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Hand grip strength in boys and girls from summer school camps in Spain, 1900-1925. A comparison with 21st century data.

Am J Hum Biol 2021 Sep 17:e23681. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Grupo de Investigación Epinut, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: The Spanish National Pedagogic Museum (Museo Pedagógico Nacional, MPN), founded by La Institución Libre de Enseñanza, organized the first summer school camps in Spain and their initiative was followed by other institutions in this country. MPN prepared anthropological forms for those sojourns, which included information about both metric and physiological measurements of the schoolchildren. The aim of the current work is to analyze hand grip strength data and to compare them with recent values. Read More

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September 2021

Acute watery diarrhea surveillance during the Rohingya Crisis 2017-2019 in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.

J Infect Dis 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Infectious Diseases Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh (icddr,b), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Introduction: Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals fled into Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh due to internal conflict. Considering the public health situation, a surveillance network was established to identify the enteric pathogens and early detection of cholera epidemics. Purpose of this manuscript is to report the clinical, epidemiological determinants of cholera and other enteric pathogens among hospitalized diarrhoeal patients from FDMNs and host community. Read More

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September 2021

Factors affecting child marriage and contraceptive use among Rohingya girls in refugee camps.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021 Jul 8;12:100175. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.

Rohingya girls living in the refugee camps in Bangladesh are disproportionately vulnerable to child marriages and teenage pregnancies. This study examines the factors affecting child marriage and contraceptive use among Rohingya girls who have experienced child marriages. We collected and analysed quantitative and qualitative data from adolescent Rohingya girls (age 10-19 years) who experienced child marriages. Read More

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Sargassum landings have not compromised nesting of loggerhead and green sea turtles in the Mexican Caribbean.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 6;299:113614. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Prolongación Avenida Niños Héroes S/N, Puerto Morelos, Quintana Roo, 77580, Mexico.

The Mexican Caribbean is a vital nesting destination for loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and green (Chelonia mydas) sea turtles. Since 2015, massive periodical landings of pelagic Sargassum species (sargasso) have affected coastal ecosystems. Dense accumulations of sargasso on the shoreline may preclude access to sea turtles' preferred nesting areas and compromise hatching. Read More

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September 2021

Gender-based differences in community-wide screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in Karachi, Pakistan: an observational study of 311 732 individuals undergoing screening.

Thorax 2021 Sep 11. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

We describe gender-based differences in a community-wide TB screening programme in Karachi, Pakistan, in which 311 732 individuals were screened in mobile camps using symptom questionnaires and van-mounted digital chest X-ray, between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2019. Only 22.4% (69 869) of camp attendees were women. Read More

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September 2021

Epilepsy and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures in forcibly displaced people: A scoping review.

Seizure 2021 Aug 13;92:128-148. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Oxford Epilepsy Research Group, NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Clinical Neuroscience, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

With a growing number of forcibly displaced people (FDP) globally, the focus on their medical needs has necessarily increased. Studies about the prevalence and incidence of epilepsy and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) in this population are, though, sparse. This Review highlights the importance of exploring and managing both conditions in these vulnerable people to promote global health. Read More

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Vitamin C deficiency in a picky eater child.

Med J Malaysia 2021 Sep;76(5):753-756

Sultan Ahmad Shah Medical Centre @ IIUM, Department of Pediatrics, Kuantan, Pahang Darul Makmur, Malaysia.

Vitamin C deficiency or scurvy is an uncommon condition that occurs in poorly developed countries or in refugee camps. Nonetheless, in countries where food is readily available, like Malaysia, occasionally there are cases of vitamin C deficiency reported. Although it was primarily reported in children with special needs or learning disability, scurvy is encountered in children with normal development, among the severe picky eaters. Read More

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September 2021

Orthopaedics Practice in a Rural Hospital During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2020 Nov 22;58(231):847-850. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Department of Orthopedic and Trauma, Karnali Academy of Health Sciences, Jumla, Nepal.

Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019  pandemic is one of the biggest public health challenges that we have faced, and has had a significant impact on the delivery of essential healthcare worldwide. Trauma and orthopaedic surgery was one of the most severely affected specialties as all non-emergency surgical cases were cancelled. With the possibility of future peak of corona virus, knowing the impact of Covid on orthopaedics would enable us to manage trauma patient in an effective manner and will help us to resume normal schedule of the trauma care. Read More

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November 2020

Outcomes of Cataract Surgeries Performed in Makeshift Operating Rooms in Rural Camps, Compared to Hospital-based Surgeries in Nepal.

Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2021 Sep 10:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Geta Eye Hospital, Kailali, Nepal.

Purpose: This study was undertaken to evaluate the complication rates and visual outcomes of outreach cataract surgeries done in makeshift operating rooms.

Method: In this retrospective study, surgical outcomes of consecutive Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgeries (MSICS) done in 11 rural camps in Nepal were compared with the results of consecutive hospital surgeries (MSICS and phacoemulsification) done by the same surgeon. Surgeries were done from September 2018 to March 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Relationship between Medium-Term Changes in Intraocular Lens Position and Refraction after Cataract Surgery with Two Different Models of Monofocal Lenses.

J Clin Med 2021 Aug 27;10(17). Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, Vithas Medimar International Hospital, 03016 Alicante, Spain.

The aim of this prospective descriptive study was to characterize the variations of the clinical effective lens position (ELP) (considering paraxial optics and postoperative data) and the intraocular lens (IOL) position, using "eye" data gathered from a 6-month follow-up of patients who underwent uneventful cataract surgery. Patients were implanted with two different monofocal IOLs: AcrySof IQ SN60WF (Alcon) (Group 1, 247 eyes) and Akreos MI60L (Bausch & Lomb) (Group 2, 104 eyes). No significant differences were found between groups concerning spherical equivalent (SE), axial length, and clinical ELP changes, from 1 to 6 months after surgery ( ≥ 0. Read More

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An Immunogenicity Report for the Comparison between Heterologous and Homologous Prime-Boost Schedules with ChAdOx1-S and BNT162b2 Vaccines.

J Clin Med 2021 Aug 25;10(17). Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Réseau Ville-Hôpital, Service de Médecine Interne, Foch Hospital, 92150 Suresnes, France.

Background: There is a small amount of immunological data on COVID-19 heterologous vaccination schedules in humans. We assessed the immunogenicity of BNT162b2 (Pfizer/BioNTech) administered as a second dose in healthcare workers primed with ChAdOx1-S (Vaxzevria, AstraZeneca).

Methods: 197 healthcare workers were included in a monocentric observational study in Foch hospital, France, between June and July 2021. Read More

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An assessment of the quality of care provided at primary health care centres in camps for internally displaced persons in Iraq in 2018.

Confl Health 2021 Sep 8;15(1):67. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

KIT Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains one of the largest and most unstable in the world. In 2014, over 2.5 million civilians were displaced in Iraq; between 2015 and 2017 more than 3 million people continued to be displaced. Read More

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September 2021

Human and animal fertility studies in cystinosis reveal signs for obstructive azoospermia, a disruptive blood-testis barrier and a subtherapeutic effect of cysteamine in testes.

J Inherit Metab Dis 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Laboratory of Pediatric Nephrology, Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Cystinosis is an inherited metabolic disorder caused by recessive mutations in the CTNS gene. The disease primarily affects the kidneys followed by extra-renal organ involvement later in life. Azoospermia is one of the unclarified complications which is not improved by cysteamine treatment, the only available disease-modifying treatment. Read More

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September 2021

Rapid return to normal activities at a residential summer camp during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Z Gesundh Wiss 2021 Sep 2:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins Charlotte R. Bloomberg Children's Center 1800 Orleans Street, Baltimore, MD 21287 USA.

Aim: Infection prevention and control (IPC) within residential settings is a central focus of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Youth residential summer camps are an excellent model for such environments and have thus far had mixed results. The aim of this report was to describe the successful implementation of a seven-week overnight summer camp with rapid return to normal activities from June to August 2020. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Sexually Transmitted Infections surveillance data: incidence drop or artefact?

BMC Public Health 2021 09 7;21(1):1637. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Centre of epidemiological studies on sexually transmitted infections and AIDS of Catalonia (CEEISCAT). Department of Health. Generalitat of Catalonia, Badalona, Spain.

