359,888 results match your criteria cardiovascular risk


[Weaning from Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with SARS-CoV-2 Infection after Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation - First Experience].

Pneumologie 2021 Apr 19;75(4):261-267. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Klinik für Pneumologie, Kardiologie und Beatmungsmedizin mit Sektion Gastroenterologie, Weaningzentrum Frankfurt am Main (DGP), Bürgerhospital und Clementine Kinderhospital gGmbH, Frankfurt am Main.

Aim:  With the emergence of a new virus and the associated pandemic, the ICU started to see a brand new kind of patient with severe ARD. As with any disease, sometimes the discontinuation of mechanical ventilation for any reason can be difficult. As a center specializing in weaning patients after prolonged mechanical ventilation, we wanted to compare our results with weaning patients who had prolonged mechanical ventilation for other reasons than those of patients who had prolonged mechanical ventilation due to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Dietary Inflammatory Index and Human Health: An Umbrella Review of Meta-Analyses of Observational Studies.

Adv Nutr 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Deakin University, Institute for Mental and Physical Health and Clinical Translation (IMPACT), Food & Mood Centre, School of Medicine, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Numerous observational studies have investigated the role of the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) in chronic disease risk. The aims of this umbrella review and integrated meta-analyses were to systematically synthesize the observational evidence reporting on the associations between the DII and health outcomes based on meta-analyses, and to assess the quality and strength of the evidence for each associated outcome. This umbrella review with integrated meta-analyses investigated the association between the DII and a range of health outcomes based on meta-analyses of observational data. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardiovascular events and the role of accelerated atherosclerosis in systemic vasculitis.

Atherosclerosis 2021 Mar 28;325:8-15. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G3, Canada. Electronic address:

The spectrum of inflammatory blood vessel diseases includes both atherosclerosis and the primary systemic vasculitides. Although the inciting triggers differ, significant overlap exists in the mechanisms that contribute to sustained inflammation and vascular damage in both entities. With improvement in therapeutics to control acute vasculitis leading to longer survival, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality has emerged as the leading cause of death for vasculitis patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nocturnal dipping of heart rate is impaired in children with Down syndrome and sleep disordered breathing.

Sleep Med 2021 Mar 24;81:466-473. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Paediatrics, Monash University, The Ritchie Centre, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at increased risk for sleep disordered breathing (SDB), which can have adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. In adults with SDB, nocturnal dipping of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) is reduced, and this is associated with an increased risk of future cardiovascular events. We aimed to compare nocturnal dipping of HR and pulse transit time (PTT) (a surrogate inverse measure of BP change) in children with DS and SDB to those of typically developing (TD) children with and without SDB. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The 5-Factor Modified Frailty Index as a Predictor of 30-day Complications in Pressure Ulcer Repair.

J Surg Res 2021 Apr 16;265:21-26. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address:

Background: The 5-item modified frailty index (mFI-5) is a validated tool to assess postoperative risks in older surgical candidates. We sought to compare the predictive ability of mFI-5 to its individual components and other established risk factors for complications in flap reconstruction of late-stage pressure ulcer repair.

Methods: The 2012 to 2018 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) database was queried for pressure ulcer diagnosis and reconstructive flap repair procedures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prognostic Impacts of β-Blockers in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients without Heart Failure Treated by Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Pharmacol Res 2021 Apr 16:105614. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Background: The use of β-blockers for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients without heart failure (HF) is controversial, and lacks of evidence in the era of reperfusion and intensive secondary preventions. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impacts of β-blockers on patients with ACS but no HF treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: A total of 2397 consecutive patients with ACS but no HF treated by PCI were retrospectively recruited from January 2010 to June 2017. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Coronary Heart Disease Risk: Low-Density Lipoprotein and Beyond.

Trends Cardiovasc Med 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Baltimore, MD, USA; Community Hospital General Medical Center, Sterling, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality world-wide and has been characterized as a chronic immunoinflammatory, fibroproliferative disease fueled by lipids. Great advances have been made in elucidating the complex mechanistic interactions among risk factors associated with CHD, yielding abundant success towards preventive measures and the development of pharmaceuticals to prevent and treat CHD via attenuation of lipoprotein-mediated risk. However, significant residual risk remains. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association of global cardiac calcification with atrial fibrillation and recurrent stroke in patients with embolic stroke of undetermined source.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore; Department of Cardiology, National University Heart Centre Singapore, Singapore.

