15 results match your criteria caries edo

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Individual and familial factors associated with caries and gingivitis among adolescents resident in a semi-urban community in South-Western Nigeria.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 27;21(1):166. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

International Research Center of Excellence, Institute of Human Virology Nigeria, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria.

Objectives: We describe the prevalence, and individual and familial risk indicators for dental caries and gingivitis among 10-19-year-old adolescents in Ile-Ife, South-West Nigeria.

Methods: This cross-sectional study collected data through household surveys conducted between December 2018 and January 2019. Adolescents were recruited through multistage sampling. Read More

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Investigating the demographic history of Japan using ancient oral microbiota.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2020 11 5;375(1812):20190578. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.

While microbial communities in the human body (microbiota) are now commonly associated with health and disease in industrialised populations, we know very little about how these communities co-evolved and changed with humans throughout history and deep prehistory. We can now examine these communities by sequencing ancient DNA preserved within calcified dental plaque (calculus), providing insights into the origins of disease and their links to human history. Here, we examine ancient DNA preserved within dental calculus samples and their associations with two major cultural periods in Japan: the Jomon period hunter-gatherers approximately 3000 years before present (BP) and the Edo period agriculturalists 400-150 BP. Read More

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November 2020

Prevention of Dental Caries in Nigeria: A Narrative Review of Strategies and Recommendations from 1999 to 2019.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2020 May-Jun;10(3):240-245. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Objectives: This narrative review aimed to show the approaches recommended for the prevention of dental caries in Nigeria by epidemiological surveys (P), primary preventive methods and strategies,( I) comparison preferred by experts (C) in the prevention of dental caries (O).

Methods: An electronic literature search of some databases such as Pubmed, Pubmed Central, Google Scholar, African Journal Online (AJOL) and Medline was conducted using these keywords delimited by Boolean operators AND, OR and NOT: "dental caries" "prevention" "Nigeria. Epidemiological studies using WHO criteria published in English between 1999 and 2019 were included in this study. Read More

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Social predictors of oral hygiene status in school children from suburban Nigeria.

Braz Oral Res 2019 07 1;33:e022. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria.

Oral hygiene, which is measured by the status of plaque-free tooth surfaces, is essential for the promotion of oral health. This study aimed to determine the social predictors of good oral hygiene for children in a suburban population in Nigeria. This was a secondary analysis of data. Read More

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Developmental defects of the enamel and its impact on the oral health quality of life of children resident in Southwest Nigeria.

BMC Oral Health 2018 09 27;18(1):160. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Developmental defects of the enamel (DDE) increase the risk for diseases that impact negatively on the quality of life. The objective of this study was to compare the oral health quality of life of children with molar-incisor-hypomineralisation (MIH) and enamel hypoplasia; and assess if caries worsened the impact of these lesions on the quality of life.

Methods: This study recruited 853 6 to 16-years-old school children. Read More

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September 2018

Buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty for proximal bulbar urethral stricture: A revisit of the surgical technique and analysis of eleven consecutive cases.

Niger Med J 2016 Sep-Oct;57(5):266-271

Department of Surgery, Urology Division, Irrua Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State, Nigeria.

Background: Urethral stricture disease is prevalent, and many surgical techniques have been developed to treat it. Currently, urethroplasty for bulbar strictures implies ventral or dorsal stricturotomy and a buccal mucosa graft (BMG) patch.

Objective: To describe the surgical approach of the ventral patch BMG urethroplasty for proximal bulbar urethral stricture and to analyze 11 consecutive cases for whom the technique was used. Read More

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November 2016

Prevalence of caries in deciduous teeth in early modern Japan: analyses of human skeletons from Hitotsubashi (Tokyo, Japan).

Authors:
Tomohito Nagaoka

Anat Sci Int 2017 Jun 12;92(3):320-329. Epub 2016 Mar 12.

Department of Anatomy, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae Ward, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 216-8511, Japan.

