14,605 results match your criteria caries frequency

Radiographic Position of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars and Their Association with Pathological Conditions.

Int J Dent 2021 24;2021:8841297. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Orthodontics, Dental Faculty, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the radiographic position of impacted mandibular third molars (IMTMs) and their association with pathological conditions.

Materials And Methods: The impaction depth, relationship with ramus, and angulation of 1600 IMTMs and their association with 2 molar distal caries and root resorption, pathological conditions, and proximity to the mandibular canal were evaluated on panoramic radiographs. The IMTM position was determined based on the depth of impaction according to the Pell and Gregory classification, relationship with ramus according to the Pell and Gregory classification, and angulation according to the Winter's classification. Read More

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Impact of early childhood caries on oral health-related quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Dent Hyg 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review in order to assess the impact of early childhood caries (ECC) and its severity on Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL).

Materials And Methods: An electronic search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, SciELO and Lilacs databases. The study eligibility criteria were primary studies published in English, Spanish or Portuguese that assessed OHRQoL in preschool children with dental caries using validated instruments. Read More

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Georgian Med News 2021 Feb(311):163-168

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, department of Pediatric Dentistry and orthodontics, Moscow, Russia.

The aim of the study was to determine the influence of various drinking liquids on an the dentoalveolar system in rats. The study was carried out on 25 white male rats from the nursery of Krolinfo branch of the Moscow region which were kept in standard vivarium conditions. Age of rats-3-6 months, weight - 150-200 grams. Read More

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February 2021


Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(3 cz 1):441-449


Objective: The aim is to determine the clinical and morphological dependencies, which are important for diagnostics, treatment and prediction of outcomes of pathological processes in the region of the LTM with complicated eruption, as based on the study of histopathological changes of paradental tissue (mucous membrane, walls of retromolar pocket, alveolar bone tissue).

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: The materials of the study were 34 biopsy specimens of pathologically altered soft tissue and parodontium obtained as a result of pericoronectomy, extraction of the LTM and other surgical interferences performed based on the relevant indications in 28 patients in the region of the LTM with complicated eruption. Morphological and statistical research methods were used. Read More

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Observational Study Regarding the Relationship between Nutritional Status, Dental Caries, Mutans Streptococci, and Lactobacillus Bacterial Colonies.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 29;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Science and Technology George Emil Palade, 540139 Târgu-Mureș, Romania.

The prevalence of dental caries and obesity is high as both raise significant health problems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries, the number of salivary colonies forming units of Mutans Streptococci (MS) and Lactobacillus (LB), and the nutritional status in a group of children from Transylvania. This observational study used a sample of 154 school children, aged 9 to 12 years. Read More

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Impact of School-Based Oral Health Education on Vietnamese Adolescents: A 6-Month Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 8;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Oral Health Promotion, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan.

We have evaluated the impact of a school-based intervention on oral health knowledge, behaviours, and oral health status of adolescents in Vietnam. This 6-month study included 462 adolescents aged 12 years from four selected schools in Hue City, Vietnam. The intervention group received a 15-min lecture by a dentist and hands-on session on mouth observation and toothbrushing skills. Read More

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Microbial biodiversity of natural toothbrushes in Mali.

New Microbes New Infect 2021 Mar 3;40:100844. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Aix Marseille Université. IRD, MEPHI, IHU-Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.

Different oral hygiene practices are used to overcome endemic diseases such as dental caries and oral infections. In Mali (Africa), natural plant-based toothbrushes are used for eliminating bacterial biofilm. The repertoire of microorganisms associated with natural toothbrushes is unknown. Read More

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Examining Parental Treatment Decisions Within a Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry Private Practice.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2021 25;15:645-652. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Division of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Purpose: The primary objective of this study was to compare relationships between child, parent, and clinical factors with patient-level treatment decisions for early childhood caries. A secondary objective was to describe children that received silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as interim versus long-term treatment.

Patients And Methods: Parents of 2-6-year-old children seeking care at a multi-center pediatric dentistry private practice were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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The Impact of Early Childhood Factors on Dental Caries Incidence in First Permanent Molars: A 7-Year Follow-Up Study.

Caries Res 2021 Mar 31:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.

The development of dental caries in first permanent molars has been extensively investigated. However, studies are inconclusive in determining the influence of contextual and individual factors on dental caries incidence in this group of teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of contextual and individual factors on dental caries incidence in first permanent molars. Read More

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Light-based diagnostic methods for the in vivo assessment of initial caries lesions: Laser fluorescence, QLF and OCT.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 Mar 27:102270. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Cariology, Endodontology and Periodontology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Objectives: To evaluate different light-based caries diagnostic methods for assessment of non-cavitated initial carious lesions on smooth surfaces.

Methods: 39 participants were included. For each participant, three regions of interest (ROI) with ICDAS codes 0, 1 or 2 were defined. Read More

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California Dentists' Engagement in Media Advocacy for Sugar Restriction Policies.

