13,013 results match your criteria cardioprotective effects


Adiponectin and cardiometabolic trait and mortality: where do we go?

Cardiovasc Res 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Gachon University Gil Hospital, Incheon, Korea, Gachon Cardiovascular Research Institute, Incheon, Korea.

Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived cytokine known for its cardioprotective effects in preclinical studies. Early epidemiologic studies replicated these findings and drew great interest. Subsequent large-scale prospective cohorts, however, showed that adiponectin levels seemed not to relate to incident coronary artery disease (CAD). Read More

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Effect of anti-hyperglycemic drugs on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in human coronary artery endothelial cells.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Jun 8:174249. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Florida Jacksonville College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL.

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a critical role in progression of diabetes and development of complications, notably cardiovascular disease. Some of the contemporary anti-hyperglycemic drugs have been shown to inhibit ER stress. To extend these observations, the effects of various anti-hyperglycemic agents were screened for their effects on ER stress. Read More

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Current Updates on Potential Role of Flavonoids in Hypoxia/Reoxygenation Cardiac Injury Model.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Programme of Biomedicine, School of Health Sciences (PPSK), Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Clinically, timely reperfusion strategies to re-establish oxygenated blood flow in ischemic heart diseases seem to salvage viable myocardium effectively. Despite the remarkable improvement in cardiac function, reperfusion therapy could paradoxically trigger hypoxic cellular injury and dysfunction. Experimental laboratory models have been developed over the years to explain better the pathophysiology of cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury, including the in vitro hypoxia-reoxygenation cardiac injury model. Read More

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Exercise, cancer and cardiovascular disease: what should clinicians advise?

Cardiovasc Endocrinol Metab 2021 Jun 3;10(2):62-71. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in persons with cancer. The elevated risk is thought to derive from the combination of cardiovascular risk factors and direct cardiotoxicity from cancer therapies. Exercise may be a potential strategy to counteract these toxicities and maintain cardiovascular reserve. Read More

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Repurposing New Use for Old Drug Chloroquine against Metabolic Syndrome: A Review on Animal and Human Evidence.

Authors:
Sok Kuan Wong

Int J Med Sci 2021 13;18(12):2673-2688. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) are traditional anti-malarial drugs that have been repurposed for new therapeutic uses in many diseases due to their simple usage and cost-effectiveness. The pleiotropic effects of CQ and HCQ in regulating blood pressure, glucose homeostasis, lipid, and carbohydrate metabolism have been previously described and in humans, thus suggesting their role in metabolic syndrome (MetS) prevention. The anti-hyperglycaemic, anti-hyperlipidaemic, cardioprotective, anti-hypertensive, and anti-obesity effects of CQ and HCQ might be elicited through reduction of inflammatory response and oxidative stress, improvement of endothelial function, activation of insulin signalling pathway, inhibition of lipogenesis and autophagy, as well as regulation of adipokines and apoptosis. Read More

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Effects of omega-3 fatty acids and metformin combination on diabetic cardiomyopathy in rats through autophagic pathway: Effects of omega-3 fatty acids and metformin combination on diabetic cardiomyopathy: Role of autophagy.

J Nutr Biochem 2021 Jun 5:108798. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Clinical Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.

Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a primary cause of increased morbidity and mortality in diabetics. Evidence has suggested a pivotal role for interrupted mitochondrial dynamics and quality control machinery in the onset and development of DCM. Sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1) is a major reporter of selective autophagic activity. Read More

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Histidine Triad Nucleotide Binding Protein 1 Attenuates Cardiac Hypertrophy via Suppressing Homeobox A5 Expression.

Circulation 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Key Laboratory of Targeted Intervention of Cardiovascular Disease, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cardiovascular Disease Translational Medicine, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China; The Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou Municipal Hospital, Gusu School, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Cardiac hypertrophy is an important pre-pathology of heart failure, which will ultimately lead to heart failure. However, the mechanisms underlying pathological cardiac hypertrophy remain largely unknown. The aim of this study is to elucidate the effects and mechanisms of histidine triad nucleotide binding protein 1 (HINT1) in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Read More

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Antioxidant and anticancer potentials of edible flowers: where do we stand?

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jun 7:1-57. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, Pakistan.