Background: Calcium deposits in the heart have been associated with cardiovascular events, mortality, stroke as well as atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there is no accepted standard method for scoring cardiac calcifications. Existing methods have also not been validated for assessment of patients with embolic strokes of undetermined source (ESUS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

State of the Art: Transcatheter Edge-to-Edge Repair for Complex Mitral Regurgitation.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Smidt Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA. Electronic address:

Transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair has revolutionized the treatment of primary and secondary mitral regurgitation. The landmark EVEREST (Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair Study) and COAPT (Clinical Outcomes Assessment of the MitraClip Percutaneous Therapy for High Surgical Risk Patients) trials included only clinically stable patients with favorable mitral valve anatomy for edge-to-edge repair. However, since its initial commercial approval in the US, growing operator experience, device iterations, and improvements in intraprocedural imaging have led to an expansion in the utilization of transcatheter edge-to-edge repair to more complex mitral valve pathologies and clinical scenarios, many of which were previously considered a contraindication for the procedure. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

PD-1/PD-L1 Immune Checkpoints: Tumor vs Atherosclerotic Progression.

Clin Chim Acta 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, Key Laboratory for Arteriosclerology of Hunan Province, Hunan International Scientific and Technological Cooperation Base of Arteriosclerotic Disease, Hengyang Medical College, University of South China, Hengyang, Hunan 421001, China. Electronic address:

Immunotherapy has become one of the most attraction cancer therapy strategies. The PD-1/PD-L1 pathway plays key roles in immune responses and autoimmunity by regulating T cell activity. Overactivation of this pathway dampen T cell and immune function, which allows tumor cells immune escape. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Widening our Focus: Characterizing Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Congenital Heart Disease.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ.

Background: Socioeconomic and racial (SER) disparities among congenital heart disease (CHD) patients may limit access to high-quality care. We characterized national SER landscape, its relationship to early outcomes, and identified interactions among determinants mitigating adverse outcome.

Methods: The Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database queried patients (age < 26 years) with CHD between 2016-2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gamified applications for secondary prevention in patients with high cardiovascular disease risk: A systematic review of effectiveness and acceptability.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Sydney School of Nursing, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Introduction: Gamified health mobile applications (apps) are promoted as innovative approaches to self-management and risk factor reduction. However, information is lacking on effectiveness or feasibility in older patients at high risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), which limits uptake and recommendations by nurses. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and acceptability of gamified apps for CVD secondary prevention. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 infection in Patients with a History of Thyroid Cancer: A Nationwide Study.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

University of Health Sciences, Gulhane Faculty of Medicine and Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: There are scarce published data in differentiated thyroid cancer patients about new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disease outcomes and mortality. Here, we evaluated COVID-19 infection outcomes and mortality in thyroid cancer patients with COVID-19 infection.

Design And Methods: We included a cohort of patients with thyroid cancer with PCR-confirmed COVID-19 disease from March 11 to May 30 2020 from the Turkish Ministry of Health database in our nationwide, retrospective study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The copy number variation and stroke (CaNVAS) risk and outcome study.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(4):e0248791. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Gemany.

Background And Purpose: The role of copy number variation (CNV) variation in stroke susceptibility and outcome has yet to be explored. The Copy Number Variation and Stroke (CaNVAS) Risk and Outcome study addresses this knowledge gap.

Methods: Over 24,500 well-phenotyped IS cases, including IS subtypes, and over 43,500 controls have been identified, all with readily available genotyping on GWAS and exome arrays, with case measures of stroke outcome. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cardiovascular Events in Men with Prostate Cancer Receiving Hormone Therapy: An Analysis of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS).

J Urol 2021 Apr 19:101097JU0000000000001785. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio.

Purpose: The comparative cardiovascular risk profiles of available hormone therapies for the treatment of prostate cancer is not known.