The early modern Edo period in Japan refers to the division of chronological age dated from the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries. During that period, the social structure was stratified, with warriors at the top, followed by farmers, and finally townsmen at the bottom. I aimed to examine carious lesions in deciduous teeth in the commoners from the city of Edo (now Tokyo), to compare them with those in the warriors and commoners from Kyushu, and to reveal differences in the incidence of caries across social classes and regions. Read More

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Oral health trends and service utilization at a rural outreach dental clinic, Udo, Southern Nigeria.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2015 Dec;5(Suppl 2):S118-22

Department of Preventive Dentistry, Community Dentistry Unit, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Background: The oral disease burden in Nigerian rural areas is considered high with limited dental services. Normative need assessment to facilitate oral health promotion and interventional activities is essential. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the dental service utilization and trends of patents attending a rural outreach dental clinic. Read More

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December 2015

Prevalence and Severity of Oral Diseases in the Africa and Middle East Region.

Adv Dent Res 2015 Jul;27(1):10-7

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

This review aims to determine the prevalence and severity of oral health diseases in the Africa and Middle East region (AMER). The profile of oral diseases is not homogeneous across the AMER. There are large disparities between groups. Read More

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Analysis of tooth mortality among nigerian children in a tertiary hospital setting.

Ann Med Health Sci Res 2014 May;4(3):345-9

Department of Oral Pathology and Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Background: Tooth mortality is important in evaluating dental care as tooth loss is a reflection of cumulative effects of past disease and treatment practices.

Aim: The aim of this study is to analyze the pattern of tooth mortality among pediatric dental patients treated at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria.

Subjects And Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients treated at the Pediatric dental clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City between June 2007 and April 2012. Read More

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Reasons and pattern of tooth mortality in a Nigerian Urban teaching hospital.

Authors:
B D Saheeb M A Sede

Ann Afr Med 2013 Apr-Jun;12(2):110-4

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Background: Studies from Nigeria have documented different reasons for tooth mortality and regular follow-up studies to determine any changes in reasons and pattern among Nigerians appears not to be common. The purpose of this study was to determine the reasons and pattern of tooth mortality among Nigerians and the changes that might have occurred after 38 years of the first report.

Materials And Methods: The case records of patients seen at the Oral Surgery clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital between March 2007 and February 2008 were retrieved from the Medical Records Department and analyzed for age, gender, reasons for extraction, tooth extracted, frequency of extraction, and mode of extraction. Read More

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Reasons for exodontia in rural Nigerian children.

Odontostomatol Trop 2010 Dec;33(132):19-24

Dpt. Periodontics, University of Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria.

Objective: To investigate the reasons for exodontia in children attending a general dental practice in Uselu, Edo State.

Material And Methods: All pediatric patients that had extraction between January 2006 and December 2008 in a general dental practice in Uselu were recruited for this prospective survey. The data collected include age, sex, reason for extraction and tooth extracted. Read More

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December 2010

Prevalence and severity of dental caries among pensioners in Benin City, Nigeria.

Odontostomatol Trop 2009 Mar;32(125):11-6

Dpt of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Unlabelled: The aim of the current study was to describe the prevalence and severity of dental caries among a cross section of elderly pensioners from three groups of different work background in Benin City, Nigeria, as part of a general assessment of their oral health status.

Subjects And Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey of two hundred and fifty-two pensioners (182 males and 70 females) aged 50-85 years selected by stratified and systematic random sampling were studied. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to obtain demographic data. Read More

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Dental caries trend among adolescents in Lagos, South-West Nigeria.

West Afr J Med 2007 Jul-Sep;26(3):201-5

Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.

Background: The past few decades have witnessed a changing trend in dental caries prevalence among Nigerians; thus the need to investigate the current trend of caries among adolescents Nigerians.

Objective: To determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among adolescents in Lagos, South-west of Nigeria.

Methods: The World Health Organization (WHO) methodology for basic oral health surveys was employed. Read More

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The prevalence of dental caries among 12 to 15-year-old school children in Nigeria: report of a local survey and campaign.

Oral Health Prev Dent 2004 ;2(1):27-31

Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria.

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of dental caries among school children in Egor local government area (district) and establish baseline data.

Design: Cross-sectional survey of urban and rural, private and public school children in Egor district, Edo State, Nigeria.

Materials And Methods: A total of 358 randomly selected school children aged 12 to 15 years from urban and rural, private and public schools in Egor District were examined for dental caries according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Read More

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