Background: Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) were increasing in Europe, and Spain and Catalonia were not an exception. Catalonia has been one of the regions with the highest number of COVID-19 confirmed cases in Spain. The objective of this study was to estimate the magnitude of the decline, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in the number of STI confirmed cases in Catalonia during the lockdown and de-escalation phases. Read More

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September 2021

A descriptive study of Forcefully Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMN) presenting for care at public health sector hospitals in Bangladesh.

Glob Health Action 2021 01;14(1):1968124

Director General of Health Services, Dhaka, Bangladesh (Retired).

Background: In 2017 hundreds of thousands of 'Rohingya' fled to camps for Forcefully Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMN) in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh.

Objective: To describe the FDMNs presenting for care at public health facilities in Bangladesh so as to understand the health problems faced by the FDMNs and the burden on these public health facilities.

Methods: This study combined a retrospective review of existing hospital and clinic data with prospective surveillance in government health care centres. Read More

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January 2021

Prevalence of eczema among older persons: A population-based cross-sectional study.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2021 Aug 1:1-5. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India.

Background: There are very few population-based studies on the prevalence of eczema among older persons Aims: To estimate the prevalence and types of eczema in those aged 65 years or more in the community and to evaluate the effectiveness of community-based interventions for case finding.

Methods: In the first stage of this cross-sectional survey, trained health workers of a non-governmental organization surveyed the eligible population and identified persons likely to have eczema. In the second stage, dermatologists examined such persons to ascertain the diagnosis. Read More

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Adverse Events During Supervised Exercise Interventions in Pediatric Oncology-A Nationwide Survey.

Front Pediatr 2021 19;9:682496. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Pediatrics III, West German Cancer Center, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Exercise interventions during and after treatment for pediatric cancer are associated with beneficial physical, psychological, and social effects. However, valid data about adverse events (AEs) of such interventions have rarely been evaluated. This retrospective study evaluates AEs that occurred during supervised oncological exercise programs for pediatric cancer patients and survivors. Read More

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Forced evictions and their social and health impacts in Southern Somalia: a qualitative study in Mogadishu Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps.

Glob Health Action 2021 01;14(1):1969117

Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: Forced evictions are common in conflict-affected settings. More than 500 internally displaced persons (IDPs) are evicted daily in Mogadishu. Context specific research is necessary to inform responsive humanitarian interventions and to monitor the effectiveness of these interventions on IDPs health. Read More

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January 2021

Extending the notion of customer value to surfing camps.

Heliyon 2021 Aug 26;7(8):e07876. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Universität des Saarlandes, Germany.

This study applies the germane principles of service-dominant logic by investigating how different dimensions of service value impact customers' satisfaction and related behavioral intentions in the surf camps context. An empirical model was developed and tested via survey responses from 300 Portuguese surf camps tourists who profiled their experience. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling, specifically Partial Least Squares (PLS-PM). Read More

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Novel radiographic presentation of primary syphilis of the tonsil.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Nov 26;16(11):3217-3221. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri.

A 61-year-old HIV+ male presented to an infectious disease clinic with a complaint of sore throat. A painless ulcerated mass was discovered on the right tonsil resulting in further evaluation with a CT scan of the neck. Imaging confirmed the presence of a mass centered on the palatine tonsil and associated lymphadenopathy. Read More

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November 2021

Measures to evaluate quality of care in renal cancer: results of a Delphi study in Spain.

Clin Transl Oncol 2021 Sep 5. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Fundación ECO (Excelencia Y Calidad de La Oncología), Madrid, Spain.

Purpose: To review current measures for renal cancer care and develop a comprehensive and updated list of measures for their practical use in Spain.

Methods: The study was developed by Fundación ECO, a Spanish foundation aiming to improve oncology quality of care. A systematic literature review was carried out to identify measures and knowledge gaps. Read More

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September 2021

War and reintegration for girls and young women in northern Uganda: A scoping review.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Aug 31;122:105269. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

School of Public Health, Université de Montreal, C. P. 6205, succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec H3C 3T5, Canada.