Materials And Methods: We queried the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS), a retrospective, pharmacovigilance database, for cardiovascular adverse event reports in men with prostate cancer receiving gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, GnRH antagonists, androgen receptor antagonists, and/or androgen synthesis inhibitors from January 2000 to April 2020.

Results: Cardiovascular adverse events accounted for 6,231 reports (12. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Is Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Admission Avoidance Hospital at Home an Alternative to Hospital Admission for Older Persons? : A Randomized Trial.

Ann Intern Med 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom (J.Y.).

Background: Delivering hospital-level care with comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in the home is one approach to deal with the increased demand for bed-based hospital care, but clinical effectiveness is uncertain.

Objective: To assess the clinical effectiveness of admission avoidance hospital at home (HAH) with CGA for older persons.

Design: Multisite randomized trial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mortality in acute pancreatitis with persistent organ failure is determined by the number, type, and sequence of organ systems affected.

United European Gastroenterol J 2021 Mar;9(2):139-149

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Persistent organ failure (POF) is the strongest determinant of mortality in acute pancreatitis (AP). There is a paucity of data regarding the impact of different POF attributes on mortality and the role of different characteristics of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in the risk of developing POF.

Objective: We aimed to assess the association of POF dynamic features with mortality and SIRS characteristics with POF. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Circulating TNFrII levels predict incidence of ischemic heart disease and total mortality, independently of intima media thickness and pulse wave velocity in male with type 2 diabetes.

Heart Vessels 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, SE 581 85, Linköping, Sweden.

New and clinically useful markers of cardiovascular risk are of great importance in patients with type 2 diabetes since cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death in these patients. We analyzed inflammatory markers and other risk factors for heart disease in 761 patients who participated in the CARDIPP-study, Cardiovascular Risk factors in Patients with Diabetes-a Prospective study in Primary care. All participants had type 2 diabetes and were 55-66 years old at recruitment during the years 2005-2008. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Early and mid-term results of transcatheter aortic valve implantation and valve durability assessment.

Heart Vessels 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, 1397-1 Yamane, Saitama, Hidaka, 350-1298, Japan.

This study aimed to evaluate the early and mid-term outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and to assess valve durability. A total of 146 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI for severe aortic stenosis between October 2013 and August 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients (mean age, 84 ± 6 years; age range 53-98 years; 42 males [28. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Serum metabolic signatures of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a preliminary study.

Acta Diabetol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Clinical Center for Diabetes, Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai, 200233, China.

Aims: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death among patients with diabetes. Early identification of subclinical atherosclerosis is essential for the management of diabetic patients. This study aimed to characterize serum metabolic signatures associated with carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT), a proxy of subclinical atherosclerosis, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

All-cause and Cause-specific Mortality in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Population-based Study.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Arthritis Research Canada, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Objective: To investigate all-cause and cause-specific mortality in SLE patients between two time periods, 1997-2005 and 2006-2014.

Methods: We used an administrative health database from the province of British Columbia, Canada to match all incident SLE patients to 10 non-SLE individuals on sex, age and index date. Cohorts were divided into two sub-groups, according to diagnosis year: early cohort 1997-2005 and late cohort 2006-2014. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Propensity score-based analysis of long-term follow-up in patients supported with durable centrifugal left ventricular assist devices: the EUROMACS analysis.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic.

Objectives: The HeartWare HVAD (HW) and the HeartMate3 (HM3) are presently the most commonly used continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices worldwide. We compared the outcomes of patients supported with either of these 2 devices based on data from the EUROMACS (European Registry for Patients with Mechanical Circulatory Support).

Methods: A retrospective analysis of the survival and complications profile in propensity score-matched adult patients enrolled in the EUROMACS between 01 January 2016 and 01 September 2020 and supported with either an HW or HM3. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anticoagulation in atrial fibrillation and liver disease: a pooled-analysis of > 20000 patients.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Cardioangiologisches Centrum Bethanien (CCB), Kardiologie, Medizinische Klinik III, Agaplesion Markus Krankenhaus, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Aims: Anticoagulation for atrial-fibrillation (AF) patients with liver-disease represents a clinical dilemma. We sought to evaluate the efficacy/safety of different anticoagulation, i.e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Adverse Events Associated With the Addition of Aspirin to Direct Oral Anticoagulant Therapy Without a Clear Indication.

