10,395 results match your criteria cardiac tamponade


Cardiac Tamponade, Sever Hypothyroidism and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) with COVID-19 Infection.

J Saudi Heart Assoc 2021 19;33(1):71-76. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Adult Cardiology Department, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

A 21-years-old with Down syndrome presented with respiratory distress. Initial investigations revealed a cardiac tamponade. On further evaluation, he had positive coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), severe chest infection and severe hypothyroidism. Read More

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Pulsed Field Ablation of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation: 1-Year Outcomes of IMPULSE, PEFCAT, and PEFCAT II.

JACC Clin Electrophysiol 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

IHU LIRYC ANR-10-IAHU-04, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Bordeaux, Bordeaux University, Bordeaux, France.

Objective: This study sought to determine whether durable pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using pulsed field ablation (PFA) translates to freedom from atrial fibrillation recurrence without an increase in adverse events.

Background: PFA is a nonthermal ablative modality that, in preclinical studies, is able to preferentially ablate myocardial tissue with minimal effect on surrounding tissues. Herein, we present 1-year clinical outcomes of PFA. Read More

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Acute Cardiac Tamponade: A Case of Life-Threatening Coronavirus Disease 2019 Complication During Air Medical Transportation.

Air Med J 2021 May-Jun;40(3):179-181. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Aerospace and Sub-Aquatic Medical Faculty, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

A 42-year-old man with coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia was admitted to a small town hospital that did not have intensive care unit (ICU)-level resources available. Twelve hours later, the patient suddenly became agitated, and an extensive anterolateral ST-elevation myocardial infarction was detected by 12-lead electrocardiography and supported by a rise in serum cardiac enzymes. Low blood oxygen saturation (59%) and cardiac ejection fraction (ejection fraction = 20%) reflected criticality that could potentially require a catheterization laboratory, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and ICU-level resources. Read More

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January 2021

Impact of proton pump inhibitors on mortality and severe esophageal injury after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: a nationwide retrospective study using propensity score matching.

Heart Vessels 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.

Studies on the protective effects of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on mortality and severe esophageal injury after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation are lacking. However, some reports have recommended use of PPIs for prophylaxis against esophageal injury. We investigated the effects of PPIs on mortality and severe esophageal injury after ablation. Read More

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Ponatinib-Associated Cardiac Tamponade.

Am J Ther 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

MS-2, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO Department of Internal Medicine, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, PA Department of Internal Medicine, Dayton, OH.

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Unusual cardiac tamponade: Giant primary cardiac myxoid liposarcoma.

J Card Surg 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Primary cardiac myxoid liposarcoma is an extremely rare disease. We reported a 61-year-old man with a 1-month history of aggressive dyspnea and anorexia due to a giant primary cardiac myxoid liposarcoma. Radical resection, whenever feasible, is considered to be an appropriate surgical strategy for this disease. Read More

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Pericarditis in patients with coronavirus disease 2019: a systematic review.

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola Asociación para el Desarrollo de la Investigación Estudiantil en Ciencias de la Salud (ADIECS) Programa de Atención Domiciliaria (PADOMI), EsSalud Deparment of Emergency, Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati Martins, Lima, Peru Cardiology, Cardiothoracic Department, University Hospital "Santa Maria della Misericordia", ASUFC, Udine, Italy.

Aims: We performed a systematic review to summarize the clinical features, diagnostic methods, treatment, and outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with pericarditis.

Methods: We searched electronic databases from inception to 17 December 2020. Studies that reported clinical data on patients with COVID-19 and pericarditis were included. Read More

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Long-Term Clinical Outcomes and Carotid Ultrasound Follow-Up of Transcarotid TAVI. Prospective Single-Center Registry.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 4;10(7). Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Division of Cardiology and Structural Heart Diseases, Medical University of Silesia, 40-007 Katowice, Poland.

This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the safety and long-term clinical outcomes of cerebral-oximetry-guided transcarotid transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TC-TAVI) with systematic follow-up with carotid ultrasound. Thirty-three TCTAVI procedures were performed in our center from 2017 to 2019. Our analysis includes in-hospital outcomes and long-term follow-up data on mortality, echocardiographic parameters, carotid Doppler ultrasound, and VARC-2 defined clinical events. Read More

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Case study-based systematic review of literature on lymphoma-associated cardiac tamponade.

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2021 23;25(1):57-63. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.

This study aimed to compile all the relevant studies of patients presenting with pericardial tamponade before or after diagnosis of lymphoma, describe the clinical presentations of patients with lymphoma and cardiac tamponade, and assess the difference in overall survival based on the timing of cardiac tamponade diagnosis. A comprehensive search strategy was conducted in the following databases: PubMed and Cochrane Library, using the following keywords: Lymphoma AND Cardiac Tamponade. The criteria for eligibility included cases with a confirmed diagnosis of lymphoma and cardiac tamponade, human studies, and publications in English language. Read More

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February 2021

Correction of sinus venosus atrial septal defects with the 10 zig covered Cheatham-platinum stent - An international registry.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

The Department of Pediatrics, The Smidt Heart Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: Covered stent correction of sinus venosus ASDs (SVASD) is a relatively new technique. Challenges include anchoring a sufficiently long stent in a nonstenotic superior vena cava (SVC) and expanding the stent at the wider SVC-RA junction without obstructing the anomalous right upper pulmonary vein (RUPV). The 10-zig covered Cheatham-platinum (CCP) stent has the advantage of being available in lengths of 5-11 cm and dilatable to 34 mm in diameter. Read More

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A case of left ventricular free wall rupture after insertion of an IMPELLA® left ventricular assist device diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography.