Background: During the civil war in northern Uganda (1986-2006), thousands of girls were abducted into rebel and government forces. Most of the females who were not abducted lived in abhorrent conditions in camps for internally displaced people (IDP). As the war was drawing to a close, reintegration programs emerged and some continue today. Read More

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Physical activity and fat-free mass during growth and in later life.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Unité Mixte de Recherche en Nutrition et Alimentation, CNESTEN-Université Ibn Tofail URAC39, Regional Designated Center of Nutrition Associated with African Regional Agreement for Research/International Atomic Energy Agency, Rabat, Morocco.

Background: Physical activity may be a way to increase and maintain fat-free mass (FFM) in later life, similar to the prevention of fractures by increasing peak bone mass.

Objectives: A study is presented of the association between FFM and physical activity in relation to age.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, FFM was analyzed in relation to physical activity in a large participant group as compiled in the International Atomic Energy Agency Doubly Labeled Water database. Read More

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September 2021

Anthropometric and fitness normative values for young karatekas.

Biol Sport 2021 Sep 24;38(3):351-357. Epub 2020 Oct 24.

Well-move Research Group, University of Vigo, Spain.

To provide information regarding the anthropometric and fitness profile of young karatekas and to study its evolution with age. Data from top-level karatekas were included in the analysis: 97 athletes in the U14 category (12-13 years old), 238 in cadet (14-15 years old), 261 in junior (16-17 years old) and 177 in U21 (18-20 years old), which makes a total of 773 athlete data sets. Karatekas underwent anthropometric (weight, height, body mass index and body fat percentage) and fitness (sit and reach, 20-m shuttle run, standing long jump, overhead 3-kg ball throw, 10x5-m shuttle run, and plate-tapping) assessments during the training camps organized by the Spanish National Karate Federation between 1999 and 2016. Read More

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September 2021

Epidemiologically Linked COVID-19 Outbreaks at a Youth Camp and Men's Conference - Illinois, June-July 2021.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 Sep 3;70(35):1223-1227. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

On June 30, 2021, the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) contacted CDC concerning COVID-19 outbreaks at two events sponsored by the same organization: a 5-day overnight church camp for persons aged 14-18 years and a 2-day men's conference. Neither COVID-19 vaccination nor COVID-19 testing was required before either event. As of August 13, a total of 180 confirmed and probable cases had been identified among attendees at the two events and their close contacts. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of socio-demographic factors on knowledge, attitude and practices toward scabies among syrian refugees in Jordan: A prospective cross sectional study.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Sep 23;69:102738. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of science and technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Scabies is one of the prevalent dermatological conditions, accounting for a substantial proportion of skin diseases in developing countries. It represents a significant health challenge when an outbreak appears in homecare and refugee camps as it may lead to enormous morbidity and high treatment costs. Because Scabies can be easily prevented through education, the purpose of this study was to assess the impact of socio-demographic factors on the level of knowledge, attitude, and practices among Syrian refugees in Jordan's northern region. Read More

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September 2021

Prognostic model of long-term advanced stage (IIIB-IV) EGFR mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) survivors using real-life data.

BMC Cancer 2021 Aug 31;21(1):977. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, 28222 Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

Background: There is a lack of useful diagnostic tools to identify EGFR mutated NSCLC patients with long-term survival. This study develops a prognostic model using real world data to assist clinicians to predict survival beyond 24 months.

Methods: EGFR mutated stage IIIB and IV NSCLC patients diagnosed between January 2009 and December 2017 included in the Spanish Lung Cancer Group (SLCG) thoracic tumor registry. Read More

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Rapid Mapping of Hydrological Systems in Tanzania Using a Towed Transient Electromagnetic System.

Ground Water 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Limited knowledge of local groundwater systems often results in the failure of boreholes to yield water of the required quantity and quality. This is particularly problematic in the developing world, where financial resources are often limited, and failed wells represent a significant financial burden. To enhance understanding of local hydrological systems, noninvasive geophysical methods can aid the understanding of hydrogeological structures and identification of groundwater sources needed to optimize siting of wells. Read More

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Comparative Evaluation of Salivary Sialic Acid Levels Among Beedi Rollers and Tobacco Users in Mangalore, South India.

Cureus 2021 Jul 26;13(7):e16651. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Public Health Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College and Hospital, Mangalore, IND.

Introduction: According to World Health Organization, the global cancer burden is estimated to have risen to 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Read More

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