Edible flowers are attracting special therapeutic attention and their administration is on the rise. Edible flowers play pivotal modulatory roles on oxidative stress and related interconnected apoptotic/inflammatory pathways toward the treatment of cancer. In this review, we highlighted the phytochemical content and therapeutic applications of edible flowers, as well as their modulatory potential on the oxidative stress pathways and apoptotic/inflammatory mediators, resulting in anticancer effects. Read More

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Cardioprotective Effect of Quercetin against Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury Is Mediated Through NO System and Mitochondrial K-ATP Channels.

Cell J 2021 Jul 26;23(2):184-190. Epub 2021 May 26.

The Center of Gerontology and Geriatrics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.Email:

Objective: Quercetin (Que) is a plant-derived polyphenolic compound, that was shown to possess anti-inflammatory activity in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) models ; however, detailed mechanisms of its anti-inflammatory effects remain unclear. This study aimed to examine the effects of quercetin postconditioning (QPC) on I/R-induced inflammatory response in a rat model and evaluate the role of the mitochondrial K-ATP (mitoK) channels and NO system in this regard.

Materials And Methods: In this experimental study, hearts of male Wistar rats (250 ┬▒ 20 g) perused by Langendorff apparatus, were subjected to 30 minutes of global ischemia followed by 55 minutes reperfusion, and Que was added to the perfusion solution immediately at the onset of reperfusion. Read More

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Phosphorylation in Novel Mitochondrial Creatine Kinase Tyrosine Residues Render Cardioprotection against Hypoxia/Reoxygenation Injury.

J Lipid Atheroscler 2021 May 19;10(2):223-239. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Center, Smart Marine Therapeutics Center, Inje University, Busan, Korea.

Objective: Ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) is the leading cause of heart failure. Proteomic and genomic studies have demonstrated ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can assert cardioprotection against ICM through mitochondrial function regulation. Considering IPC is conducted in a relatively brief period, regulation of protein expression also occurs very rapidly, highlighting the importance of protein function modulation by post-translational modifications. Read More

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Protects Against Oxidative Cardiotoxicity by Suppressing Lipid Dysmetabolism and Modulating Cardiometabolic Activities Linked to Cardiac Dysfunctions.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:610835. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Cardiotoxicity leading to cardiovascular dysfunction and ultimately cardiac failure remains a major global health issue irrespective of race, age and country. Several factors including lipotoxicity, oxidative imbalance, exacerbated angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and altered bioenergetics have been implicated in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases. (E. Read More

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Heat shock protein A12B gene therapy improves perfusion, promotes neovascularization, and decreases fibrosis in a murine model of hind limb ischemia.

Surgery 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Molecular Cardiology and Angiogenesis Laboratory, Department of Surgery, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT. Electronic address:

Background: Heat shock protein A12B expressed in endothelial cells is important and required for angiogenesis to form functional vessels in ischemic tissue. We have previously shown the cardioprotective effects of heat shock protein A12B overexpression in a rat model of diabetic myocardial infarction. In this study, we aim to explore the role of heat shock protein A12B in a surgically-induced murine hind-limb ischemia model. Read More

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A focused review on CB2 receptor-selective pharmacological properties and therapeutic potential of ╬▓-caryophyllene, a dietary cannabinoid.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 3;140:111639. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17666, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan Center for Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, P.O. Box 17666, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

The endocannabinoid system (ECS), a conserved physiological system emerged as a novel pharmacological target for its significant role and potential therapeutic benefits ranging from neurological diseases to cancer. Among both, CB1 and CB2R types, CB2R have received attention for its pharmacological effects as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antiapoptotic that can be achieved without causing psychotropic adverse effects through CB1R. The ligands activate CB2R are of endogenous, synthetic and plant origin. Read More

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Myocardial perfusion recovery induced by an ╬▒-calcitonin gene-related peptide analogue.

J Nucl Cardiol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Clinical Physiology, Nuclear Medicine & PET and Cluster for Molecular Imaging, Rigshospitalet and University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Endogenous calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) induces cardioprotective effects through coronary vasodilation. However, the systemic administration of CGRP induces peripheral vasodilation and positive chronotropic and inotropic effects. This study aims to examine the net effect on coronary perfusion of the systemically administered ╬▒-calcitonin gene-related peptide analogue, SAX, in rats during myocardial infarction. Read More

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In Vivo and In Vitro Protective Effects of Rosmarinic Acid against Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity.

Nutr Cancer 2021 Jun 4:1-15. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Pharmaceutical Research Center, Pharmaceutical Technology Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Doxorubicin (DOX) is an anticancer medicine that may trigger cardiomyopathy. Rosmarinic acid (RA) has shown antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. This investigation assessed the cardioprotective effect of RA on DOX-induced-toxicity in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. Read More

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Up-regulation of CTRP12 ameliorates hypoxia/re-oxygenation-induced cardiomyocyte injury by inhibiting apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation via the enhancement of Nrf2 signaling.