JA Clin Rep 2021 Apr 26;7(1):38. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Anesthesia, Kyoto University Hospital, 54, Shogoinkawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.

Background: The IMPELLA® is a minimally invasive left ventricular assist device. We report a case in which transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was useful in diagnosis of left ventricular rupture after IMPELLA® insertion.

Case Presentation: A 75-year-old man presented to the emergency room with chest pain and underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for 100% stenosis of the left anterior descending branch #7. Read More

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Left ventricular free wall rupture as a result of delayed presentation of an inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to fear of COVID-19: case report.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Apr 22;16(1):106. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, Irvine, USA.

Background: Left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) is a rare complication after myocardial infarction and usually occurs 1 to 4 days after the infarct. Over the past decade, the overall incidence of LVFWR has decreased given the advancements in reperfusion therapies. However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a significant delay in hospital presentation of patients suffering myocardial infarctions, leading to a higher incidence of mechanical complications from myocardial infarctions such as LVFWR. Read More

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The death risk factors of patients undergoing re-exploration for bleeding or tamponade after isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: a case-control study.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Apr 22;21(1):204. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, 16 Jiangsu Road, Qingdao, 266000, Shandong Province, China.

Background: The purpose of the study is to identify off-pump patients who are at higher risk of mortality after re-exploration for bleeding or tamponade.

Methods: We analyzed the data of 3256 consecutive patients undergoing isolated off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) in our heart center from 2013 through 2020. Fifty-eight patients underwent re-exploration after OPCABG. Read More

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Bacterial pericarditis and empyema caused by Cutibacterium acnes in a patient with metastatic lung cancer.

Anaerobe 2021 Apr 19:102365. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Bacterial pericarditis and empyema due to Cutibacterium acnes has rarely been reported. C.acnes, a normal component of human skin flora, is often considered a contaminant when isolated from body fluids and thus cases may be underreported. Read More

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Metastatic Cardiac Tumor Presenting as an Anteroseptal ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in a Young Male.

Cureus 2021 Mar 18;13(3):e13981. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Cardiology, Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, USA.

In the appropriate clinical context, ST-segment elevation on electrocardiogram (ECG) necessitates prompt evaluation for coronary artery occlusion requiring reperfusion with percutaneous coronary intervention. Conversely, the etiology of ST-segment elevation may be representative of an alternative diagnosis other than myocardial infarction. We report the case of a patient with a history of primary bone sarcoma who presented for further evaluation of a large pericardial effusion identified on an outpatient echocardiogram and was found to have ST-segment elevation on ECG in the absence of any cardiopulmonary symptoms. Read More

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Immune checkpoint inhibitors-associated pericardial disease: a systematic review of case reports.

Cancer Immunol Immunother 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Oncologia Medica, IRCCS Ospedale Sacro Cuore Don Calabria, Via don A. Sempreboni 5, 37024, Negrar di Valpolicella, Verona, Italy.

Treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) can be complicated by cardiovascular toxicity, including pericardial disease. To date, no prospective studies specifically investigated the optimal treatment of ICI-associated pericardial disease, and the available evidence is based on case reports and series only. We performed a systematic review of case reports and series including 20 publications for a total of 28 cases of ICI-associated pericardial disease. Read More

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Comparison of major bleeding events of uninterrupted non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants versus uninterrupted vitamin K antagonist during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Acta Cardiol 2021 Apr 19:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Cardiology, Hebei General Hospital, Shijiazhuang, People's Republic of China.

Background: Previous meta-analyses comparing major bleeding of uninterrupted non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) versus uninterrupted vitamin K antagonist (VKA) during catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) had no consensus. This meta-analysis was performed to comprehensively evaluate the risk of major bleeding events of these two anticoagulant strategies.

Methods: We searched online databases for randomised controlled trials that compared major bleeding events of uninterrupted NOACs and VKA during CA of AF. Read More

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Esophageal pressure monitoring for airway management during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation.

Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc 2021 Apr 27;33:100771. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

The Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Japan.

Background: Respiratory management during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is important for the efficacy and safety of the procedure. Obstructive apnea due to an upper airway obstruction might cause serious complications including air embolisms and cardiac tamponade. However, real time monitoring of upper airway obstructions during catheter ablation has not been established. Read More

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A case of hyperprogressive disease following atezolizumab therapy for pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma with epidermal growth factor receptor mutation.

Respir Med Case Rep 2021 31;33:101405. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Tokyo Saiseikai Central Hospital, 1-4-17 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-0073, Japan.

A 66-year old man with non-smoking history was diagnosed with pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma of the right lower lobe. The carcinoma metastasized to the brain, lungs, pleura, and mediastinal lymph nodes. It was positive for ) L858R mutation, and tumor cells highly expressed programmed death-ligand 1(PD-L1). Read More

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Idarucizumab for dabigatran reversal in cardiac tamponade complicating percutaneous intervention in ST elevation myocardial infarction.

Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej 2021 Mar 27;17(1):129-130. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

3 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Silesian Center for Heart Disease in Zabrze, Poland.

An 83-year-old man with a history of permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) anticoagulated by dabigatran 150 b.i.d. Read More

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Uninterrupted versus interrupted direct oral anticoagulation for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Electrophysiology Section, Kansas City Heart Rhythm Institute, Overland Park, Kansas, USA.

Introduction: To evaluate the safety of uninterrupted versus interrupted direct oral anticoagulation (DOAC) for patients undergoing catheter ablation (CA) of atrial fibrillation (AF).

Methods: We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE for randomized controlled trials (RCT) and observational studies comparing uninterrupted versus interrupted DOAC for patients undergoing CA of AF. Primary outcome was major bleeding. Read More

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Resuscitative transesophageal echocardiography in the diagnosis of post-CABG loculated pericardial clot causing cardiac tamponade.

Ultrasound J 2021 Apr 15;13(1):22. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Division of Emergency Ultrasound, Department of Emergency Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: Pericardial effusion is a known complication of post-open cardiac surgery which can progress to life-threatening cardiac tamponade. Classical signs of tamponade such as hypotension and pulsus paradoxus are often absent. Diagnosing acute cardiac tamponade with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) can be challenging in post-cardiac surgical patients due to distorted anatomy and limited scanning windows by the presence of surgical dressings or scar. Read More

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Remote Heart Rhythm Monitoring by Photoplethysmography-Based Smartphone Technology After Cardiac Surgery: Prospective Observational Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Apr 15;9(4):e26519. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia after cardiac surgery, yet the precise incidence and significance of arrhythmias after discharge home need to be better defined. Photoplethysmography (PPG)-based smartphone apps are promising tools to enable early detection and follow-up of arrhythmias.

Objective: By using a PPG-based smartphone app, we aimed to gain more insight into the prevalence of AF and other rhythm-related complications upon discharge home after cardiac surgery and evaluate the implementation of this app into routine clinical care. Read More

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Outcomes of uninterrupted vs interrupted Periprocedural direct oral Anticoagulants in atrial Fibrillation ablation: A meta-analysis.

J Arrhythm 2021 Apr 29;37(2):384-393. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

The University of Tennessee Health Science Center Memphis TN USA.

Background: Studies indicate that uninterrupted anticoagulation (UA) is superior to interrupted anticoagulation (IA) in the periprocedural period during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Still IA is followed in many centers considering the bleeding risk. This meta-analysis compares interrupted and uninterrupted direct oral anticoagulation during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. Read More

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Incarcerated Small-Bowel Pericardial Diaphragmatic Hernia After Pericardio-Peritoneal Window Creation: Report of a Rare Case.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 14;22:e930441. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Surgery, Neuchâtel Hospital Network (RHNe) - Pourtalès, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

BACKGROUND Pericardio-peritoneal windows are surgically created to treat symptomatic pericardial effusion, usually of oncological origin, to alleviate cardiac tamponade-like symptoms. Common complications include infection, failure to drain the fluid correctly, and arrythmias. There are few published cases of intra-abdominal complications due to these interventions. Read More

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Cardiac tamponade during contrast infusion through central venous catheter.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco-PROCAPE, Recife, Brazil.

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Lung Adenocarcinoma Presenting as Malignant Pericardial Effusion/Tamponade.

Cureus 2021 Mar 8;13(3):e13762. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Internal Medicine, Chicago Medical School Internal Medicine Residency Program at Northwestern McHenry Hospital, McHenry, USA.

Lung cancers are the most common primary tumors that involve the pericardium with a prevalence of up to 50%. Usually, pericardial involvement goes undetected with almost 10%-12% found among all cancer related autopsies. Rarely pericardial effusions can be the initial site of metastasis and initial manifestation of a primary tumor. Read More

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Esophagopericardial Fistula After Esophagectomy.

Cureus 2021 Mar 7;13(3):e13753. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Toledo, Toledo, USA.

Esophagectomy is the mainstay surgical treatment for esophageal carcinoma. The operation can be complicated by an anastomotic stricture, anastomotic leak, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, conduit ischemia, and chylothorax. Rarely, esophagectomy can be complicated by fistula formation between the gastrointestinal tract and the nearby structures. Read More

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Difficulty Diagnosing Retrograde Type A Aortic Dissection with Intramural Hematoma and Risk of Re-dissection and Rupture: A Report of Two Cases.

Intern Med 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Hamamatsu Red Cross Hospital, Japan.

Acute type A aortic dissection is a potentially fatal disease, and emergency surgery should be considered when it is diagnosed. We herein report two cases of retrograde type A aortic dissection with intramural hematoma, followed by re-dissection, rupture, and cardiac tamponade. The diagnoses in these cases had to be made carefully, as the false lumen of the ascending aorta was sometimes unclear on contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Read More

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