprived Communities Perceive Oral Health of Young Children? A Qualitative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 29;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Division of Public Health and Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

This qualitative study aims to explore and gain an in-depth understanding of the knowledge and perceptions of mothers living in Greater Western Sydney (GWS), one of Australia's most socio-economically disadvantaged regions, regarding the factors that influence oral health of young children. Mother-child dyads ( = 45) were purposively selected from a population-based cohort study in GWS. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and subsequently analyzed using thematic analysis. Read More

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Community Water Fluoridation: Caveats to Implement Justice in Public Oral Health.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 1;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Dental Education, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea.

Community water fluoridation (CWF), a long-established public health intervention, has been studied for scientific evidence from both of yea and nay standpoints. To justify CWF with scientific evidence inevitably leads to ethical justification, which raises the question of whether oral health is of individual concern or social responsibility. As dental caries is a public health problem, public health ethics should be applied to the topic instead of generic clinical ethics. Read More

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California Dentists' Engagement in Media Advocacy for Sugar Restriction Policies.

JDR Clin Trans Res 2021 Mar 30:23800844211003818. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Division of Oral Epidemiology and Dental Public Health, School of Dentistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Objectives: Increasing dentists' visibility in the media to make the case for sugary beverage taxes can help advance public policy that improves oral health outcomes. We assessed California dentists' media engagement behaviors related to sugar restriction policies for dental caries prevention and correlates of engaging in such behavior.

Methods: Survey items related to sugar policies and media engagement were embedded in an electronically distributed statewide survey of dentists' tobacco cessation counseling behaviors. Read More

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Is there an association between drug use and oral health conditions?

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):46-47

Peninsula Dental School, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.

Data sources Databases searched included PsycINFO, PubMed, SciELO, Scopus and Web of Science.Study selection Cross-sectional, longitudinal and retrospective studies that compared caries, periodontal disease or tooth loss in people who use drugs as compared to those who do not. Studies that included psychiatric populations and alcohol or tobacco users were not included in the review. Read More

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January 2021

Incisor Molar Hypomineralization and Quality of Life: A Population-Based Study with Brazilian Schoolchildren.

Int J Dent 2021 3;2021:6655771. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Dentistry, State University of Paraíba, Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil.

Aim: To assess the impact of incisor molar hypomineralization (MIH) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) according to the perception of students and their parents/caregivers.

Materials And Methods: This is a cross-sectional population-based study with 463 Brazilian students aged 11-14 years. OHRQoL was measured using the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (B-CPQISF: 16) applied to students and the short version of the Parental-Caregiver Perceptions Questionnaire (B-P-CPQ) applied to parents/caregivers. Read More

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Management of molar-incisor hypomineralisation by general dental practitioners - part one: diagnosis.

Br Dent J 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

University of Liverpool, Paediatric Dentistry, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5PS, UK.

Introduction Molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) affects one in six children in the UK. For the majority of patients who have mild MIH, this should be managed in primary care.Aims To assess UK-based general dental practitioners' (GDPs) ability to diagnose MIH when presented with multiple clinical vignettes. Read More

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Association of siblings' presence and oral health-related quality of life among children: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 24;21(1):153. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Social Medicine and Health Education, School of Public Health, Peking University, No.38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, China.

Background: The quantity-quality trade-off theory indicates that an increase in siblings might decrease a child's well-being, but little is known about the impacts of sibling number on children's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aims to investigate the effects of presence of siblings on children's OHRQoL, and to further test whether there is an interaction effect between siblings' presence and locations on children's OHRQoL.

Methods: Data were obtained from an oral-health survey of 12-year-old children in Beijing, China, which was a part of the 4th National Oral Health Survey in the Mainland of China (2015-2016). Read More

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Association of oral health literacy with oral health behavior and oral health outcomes among adult dental patients.

Indian J Dent Res 2020 Nov-Dec;31(6):835-839

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Aims: To evaluate the association of oral health literacy (OHL) with oral health behavior and oral health outcomes among dental patients in Hyderabad City.

Settings And Design: Cross-sectional study among dental patients.

Materials And Methods: A convenience sample of 605 adults >18 years of age visiting the out-patient Department of Public Health Dentistry of Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, were recruited. Read More

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Social, Psychological, and Behavioral Predictors of Salivary Bacteria, Yeast in Caries-Free Children.

JDR Clin Trans Res 2021 Mar 10:2380084421999365. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, Neuroscience, and Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.

Introduction: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a complex, multifactorial oral disease that is a major public health concern because it is prevalent, profoundly alters a child's quality of life, is difficult to treat effectively, and has a distressing tendency to recur following treatment.

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine social, psychological, and behavioral predictors of salivary bacteria and yeast in young children at risk for ECC.

Methods: A sample of 189 initially caries-free preschool children was assessed for child stress physiology from salivary cortisol, child and family stress exposure, diet, oral health behaviors, and sociodemographic risks. Read More

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Prospective longitudinal study of early childhood caries and developmental defects of enamel on permanent successors in children in the Czech Republic.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 ;22(1):41-46

Institute of Dentistry and Oral Sciences, Palacký University in Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Aim: This study investigates the influence of early childhood caries (ECC) on the occurence of developmental defects of enamel (DDE) on permanent teeth.