JDR Clin Trans Res 2021 Mar 30:23800844211003818. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Division of Oral Epidemiology and Dental Public Health, School of Dentistry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Objectives: Increasing dentists' visibility in the media to make the case for sugary beverage taxes can help advance public policy that improves oral health outcomes. We assessed California dentists' media engagement behaviors related to sugar restriction policies for dental caries prevention and correlates of engaging in such behavior.

Methods: Survey items related to sugar policies and media engagement were embedded in an electronically distributed statewide survey of dentists' tobacco cessation counseling behaviors. Read More

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The additional benefit of professional fluoride application for children as an adjunct to regular fluoride toothpaste: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Oral Investig 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Centre for Evidence-Based Stomatology, Hubei-MOST KLOS & KLOBM, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Luoyu Road 237, Wuhan, 430079, China.

Objective: To assess whether professional fluoride application (PFA) used in addition to regular fluoride toothpaste (RFT, ≥ 1,000 ppm) is more effective than RFT alone in children.

Materials And Methods: A systematic search was conducted using the PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar and CENTRAL databases. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effectiveness of RFT + PFA and RFT alone were included. Read More

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The contribution of different permanent tooth types to untreated caries: Implications for public health surveillance and prevention.

J Am Dent Assoc 2021 Apr;152(4):269-276.e2

Background: Untreated caries (UC), although highly prevalent, is largely preventable. Information on the contribution of different teeth to UC prevalence and severity could be helpful in evaluating UC surveillance protocols and the relative benefits of caries prevention interventions.

Methods: The authors combined data from 3 cycles (2011-2016) of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for participants aged 6 through 11 years, 12 through 19 years, 20 through 34 years, 35 through 49 years, 50 through 64 years, 65 through 74 years, and 75 years and older. Read More

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Is there an association between drug use and oral health conditions?

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):46-47

Peninsula Dental School, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.

Data sources Databases searched included PsycINFO, PubMed, SciELO, Scopus and Web of Science.Study selection Cross-sectional, longitudinal and retrospective studies that compared caries, periodontal disease or tooth loss in people who use drugs as compared to those who do not. Studies that included psychiatric populations and alcohol or tobacco users were not included in the review. Read More

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January 2021

Is there an association between multiple sclerosis and oral health?

Asim Al-Ansari

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):44-45

Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Data sources PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE and CINAHL.Study selection Randomised controlled trials, cross-sectional studies and cohort studies.Data extraction and synthesis Two reviewers independently extracted data using piloted forms and contacted authors if relevant data were missing. Read More

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January 2021

Delivering dental health promotion in developing countries: should this be carried out by non-dental professionals?

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):18-19

DCT, Glasgow Dental Hospital & School, Glasgow, UK.

Design Three-armed randomised clinical trial.Study selection The study's aim was to examine the effectiveness of providing oral health promotion, prevention and a restorative programme at mother and child health clinics (MCHs) through a multidisciplinary team. This was studied by collecting data on the participants' caries rates. Read More

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January 2021

What are the main factors associated with root caries?

Evid Based Dent 2021 01;22(1):16-17

StR In Restorative Dentistry, Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, UK.

Data sources Medline, EMBASE, PubMed and Scopus databases were used as the data sources for the systematic review. Articles published between 1 January 1990 to 31 October 2018 were included with no language restrictions. A manual search of the references lists of the selected studies and review articles was conducted. Read More

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January 2021

Individual and familial factors associated with caries and gingivitis among adolescents resident in a semi-urban community in South-Western Nigeria.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 27;21(1):166. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

International Research Center of Excellence, Institute of Human Virology Nigeria, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria.

Objectives: We describe the prevalence, and individual and familial risk indicators for dental caries and gingivitis among 10-19-year-old adolescents in Ile-Ife, South-West Nigeria.

Methods: This cross-sectional study collected data through household surveys conducted between December 2018 and January 2019. Adolescents were recruited through multistage sampling. Read More

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Prospective Association between Maternal Bonding Disorders and Child Toothbrushing Frequency: a cross-sectional study of the Japan Environment and Children's Study.

Int J Paediatr Dent 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Orthodontics and Speech Therapy for Craniofacial Anomalies, Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan, 980-8574.

Background: Daily toothbrushing effectively prevents early childhood caries, but it depends on facilitative parenting behaviours. Mother-to-infant bonding, the maternal affection toward the infant, is an environmental factor that strongly influences parenting.

Aim: This study examined the association between maternal bonding and children's daily toothbrushing frequency. Read More

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Dental Caries Severity and Nutritional Status of Nigerian Preschool Children.

JDR Clin Trans Res 2021 Mar 25:23800844211002108. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Oral Pathology, Radiology and Medicine, College of Dentistry, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.

Introduction: Malnutrition in children is one of the most prevalent global health challenges, and malnourished children have a higher risk of death from childhood diseases. Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Complications from ECC such as pain, loss of tooth/teeth, and infection can undermine a child's nutrition and growth. Read More

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Molar-incisor hypomineralisation: narrative review on etiology, epidemiology, diagnostics and treatment decision.