Hum Exp Toxicol 2021 Jun 4:9603271211021880. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Geriatric Cardiovascular Department, 117799The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Xibei Hospital), Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.

C1q/TNF-related protein 12 (CTRP12) has been reported to play a key role in coronary artery disease. However, whether CTRP12 plays a role in the regulation of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury is not fully understood. The goals of this work were to assess the possible relationship between CTRP12 and myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Read More

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An Overview of Phytochemical and Biological Activities: Jack and Other spp.

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2021 Jan-Mar;13(1):11-25. Epub 2020 Dec 25.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Cawangan Selangor, Kampus Puncak Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

Jack (Moraceae) is a well-known medicinal plant used in customary medication among the Malay people to reduce and mend sicknesses such as ulcers, psoriasis, cytotoxicity, cardioprotective, inflammation, jaundice, vitiligo, hemorrhage, diabetes, convulsion, hepatitis, dysentery injuries, wounds, and stiffness. contains a wide variety of bioactive compounds from different phytochemical groups such as alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids, saponins, sterols, terpenes, carbohydrates, and proteins. The genus has several hundreds of species, which shows excellent therapeutic effects and a wide variety of helpful properties for human welfare. Read More

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December 2020

Dioscin elevates lncRNA MANTIS in therapeutic angiogenesis for heart diseases.

Aging Cell 2021 Jun 3:e13392. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Medicine, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Dioscin has been widely used in clinics for coronary artery disease (CAD) treatment for years in China. However, the underlying mechanism for Dioscin-mediated cardioprotective effect has not been elucidated. Here, we showed that Dioscin significantly rescues the cardiac function in mouse model of myocardial infarction (MI), accompanied by the reduction of cardiac fibrosis and apoptosis, resulting from elevated angiogenesis. Read More

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Prolonged Elevation of Arterial Stiffness Following Peak Aerobic Exercise in Individuals With Chronic Stroke.

Front Physiol 2021 17;12:666171. Epub 2021 May 17.

School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Stroke is a highly disabling condition and is the second leading cause of death globally. Engaging in aerobic exercise is important for the prevention of a recurrent stroke through improving markers of cardiovascular health such as blood pressure and arterial stiffness. While higher intensities of aerobic exercise generally elicit greater cardioprotective effects, little is known about the acute cardiovascular effects of a single session of high intensity aerobic exercise in people with stroke. Read More

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Polyphenolic-Rich Compounds From (Roxb.) Attenuates the Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity: A High-Frequency Ultrasonography Assisted Approach.

Front Pharmacol 2021 17;12:624706. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research-Guwahati, Assam, India.

Cardiovascular complications are the foremost concern in patients undergoing anticancer therapy There is an unmet need to address the problems arising from the drug-induced toxicity for the long-term benefit of the patients undergoing chemotherapy. Alternative medicines are gaining their prosperity in addressing the various drug-induced organ toxicity. Roxb (DP) is an ethnomedicinal plant rich in flavonoids and phenolic contents. Read More

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[SGLT2 inhibitors : only beneficial ?]

Rev Med Suisse 2021 Jun;17(741):1072-1077

Service d'endocrinologie, diab├ętologie, nutrition et ├ęducation th├ęrapeutique du patient, D├ępartement de m├ędecine, HUG, 1211 Gen├Ęve 14.

SGLT2 inhibitors are more and more prescribed in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Their cardioprotective and nephroprotective effects make them particularly attractive. However, it is important to be aware of their potential side effects. Read More

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Up-regulation of chemokine receptor type 4 expression in the ischemic reperfused heart by alcoholic extract of Cichorium intybus rescue the heart from ischemia injury in male rat.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Physiology, Lorestan University of Medical Science, Khorramabad, Iran.

Objectives: Cichorium intybus is used in traditional medicine for various diseases including heart disease. This study aimed at evaluating the chemokine receptor type 4 up-regulation and cardioprotective effects of hydroalcoholic extract of C. intybus in a rat model of ischemic reperfusion. Read More

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Donor Heart Preservation with Hydrogen Sulfide: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 27;22(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

University Medical Centre Groningen, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Groningen, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands.