JAMA Intern Med 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Importance: It is unclear how many patients treated with a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) are using concomitant acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, or aspirin) and how this affects clinical outcomes.

Objective: To evaluate the frequency and outcomes of prescription of concomitant ASA and DOAC therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) or venous thromboembolic disease (VTE).

Design, Setting, And Participants: This registry-based cohort study took place at 4 anticoagulation clinics in Michigan from January 2015 to December 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The level of knowledge of diabetic prevention in Poland - is there a phenomenon of pluralistic ignorance?

Int J Occup Med Environ Health 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Medical University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland (Department of Social Pathologies).

Objectives: The main aim of this work is to assess the level of knowledge about diabetes prevention and the consequences of untreated diabetes in the Polish society, as well as to indicate the variables that have a significant impact on that knowledge.

Material And Methods: The analysis is based on the results of the - WOBASZ II. The number of subjects surveyed was 6170, including 2760 men and 3410 women, aged 20-74 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Vitamin K and vascular calcification.

Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow AGE Research Group, NIHR Newcastle Biomedical Research Centre, Newcastle University and Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.

Purpose Of Review: Vascular calcification is a common and important cardiovascular risk factor in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent advances in the understanding of the biology of vascular calcification implicate vitamin K-dependent proteins as important regulators in this process. This review highlights recent key advances in vascular biology, epidemiology, and clinical trials in this rapidly evolving field. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Global interventions in hypertension: new and emerging concepts.

Curr Opin Cardiol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Hypertension (HTN) is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) worldwide, affecting 1.39 billion people. This review discusses recent literature regarding the global burden of HTN and emerging concepts in prevalence, treatment, and control in different regions around the globe. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Heart Health in Teachers - Do We Need to Know More?

J Occup Environ Med 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Assistant Professor, Capstone College of Nursing, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (Barron), Associate Professor, Capstone College of Nursing, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (Ford), Research Data Analyst, Institute for Rural Health Research, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (Wang).

Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between the prevalence and risk factors for cardiovascular disease and hypertension, physical activity, and mental health in teachers.

Methods: Data was drawn from the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A series of analyses were conducted utilizing exploratory data analysis, nominal logistic regression, and multivariate regression analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Adherence to Healthy Lifestyle Improved Clinical Outcomes in Coronary Artery Disease Patients After Coronary Intervention.

J Chin Med Assoc 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital Taoyuan Branch, Taiwan, ROC Health Care and Management Center, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Cardiovascular Research Center, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Division of Cardiology, Heart Center, Cheng-Hsin General Hospital, and School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, I-Shou University and Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC Cardiology Division of Cardiovascular Medical Center and Department of Nuclear Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital and Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC Mackay Memorial Hospital, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, and Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC Department of Cardiology, Buddhist Tzu-Chi General Hospital, Tzu-Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan, ROC Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine and Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine and Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Primary Care Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Institute of Pharmacology, National Yang-Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Institute of Clinical Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Center, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: Lifestyle modification is suggested for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but the impact of adherence to a healthy lifestyle remains undetermined. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of adherence to a healthy lifestyle with future outcomes and biochemical markers in CAD patients.

Methods: The Biosignature CAD study examined 716 CAD patients who underwent a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Machine Learning-Driven Models to Predict Prognostic Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure Using Electronic Health Records: Retrospective Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Apr 19;23(4):e24996. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.

Background: With the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases increasing worldwide, early prediction and accurate assessment of heart failure (HF) risk are crucial to meet the clinical demand.

Objective: Our study objective was to develop machine learning (ML) models based on real-world electronic health records to predict 1-year in-hospital mortality, use of positive inotropic agents, and 1-year all-cause readmission rate.

Methods: For this single-center study, we recruited patients with newly diagnosed HF hospitalized between December 2010 and August 2018 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University (Liaoning Province, China). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF