Primates 2021 Sep 17;62(5):801-815. Epub 2021 Jul 17.
Department of Physiology and Behavior, Psychobiology Post-Graduation Program, Federal University of Rio Grande Do Norte, Senador Salgado Filho Av., 3000, Natal, Rio Grande Do Norte, 59078-970, Brazil.
Immature indivuduals influence the formation and maintenance of social relationships within groups in diverse ways. Because of the increased interest of group members toward newborns, lactating females may use infants as social tools to temporally gain rank positions in matrilineal societies, and differential support received by the mothers may bias the network of immatures born to females of different ranks. In this study, we investigated the changes in proximity, grooming, play, and agonism networks of lactating females and immatures of different developmental periods, sex, and mothers' dominance rank. Read More