Methods: Study design: This prospective original study was conducted to monitor the relationship between ECC in primary dentition and DDE as their consequences on permanent successors. One hundred and forty children were recruited and included in the study group with diagnosed ECC (ECCG) (N=60) or the control group (CG) (N=80). Read More

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Changes in gingivitis and protective factors among adults: A 4-year prospective population-based study.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2021 Mar 14. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Objectives: There are limited longitudinal data regarding gingival inflammation in adults. This study aimed to assess changes in gingivitis over 4 years and to determine protective factors.

Methods: A representative sample of 1023 adults living in Porto Alegre, Brazil, was obtained in the Caries-Perio Collaboration Study. Read More

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Children's eating behaviour traits and dental caries.

J Public Health Dent 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Objectives: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess eating behavior traits in children with or without dental caries.

Methods: A sample of 580 children aged 8 years enrolled in 20 public schools in the city of Pelotas, Brazil were included. Parents/caregivers provided sociodemographic information and answered the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) to assess eating behavior traits. Read More

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Quality of Fixed Dental Prostheses and Associated Biological Complications in a Saudi Population.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2020 Oct 1;21(10):1130-1136. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Oral and Maxillofacial Prosthodontics Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Phone: +966 504613164, e-mail:

Aim: The interrelationships between dental prostheses, abutments, and supporting periodontal tissue are dynamic. Clinical studies assessing the quality and associated complications of fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) in the Saudi population are scarce. The aims of this project were to assess the location and accuracy of marginal adaptation and proximal contact quality of FDPs provided by dentists in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and to assess the impact of these factors on the health of the periodontium and caries susceptibility. Read More

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October 2020

Toxic stress, health and nutrition among Brazilian children in shelters.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Mar 6;21(1):112. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Background: Living in a shelter is an adverse experience that generates toxic stress. This situation can cause the dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and exert a negative impact on health.The aim of the present study was to determine the association between toxic stress and social, clinical and nutritional characteristics in children at welfare institutions in a city of northeastern of Brazil. Read More

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Childhood caries management in the European Union: A cross-sectional study.

Heliyon 2021 Feb 11;7(2):e06198. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Hungary.

Objectives: Dental caries is one of the most widespread childhood diseases worldwide, although it is largely preventable. In Europe, there is an observable difference between caries prevalence in Eastern and Western European states. This study aimed to gather data on the characteristics of publicly financed dental preventive services for children in European Union (EU) member states. Read More

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February 2021

Presence of molar-incisor hypomineralization is associated with dental caries in Brazilian schoolchildren.

Braz Oral Res 2021 1;35:e13. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Universidade Estadual da Paraíba - UEPB, Center for Biological and Health Sciences, Department of Dentistry, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.

This study aimed to identify the prevalence of molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren and its association with dental caries experience. This was a cross-sectional study with a sample of 471 children aged 8 to 10 years. Data were collected via a sociodemographic questionnaire. Read More

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Role of the oral microbiome, metabolic pathways, and novel diagnostic tools in intra-oral halitosis: a comprehensive update.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2021 Mar 3:1-17. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Oral Health ACP, Duke NUS Medical School, Singapore, Singapore.

Halitosis or oral malodor is one of the most common reasons for the patients' visit to the dental clinic, ranking behind only dental caries and periodontitis. In the present times, where social and professional communications are becoming unavoidable, halitosis has become a concern of growing importance. Oral malodor mostly develops due to the putrefaction of substrates by the indigenous bacterial populations. Read More

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Reasons for Tooth Removal in Adults: A Systematic Review.

Int Dent J 2021 Feb 26. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Social Dentistry and Behavioral Sciences, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Research Department PSYTREC, Bilthoven, The Netherlands; School of Health Sciences, Salford University, Salford, United Kingdom; Institute of Health and Society, University of Worcester, Worcester, United Kingdom; School of Psychology, Queen's University, Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Objective: Most tooth extractions are performed for dental reasons, but there are also nondental and nonmedical reasons for extractions; these include psychological, financial, religious, and cultural reasons as well as simply granting a patient's request. This systematic review was performed to examine the proportion and range of indications associated with tooth removal in context of dental, nondental, and medical reasons.

Methods: A search conducted using PubMed, Embase, and APA PsycINFO identified 6038 studies. Read More

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February 2021

Social support and dental caries experience: Findings from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Objective: To examine the association of social support with dental caries experience in Hispanics/Latinos living in the United States (US) and to assess whether the relationship is modified by nativity status.

Methods: This cross-sectional study analysed data for 4459 dentate men and women aged 18-74 years in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study. At baseline (2008-2011), dentists quantified dental caries experience as the number of decayed, missing, and filled permanent tooth surfaces (DMFS) for all teeth excluding third molars. Read More

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February 2021

Efficacy of Audiovisual Aid in Assessing Parental Attitude toward their Child's Oral Health.

Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2020 Sep-Oct;13(5):437-441

Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, RUHS College of Dental Sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of audiovisual (AV) aid in assessing the parental attitude for their child's oral health.

Materials And Methods: A study (cross-sectional) was conducted in 50 parents of the children between age group of 0 and 14 years. A PowerPoint presentation was given to parents in two batches, and its effectiveness was assessed by comparing results of questionnaire before and after presentation. Read More

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February 2021

Cohort profile: South Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort (SAABC)-a prospective longitudinal birth cohort.

BMJ Open 2021 Feb 22;11(2):e043559. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

School of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Purpose: The South Australian Aboriginal Birth Cohort (SAABC) is a prospective, longitudinal birth cohort established to: (1) estimate Aboriginal child dental disease compared with population estimates; (2) determine the efficacy of an early childhood caries intervention in early versus late infancy; (3) examine if efficacy was sustained over time and; (4) document factors influencing social, behavioural, cognitive, anthropometric, dietary and educational attainment over time.

Participants: The original SAABC comprised 449 women pregnant with an Aboriginal child recruited February 2011 to May 2012. At child age 2 years, 324 (74%) participants were retained, at age 3 years, 324 (74%) participants were retained and at age 5 years, 299 (69%) participants were retained. Read More

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February 2021

The effect of the SIMS Programme versus existing preschool oral healthcare programme on oral hygiene level of preschool children: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Feb 22;22(1):156. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Media and Communication Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Despite the implementation of the preschool oral healthcare programme (POHP) for 5-6-year-old children over the past 3 decades in Malaysia, dental plaque and caries levels in this age group remain high. Among the child-level attributable factors are unhealthy self-care behaviours (poor oral hygiene and high sugary diet). In order to improve the children's oral health, an improved programme called the 'Senyuman Indah Milik Semua' Programme (SIMSP) or 'Beautiful Smile for All' programme is introduced. Read More

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February 2021

Examining the Relationship between Social and School Environment and Children's Caries Experience Using Primary and Secondary Data: A Cluster Analysis.

Caries Res 2021 18;55(2):79-87. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Diadema, Brazil,

Dental caries is still prevalent worldwide, even with advances in preventive and curative measures. The aim was to examine clustering patterns of socioeconomic and environmental characteristics of schools and their associations with caries experience of schoolchildren. An epidemiological survey with cross-sectional design was conducted in 2014/2015 and included 5,213 students (aged 2-11 years) from 38 public schools of Carapicuíba (SP, Brazil). Read More

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February 2021

Salutogenic factors for oral health among older people: an integrative review connecting the theoretical frameworks of Antonovsky and Lalonde.

Acta Odontol Scand 2021 Apr 17;79(3):218-231. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Oral Diagnostics, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmo, Sweden.

Objective: The aim of this integrative review was to describe salutogenic factors associated with oral health outcomes in older people, from the theoretical perspectives of Antonovsky and Lalonde.

Material And Methods: This study was based on a primary selection of 10,016 articles. To organize reported salutogenic factors, the Lalonde health field concept and Antonovsky's salutogenic theory were cross tabulated. Read More

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Food processing and its association with dental caries: Data from NHANES 2011-2014.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Post-graduate program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Objective: To assess whether proportional contribution of unprocessed or minimally processed, processed or ultra-processed foods to daily energy intake is associated with dental caries in US adults.

Methods: This secondary cross-sectional analysis included adults aged 20 to 59 years old with complete oral examinations, using data gathered from cycles 2011-2012 and 2013-2014 of the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Dietary recall data were categorized according to the NOVA classification into four groups: unprocessed or minimally processed foods (Group 1), processed culinary ingredients (Group 2), processed foods (Group 3) and ultra-processed foods (Group 4). Read More

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February 2021

[The evaluation of actual status of stomatological health of adult population in districts with lower level of stomatological care].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jan;29(1):86-89

The Private Institution Educational Organization of Higher Education "The Medical University 'Reaviz'", 443001, Samara, Russia.

The epidemiological stomatological examination is the basis of assessing stomatological status of population and its needs for dental care. The first national epidemiological survey in the Russian Federation was carried out in 1996-1998. The second survey was conducted nine years later and covered 47 subjects of the Russian Federation. Read More

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January 2021

Impact of oral health on nutritional status, self-perception of oral health and quality of life of institutionalized elderly.

J Clin Exp Dent 2021 Feb 1;13(2):e172-e178. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Adjunct Professor, Department of Clinical and Social Dentistry, Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil.

Background: This study aimed to investigate the influence of oral health on nutritional status, self-perception of oral health and health related quality of life of institutionalized elders.

Material And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 193 institutionalized elders living in the metropolitan region of João Pessoa (Brazil). The independent variables included were: 1) caries experience (DMFT index and its components); 2) use and need of dental prostheses; and 3) type of edentulism. Read More

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February 2021