Preclinical studies have shown that postconditioning with hydrogen sulfide (HS) exerts cardioprotective effects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). The aim of this study was to appraise the current evidence of the cardioprotective effects of HS against IRI in order to explore the future implementation of HS in clinical cardiac transplantation. The current literature on HS postconditioning in the setting of global myocardial ischemia was systematically reviewed and analyzed, performing meta-analyses. Read More

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Impact of SGLT2 Inhibitors on Heart Failure: From Pathophysiology to Clinical Effects.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 30;22(11). Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Advanced Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, I-80138 Naples, Italy.

Heart failure (HF) affects up to over 20% of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), even more in the elderly. Although, in T2DM, both hyperglycemia and the proinflammatory status induced by insulin resistance are crucial in cardiac function impairment, SGLT2i cardioprotective mechanisms against HF are several. In particular, these beneficial effects seem attributable to the significant reduction of intracellular sodium levels, well-known to exert a cardioprotective role in the prevention of oxidative stress and consequent cardiomyocyte death. Read More

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Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester Protects Kidney Mitochondria against Ischemia/Reperfusion Induced Injury in an Rat Model.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 May 8;10(5). Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Pharmacognosy, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukileliu Av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania.

To improve ischemia/reperfusion tolerance, a lot of attention has been focused on natural antioxidants. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), an active component of the resinous exudates of the buds and young leaves of L., A. Read More

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Modulations of Cardiac Functions and Pathogenesis by Reactive Oxygen Species and Natural Antioxidants.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 May 11;10(5). Epub 2021 May 11.

College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, 99 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

Homeostasis in the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cardiac myocytes plays a critical role in regulating their physiological functions. Disturbance of balance between generation and removal of ROS is a major cause of cardiac myocyte remodeling, dysfunction, and failure. Cardiac myocytes possess several ROS-producing pathways, such as mitochondrial electron transport chain, NADPH oxidases, and nitric oxide synthases, and have endogenous antioxidation mechanisms. Read More

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Role of Resveratrol in Prevention and Control of Cardiovascular Disorders and Cardiovascular Complications Related to COVID-19 Disease: Mode of Action and Approaches Explored to Increase Its Bioavailability.

Molecules 2021 May 11;26(10). Epub 2021 May 11.

Center of Excellence for Molecular Food Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 12-16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

Resveratrol is a phytoalexin produced by many plants as a defense mechanism against stress-inducing conditions. The richest dietary sources of resveratrol are berries and grapes, their juices and wines. Good bioavailability of resveratrol is not reflected in its high biological activity in vivo because of resveratrol isomerization and its poor solubility in aqueous solutions. Read More

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Pharmacological inhibition of adipose tissue Adipose Triglyceride Lipase (ATGL) by Atglistatin prevents catecholamine-induced myocardial damage.

Cardiovasc Res 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Charit├ę - Universit├Ątsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universit├Ąt Berlin, Humboldt-Universit├Ąt zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Institute of Pharmacology, Center for Cardiovascular Research, 10115, Berlin, Germany.

Aims: Heart failure (HF) is characterized by an overactivation of ╬▓-adrenergic signaling that directly contributes to impairment of myocardial function. Moreover, ╬▓-adrenergic overactivation induces adipose tissue lipolysis, which may further worsen the development of HF. Recently we demonstrated that adipose tissue-specific deletion of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) prevents pressure-mediated HF in mice. Read More

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Elimination of endogenous high molecular weight FGF2 prevents pressure-overload-induced systolic dysfunction, linked to increased FGFR1 activity and NR1D1 expression.

Cell Tissue Res 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

St. Boniface Hospital Albrechtsen Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, Winnipeg, Canada.

Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), produced as high (Hi-) and low (Lo-) molecular weight isoforms, is implicated in cardiac response to injury. The role of endogenous FGF2 isoforms during chronic stress is not well defined. We investigated the effects of endogenous Hi-FGF2 in a mouse model of simulated pressure-overload stress achieved by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery. Read More

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Role of Anaesthetic Choice in Improving Outcome after Cardiac Surgery.

Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care 2020 Dec 31;27(2):37-42. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Clinical Background: Volatile anaesthetics (VAs) have been shown to protect cardiomyocytes against ischaemia and reperfusion injury in cardiac surgery.

Clinical Problems: VAs have been shown in multiple trials and meta-analyses to be associated with better outcomes when compared to intravenous anaesthesia in cardiac surgery. However, recent data from a large randomised controlled trial do not confirm the superiority of VA as compared to total intravenous anaesthesia in this population. Read More

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December 2020