Swiss Dent J 2021 Mar 25;131(11). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Restorative, Preventive, and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland.

Molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is clinically defined as demarcated structural enamel defects affecting at least one first permanent molar with or without the involvement of incisors. It is foremost a qualitative developmental defect of systemic origin. The prevalence for MIH is estimated at 12. Read More

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[Outreach Dental Care for Children and Adolescents with Special Needs - An Evaluation of KZBV Data].

Gesundheitswesen 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

ZMK-Heilkunde, Abteilung für Behindertenorientierte Zahnmedizin, Universität Witten/Herdecke, Witten, Deutschland.

Background: There are only limited data on the extent to which children and adolescents with the need of integrative assistance (KiJu-PflEh) are considered for outreach dental care service. Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate accounting data from the Kassenzahnärztliche Bundesvereinigung (KZBV) on the use of dental care by KiJU-PflEh. Material and Methods Based on six specific BEMA items (accounting year 2019), the KZBV performed a filtering of GKV-insured persons (0-17 years). Read More

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Association between black stains and early childhood caries - A systematic review.

Indian J Dent Res 2020 Nov-Dec;31(6):957-962

Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, K.S.R. Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tamil Nadu, India.

Objective: To systematically review the association between black stains and early childhood caries.

Methods: Seven electronic databases and hand search were carried out using keywords on black stains and early childhood caries. Articles published in English from January 1947 to January 2020 were included. Read More

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Association of oral health literacy with oral health behavior and oral health outcomes among adult dental patients.

Indian J Dent Res 2020 Nov-Dec;31(6):835-839

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Aims: To evaluate the association of oral health literacy (OHL) with oral health behavior and oral health outcomes among dental patients in Hyderabad City.

Settings And Design: Cross-sectional study among dental patients.

Materials And Methods: A convenience sample of 605 adults >18 years of age visiting the out-patient Department of Public Health Dentistry of Government Dental College and Hospital, Hyderabad, were recruited. Read More

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Association between adverse childhood experiences among children with special healthcare needs and dental care utilization.

J Public Health Dent 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Robert C Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Objectives: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) often have consequences beyond the immediacy of any specific event. The purpose of this study is to identify if ACEs in children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) are associated with oral problems and dental care utilization.

Methods: The data source for this cross-sectional, secondary data analysis study was the 2017-2018 National Survey of Children's Health. Read More

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In Silico Modeling of Hyposalivation and Biofilm Dysbiosis in Root Caries.

J Dent Res 2021 Mar 20:220345211000655. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Cariology, Restorative Sciences and Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Root caries progression is aggravated by hyposalivation, which can accelerate the conversion of a dental biofilm from having a symbiotic microbial relationship with the host (predominance of nonaciduric species) to a dysbiotic one (dominated by aciduric species). Using a mathematical model previously employed to investigate factors associated with biofilm dysbiosis, we systematically explored the deleterious effect of hyposalivation on the composition of the biofilm and the risk of root dentin demineralization. By varying the clearance half-times of sugar (i. Read More

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Dental caries thresholds among adolescents in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, 2013 at 12, and 15 years: implications for epidemiology and clinical care.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 19;21(1):137. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Faculty of Dentistry, Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, King's College London, Bessemer Road, London, SE5 9RS, UK.

Background: Dental caries is the most prevalent condition globally. Despite improvements over the past few decades, there remains a significant disease burden in childhood. Epidemiological surveys provide insight to disease patterns and trends, and have traditionally focused on obvious decay which are inconsistent with contemporary clinical criteria. Read More

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The Global Prevalence Of Early Childhood Caries: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis Using the WHO Diagnostic Criteria.

Int J Paediatr Dent 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Oral Health, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia.

Aim: To estimate the global prevalence of early childhood caries using the WHO criteria.

Design: Systematic review of studies published from 1960 to 2019.

Data Sources: PubMed, Google Scholar, SciELO and LILACS. Read More

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Association of genetic variants in enamel-formation genes with dental caries: A meta- and gene-cluster analysis.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Mar 1;28(3):1645-1653. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Stomatology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

Previous studies have reported the association between multiple genetic variants in the enamel-formation genes and the risk of dental caries with inconsistent results. We performed a systematic literature search of the PubMed, Cochrane Library, HuGE and Google Scholar databases for studies published before March 21, 2020 and conducted meta-, gene-based and gene-cluster analysis on the association between genetic variants in the enamel-formation genes and the risk of dental caries. We identified 21 relevant publications including a total of 24 studies for analysis. Read More

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Chronic inflammatory periapical diseases: a Brazilian multicenter study of 10,381 cases and literature review.

Braz Oral Res 2021 15;35:e033. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - UFMG, School of Dentistry, Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of chronic inflammatory periapical diseases in different regions of Brazil and to compare with data from the literature. A multicenter study was carried out in four Brazilian referral centers in oral diagnosis. Histopathological records were reviewed, and all cases diagnosed microscopically as periapical granuloma, radicular cyst, and periapical abscess were included. Read More

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